Developmental IssuesOne of the Backward Regions of Assam50% tribal of which 90% are Bodos90% dependent on AgricultureMainly mono cropped- paddyProductivity very low-1-1.6 ton/HacMixed Community and intra community tensionPoor Infrastructure – Improvement in RoadsFrequent Bandhs disrupts workNo/Less monitoring of Govt schemes because of Law and Order
Conditions of poorBodos—Agriculture based, Rain fed paddy, 30% land less, 50% small and marginal Education is good. Low productivity-traditional cultivators. Each household has loom and some homestead land that produces vegetables, fruits and Areca nuts. The families have 6 to 9 months food sufficiency and the produce from the homestead fulfills most of the consumption need.BSM :Asset less but have encroached government and forestland. Very hard working people, less mix up with other communities due to social tension.
Tea-tribe :- Worst off. Settled in the isolated area bordering to Bhutan, encroached Forest lands. They are asset less, faced acute problem of drinking facilities and absence of medical facilities. Death –Malaria, Jaundice, Diarrhea and typhoid. Wage earner. Since they didn’t have their permanent land they are also deprived of the government facilities.Koch Rajbangsi- Same as Bodos, slightly advanced in agriculture specially the bengali speakings, involved in petty trade
Agriculture Scenario Majority of the farmers are small and marginal holders Paddy productivity very low (Chirang-1.2 T/H; Assam-1.6 T/H) Only 22% of net sown area is irrigated(Assam-37%) Knowledge base in agriculture poor Extension mechanism-very weak
PRADAN Assam Initiative Selected 4 Bodo Territorial Council (BTC) districts as target area BTC was created in 2003 after 2 decades of insurgency, but law and order still major issue 50 % of 27 lakh population are tribal of which 90% are Bodo. Initiated SRI Demo in Chirang & Kokrajhar district in 2008 khariff
Background….SRI Pilot project from June ’08 with support from SDTT81 farmers-10.7 Hectare in khariff ’08 andResults are encouraging (4-9.8 Ton/Hectare )We are trusted in villages, demand from more farmers and NGOs…..
Progress – Overall Khariff Summer Total Farmer Area Farmer Area(H Farmer Area (Ha) a) (Ha)PRADA N 151 30.93 45 10 196 40.93PGVK,Nalbari 35 9.07 200 25 235 34.07Disha 50 9.07 225 29.3 275 38.37 Total 236 49.07 470 64.3 706 113.37
Processes FollowedAwareness meeting at villages-leaflets, colour folder in local language, flex, SRI moviePresence of SRI Farmers / VRP, Agiculture officials, Panchayat Presidents in such meetingsPreparation of Farmers list by VRPProcurement and distribution of quality seeds (From SRI farmer and Assam seed corporation) to listed Farmers,
Arrangement of Mandowa weeders from North Bengal (Courtesy : IDE, Kolkata)Training on Nursery raising in each villagesFollow up of same by Professional, VRPTraining on Transplantation -use of low cost Rope Marker
Difficulties we facedPartner NGO opts out due to unprecedented draught last yearHeavy rains during April and May damaged the summer crop considerablyPartnership – Building common perspective
OutcomeContinuous draught hampered SRI progress , specially dry spells after Sept affected production and farmer took less interest in later part.SRI Crop yield is better than normal paddy ! but SRI paddy withstand 30 days draught which farmers liked muchExisting Farmers increasing their SRI areaSummer coverage increased considerably
Khariff 2010-11 PlanTargetSupporting 1100 Farmers directly PRADAN - 700 DISHA - 300 A ST - 100 Converting 30% of Seed village beneficiaries to SRI (600 Farmers) in Chirang District
Progress So farTrained Representatives of Farmers club/ youth organisations400 potential farmers visited Summer SRI field for practical knowledgeTraining conducted in more than 40 villagesQuality seed ensured for more than 500 farmersMandowa weeders are sufficiently available from Bengal and locals and Farmers are sharing 50 % cost