DREAMS
A R E T H E Y A P R O D U C T O F Y O U R
S U B C O N S C I O U S ?
By
AJAL.A.J
ZACHARIAH GEORGE
VINOD KUMAR GOPAL
Presentation Overview
• Facts on Dreams
• Flavor's of dreams
• Theory of dreams
• REM sleep
• Animal sleep and dreams
FACTS
 Humans spend about 6 years dreaming
 Dreams are generated in the forebrain
 Most common emotion experienced duri...
WHAT ARE DREAMS?
 word used to describe the subconscious experience
a)sequence of images,
b) sounds,
c)ideas,
d)emotions,...
DREAMS
 Dream Theories are simply that- theories.
 They are open to debate and
interpretation of information
• Vision in...
DREAMS/NIGHTMARE
By: Michelle, Krishna and Sally
&
Lucid Dreams
Dreams
Signal Dreams
 Signal dreams help you solve problems or make decisions in your
waking life.

Epic Dreams
 Epic d...
Theory of Dreams
Manifest Content
distortion
day censor
residue
anxiety
Latent Content
( wish )
REM sleep
 REM stands for “Rapid Eye Movement”
 Eugene Aserinsky discovered REM sleep in
1953 while working in the lab o...
WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT MAMMALS AND
BIRDS ?
 "One thing that's unique about
mammals and birds is that they regulate body
...
SO, WHY DO WE DREAM????
 Scientists generally seem to agree that
dreaming is a form of thinking during sleep.
Dreams cont...
Dream = Goal
• Do you believe a Dream and a Goal
are indeed the same thing?
-The dictionary defines a dream as: A conditio...
Defining Your Dreams…
• What is a dream?
• What is YOUR dream?
-Money?
-Security?
-Fame?
-Happiness?
MY DREAM
B – tech
M– tech
Executive MBA @ IIM
PhD
Placement officer
Assistant Professor / HOD
DEAN
PROFESSOR EMIRITUS
PRIN...
WHAT ARE OUR DREAMS AND WHY IS IT NOT
ACHIEVED ALWAYS?
 Childhood Dreams –
 Dreams and Ambitions Change as you grow
olde...
WHAT ARE OUR DREAMS AND WHY IS IT NOT
ACHIEVED ALWAYS?
 Statistically……between 3% and 5% of the student
population is gif...
WHAT ARE OUR DREAMS AND WHY IS IT NOT
ACHIEVED ALWAYS?
 Rasmus Ankersen, founder of RFA Performance
& Research, and Autho...
WHAT ARE OUR DREAMS AND WHY IS IT NOT
ACHIEVED ALWAYS?
 Three key lessons regarding the art of
identifying real talent
 ...
WHAT ARE OUR DREAMS AND WHY IS IT NOT
ACHIEVED ALWAYS?
 If people come with problems, they come
with potential - . Shelly...
WHAT ARE OUR DREAMS AND WHY IS IT NOT
ACHIEVED ALWAYS?
 How often have you told yourself this: “I’d LOVE
to pursue my dre...
WHAT ARE OUR DREAMS AND WHY IS IT NOT
ACHIEVED ALWAYS?
 It’s “risky”
 I’m waiting to be inspired
 I’m planning on think...
REALISING ONE’S DREAM
• What was your ambition when you were a child?
• Is that still your ambition? Or have you changed
i...
• Educational system, upbringing, social
influences, Blinding, stereotyping
• Talent identification and nurturing mechanis...
• Steps in realizing ones dream
• Differentiate the need set which are changing
and the one that defines you always
• Deve...
QUOTES
• Dreams are today's answers to
tomorrow's questions.
• A man is not old until regrets take the
place of dreams.
• ...
STEPS IN REALIZING ONES DREAM
1. Always remember and understand that
success goes hand in hand with positive
attitude. The...
3. Write down one or two important goals then
figure out the steps needed to accomplish
them.
4. Take the steps one at a t...
CONCLUSIONS
 The leading scientific theory is that sleep has a
large function in memory processing.
 It appears from dif...
THANK YOU
REFERENCES
 Badia P, Wesensten N, Lammers W, Culpepper J, Harsh J.
Responsiveness to olfactory stimuli presented in sleep...
