General Presentation Presented By: Ajay Singh Chauhan Roll no: E6803B45 Reg Id:10802548
PRESENTED BY: Ajay
Turns an ordinary tabletop into a vibrant and interactive surface
Microsoft 1 st commercially-available surface computing platform
Provides effortless access to digital content through natural gestures, touch and physical objects
30-inch diagonal display in a table-like form factor that's easy for individuals or multiple people to interact just like in the real world.
Come to life for exploring, learning, sharing, creating, buying and much more
Available in the retail, hospitality, automotive, banking and healthcare industries
1.Ordinary interface of humans with computer is with mouse and keypad.
2.Disk Operating System (DOS)
3.Surface provides effortless interaction with digital content through natural gestures, touch and physical objects.
4.Graphic User Interface (GUI)
5.Fully Liberating User eXperience (FLUX)
2001: Microsoft researchers Steve Bathiche and Andy Wilson developed idea of an interactive table
2003: 1st prototype (T1) was presented to Bill Gates for approval
2004: Attention turned to form factor - experimental prototypes including “Tub prototype”
2005: Wilson and Bathiche introduced the concept of surface computing in a paper for Gates
2006: Pete Thompson joined the group as general manager
2007: Interactive tabletop device was built that seamlessly brings both the physical and virtual worlds into one
Tub Prototype T1 Prototype
Interface Paradigm Shift CLI GUI NUI
What is Surface Computing?
Natural User Interface
Interact using hand gestures
Can recognize real-world objects
Can be used in wide range of applications
The table is built with wireless devices using Bluetooth and WI-FI technology (RIFD-Radio Frequency Identification will come later)
Designed to match up with wireless objects placed on the table
Multitouch screen is used like the technology behind the iPhone (no keyboard or mouse needed)
Direct interaction: Users can actually “grab” digital information with their hands, interacting with content by touch and gesture, without the use of a mouse or keyboard.
Multi-touch: Surface computing recognizes many points of contact simultaneously, not just from one finger like a typical touch-screen, but up to dozens of items at once.
Multi-user: The horizontal form factor makes it easy for several people to gather around surface computers together, providing a collaborative, face-to-face computing experience.
Object recognition: Users can place physical objects on the surface to trigger different types of digital responses, including the transfer of digital content.
Microsoft Surface computing uses sensing and display technology to infuse everyday surfaces with digital content and is comprised of the following unique attributes:
Microsoft Surface And NUI Direct interaction Object recognition Multi-touch Multi-user Direct interaction Object recognition Multi-touch Multi-user
Wireless! Transfer pictures from camera to Surface and cell phone. “Drag and drop virtual content to physical objects.”
Digital interactive painting
At a phone store? Place cell phone on the Surface and get information, compare different phones, select service plan, accessories, and pay at table!
At a restaurant? View menu, order drinks and meal at your table! It’s a durable surface you can eat off of (withstands spills, etc.). Need separate checks? Split bill at and pay at table.
Play games and use the Internet.
Jukebox! Browse music, make play lists.
Billboard for advertising
How is the Surface used?
Design and Working
Uses cameras to sense objects, hand gestures and touch
User input is then processed
Displayed using rear projection.
Infared LED light source- multipule cameras net resolution 1280 x 960
CPU- Central Processing Unit
Projector- DLP light engine (like the ones in HDTV’s) resolution 1024 x 768 pixels
Diagram by Intoaroute
How does it work?
The Surface uses multiple infrared cameras beneath the screen/table top to sense objects, physical touch, etc.
The Surface “recognizes objects based on shape or by using domino-style identification (domino tags) on the bottom of the objects.”
This information is processed and displayed using “rear projection”.
