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446 conceptual metaphor Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Conceptual Metaphor Metaphor in OurConceptual Metaphor Thoughts and Languages Assist Prof Wichian Sunitham Conceptual Metaphore lecture series 3.1
  • 2. Conceptual Metaphor ###�###�######################Conceptual Metaphor
  • 3. ###���?�##�##��#####�#######�c Conceptual MetaphorConceptual Metaphor What is the one thing that these statements are referring to? Look at the words/phrases that are circled, do we use them to describe time? Can we use these words/phrases to describe money?
  • 4. Conceptual Metaphor Linguistic expressions waste save have spend cost invest budget lose afford useConceptual Metaphor thank (someone) for buy someone time run out put aside TIME IS MONEY Concept Conceptual Metaphor
  • 5. Conceptual Metaphor Conceptual metaphor is.... - conventionalized; that is, it exists in theConceptual Metaphor conceptual system of people - pervasive and rich in everyday language (manifestations of linguistic - non-ormamental tool for literary expressions) works (not figurative language) - constructed/understood through conceptual mapping of two conceptual domains
  • 6. Conceptual Metaphor Conceptual metaphor is conventionalized; that is, it exists in the conceptual systemConceptual Metaphor TIME IS MONEY LIFE IS A JOURNEY HUMANN IS PLANT ARGUMENT IS WAR
  • 7. Conceptual Metaphor Conceptual metaphor is pervasive and rich in everyday languageConceptual Metaphor TIME IS MONEY LIFE IS A JOURNEY - Your child got off to a ns - Youre wasting my good start. time. io - They both made their - Hes lived on borrowed ress way in life. time. e xp - He needs some directions in is ti c - I dont have enough HUMANN IS PLANT - Dont be a couch ARGUMENT IS WAR life. claim are - Your gu time. potato. indefensible. Lin - She was deflowered - He attacked every weak by a point man shed just met. and demolished my - When they arrived argument Chiang Mai in 1983, - His criticism were right on
  • 8. Conceptual Metaphor Conceptual metaphor is non-ormamental tool for literary works (not figurative language) ###�###����#b###���#2###P}�#5#Conceptual Metaphor - Dont be a couch potato. - She was deflowered by a man shed just met. - When they arrived Chiang Mai in 1983, All the world’s a they put downPLANT HUMANN IS roots and stage, built their home. And all the men and women merely players; They have their
  • 9. Conceptual Metaphor Conceptual metaphor is constructed/understood through conceptual mapping of two conceptualConceptual Metaphor domains TIME IS MONEY LIFE IS A JOURNEY money time journey life HUMANN IS PLANT ARGUMENT IS WAR plant human war argument Source domain Target domain
  • 10. Conceptual Metaphor Conceptual mappingConceptual Metaphor of cognitive domains Assist Prof Wichian Sunitham Conceptual Metaphore lecture series 3.2
  • 11. Conceptual Metaphor ###�###�#####################Conceptual Metaphor What is being compared to what? Are there any points of similarity between the two things being compared?
  • 12. Conceptual Metaphor นี่ลาวทองจากห้องไปแล้วฤๅ จึงถึงดื้อเดือดมาเวลาค่ำ่า ไม่ตามใจขัดใจจึงเพ้อพำา นี่อดนำ้าแล้วสิเลี้ยวมากินตมConceptual Metaphor ขุนช้างขุนแผน เราทุกค่นก็เหมือนก้อนดินแค่่ก้อนหนึ่ง เปราะบาง ไร้ค่า ไร้ค่วามหมาย ่ อ่อนแอเหมือนโค่ลน ไหลไปตามทางเรื่อยไป เมือนำ้าแห้งไป ก็แตกระแหง ่ ของขวัญจากก้อนดิน / ธงไชย แมค่อินไตย์ เธอตายเพื่อจะปลุกให้ค่นตื่น เธอตายเพื่อผู้อื่นนับหมื่นแสน เธอเป็นดินก้อนเดียวในดินแดน แต่จะหนักและจะแน่นเต็มแผ่นดิน (กระทุ่มแบน, เนาวรัตน์ พงษ์ไพบูลย์)
  • 13. Conceptual Metaphor HUMAN IS SOIL ใจหินเหลือเกิน ไม่เห็นอกเห็นใจเพื่อนมนุษย์ด้วยกันบ้างเลยConceptual Metaphor (พจนานุกรม Londo) คุ่ณชอบขุดคุ่้ยเรื่องแฟนเก่าหรือกิ๊กเก่าของเขา หว่านพืช หวังผล อย่าพยายามเลย เค่้าค่นหัวแข็ง จากดิน สู่ดาว Soil human
  • 14. Conceptual Metaphor Conceptual metaphor is.... - conventionalized; that is, it exists in theConceptual Metaphor conceptual system of people - pervasive and rich in everyday language (manifestations of linguistic - non-ormamental tool for literary expressions) works (not figurative language) - constructed/understood through conceptual mapping of two conceptual domains - clearly seen in the mapping of these two domains, not only in linguistic level, but also in conceptual level (reasoning, thoughts,
  • 15. Conceptual Metaphor Conceptual metaphor is clearly seen in the mapping of these two domains, not only in linguistic level, but also inConceptual Metaphor conceptual level (reasoning, thoughts, ideas, principles) The mapping in linguistic level is illustrated by the use of vocabulary in the source domain to talk about the target domain. The mapping in conceptual level is illustrated by the mapping of idea/principles/commonly- understood/shared aspects of the source domain onto those in the target domain.
