The origin of Indian civil aviation industry can be traced back to 1912, when the first air flight between Karachi and Delhi was started by the Indian State Air Services in collaboration with the UK based Imperial Airways.
It was an extension of London-Karachi flight of the Imperial Airways. In 1932, JRD Tata founded Tata Airline, the first Indian airline.
At the time of independence, nine air transport companies were carrying both air cargo and passengers.
These were Tata Airlines, Indian National Airways, Air service of India, Deccan Airways, Ambica Airways, Bharat Airways, Orient Airways and Mistry Airways. After partition Orient Airways shifted to Pakistan.
Aviation Industry in India is one of the fastest growing aviation industries in the world.
With the liberalization of the Indian aviation sector, aviation industry in India has undergone a rapid transformation.
From being primarily a government-owned industry, the Indian aviation industry is now dominated by privately owned full service airlines and low cost carriers. Private airlines account for around 75% share of the domestic aviation market.
Earlier air travel was a privilege. only a few could afford, but today air travel has become much cheaper and can be afforded by a large number of people.
Open skies is an international policy concept which calls for the liberalization of rules and regulations on international aviation industry most specially commercial aviation - opening a free market for the airline industry.
A low cost airline is that which generally has low fares and less comforts. To make up for revenue lost in decreased ticket prices, the airline may charge for extras like food, priority boarding, seat allocating, and baggage etc.
Price will not return back if we cancel our reservatin.
NAME HEAD QUARTERS HEADS FLEET SLOGAN INDIO GO GURGAON RAHUL BHATIA 39 GO INDIGO GO AIR MUMBIA JEHANGIR WADIA 25 FLY SMART SPICE JET GURGAON NEIL MILLS 10 THE CHOICE IS SIMPLE JET LITE MUMBAI NARESH GOYAL 19 EMOTIONALLY YOURS AIR INDIA EXPRESS KERALA ARVIND YADHAV 21 YOUR PALACE IN THE SKY KINGFISHER RED MUMBIA VIJAY MALLAYA 21 FLY THE GOOD TIMES
The airline was established in June 2004. On 9 June 2005 Go Air announced that it intended to launch operations in October 2005 with a fleet of 20 leased Airbus A320 aircraft.
Initial flights would be in the southern and western areas of India with the first nine A320s, the remaining 11 aircraft being added in the second year.
At the time the airline was in discussion with both Airbus and Boeing on the purchase of between 20 and 40 new aircraft, with a contract to be in place by the end of 2005 and with deliveries to start by 2007 .
P1a) Briefly describe how the above airlines have brought about a growth in the aviation sector there by adding to the country’s economy.
Improvement of India’s economy By low cost Airlines
The GDP growth rate was less than 1% in 1991 and has raised to 8.5%
India is set to become the world’s largest consumer market within next 25 years
Corporate earnings are forecast to rise 21% in 2006
India’s purchasing power parity is currently the fourth largest in the world
P1a) In the diagram provide by your assessor label the interiors and exterior parts of the given aircraft and describe their function.
Located underneath the plane, it allows the plane to land supports it while it on ground.
It also has the mechanism to reduce and absorb the shock of landing to acceptable limits .
it is of two types. Nose landing gear and Main landing gear.
A rudder is a flat plane or sheet of material attached with hinges to the craft's stern, tail or after end.
Often rudders are shaped so as to minimize aerodynamic drag. On simple watercraft, a tiller essentially, a stick or pole acting as a lever arm—may be attached to the top of the rudder to allow it to be turned.
Cargo contains 3 parts, it is down of cabin the 3 parts are:
1. forward cargo.
2. aft cargo.
3. bulk cargo.
Cabin crew has nothing to do with the cargo.
When a passenger comes with an extra baggage, crew calls the loader and handovers it to him.
2.p2a.What qualities should you possess to be an efficient cabin crew? evaluate how you use these qualities on board?
CABIN CREW : An employee of an airline who is primarily responsible for the Safety and Comfort of passengers. RESPONSIBILITY: This makes the cabin crew worthy of trust and also enables them to fulfill their duty in an excellent way.
CONFIDENCE: This makes them stand out & perform up to expectations & also builds up strong belief in themselves. DIPLOMACY : This gives them the ability to handle the people or difficult situations without arousing hostility.
HUMILITY : This always helps in being humble & also smiling and wishing to each & every person they meet to. ADAPTABILITY: Accepting changes and being able to deal with new and difficult situations.
EMPATHY: By this they understand others feelings and handle the situation by imagining themselves into Others position. SMART: Clever, Quick Intelligent, Sharp, Neat and Stylish.
PATIENCE: This helps them to deal with difficulties by controlling and overcoming their anger. GOOD COMMUNICATION & LISTENING SKILLS: This makes them a people’s person & also builds up strong inter-personal relationships.
P2b. Design a role play which is scripted, involving in flight services in board and should include the following:
Portable oxygen mask canisters of pure oxygen placed in the cabin for first aid & smoke fighting purposes.
it is used for who have an breathing problem.
Take the portable oxygen mask from cabin then remove the cap.
Connect the mask to the oxygen bottle.
Test it where there it is come are not.
Then remove the makeup.
P4a.Analyze the above emergency equipment under the following headings ?
