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English Grammar - Using Modal Verbs in the past
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English Grammar - Using Modal Verbs in the past

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This is a short lesson on how to use modal verbs in the past tense in English Grammar. ...

This is a short lesson on how to use modal verbs in the past tense in English Grammar.

You can see this presentation plus take the test at - http://languageopenlearning.com/past-tense-modal-verbs

This is presented by English language school online - Language Open Learning.com.

You can take English lessons online for free http://www.languageopenlearning.com

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  • 1. Modal Verbs – Past TenseLanguage Open Learning EnglishGrammar Guide
  • 2. Modal Verbs – Past TenseTalking about PAST ABILITY.We use for a general past abilitycould, couldn’t, was able to – Emma could swim when she was ten – Emma was able to swim when she was tenwww.LanguageOpenLearning.com
  • 3. Modal Verbs – Past TenseTalking about PAST ABILITY.For a specific past action was able to – When Jim fell into the river, Amy was able to save him.www.LanguageOpenLearning.com
  • 4. Modal Verbs – Past TenseTalking about CERTAINTY/UNCERTAINTY.We use modal + have + past participle• You must have left your wallet at home (meaning - I’m sure you did)• She can’t have said that (meaning - I’m sure she didn’t)• He might have taken a taxi home (meaning – maybe/perhaps he did)www.LanguageOpenLearning.com
  • 5. Modal Verbs – Past TenseTalking about OBLIGATION.In the past, we use:Had to, didn’t have to, didn’t need to, needn’t have doneThere is no past form of must• When I was at school, we didn’t have to/didn’t need to wear a school uniformwww.LanguageOpenLearning.com
  • 6. Modal Verbs – Past TenseTalking about OBLIGATION.Strict Grammar –• Didn’t need to – means I had a choice – I didn’t need to do any homework yesterday• Needn’t have done – means it wasn’t necessary – I needn’t have done any homework yesterdaywww.LanguageOpenLearning.com
  • 7. Modal Verbs – Past TenseTalking about OPINIONS and ADVICEThe form is Modal + have + past participle – I think you should have worked harder – You shouldn’t have eaten so muchWe can also use to have done, ought not to have doneThese are making a criticism and we are saying they are wrongwww.LanguageOpenLearning.com
  • 8. Want to know more?Contact us• www.LanguageOpenLearning.com• www.Facebook.com/LanguageOpenLearning• Skype - AjarnKen• Twitter - @AjarnKenwww.LanguageOpenLearning.com