  • 16. Conceptual Metaphor Conceptual Metaphor
  • 17. Conceptual Metaphor Conceptual Metaphor
  • 18. Conceptual Metaphor LOVE IS A JOURNEY journey loveConceptual Metaphor Look howfar we’ve come. It’s beena long, bumpy road. We can’t turn back now. We‘re at a crossroads. We may have to go our separate ways. The relationship isn’t going anywhere. We‘re spinning our wheels. Our relationship is off the track. The marriage is on the rocks. We may have to bail out of this relationship
  • 19. Conceptual Metaphor LOVE IS A JOURNEY journey loveConceptual Metaphor - Travelers - Lovers - Going to same - Trying to reach common destinations life goal - The vehicle they use - The relationship they have - Impediments in - Difficulties in relationship traveling - Crossroads - Points at which decisions must be made Fixed correspondences of this concept create our understanding of metaphor
  • 20. Conceptual MetaphorConceptual Metaphor TIME IS MONEY LIFE IS A JOURNEY money time journey life HUMANN IS PLANT ARGUMENT IS WAR plant human war argument
  • 21. Conceptual MetaphorConceptual Metaphor TIME IS MONEY money time - Valuable commodity - Precious quantity/amount - Spent to buy goods - Spent working - Can be invested to - Can be used in order to make a profit benefit person using it - Lost if not saved - Wasted if not managed carefully wisely - Can be borrowed - Can be extended
  • 22. Conceptual MetaphorConceptual Metaphor LIFE IS A JOURNEY journey life - Travelers - People leading their life - Going to certain - Reaching our purpose in life destinations - The vehicle used - Supports/helps that ensure us reaching our life goal - Impediments in - Hardships encountered in traveling life - Itineraries or travel - Life plans Plans - Happy times while - Joys, cerebrations, and Traveling special moments - Filled with things we - Filled with lessons we can can experience learn
  • 23. Conceptual MetaphorConceptual Metaphor HUMAN IS PLANT plant human - Having a trunk, - Having a body, limps, braches, leaves, hands, origins, and roots, and fruits offsprings - Can grow when - Can grow when brought up nurtured well Well - Can be uprooted and - Can (be forced to) leave one Replanted place and settle in another Place - Having plants life - Following human lifes circle circle
  • 24. Conceptual MetaphorConceptual Metaphor ARGUMENT IS WAR war argument - Involving two sides - Involving two parties fighting each other debating for their side - Weapons are used to - Strategies are used to make destroy enemies other sides standpoints weak - Attacking enemies - Going against other side + + defending own side protecting own positions - Following human lifes circle
  • 25. Conceptual Metaphor What do image schemas do to help with the mapping of the conceptual domains?Conceptual Metaphor TIME IS MONEY LIFE IS A JOURNEY money time journey life HUMANN IS PLANT ARGUMENT IS WAR plant human war argument
  • 26. Conceptual Metaphor LOVE IS A JOURNEY journey loveConceptual Metaphor Journey Destinations starting point Time spent on journey Love begins when two Common life lovers meet Time spent together from first goal meeting , after marriage, and till reaching common life goal together Source-Path-Goal
  • 27. Conceptual Metaphor LOVE IS A JOURNEY journey loveConceptual Metaphor At some points during A guide makes sure journey you may find that your problems are problems solved and that you reach your destinations At some points being together, you may Marriage counselors or experience difficulties parents/friends may give you advice to help you reach your life goal together - Blockage / Restraint / Counterforce - Removal of restraint
  • 28. Conceptual Metaphor LOVE IS A JOURNEY journey loveConceptual Metaphor Vehicles are needed to Relationship between ensure you get to your two people to reach destinations thier life goal together When journey is complete you return to When relationship the your starting point ends you are back to be single again - Attraction / End-point focus - Circle
  • 29. Conceptual Metaphor LOVE IS A JOURNEY journey loveConceptual Metaphor Sometimes the road is very Sometimes your relationship bumpy and you can lose is not as beautiful as planned, your control of vihecle. You and you can lose control of may go off the main road. love.. You can temporarily stay away from relationship You may go on your own way when your You may divorce your travel companion partner because he or does not want to go she does not want to with you. reach life goal with you. - Link / Equilibrium / Center-periphery - spliting
  • 30. Conceptual Metaphor MetaphoricalConceptual Metaphor concepts: Universality, Culture-boundedness, or Poets Creativity? Assist Prof Wichian Sunitham Conceptual Metaphore lecture series 3.3
  • 31. Conceptual Metaphor Because I could not stop for DeathConceptual Metaphor Because I could not stop for Death – He kindly stopped for me – The Carriage held but just Ourselves – And Immortality. We slowly drove – He knew no haste And I had put away My labor and my leisure too, For his Civility – We passed the School, where Children strove At Recess – in the Ring – We passed the Fields of Gazing Grain – We passed the Setting Sun –
  • 32. Conceptual Metaphor Conceptual Metaphor
  • 33. Conceptual Metaphor We passed the School, where Children strove   At Recess – in the Ring –  Conceptual Metaphor We passed the Fields of Gazing Grain –   We passed the Setting Sun –   journey life plants human arrival birth departure death
  • 34. Conceptual Metaphor We passed the School, where Children strove  At Recess – in the Ring – Conceptual Metaphor We passed the Fields of Gazing Grain –  We passed the Setting Sun –  LIFE IS A JOURNEY journey life I dont know where I am heading. My life has no direction at the moment I set out to be a doctor, but I became an English teacher. After graduation, I was at a crossroads and didnt know which way to go. You cant just go through life with your eyes closed! Move on and forget about whats happened. His life took on an unexpected direction after he met her. Her parents dont understand her at all. Theyre over the hill.
