THE OBJECT MARKER
The object marker を
The particle を is called the object marker. This
is because it comes after the object of a verb.
It tells us WHAT is being listened to, WHAT is
being watched / looked at, WHAT is being read,
What is the object in the following
• Please lend me a book
• Everyday I watch TV
• Yesterday I studied Japanese
• May I open the window?
• Please listen to the tape
• I closed the door
• Please sit down
Make the following words the object of a
sentence in Japanese
• TEEPU (tape)
What do these sentences mean?
• Hon wo akete kudasai
• Ongaku wo kiite kudasai
• Tatte kudasai
• Doa wo shimete kudasai
• Hiragana wo kaite kudasai
• Pen wo kashite kudasai
• Suwatte kudasai
All verbs in Japanese have a
form which ends in て (te)
By simply adding different
endings to these –te verbs, we
can say a variety of things.
Adding “KUDASAI” means “Please do …”
Adding “MO II DESU KA” means “May I do …”
Translate into Japanese
1. Please open the book = HON O AKETE KUDASAI ( ほん を
2. May I open the window = MADO WO AKETE MO II
DESU KA ( まど を あけて もいい です か）
3. May I listen to music = ONGAKU WO KIITE MO II DESU KA
( おんがく を きいて も いい です か )
4. Please write the hiragana = HIRAGANA WO KAITE
KUDASAI ( ひらがな を かいて ください )
5. Please lend me a pencil. = ENPITSU WO KASHITE KUDASAI
（えんぴつ を かして ください）
6. Homework = translate the 5 sentences
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