Tpcastt for Poetry
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Tpcastt for Poetry

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Use this strategy for understanding the theme of a poem.

Use this strategy for understanding the theme of a poem.

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Tpcastt for Poetry Tpcastt for Poetry Presentation Transcript

  • A Strategy for Understanding an Author’s Message (THEME) in a Poem TPCASTT
  • READ THIS POEM BY EDWIN ARLINGTON ROBINSON… WHENEVER Richard Cory went down town, We people on the pavement looked at him: He was a gentleman from sole to crown, Clean favored, and imperially slim. And he was always quietly arrayed, 5 And he was always human when he talked; But still he fluttered pulses when he said, quot;Good-morning,quot; and he glittered when he walked. And he was rich—yes, richer than a king, And admirably schooled in every grace: 10 In fine, we thought that he was everything To make us wish that we were in his place. So on we worked, and waited for the light, And went without the meat, and cursed the bread; And Richard Cory, one calm summer night, 15 Went home and put a bullet through his head.
  •  This title emphasizes that Richard Cory the poem is about WHENEVER Richard Cory went down ―Richard Cory.‖ town, We people on the pavement looked at him: He was a gentleman from sole to crown, Clean favored, and imperially slim. What is it about him that we should know? T: TITLE
  •  When you WHENEVER Richard Cory went down paraphrase, you re-think town, We people on the pavement looked at and re-word the passages him: He was a gentleman from sole to to make sure you know crown, Clean favored, and imperially slim. what the author is saying literally.  Here the author is describing how Richard Cory is considered gentlemanly and clean. P: PARAPHRASE
  •  When paraphrasing, now is the time to look up all words And he was always quietly arrayed, 5 you don’t know.  Vocab: arrayed – to dress And he was always human when he talked; But still he fluttered pulses when he said, or decorate in splendid attire  RC doesn’t seem loud or quot;Good-morning,quot; and he glittered when he walked. like he wants to draw attention to himself. Still, people are affected by his presence when he speaks to them. P: PARAPHRASE
  • And he was rich—yes, richer than a Vocab: grace – a  king, And admirably schooled in every pleasing appearance or grace: 10 In fine, we thought that he was effect everything  RC is wealthy and has all To make us wish that we were in his place the social manners learned from the best schools. People want to be him. P: PARAPHRASE
  • So on we worked, and waited for the light, And went without the meat, and cursed the bread;  The people in town work And Richard Cory, one calm summer night, 15 hard and wait for their Went home and put a bullet through his head. chance to be favored as RC has been favored.  Then, on a calm night, RC kills himself. P: PARAPHRASE
  • Words with meanings that can be related to another idea: First, find interesting word choices , symbols, figurative Grace, imperially, light, bread, cro language, allusions, etc.that may have more than one meaning or lead us to wn, king all have connotations another level of understanding that the of royalty and even religion. word alone wouldn’t lead us to. What emotional ideas do these words have? Are some positive and others negative? Why are these words used with RC? Why do the townspeople curse the ―bread‖ (religious connotation)? C: CONNOTATIONS
  • The speaker feels like one of the townspeople who look up to Richard Cory and wants what RC Think about how the speaker (not necessarily the author) FEELS about the has. The speaker feels bitter that subject/topic. he was not blessed with the same good looks, money, charm that RC has. Why did the author make the speaker one of the townspeople? Why doesn’t the speaker seem surprised or say about what happened to RC? A: ATTITUDE
  • In this poem, the shift occurs at the beginning of stanza Shift usually occurs between stanzas four when the speaker talks towards the end of a poem. Look for it anywhere in the poem, though Think about the bitterness of the about a change in any of the following: townspeople rather than the •STRUCTURE of poem (syllable glory of RC. Shift in count, verse length, rhyme scheme) •PERSPECTIVE subject •POINT OF VIEW •SETTING •TOPIC/SUBJECT And then think about what happens after Why does the author have to that shift or what the author exposes to us after and during the shift. tell us how the townspeople feel and then surprise us with RC’s tragedy? S: SHIFT
  • E.A. (as Edwin called himself) was in love with a woman Title (again) but this time on a Figurative (Emma) who married his Level? Sometimes you can find puns in brother Herman. After losing a the title as well as allusions. business, Herman sank into This might also be a good time to review alcoholism and died. Emma the AUTHOR’S BIOGRAPHY for clues to why he or she would title a work a said that ―Richard Cory‖ is particular way. about Herman. http://www.earobinson.com/pages/HisLife. html Was EA like one of the bitter townspeople feeling his brother had it all? Did he regret his bitterness? Is that why he wrote this poem? T: TITLE (AGAIN)
  • T: THEME Theme is the message the author Topic: Pain and emptiness gives in a work. Topic Extended: how It is NOT a direct reference to something in the literature but a people cope with pain and global undestanding or idea. emptiness Theme is the connection of all parts How author feels: All of TPCAST—looking at connections between connotations, speaker’s attitude, what is the big idea in the people feel pain and shift, how the title re-enforces other ideas emptiness; even those whose lives seem fulfilled To understand the message, you might try the following: need a connectedness to Topic: • • Topic Extended: (what others to feel complete. about the topic-phrase) • Topic and how author feels about it:
  • SO, I HAVE THE THEME, NOW WHAT DO I DO????  Use the theme as your thesis statement of your essay  Use specific references from the poem (word choices, details—names, events, places) to discuss any of the TPCASTT items as they relate to your theme (for example, write a paragraph about the speaker’s ATTITUDE that will support the theme)  Cite from the poem and explain how the citation develops attitude, connotation, shift, etc