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Japanese Word Order
SOV
Please / May I …
Japanese Word Order
Japanese Word Order
Japanese Word Order
THE OBJECT MARKER
を
(wo)
OBJECT (thing/noun)
VERB
The object marker を
The particle を is called the object marker. This
is because it comes after the object of a verb.
It te...
What is the object in the following
sentences?
• Please lend me a book
• Everyday I watch TV
• Yesterday I studied Japanes...
Make the following words the object of a
sentence in Japanese
• HON
• DOA
• JOUGI
• MADO
• TEEPU (tape)
• TEREBI
• HIRAGANA
What do these sentences mean?
• Hon wo akete kudasai
• Ongaku wo kiite kudasai
• Tatte kudasai
• Doa wo shimete kudasai
• ...
All verbs in Japanese have a
form which ends in て (te)
AKETE
SHIMETE
TATTE
KAITE
KIITE
SUWATTE
By simply adding different
...
Translate into Japanese
1. Please open the book = HON O AKETE KUDASAI ( ほん を
 あけて ください)
2. May I open the window   =   MAD...
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Japanese Word Order and the Particle (w)o

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Transcript of "Japanese Word Order and the Particle (w)o"

  1. 1. Japanese Word Order SOV Please / May I …
  2. 2. Japanese Word Order
  3. 3. Japanese Word Order
  4. 4. Japanese Word Order
  5. 5. THE OBJECT MARKER を (wo) OBJECT (thing/noun) VERB
  6. 6. The object marker を The particle を is called the object marker. This is because it comes after the object of a verb. It tells us WHAT is being listened to, WHAT is being watched / looked at, WHAT is being read, etc.
  7. 7. What is the object in the following sentences? • Please lend me a book • Everyday I watch TV • Yesterday I studied Japanese • May I open the window? • Please listen to the tape • I closed the door • Please sit down
  8. 8. Make the following words the object of a sentence in Japanese • HON • DOA • JOUGI • MADO • TEEPU (tape) • TEREBI • HIRAGANA
  9. 9. What do these sentences mean? • Hon wo akete kudasai • Ongaku wo kiite kudasai • Tatte kudasai • Doa wo shimete kudasai • Hiragana wo kaite kudasai • Pen wo kashite kudasai • Suwatte kudasai
  10. 10. All verbs in Japanese have a form which ends in て (te) AKETE SHIMETE TATTE KAITE KIITE SUWATTE By simply adding different endings to these –te verbs, we can say a variety of things. Adding “KUDASAI” means “Please do …” Adding “MO II DESU KA” means “May I do …”
  11. 11. Translate into Japanese 1. Please open the book = HON O AKETE KUDASAI ( ほん を  あけて ください) 2. May I open the window   =   MADO WO AKETE MO II DESU KA ( まど を あけて もいい です か) 3. May I listen to music = ONGAKU WO KIITE MO II DESU KA ( おんがく を きいて も いい です か ) 4. Please write the hiragana = HIRAGANA WO KAITE KUDASAI ( ひらがな を かいて ください ) 5. Please lend me a pencil. = ENPITSU WO KASHITE KUDASAI (えんぴつ を かして ください) 6. Homework = translate the 5 sentences
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