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  1. 1. DREAMS A R E T H E Y A P R O D U C T O F Y O U R S U B C O N S C I O U S ? By AJAL.A.J ZACHARIAH GEORGE VINOD KUMAR GOPAL
  2. 2. Presentation Overview • Facts on Dreams • Flavor's of dreams • Theory of dreams • REM sleep • Animal sleep and dreams
  3. 3. FACTS  Humans spend about 6 years dreaming  Dreams are generated in the forebrain  Most common emotion experienced during dreaming is anxiety  The U.S. ranks the highest amongst industrialized nations for aggression in dreams with 50% of U.S. males reporting aggression in dreams, compared to 32% for Dutch men  Men generally have more aggressive feelings in their dreams than women, and children's dreams do not have very much aggression until they reach teen age  This supports the view that there is a continuity between our conscious and unconscious styles and personalities  In men's dreams 70 percent of the characters are other men, while a female's dreams contain an equal number of men and women
  4. 4. WHAT ARE DREAMS?  word used to describe the subconscious experience a)sequence of images, b) sounds, c)ideas, d)emotions, or other sensations usually during sleep, especially REM sleep  What is the purpose of dreams? Do we need to dream? Are dreams an interaction between your subconscious and conscious? Why do we dream? A dream is an internal ego experience of meaning occurring internally during sleep
  5. 5. DREAMS  Dream Theories are simply that- theories.  They are open to debate and interpretation of information • Vision in Dreams • Movement in Dreams
  6. 6. DREAMS/NIGHTMARE By: Michelle, Krishna and Sally &
  7. 7. Lucid Dreams
  8. 8. Dreams Signal Dreams  Signal dreams help you solve problems or make decisions in your waking life.  Epic Dreams  Epic dreams are so huge, so compelling, and so vivid that you cannot ignore them. The details of such dreams remain with you for years, as if your dreamt it last night. Prophetic Dreams  Prophetic dreams are dreams that seemingly foretell the future.
  9. 9. Theory of Dreams Manifest Content distortion day censor residue anxiety Latent Content ( wish )
  10. 10. REM sleep  REM stands for “Rapid Eye Movement”  Eugene Aserinsky discovered REM sleep in 1953 while working in the lab of his PhD advisor. Aserinsky noticed that the sleepers' eyes fluttered beneath their closed eyelids. He later used a polygraph machine to record the sleeper’s brain waves during these periods.
  11. 11. WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT MAMMALS AND BIRDS ?  "One thing that's unique about mammals and birds is that they regulate body temperature," says neuroscientist Jerry Siegel, director of (University of California, Los Angeles)UCLA's Center for Sleep Research. One evolutionary adaptation is that animals sleep in safe sites where they can be less vulnerable to attack by predators. Dreams are the byproducts of sleep phenomena
  12. 12. SO, WHY DO WE DREAM????  Scientists generally seem to agree that dreaming is a form of thinking during sleep. Dreams contain at least some psychological meaning, but this doesn't necessarily prove a purpose, such as problem solving. Overall, our understanding of dreams is still quite vague.  What do you think?
  13. 13. Dream = Goal • Do you believe a Dream and a Goal are indeed the same thing? -The dictionary defines a dream as: A condition or achievement that is longed for; an aspiration.
  14. 14. Defining Your Dreams… • What is a dream? • What is YOUR dream? -Money? -Security? -Fame? -Happiness?
  15. 15. MY DREAM B – tech M– tech Executive MBA @ IIM PhD Placement officer Assistant Professor / HOD DEAN PROFESSOR EMIRITUS PRINCIPAL R & D
  16. 16. WHAT ARE OUR DREAMS AND WHY IS IT NOT ACHIEVED ALWAYS?  Childhood Dreams –  Dreams and Ambitions Change as you grow older-  Talent and Potential  How is it identified?  Purpose of Identification  To diagnose educational needs  To correlate educational services to a student’s individual needs
  17. 17. WHAT ARE OUR DREAMS AND WHY IS IT NOT ACHIEVED ALWAYS?  Statistically……between 3% and 5% of the student population is gifted / talented.  The Texas State Plan for the Education of Gifted / Talented Students defines a gifted/talented student as… “…a student who performs at or shows the potential for performing at a remarkably high level of accomplishment when compared to others of the same age, experience or environment and who… …exhibits high performance capability in an intellectual; or…excels in a specific academic field.”
  18. 18. WHAT ARE OUR DREAMS AND WHY IS IT NOT ACHIEVED ALWAYS?  Rasmus Ankersen, founder of RFA Performance & Research, and Author of the Book Goldmine Effect, tried to crack the code behind today’s talent gold mines.  Why have the world's best middle-distance runners grown up in the same Ethiopian village?  Why are 137 of the world's 500 best female golfers from South Korea?  What is the secret behind Brazil's mass production of soccer superstars?
