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Radar

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  • 1. • Radar is an object detection system which  uses radio waves to determine the range,  altitude, direction, or speed of objects. It can be used to detect aircraft, ships,  spacecraft, guided missiles, motor vehicles,  weather formations, and terrain. The radar dish or antenna transmits pulses of radio waves or microwaves which bounce off any  object in their path. The object returns a tiny part of the wave's energy to a dish or antenna which is usually located at the same site as the transmitter.
  • 2. History of radar • Radar was secretly developed by several nations before and during World War II. The term RADAR was coined in 1940 by the United States Navy as an acronym  for RAdio Detection And   Ranging. The term radar has since entered English and other languages as the common noun radar, losing all capitalization.
  • 3. APPLICATIONS • The modern uses of radar are highly diverse, including air traffic control, radar astronomy,  air-defense systems, antimissile systems ; marine radars to locate landmarks and other ships; aircraft anticollision systems; ocean surveillance systems, outer space surveillance. High tech radar systems are associated with digital signal processing and are capable of extracting useful information from very high noise levels.
  • 4. • The information provided by radar includes the bearing and range (and therefore position) of the object from the radar scanner. It is thus used in many different fields where the need for such positioning is crucial. The first use of radar was for military purposes: to locate air, ground and sea targets. This evolved in the civilian field into applications for aircraft, ships, and roads. Commercial marine radar antenna. The rotating antenna radiates a vertical fan-shaped beam
  • 5. • Israeli military radar is typical of the type of radar used for air traffic control. The antenna rotates at a steady rate, sweeping the local airspace with a narrow vertical fan-shaped beam, to detect aircraft at all altitudes.
  • 6. • A long-range radar antenna, known as ALTAIR, used to detect and track space objects
  • 7. Conclusion • Radar helped us in improved forecast and warning operations
  • 8. Thank You!

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