  • 35. Conceptual Metaphor We passed the School, where Children strove  At Recess – in the Ring – Conceptual Metaphor We passed the Fields of Gazing Grain – We passed the Setting Sun – arrival birth BIRTH IS ARRIVAL LIFE IS BEING PRESENT HERE The baby is on the way. Im going to be a father. When your little bundle of heaven arrives, things will be a little hectic. (thefreedictionary.com) The babys just arrived? It is a baby boy or a baby girl? Where is the hospital delivery room?
  • 36. Conceptual Metaphor We passed the School, where Children strove At Recess – in the Ring –Conceptual Metaphor We passed the Fields of Gazing Grain –  We passed the Setting Sun – plants human HUMAN IS PLANT Dont be a couch potato. She was deflowered by a man shed just met. When they arrived Chiang Mai in 1983, they put down roots and built their home. Hes such a young bud.
  • 37. Conceptual Metaphor We passed the School, where Children strove At Recess – in the Ring –Conceptual Metaphor We passed the Fields of Gazing Grain – We passed the Setting Sun –  departure death HUMAN IS PLANT Hes gone. / Hes left us./Hes no longer with us./Hes passed on. Hes been taken from us. Hes gone to the Great Beyond. Hes among the dear departed. The doctor could bring him back.
  • 38. Conceptual Metaphor ฉัน คือกรวดเม็ดร้าว แหลกแล้วด้วยความเศร้าหมอง หม่นConceptual Metaphor ปรารถนาเป็นธุลท ุรน ดีกว่าทนกลันใจอยูใต้น ำ้า ี ้ ่ HUMAN IS SOIL ใจหินเหลือเกิน ไม่เห็นอกเห็นใจเพื่อนมนุษย์ด้วยกันบ้างเลย (พจนานุกรม Londo) คุณชอบขุดคุ้ยเรื่องแฟนเก่าหรือกิ๊กเก่าของเขา หว่านพืช หวังผล อย่าพยายามเลย เค้าคนหัวแข็ง จากดิน สู่ดาว
  • 39. Conceptual Metaphor Conceptual metaphor is.... - conventionalized; that is, it exists in theConceptual Metaphor conceptual system of people - pervasive and rich in everyday language (manifestations of linguistic - non-ormamental tool for literary expressions) works (not figurative language) - constructed/understood through conceptual mapping of two conceptual domains - clearly seen in the mapping of these two domains, not only in linguistic level, but also in conceptual level (reasoning, thoughts,
  • 40. Conceptual Metaphor Conceptual metaphor is.... - non-ormamental tool for literaryConceptual Metaphor works (not figurative language) - not literature authors creativity, but a concept common to or shared by everyone
  • 41. Conceptual Metaphor BIRTH IS ARRIVAL arrival birthConceptual Metaphor LIFE IS BEING PRESENT HERE The baby is on the way. Im going to be a father. When your little bundle of heaven arrives, things will be a little hectic. (thefreedictionary.com) The babys just arrived? It is a baby boy or a baby girl? Where is the hospital delivery room? ทารกอยูระหว่างทาง (ขณะเด็กกำาลังจะคลอด) ่ ทารกเพิ่งมาถึง (เมื่อเด็กคลอดแล้ว)
  • 42. Conceptual Metaphor departure death HUMAN IS PLANTConceptual Metaphor Hes gone. / Hes left us./Hes no longer with us./Hes passed on. Hes been taken from us. Hes gone to the Great Beyond. Hes among the dear departed. The doctor could bring him back. Hes at Deaths door. เขาไปสบายแล้ว พ่อเค้าไม่อยู่กับเราแล้วนะลูก เขาจากไปอย่างไม่มวันกลับ ี หมอช่วยชีวิตให้เขากลับมาอยู่กับครอบครัวได้สำาเร็จ
  • 43. Conceptual Metaphor Conceptual metaphor is.... - non-ormamental tool for literaryConceptual Metaphor works (not figurative language) - not literature authors creativity, but a concept common to or shared by everyone - sometimes universal (shared by more than one culture or speech community) and culturally specific (known only by people in one culture)