  19. 19. WHAT ARE OUR DREAMS AND WHY IS IT NOT ACHIEVED ALWAYS?  Three key lessons regarding the art of identifying real talent  What you see is not necessarily what you get – Asafa Powel - Great talent spotters understand this principle. What’s important is not the performance in itself, but what caused it and the story that lies behind it.
  20. 20. WHAT ARE OUR DREAMS AND WHY IS IT NOT ACHIEVED ALWAYS?  If people come with problems, they come with potential - . Shelly Ann-Fraser - if someone comes with problems, they also come with potential. –  Keep an open mind and adopt a wide view - Swedish high jumper Stefan Holm
  21. 21. WHAT ARE OUR DREAMS AND WHY IS IT NOT ACHIEVED ALWAYS?  How often have you told yourself this: “I’d LOVE to pursue my dream … BUT …  I’m not an expert  I’m too young/too old  People tell me to get a “real job”  It’s tough in the “current climate”  People don’t support my dream  What if I fail?  I don’t have time  I don’t like people
  22. 22. WHAT ARE OUR DREAMS AND WHY IS IT NOT ACHIEVED ALWAYS?  It’s “risky”  I’m waiting to be inspired  I’m planning on thinking about possibly doing it sometime … maybe  I probably can’t beat the competition  I don’t know what I’m doing!
  23. 23. REALISING ONE’S DREAM • What was your ambition when you were a child? • Is that still your ambition? Or have you changed it • Where are we now? Where we want to be? • Why is the disconnect between dreams and reality? Causes, reasons • Why are we not able to achieve our dreams • Expectations vs. reality
  24. 24. • Educational system, upbringing, social influences, Blinding, stereotyping • Talent identification and nurturing mechanism • How much effort we brought forward to achieve our dreams. Own contribution • Identification of one’s passion and dreams • Exams are memory tests. Does not test ones talent and passion • Why IIT graduates take MBA and become bond traders? • Short Survey on whether you have achieved your dreams • List of things you really want to do before you die. Tracking changes over time •
  25. 25. • Steps in realizing ones dream • Differentiate the need set which are changing and the one that defines you always • Developing clarity of thought and focusing on what we need • Latch to the signal and avoid noise • Am I actively moving in the direction of my goals and dreams each and every day?
  26. 26. QUOTES • Dreams are today's answers to tomorrow's questions. • A man is not old until regrets take the place of dreams. • Dreams are the touchstones of our character. • All our dreams can come true, if we have the courage to pursue them.
  27. 27. STEPS IN REALIZING ONES DREAM 1. Always remember and understand that success goes hand in hand with positive attitude. The more you think in a positive way, the more likely you will be able to become successful. 2. Forget painful scenes in your life! If you go on remembering the painful scenes in your life, it will lead you to a downward direction. That is why it is important for you have to understand the facts about being positive in your life. It can really change your life!
  28. 28. 3. Write down one or two important goals then figure out the steps needed to accomplish them. 4. Take the steps one at a time. It's fairly easy to do the little steps that over time lead up to y our goal. Your dreams can come true, but not by just sitting there. 5. Do something to realize them. It's your time now, it doesn't matter what kind of dream is. 6. Remember famous peoples were like you before but they just made their dreams come true, and you can to. So if your dream is to be a singer, footballer, actor or whatever; just show your talent in it.
  29. 29. CONCLUSIONS  The leading scientific theory is that sleep has a large function in memory processing.  It appears from different research studies that different stages of sleep have different functions with respect to memory processing.  Future research is needed to better identify these functions.  It also remains to be understood, whether dreams have a specific function, or are simply a byproduct of memory processing in sleep.
  30. 30. THANK YOU
  31. 31. REFERENCES  Badia P, Wesensten N, Lammers W, Culpepper J, Harsh J. Responsiveness to olfactory stimuli presented in sleep. Physiology and Behavior 1990; 48:87-90.  Bear MF, connors BW, Paradiso MA. Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain. 1996, Williams & Wilkins.  Deacon SJ, Arendt J. Phase-shifts in melatonin, 6- sulphatoxymelatonin and alertness rhythms after treatment with moderately bright light at night. Clinical Endocrinology 1994; 40:413-420.  Degaute JP, Borne P, Kerkhofs M, Dramaix M, Linowski P. Does non-invasive ambulatory blood pressure monitoring disturb sleep? Journal of Hypertension 1992; 10:879-885.  Rechtschaffen A. The psychophysiology of mental activity during sleep. The Psychophysiology Of Thinking. 1973, Academic Press.

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