Values, Beliefs, Human Kinds                   & Diversity                          Understanding Your Human Heritage   De...
AGENDA      ~ Triangles & Reading Test            ~ Human Kinds                                               What the hec...
Triangles                      PARIS                                           BIRD                     IN THE            ...
Reading Test         In raeding a wrod, the olny necassry         tihng is taht the frist and lsat         ltteer be at th...
The Process of Perception:                     We see what we expect to see   Brain is pre-wired to categorize    Efficient...
Filters                                     ~ Culture                                     ~ Stereotypes/Generalizations   ...
All good people agree,                              And all good people say,                              All nice people,...
What are Values?                              Why do we have Values?                              Who gives us our Values?...
Values                              ~ Central “shoulds” and “oughts”                              ~ Few in number         ...
Two Kinds of Values                              Terminal         InstrumentalSaturday, September 8, 2012
Terminal Values        Instrumental Values          (Espoused Values)        (Lived Values)   Goals or Shared Values      ...
Eight Values Found In All National Cultures Studied                               (not in priority order)                 ...
INDIVIDUALISM                                                                       COMPETITION & WINNING                 ...
Eight Values Found In All National Cultures Studied?                              LOVE                              TRUTH ...
INSTRUMENTAL VALUE = Handshake                                  INDIVIDUALISM                                  COMPETITION...
INSTRUMENTAL VALUE = Eye Contact                              TERMINAL VALUE = Showing Respect                US Mainstrea...
“HUMAN KINDS”   Source:   Berreby D. (2005) “Us and Them: Understanding Your Tribal Mind,” Little, Brown & Co.Saturday, Se...
Human Kinds are roles or scripts (or norms)                                    “Mother”                                   ...
Human Kinds also define who you are...                                                ... or who you can be                ...
Human Kinds allow us to predict behavior -          Which is a critical human need                                        ...
Human Kinds = Instrumental Values                                Instrumental Values = Culture                            ...
We relish the norm, while overlooking the                 productive potential to be found in variance.                   ...
Exercise in ValuesSaturday, September 8, 2012
EXERCISE IN VALUES       A family of Vietnamese has come to a forest camp together. Mr. Nguyen (Mr. “Win”) goes to       t...
Rank the six people in this story:         1 (acted most honorably) to 6 (acted least honorably)                First rank...
Lessons Learned                                                Forced to do the activity fast &                           ...
The next time you observe yourself reacting to              something that someone is doing...              Take a moment ...
What did you learn from this session?                              (Group Dialogue)Saturday, September 8, 2012
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Values, beliefs, human kinds & diversity 2012

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Interesting and interactive presentation that explores how one's cultural lens is shaped and how this cultural lens influences how we perceive and interact in the larger social world.

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Values, beliefs, human kinds & diversity 2012

  1. 1. Values, Beliefs, Human Kinds & Diversity Understanding Your Human Heritage Denise M. Ajeto, Ed.D. (2012)Saturday, September 8, 2012
  2. 2. AGENDA ~ Triangles & Reading Test ~ Human Kinds What the heck are those? ~ Process of Perception ~ Values Exercise Putting it all together ~ Values Who gives us our values? What function do they serve?Saturday, September 8, 2012
