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Differences in first and second language learning
Differences in first and second language learning
Differences in first and second language learning
Differences in first and second language learning
Differences in first and second language learning
Differences in first and second language learning
Differences in first and second language learning
Differences in first and second language learning
Differences in first and second language learning
Differences in first and second language learning
Differences in first and second language learning
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Differences in first and second language learning

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  • Slide 6: First language learners have no goals? How about their need to fit in their group, to be loved, to communicate?
    Slide 10: First language learning doesn't depend on affective factors? How about motivating children who have problems? Late learners?
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  • slides are very helpful in delivering input session particularly in SLA. Thank you for sharing with us.
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  • 1. Differences in First andSecond Language Learning 1
  • 2. Differences 21. Success2. Strategies3. Goals4. Intuitions5. Instruction6. Positive and negative evidence7. Affective factors
  • 3. 1. Success in first language learning 3 Differences in how well they use it  Better public speakers  Better writers All normal children master their first language
  • 4. 1. Failure in second language learning 4Most second language learners fail  More learners try to learn a language and fail than learners who try and succeed  Learners fail in different degrees  Learners progress stops before complete success
  • 5. 2. Strategies 5All learners make generalizations  Simple past: played, walked, waited, comedOnly second language learners generalize from their first language when they are learning a second language  One sound, /r/, in Japanese  Separate sounds, /l/ & /r/, in English
  • 6. 3. Goals 6First language learners have no goals  Learning a first language is not under a child’s controlSecond language learners have a variety of goals  Work & study  Enjoy music, movies, travel, etc.
  • 7. 4. Intuitions 7First language learners rely on their intuition (sense of what sounds right) to decide if a sentence is grammaticalGrammatical intuition for second language learners never develops completely
  • 8. 5. Instruction 8Children never have formal lessons in their first language  Children’s first language develops through communicationMost second language learners must have some instruction
  • 9. 6. Positive and negative evidence 9Children only hear  Language that has no mistakes (positive evidence)Second language learners hear  Language that has no mistakes  Explanations about mistakes and corrections of their mistakes (negative evidence)
  • 10. 7. Affective factors 10First language learning is independent of affective factors  Personality, motivation, attitude, etc.Second language learning is dependent on affective factors
  • 11. Differences 111. Success2. Strategies3. Goals4. Intuitions5. Instruction6. Positive and negative evidence7. Affective factors

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