Martin Luther King Analysis


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Martin Luther King Analysis

  1. 1. Martin Luther King I Have A Dream 1963
  2. 2. ARGUMENT (1) <ul><li>We come together to demonstrate for freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Once we were emancipated from slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Emancipation had given us great hope </li></ul><ul><li>But hope has not been realized </li></ul><ul><li>We are still not free, we still suffer </li></ul><ul><li>We come to Washington to protest this injustice </li></ul><ul><li>Our nation’s sacred texts underwrite our cause </li></ul><ul><li>Yet now our nation has wronged us </li></ul>
  3. 3. ARGUMENT (2) <ul><li>We do not give up </li></ul><ul><li>It is high time for change </li></ul><ul><li>The need for change is urgent </li></ul><ul><li>We mean business </li></ul><ul><li>America will have no rest until justice is done </li></ul><ul><li>We must achieve justice peacefully </li></ul><ul><li>We join with many white brothers/sisters </li></ul><ul><li>Black and White must walk together </li></ul><ul><li>There is no resolution until full justice is done </li></ul><ul><li>Go home in faith there will be equality, an end to discrimination. </li></ul><ul><li>With faith we will achieve </li></ul>
  4. 4. ARGUMENT (3) <ul><li>Basic Logic </li></ul><ul><li>(We all agree this is a nation of high principles and the rule of law; that laws should reflect principles) </li></ul><ul><li>We belong to this nation, have full entitlement to its promised benefits and protections </li></ul><ul><li>Yet we suffer (from laws that fall long short of this nation’s principles) </li></ul><ul><li>(Our suffering, dignity and peace confirm our deserving) </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, it is just and necessary that our wrongs be put right by the application of principle to law. </li></ul>
  5. 5. SOURCE <ul><li>Has shown himself worthy of respect in the eyes of both black and white </li></ul><ul><li>Commands the attention of a crowd of over 200,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>Has particularly strong bonds with the black people and their suffering </li></ul><ul><li>Is black, has suffered with his people </li></ul><ul><li>Is a righteous man of God, Church, principle </li></ul><ul><li>His is not self-interest, but interest in the welfare of all the people, black and white </li></ul>
  6. 6. STYLE AND AFFECT (1) <ul><ul><li>SENSE OF DRAMA : e.g. this day is the greatest demonstration for freedom in nation’s history –heightens emotion, expectancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VOCABULARY OF DRAMA: freedom; nation; life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BIBLICAL and RELIGIOUS language and references suggest a sense of the (religious) SACRED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>REFERENCES to DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, CONSTITUTION, ACT OF EMANCIPATION invoke nation’s (secular) SACRED ( NARRATIVES) TEXTS </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. STYLE AND AFFECT (2) <ul><li>EXCLUSIVE INTERTEXTUALITY: e.g. “Free at last” words of old negro spiritual establish links to shared history, culture and traditions; “sermonizing” style </li></ul><ul><li>INCLUSIVE INTERTEXTUALITY, references to texts shared by both black and white, the American Dream, the uniquely different but treasured states of the nation, to members of different religions </li></ul><ul><li>REPETITIVE STRUCTURES serve to drive argument, heighten emotion: e.g. “one hundred years later,” “now is the time,” “we can never be satisfied,” “go back,” “let freedom ring.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. STYLE AND AFFECT (3) <ul><li>CONTRASTS : “joyous day break..long night of captivity,” “quick sands ..solid rock ,” “ sweltering summer.. invigorating Autumn,” “ desolate valley.. sunlit path.&quot; physical force.. soul force” </li></ul><ul><li>METAPHOR : “tranquilizing drug of gradualism,” “cash a check…promissory note…defaulted…bank of justice.” </li></ul><ul><li>REFERENCE TO JOURNEYS, real and metaphorical </li></ul><ul><li>REFERENCE TO POWER, both negative and positive </li></ul><ul><li>INVOCATIONS OF PAST, SHARED SUFFERING </li></ul><ul><li>PROMISE OF REDEMPTION through suffering, dignity and faith, a redemption that is also inter-racial and inter-generational (4 children) </li></ul>