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Interactional View

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Chapter 12

Chapter 12

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    Interactional View Interactional View Presentation Transcript

    • INTERACTIONAL VIEW Of Paul Watzlawick
    • Basic Ideas
      • Individuals must be understood as part of a family system
      • Systemic factors more important than personality traits and motives in understanding family communication
      • Focus is on how individual behavior affects the group
    • Rules of the Game
      • Theory involves a number of axioms and these comprise “rules of the game”
      • Games are sequences of behavior governed by rules
      • Each family creates its own homemade rules
      • Families tacitly collude to maintain status quo
    • Axioms
      • One cannot not communicate / influence
      • Communication = content + relationship; relationship interprets the communication
      • Relationship more important than content and dominates in crisis
      • Relationship depends on how parties punctuate : i.e. how each person marks the beginning of an interaction
      • People tend to see themselves as reacting rather than provoking
    • Symmetry/Assymetry
      • Comm’n tends to be either symmetrical (equal power) or complementary (unequal power)
      • One-up comm’n tries to control the exchange (not necessarily successful)
      • One-down comm’n yields control
      • One-across comm’n neutralizes control
    • Double Bind
      • Families highly resistant to change
      • People often caught in double bind of mutually exclusive expectations
      • In a double-bind the higher-status person often behaves as THOUGH the relationship is symmetrical
    • Reframing
      • Destructive rules can be changed only when participants can see them as though from outside
      • Reframing involves “re-punctuation” or looking at things in a new light
      • Accepting a new frame means rejecting old ones
      • This is a process that usually involves outside help