(1 ) Screen: Diffuser -> ”multitouch" screen. Can process multiple inputs and recognize objects by their shapes or coded "domino" tags. (2) Infrared: The ”machine vision" is aimed at the screen. Once an object touches the tabletop -> the light reflects back and is picked up by infrared cameras. (3) CPU: Uses similar components as current desktop computers -> Core 2 Duo processor, 2GB of RAM and a 256MB graphics card. Wireless communication -> WiFi and Bluetooth antennas (future -> RFID). Operating system -> modified version of Microsoft Vista. (4) Projector: Uses a DLP light engine ( rear-projection HDTVs).
Image is created using DMD ( Digital Micromirror Device )
Each mirror represents 1 or more pixel
Color can be given using 3 methods
Single Chip Projectors
Three Chip Projectors
Used to sense physical objects
¾” square tag
Dots are used to encode the information
Single dot at the centre
Three dots for orientation
Eight more dots for data
Demonstration of the multitouch screen with the use of an object- paintbrush to simulate painting a picture
Surface technology using an object with a tag- wineglass placed on surface to bring up other information about this particular wine
Who’s using the Surface today?
Currently only commercially available and being used in the retail, hospitality, automotive, banking and healthcare industries.
Current customers are AT&T, T-Mobile, the Rio All Suite Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas, Sheraton Hotels, Disney Innovations House in California, Hotel 1000 in Seattle, Harrah’s Entertainment, and Starwood Hotels and Resorts Worldwide.
How Surface Is Being Used Today
Implementation A real paint brush being used to draw a face on the Surface computer. Domino tags can be placed on top of the Surface computer, which then recognizes commands from the pattern of eight dots. Mobile phones with domino tags is placed on Surface's top and the relevant information for the handset is brought up. The glass has a domino tag on the bottom which sends information about what the drink is, and potentially how and where it's made. It could even be used to order another drink. A credit card with a domino tag fitted on the bottom is being used to pay the bill and payment is confirmed thereafter. Place an order without waiting for the waiter right from your table. Play games with family and friends. Swapping music from one mp3 player to another.
Microsoft Surface’s Future…
Surface will continue to be sold to and used by restaurants, retail, leisure and public entertainment venues.
According to Pete Thompson, Microsoft’s general manager for surface computing, the Surface could potentially be available to the “broader consumer market” as soon as 2010. Microsoft goal is for consumers test the Surface in commercial settings, and then want them in their own households. Microsoft wants to expand to the consumer market by making a product people can use in their home environment (using other surfaces like desks or making a version that hangs on the wall).
Computer scientists hope to incorporate this kind of technology in peoples’ daily lives… Future goals are to surround people with intelligent surfaces (look up recipes on your kitchen counter or table, control TV with coffee table, etc.)
"I firmly believe that in the near future, we will have wallpaper displays in every hallway, in every desk. Every surface will be a point of interaction with a computer, and for that to happen, we really need interfaces like this." - Jeff Han founder of Perceptive Pixel and NYU professor
Will it catch on? Microsoft's “whiz-bang technologies” aren’t always the most successful products… For example the smart watch, the Portable Media Center, the Zune music player and the Tablet PC, have not caught on like the company had hoped. Microsoft hopes “to strike a chord with consumers” with the Surface and “expand beyond its traditional Windows and Office software businesses.”
$ $ $ $ $ $ $ Surface machines cost between $5,000 and $10,000, but Microsoft hopes that as prices fall, the machine will find it’s way into the consumer’s household. For it to be able to catch on with “mainstream consumers,” the price will definitely need to come down.
Pros and Cons
• Multi users- collaborative effort of users interacting
• Seamless- no wires
• Instant download/upload of photos
• Users have more control of technology- ordering food or manipulating photos fast
• Educational- learn more info about the products you are using
• Not portable- table has to stay put
• Must own devices such as a cell phone to upload photos into or
share with others
• Have to be careful of table surface to not damage it
• Very expensive to own
• Tailored to high end clients
Designing made easier
Time saving by eliminating many processes
New and improved learning experience
Not portable and Very expensive
Dim lighting required to avoid washing out of screen