Name of the emergency equipment . Parts of the emergency equipment . Pre-flight checks of the emergency equipment. Usage of the emergency equipment . Oxygen mask ____________________ ___________________ decompression Life vest Two red manual inflation tubes on either side of the jacket, upper and lower chamber two red manual inflation tubes to inflate jacket, strap fitter around waist, longlinyard in infant life jacket Check life jacket in random which kept under passenger seat At the time of ditching Fire extinguisher Red bottle strap pressure gauge, Safety pin ,trigger, nozzle Correct location, secured with strap, needle between 1500 to 2000 PSI ,expiry date When there will smoke megaphone Push to talk button, sling speaker handle Correct location Use for crowd control, remove from location sling it on your shoulder hold the handle keep the speaker infront of mouth ,press the push button, hold it upr8 and speak loudly E.L.T -___________________ -_________________ Gives signals during landing and take off
P1a.From a range on board emergency situations provided by your trainer, select any one and explain the procedures followed. Where required demonstrate and explain the first aid procedure which is most effective in the given emergency situation.
Imagine your are a cabin crew ready to operate a flight to a specific destination. Flight time and destination and your position on board will be given to you by your trainer. Explain how you will prepare yourself for the flight, reporting for duty, service on board, post flight duties, disembarkation procedures at your final destination, till you reach your area of rest.
Always cabin crew should deplane, after the Cockpit Crew.
At last again I go to Moment control and know my next days Sector from the Roster.
D (Unit 4&9) Critically analyze the advantages of the current scenario in the aviation industry. Justify your reasons with the help of the data collected by you for your presentations. Your presentations should conclude by your comparison of the old technology (airbus A-300) with the new technology ( airbus A-380). Your concluding statement should give your own opinion as a result of the research conducted by you.
A LOT OF AIRLINES ARE GOING BANKRUPT AT THE MOMENT BECAUSE THEIR FUEL COSTS ARE GOING UP, AND THEY HAVE FEWER CUSTOMERS BECAUSE PEOPLE HAVE LESS MONEY TO SPEND THESE DAYS.
THERE HAVE ALSO BEEN A FEW MERGERS RECENTLY.
THIS MEANS THAT THERE WILL BE LESS COMPETITION WHICH MEANS FLIGHT PRICES WILL GO UP. IT ALSO MEANS THAT THERE WON’T BE AS MANY FLIGHTS SO IT MIGHT BE MORE DIFFICULT TO GET TO YOUR DESTINATION AND THE EXITING FLIGHTS MIGHT BE REALLY BUSY.
First put into service by Air France in 1974, the widebody twin engine A300 was Airbus Industry's first aircraft.
The updated A300-600, which is still in production today, first entered service in 1988 with Saudi Airlines.
Together, with more than 730 orders, the A300, and its smaller descendant the A310, are the world's most popular wide body twin-engine transports.
Due to its extensive airline service, the A310 was certified for extended-range twin-engine operations (up to 180 minutes with either engine), making the aircraft available for long-haul flights such as transatlantic routes.
Major A300 operators include American Airlines, Air France, Korean Air, Lufthansa, and Thai Airways.
The Airbus A300 is a short- to medium-range wide body aircraft. Launched in 1972 as the world's first twin-engine wide body, it was the first product of the Airbus consortium of European aerospace companies, wholly owned today by EADS . The A300 ceased production in July 2007, along with the smaller A310 .
The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range wide body airliner . Launched in 1978, it was the second aircraft created by the Airbus consortium of European aerospace companies, which is now fully owned by EADS . The A310 is a shortened derivative of the A300 , the first twin-engine wide body airliner. The A310 (along with the A300) officially ceased production in July 2007 although the last delivery was in June 1998.
The A300 was designed as a twin engined short to medium range aircraft to compete with the DC-10 and L-1011 over 30 years ago, while the A380 is a new four engined aircraft designed to replace the 747 for high capacity, long range routes .
The A380 is much larger than the A300
the Airbus A300 is an airplane that is considerably smaller than the A380, holds way less seats, has analogue displays and guages whereas the A380 has a fly by wire system, and all gauges and components of the aircraft are shown on computer like screens known as Multi-Function display screens or MFD's .
A380 is way too big than the Airbus 300! + A380 offers more cockpit features than other A3 series.
The A300 is a wide-body aircraft of medium size. It has 2 engines mounted under the wings. That is generally all that you can see if the aircraft is very high up. The Boeing 757 and 767 are narrow bodies and so they appear longer with respect to their fuselage diameter.
If you spot one on final approach or takeoff, then you may be able to see other details.
Landing Gear - If the landing gear is down, then there is some differences between it and a Boeing a/c. Each main gear has a bogie beam with 4 tires. The Nose gear has 2 tires and the steering mechanism has actuators that protrude to each side of the gear instead of towards the front as with most Boeing or Douglas). The gear seems to be tilted back but that is only an illusion of how the gear doors are made. The Boeing 757 seems to have tall skinny gears.
Winglets - The A300-600 is the last production run for the Airbus A300 and they have winglets on their wingtips. They are not big but you may see that so don't let that fool you into thinking the a/c is not an A300. Cockpit windows - Another thing that I use to compare is the cockpit window size and shape. But this will take some study of other aircraft types to know the difference. At my airport, I can expect to see a DC10 or an Airbus. If I'm only seeing the nose of the a/c and there is a large square window just behind the pilot's window then I know it is not the Airbus but the DC10/MD11.
THIS WORK HELPED ME TO IDENTIFY THE PARTS OF AN AIRCRAFT,COCKPIT,ROLES OF A CABIN CREW. THIS ALSO HELPED ME IN KNOWING MORE ABOUT AIRBUS A300. I GOT AN IDEA ABOUT THE EMERGENCIES THAT I WILL HAVE TO FACE. I CAME TO KNOW ABOUT THE SAFETY AND EMERGENCY EQUIPMENTS ALSO.