  3. 3. Triangles PARIS BIRD IN THE IN THE THE SPRING THE HAND ONCE IN A A LIFETIME Source: Executive Diversity Services, Inc. (2002)Saturday, September 8, 2012
  4. 4. Reading Test In raeding a wrod, the olny necassry tihng is taht the frist and lsat ltteer be at the rghit pclae. Yuor mnid supppleis the wrods form tohse cuues alnoe. It tnues out all tohse woorngly palced lteters.Saturday, September 8, 2012
  5. 5. The Process of Perception: We see what we expect to see Brain is pre-wired to categorize Efficient Fast Survive Evolve Mind is wired via relationship & experience (relationship) Parents Culture Religion Lens Media School Technology Interpret/Navigate the world “Oh, I know what that means”Saturday, September 8, 2012
  6. 6. Filters ~ Culture ~ Stereotypes/Generalizations (All ___ people are ...) ~ Education ~ History/Experience (You think something) Input Output Stimulus/Information Behaviors/Actions/Beliefs (You observe something) (You do something) The Process of Perception (How we see what we expect to see)Saturday, September 8, 2012
  7. 7. All good people agree, And all good people say, All nice people, like us, are We, And everyone else is They. -Rudyard Kipling “A Friend of the Family”Saturday, September 8, 2012
  8. 8. What are Values? Why do we have Values? Who gives us our Values?Saturday, September 8, 2012
  9. 9. Values ~ Central “shoulds” and “oughts” ~ Few in number ~ Develop early in life -18 months – 3 years - Deeply held - Pre-verbal - Unconscious - Unexamined Values we have by age 10, are the values we will have our entire life, unless we have a “SEE” that causes us to re-evaluate them.Saturday, September 8, 2012
  10. 10. Two Kinds of Values Terminal InstrumentalSaturday, September 8, 2012
  11. 11. Terminal Values Instrumental Values (Espoused Values) (Lived Values) Goals or Shared Values Behaviors or Actions (What) (How) “World peace” What we do to express “Honesty” or demonstrate the “Integrity” terminal value or help “Respect” us achieve it Universal Cultural Most would agree these “This is the way we do are good or important. things around here.” Internal VisibleSaturday, September 8, 2012
  12. 12. Eight Values Found In All National Cultures Studied (not in priority order) LOVE TRUTH FREEDOM FAIRNESS COMMUNITY TOLERANCE RESPONSIBILITY REVERENCE FOR LIFE Source: Rushworth Kidder from the Institute for Global Ethics: “Shared Values for a Troubled World” - Jossey-Bass, 1994Saturday, September 8, 2012
  13. 13. INDIVIDUALISM COMPETITION & WINNING MATERIAL POSSESSIONS & COMFORT TEN KEY AMERICAN VALUES WORK ETHIC DOING & ACHIEVING COOPERATION & FAIR PLAY YOUTH & ATTRACTIVENESS PROGRESS/CHANGE EQUALITY FAMILY Sources: Gary Althen, “American Ways,” Intercultural Press, 1989. Edward C. Stewart & Milton Bennett, “American Cultural Patterns: A Cross Cultural Perspective,” Intercultural Press, 1994.Saturday, September 8, 2012
  14. 14. Eight Values Found In All National Cultures Studied? LOVE TRUTH FREEDOM FAIRNESS COMMUNITY TOLERANCE RESPONSIBILITY REVERENCE FOR LIFE Source: Rushworth Kidder from the Institute for Global Ethics: “Shared Values for a Troubled World” - Jossey-Bass, 1994Saturday, September 8, 2012
  15. 15. INSTRUMENTAL VALUE = Handshake INDIVIDUALISM COMPETITION & WINNING TERMINAL VALUES DOING & ACHIEVING COOPERATION & FAIR PLAY BUSINESS (U.S. Mainstream) RESPECT REVERENCE FOR LIFE RESPONSIBILITY COMMUNITY RELATIONSHIP (American Indian)Saturday, September 8, 2012
  16. 16. INSTRUMENTAL VALUE = Eye Contact TERMINAL VALUE = Showing Respect US Mainstream = Direct “Look at me when I talk to you!” Most Asian Cultures = Indirect What message from parents? “Don’t you dare look at me when I talk to you!”Saturday, September 8, 2012
  17. 17. “HUMAN KINDS” Source: Berreby D. (2005) “Us and Them: Understanding Your Tribal Mind,” Little, Brown & Co.Saturday, September 8, 2012
  18. 18. Human Kinds are roles or scripts (or norms) “Mother” “Teacher” ”Manager” “Employee” “Police Officer” “Leader” “Male” “Female” “Adult” “Child”Saturday, September 8, 2012
  19. 19. Human Kinds also define who you are... ... or who you can be Knowing “kind” of person you are affects: ~ how you see yourself & the world ~ where you belong... or don’t belong ~ the choices you make “Good student” “Loser” “Athletic” “Helpless” “Capable” vs “Ugly” “Intelligent” “Stupid” “Achiever” “Not leadership material” Other Scripts: Generational Gender ProfessionalSaturday, September 8, 2012
