An educator can find a vast amount of resources on theinternet in which to generate curriculum support materials. Butcare must be taken because the majority of the intellectualproperty on the internet is copyright protected.
A copyright is a type of protection grounded in the U.S. Constitutionfor original works of authorship created in a tangible medium ofexpression.The copyright protection comes in to effect at the moment ofcreation of the original work. (U.S. Copyright Office 2006)
However the internet and nature of digital media brings newchallenges to copyright laws.Authors of intellectual materials posted on the internet shouldexpect that their material will be read, viewed, downloaded,printed, reposted and forwarded and used as basis for otherworks. (Harper 2007)Even so intellectual property posted on the internet is copyrightprotected but by default comes with an implied limited license forothers to use their work except for the case of commercialpurposes (Harper 2007)
Fortunately educators have several avenues in which to utilizeother’s materials upon which to build their own materialswithout violating copyright laws.
Copyright Clearance CenterTo obtain an authors permission to use their work you cancontact the author directly or use the Copyright ClearanceCenter to obtain permission or a license to use copyrightedmaterials. (U.S. Copyright Office 2006)
Fair UseFair use allows educators to use protected materials, in somecircumstances, for educational purposes without askingpermission or paying for it. (Center for Social Media 2013)When using another person’s work remember to use the followingfour factors to determine if your use of their material falls under fairuse: The purpose and character of your use The nature of the copyrighted work The amount and substantiality of the portion taken The effect of the use upon the potential market.(Stanford University Libraries
Public DomainMaterials that fall under public domain are works that can befor free or without permission.Public Domain covers any work published in the United Statebefore 1923 or works published before 1964 for which copyrigwere not renewed. (Renewal was a requirement for workspublished before 1978.) A smaller group of works fell into thedomain because they were published without a copyright nowhich was necessary for works published in the United Statesbefore March 1, 1989. Some works are in the public domainbecause the owner has indicated a desire to give them to thpublic without copyright protection.(Stanford University Librarie2010)
Orphaned Works“Orphan works,” a term used to describe the situation where theowner of a copyrighted work cannot be identified and located bysomeone who wishes to make use of the work in a manner thatrequires permission of the copyright owner. (U.S. Copyright Office2006)Using orphan works still carry a possible risk of the copyright ownersurfacing. If such a case does happen the educator can still invokefair use provided the use of the material falls under the “fourfactors”.
Creative CommonsCreative Commons is a nonprofit organization that enables thesharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legaltools. These tools provide a simple, standardized way to give thepublic permission to share and use your creative work — onconditions of your choice. (Creative Commons 2013)A creative commons license makes it easier for educators touse materials found on the internet to create new resourcesand materials to support their curriculum.
Thank You!Every work of intellectual property was inspired by or built uponthe works of other people either in the past or present.Knowledge improves the lives of everybody so it benefits us all tomake knowledge easily available to everyone.So remember, spread the wealth but keep it safe.
WORKS CITED U.S. Copyright Office. (2006). Copyright in General. Retrieved May 31, 2013 fromhttp://www.copyright.gov/help/faq/faq-general.html#what Harper G. K.(2001,2007). Copyright Crash Course. University of Texas Libraries.Retrieved May 31, 2013, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/ Center for Social Media. (2012). Code of Best practices in Fair Use forAcademic ans Research Libraries. Retrieved May 31. 2013 fromhttp://www.centerforsocialmedia.org/fair-use Stanford University Libraries. (2010). Measuring Fair Use: The Four Factors.Retrieved May 31, 2013 from http://fairuse.stanford.edu/overview/fair-use/four-factors/ Stanford University Libraries. (2010). The Public Domain. Retrieved May 31, 2013from http://fairuse.stanford.edu/overview/public-domain/ U.S. Copyright Office. (2006) Report on Orphan Works. Retrieved May 31, 2013from www.copyright.gov/orphan/orphan-report.pdf Creative Commons (2013). About. Retrieved May 31, 2013 fromhttp://creativecommons.org/about
IMAGES Copyright logo. clip art Retrieved May 31, 2013 from:http://tamipapelashvili.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/copyright_blue.png Teacher in front of blackboard. Photograph Retrieved May 31, 2013 from:http://theeducatorsroom.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/teachers.jpg Definition of Copyright. Photograph. Retrieved May 31, 2013 from:http://www.thelogofactory.com/logo_blog/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/poor-mans-copyright.jpg Hallway. Illustration. Retrieved May 31, 2013 from:http://mantiseye.info/img/wallpapers/hallway/hallway1920x1200.jpg Copyright Clearance Center logo, graphic. Retrieved May 31, 2013 from:http://www.copyright.com