CONSTRUCTIVISM Of Jesse Delia
Core Ideas <ul><li>Persons make sense of the world through systems of  personal constructs  </li></ul><ul><li>Constructs  ...
Cognitive complexity <ul><li>RCQ measures  differentiation  – the number of separate personality constructs used to portra...
Person-Centered Communication <ul><li>Cognitive complexity is a necessary but not sufficient condition for  person-centere...
Message Design Logics (MDLs): explain why PCC works best <ul><li>MDLs explain link between cognitive complexity and PCC  <...
Advantages of Rhetorical MDL <ul><li>Comforting messages </li></ul><ul><li>- ease emotional stress </li></ul><ul><li>Relat...
Critique <ul><li>Sophisticated communication is more comforting than clumsy </li></ul><ul><li>But similarity of communicat...
Some questions <ul><li>Should physical characteristics and demographic labels be excluded in RCQ? </li></ul><ul><li>HOW do...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Constructivism

3,147

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
3,147
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
60
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Constructivism

  1. 1. CONSTRUCTIVISM Of Jesse Delia
  2. 2. Core Ideas <ul><li>Persons make sense of the world through systems of personal constructs </li></ul><ul><li>Constructs are templates we use to order our reality, made up of the contrasting features (categories of personality and action ) we use to define the character of another person </li></ul><ul><li>Crockett’s “ Role Category Questionnaire ” (RCQ) samples personal constructs </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cognitive complexity <ul><li>RCQ measures differentiation – the number of separate personality constructs used to portray a person </li></ul><ul><li>RCQ scores are independent of empathy, IQ, writing skills, extroversion. How about loquacity? </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive complexity enhances communication </li></ul>
  4. 4. Person-Centered Communication <ul><li>Cognitive complexity is a necessary but not sufficient condition for person-centered communication (PCC) </li></ul><ul><li>PCC: awareness of, adaptation to subjective, affective and relational aspects of the communication context. PCC speaker anticipates how others might respond to message and adjusts </li></ul><ul><li>PCC: rhetorical sensitivity, taking role of the other, identification, self-monitoring, audience awareness and listener adaptation, handling multiple goals </li></ul>
  5. 5. Message Design Logics (MDLs): explain why PCC works best <ul><li>MDLs explain link between cognitive complexity and PCC </li></ul><ul><li>They are implicit theories people have about the way in which messages can be shaped as means to ends </li></ul><ul><li>Expressive MDL: language skill to express what one thinks and feels; </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional MDL: tailoring messages to main goal, using socially conventional means, appropriate to the particular situation; </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetorical MDL: negotiating social self and situation, redefining situation, achieving multiple goals, defusing conflict in present and in future </li></ul>
  6. 6. Advantages of Rhetorical MDL <ul><li>Comforting messages </li></ul><ul><li>- ease emotional stress </li></ul><ul><li>Relational maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>- esp. among people of similar PCC skill </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational effectiveness </li></ul>
  7. 7. Critique <ul><li>Sophisticated communication is more comforting than clumsy </li></ul><ul><li>But similarity of communication skill may be important for durable relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Skills of sophisticated communication may be transmitted from parent to child, and may enhance socio-economic privileges </li></ul><ul><li>Too much reliance on one tool (RCQ) </li></ul><ul><li>Theory needs to take more account of intercultural dimensions </li></ul>
  8. 8. Some questions <ul><li>Should physical characteristics and demographic labels be excluded in RCQ? </li></ul><ul><li>HOW do people determine who they should write about for RCSs? Do RCQs differ according to whether person is liked or disliked, or to intensity of like or dislike? </li></ul><ul><li>Do social environments affect how people might respond to RCQs? </li></ul><ul><li>Do MDLs change according to culture, task and situation? </li></ul><ul><li>Should PCC be tested for admission to university, jobs, etc.? </li></ul><ul><li>Does cognitive complexity cause sophisticated communication or are both these things caused by some third factor? </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×