  20. 20. Human Kinds allow us to predict behavior - Which is a critical human need Survival: Friend or Foe? Share/Not Share? Security: Know how to behave / Avoid trouble “Social Contract” Avoid being ostracized (also about survival) Manage fear of uncertainty “Denial of Death” Self-esteem: Sense of belonging Sense of competence/worth Avoid SHAMESaturday, September 8, 2012
  21. 21. Human Kinds = Instrumental Values Instrumental Values = Culture Culture is a neutral term, neither good nor bad, and refers to the broadest conception about the learned knowledge that humans use to fulfill their needs and wants. It refers to the collective historical patterns, values, societal arrangements, manners, ideas, and ways of living that people have used to order their society. It is comprised of all those things we learn as part of growing up including language, religion, beliefs about economic and social relations, political organization and legitimacy, and the thousands of "Do’s and Dont’s"  society deems important that we know to become a functioning member of that group.Saturday, September 8, 2012
  22. 22. We relish the norm, while overlooking the productive potential to be found in variance. - Ken CorbettSaturday, September 8, 2012
  23. 23. Exercise in ValuesSaturday, September 8, 2012
  24. 24. EXERCISE IN VALUES A family of Vietnamese has come to a forest camp together. Mr. Nguyen (Mr. “Win”) goes to the Recreation Manager to ask if they may use the recreation facility on Monday evening for traditional dancing. The Manager says yes. Monday evening arrives and the Vietnamese enter the recreation facility to find a large group of young men using the facility. When Mr. Nguyen approaches Charles, the apparent leader, a confrontation ensues. Charles says the recreation facility is “first come, first served” and they were there first. The Vietnamese leave. The next morning Mr. Nguyen approaches the Recreation Manager and explains the problem. The Manager states that there had been a mistake since the facilities are, in fact, first come, first served. Mr. Nguyen is told he will need to find another place for his activities. That evening when the group of young men enter the facility they find that the Vietnamese are already there and have begun their dancing. Another confrontation occurs between Charles and Mr. Nguyen during which Tom, one of the young men, shouts “Why don’t you freaks just go back where you belong.” Peter, one of the young men, feels badly about the confrontation and the comment but says nothing. The young men leave the facility but go to the Vietnamese family’s campsite and dump garbage all over it. When Mai, one of the Vietnamese women, hears what has happened, she gets angry and smashes the headlight on one of the young men’s cars. The Recreational Manager is called to resolve the situation.Saturday, September 8, 2012
  25. 25. Rank the six people in this story: 1 (acted most honorably) to 6 (acted least honorably) First ranking: INDIVIDUAL 2 minutes Second ranking: TEAM 5 minutes Mr. Nguyen _____ Peter _____ Rec Manager _____ Charles _____ Mai _____ Tom _____ Rules: 1. Each number can only be used once a. No double ranking / No ties 2. Must have group consensusSaturday, September 8, 2012
  26. 26. Lessons Learned Forced to do the activity fast & then you had to get consensus! ~ Not enough time ~ Not enough information What you were seeing were their Instrumental Values (behaviors/actions) What you were judging from were your Terminal Values Every day, we make hundreds of decisions with even less time or information than you had in the exercise.Saturday, September 8, 2012
  27. 27. The next time you observe yourself reacting to something that someone is doing... Take a moment to pause and ask yourself: - Why am I reacting to this behavior? - What other meanings might there be for this behavior? - Is it a difference that makes a difference? - Is there something cultural going on here?Saturday, September 8, 2012
  28. 28. What did you learn from this session? (Group Dialogue)Saturday, September 8, 2012
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