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  • 1. EXPERIENCE OF PROMOTING SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) TECHNOLOGY WITH SMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERS IN CHHATTISGARH Supported by SDTT
  • 2. Content
    • Context
    • Suitability of SRI
    • Approach
    • Achievement
    • Learning
    • Plan
  • 3. Context
      • High concentration of extremely poor communities
      • Undulating and hilly topography
      • Average annual rainfall of 1400 mm, high runoff
    • Vulnerable farming systems, monsoon dependent, low yielding (1/3rd of country average )and mono cropped, Paddy accounts for 85 to 90% of gross cropped area
    • About 60% of the tribal community face food grain scarcity for 6-9 months
    • An average a family harvests 1 ton of paddy every year whereas requirement is 2 ton
      • High dependence on fast depleting forest resources
      • High incidences of distress migration and indebtedness
  • 4. Agro climatic zones and Land use Northern Hills Zone Chhattisgarh Plains Zone Bastar Plateau Zone
  • 5. Opportunities
      • Enhancing the productivity of land, water and agriculture are the obvious avenues to improve livelihoods and reduce poverty.
      • Need for intervention in Kharif Paddy
        • low yields in the range of 1-2 tons per hectare
        • small and marginal farmers could manage food grain sufficiency of 3-6 months from own cultivation
        • farmers in this region are unable to transplant timely due to unpredictable monsoon
        • Challenge was at least to double the productivity- increased to 5MT/ha leading to food-grain sufficiency for 8-9 months
  • 6. SRI suitability
    • Less inputs
    • High productivity
    • Quick nurseries timed with monsoon
    • Requires less labour
    • Can better withstand water stress periods
    • Scope of mechanization
  • 7. The Project
    • Aims to:
    • Support 11 NGOs to introduce the SRI technique to 4700 farmers in 7 districts during kharif 2009
    • Cover 3200 families under SRI intervention in our area of operation in Raigarh, Dhamtari and Kanker districts
    • Initiate demonstration in the fields of 1100 farmers in new pockets during summer 2010
    • The duration of the project is one year – from June 2009 till May 2010
    • Total Budget 62.92 lakhs INR
    •  
  • 8. Coverage
    • 9 districts
    • 37 blocks
    • 11 NGOs
    • 6612 families
  • 9. Process followed Contextual to location : socio-economic status of the community, agricultural skill , existing institutions and PRADAN’s perspective.
  • 10. Approach for Extension
    • Demonstration
    • Guided exposures with AV aids
    • Sensitizing women SHG members
    • Enable resource persons with technology and communication skills
    • Hands on training and support to SHG families
    • Development of POP and kits for easy delivery of technology and inputs
    • Organized weeders
  • 11. Achievement
    • 676 families
    • 129.4 Ha (0.48 acre per farmer)
    • Average yield 5MT/Ha
    • 6612 families raised nurseries
    • 3993 families transplanted
    • 781 Ha transplanted area (0.49 acre/farmer)
    • Average Yield of 4.8 MT/ Ha
    • Summer (08-09)
    • Kharif (09-10)
  • 12. SRI steps followed by farmers
    • Seed rate 5 kg/ha
    • Seed sorting (brine) and treatment (Carbendazim)
    • Transplantation of young seedling(8-14 days old), two leaf stage.
    • Single seedling transplantation with soil, no damage to root system
    • Square transplantation, 16 -25 seedling sq meter
    • Thin film (<1inch) water maintained in the field
    • Weeding at least twice using rotary weeders (Ambica weeder)
    • Increased use of compost
  • 13. Summer Crop (09-10)
    • 1182 famers in 408 Acres
        • 978 did Paddy in 144 Ha
        • 204 did wheat in 19 Ha
    • Moisture stress
    • Yield data to be compiled
  • 14. Departures of rainfall Name of the district June actual Rainfall % DEP Jashpur 11 -96 Kanker 29.5 -85 Dhamtari 98.7 -42 Korwa 3.7 -98 Koriya 52.7 -73 Bastar 87.6 -58 Raigarh 15.3 -92 Bilaspur 43.1 -76
  • 15. Lessons Learnt
    • Exposure Visit
    • Use of farm implements (weeders and markers)
    • Use of organic pesticides (Handikhat)
    • Chhattisgarh SRI munch
    • Availability of Weeder at local level
    • Scarcity in Rainfall
    • Absence of Water Conservation structures
    • Ensuring timely transplantation
    • What went well
    • Challenges faced
  • 16. Chhattishgarh SRI Manch
    • Formed with the objective to share and disseminate lessons from the project with various stakeholders as well as monitoring the progress
    • Comprises of 11 NGOs
    • Quarterly meeting
    • Sharing of Innovations and Learning
    • Emerging as a forum for policy advocacy
  • 17. Nursery Bed in Barethinbaha
  • 18. Use of marker during transplantation in Batbani
  • 19. Preparing land for Transplantation
  • 20. Using weeder in broadcasted field in Kurankhemli
  • 21. Use of indigenous Marker in Sarguja
  • 22. Tillers after 35 days of transplantation
  • 23. Application of weeder in Charama
  • 24. State Level workshop
    • Workshop organised at state level for dissemination of learning in promoting SRI
    • Scientists from IGKV, Department of Agriculture, NFSM, Govt. of Chhattisgarh, Farmers, Agriculture Minister of Chhattisgarh, Chief Secretary, VC of IGKV, NGOs participated in the workshop
    • Issues Discussed:
      • Promoting SRI in large scale
      • Integrating farm ponds in the Paddy fields
      • Availability of farm Implements at Local level
      • Use of compost
      • Training need of farmers
      • Increasing the productivity of paddy
  • 25. Plan (2010-2013)
    • 9 districts
    • 11 Partner NGOs
    • 340 village
    • 13700 families (by 2013) in 2450 Ha
        • (6100 Families in 1 st year, 10100 families in 2 nd year)
    • Training to all 13700 farmers
  • 26. Thank you