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  1. 1. Genetic Engineering: Food Sources By: Sarah Quach
  2. 2. Topic Defined <ul><li>“ The term GM foods or GMOs (genetically </li></ul><ul><li>modified organisms) is most commonly used </li></ul><ul><li>to define crop plants created for human or animal </li></ul><ul><li>consumption using the latest molecular biology </li></ul><ul><li>techniques.” </li></ul><ul><li>It is also referred to as GE foods (genetically </li></ul><ul><li>engineered) </li></ul><ul><li>According to: http://www.csa.com/discoveryguide/gmfoods/overview.php </li></ul>
  3. 3. Thesis Statement <ul><li>The majority of society disagrees with </li></ul><ul><li>the genetic engineering of food sources, </li></ul><ul><li>but the Catholic Church believes it is </li></ul><ul><li>acceptable if it follows safety </li></ul><ul><li>precautions. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pro -Genetic Engineering of Food Sources Information <ul><li>Rice with built-in Vitamin A has been found to help stop blindness in 100 million children afflicted with Vitamin A deficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists have also developed a tomato that softens more slowly, which allows it to grow longer on the vine and preserve longer on the shelf. </li></ul><ul><li>A certain potato has been developed to absorb less fat when it is fried which changes the very popular French fries from junk food into more nutritional food. </li></ul><ul><li>Apples that have been injected with a vaccine against a virus that causes childhood pneumonia has been proven to work </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pro -Genetic Engineering of Food Sources Continued… <ul><li>Some of society and Scientist who genetically engineer foods are for it because: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They argue that people have adapted to a GE food lifestyle and demand GE foods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many foods today are GE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They help sustain stability of food supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are many possibilities that come with the development of GE foods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Could stop world hunger </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Could create better tasting and more nutritious foods </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Anti -Genetic Engineering of Food Sources Information <ul><li>GE foods aren’t labeled </li></ul><ul><li>GE foods contain health related risks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly likely allergic reactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible death </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Large GE food companies like Monsanto, put smaller, organic, family owned farms out of business </li></ul>
  7. 8. Anti -Genetic Engineering of Food Sources <ul><li>Organic produce users , Concerned / Conservative members of society , and Green Movement followers are against it because: </li></ul><ul><li>GE foods have too many risks and uncertainties </li></ul><ul><li>GE foods could cause wide damage to living organisms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human and animal endangerment </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Anti -Genetic Engineering of Food Sources Continued… <ul><li>People who have taken part in making the movie, &quot;Food, INC.” are against it because… </li></ul><ul><li>They said: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ There are no seasons in the American supermarket” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The industry doesn’t want you to know the truth about what you’re eating because if you knew, you might not want to eat it” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Although it looks like a tomato, it’s kind of a notional tomato. I mean, it’s the idea of a tomato” </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>ART </li></ul>
  10. 11. Religious Aspects <ul><li>CCC 2269: </li></ul><ul><li>“ The acceptance by human society of murderous famines, without efforts to remedy them is a scandalous injustice and a grave offence” </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 16:32-39 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Then he took the seven loaves and the fish, gave thanks, broke the loaves, and gave them to the disciples who in turn gave them to the crowds. They all ate and were satisfied. They picked up the fragments left over- seven baskets full” </li></ul><ul><li>Caritas In Veritate </li></ul><ul><li>“ Moreover, the elimination of world hunger has also, in the global era, become a requirement for safeguarding the place and stability of the planet” </li></ul>
  11. 12. Religious Aspects Continued… <ul><li>Pontifical Academy for Sciences are for it because: </li></ul><ul><li>GE foods are, “praiseworthy for improving the lives of the poor,” and promising, “improved food safety and health benefits, better food security, and enhanced environmental performance in a suitable manner” </li></ul><ul><li>GE foods help provide food security and other benefits </li></ul>
  12. 13. Definitive Statement <ul><li>According to the general idea of the </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic Church, genetically </li></ul><ul><li>engineering food is a positive discovery </li></ul><ul><li>in the scientific world because it </li></ul><ul><li>helps maintain balanced food sources </li></ul><ul><li>as long as it does </li></ul><ul><li>not hinder or end the lives of people, </li></ul><ul><li>animals, or the environment </li></ul>
  13. 14. Thank You Any Questions?
  14. 15. Works Cited <ul><li>Allen, John. “Vatican Study Endorses GMO’s for Food Security.” National Catholic Reporter. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>26 May 2009. 23 March 2010. <http://ncronline.org/news/ecology/vatican-study- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>endorses-gmos-food-security> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Borland, Sophie. “Fruit Juice Cancer Warming as Scientists Find Harmful Chemicals in 16 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drinks”. Daily Mail. 1 March 2010. 29 March 2010. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1254534/Fruit-juice-cancer-warning-scientists-harmful-chemical-16- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>drinks.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Burton, Susan. “Chemistry in a Cone.” New York. July 2009: 44-46. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Catechism of the Catholic Church. Ligouri: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1994. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Food, INC. DVD, Magnolia Pictures, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>“ Genetically Modified (GM) foods: a brief perspective.” Free Library. 7 April 2010. 7 April </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2010. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Genetically+modified+(GM)+foods:+a+brief+ perspective.-a0215923386 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  15. 16. Works Cited Continued… <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The New American Bible. Wichita: Fireside Catholic Publishing, 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Pope Benedict XVI. Caritas In Veritate: Encyclical letter of His Holiness Pope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benedict XVI on Charity in Truth. Vatican: Editrice Vaticana, 2009. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Pope Paul VI. Populorum Progressio: Encyclical letter of His Holiness Pope Paul </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VI on the Progression of Peoples. Vatican: Editrice Vaticana, 1967. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Sakko, Kerryn. “The Debate Over Genetically Modified Foods.” Action Bioscience. May 2002. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>24 April 2010. http://www.actionbioscience.org/biotech/sakko.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Teitel, Martin and Wilson, Kimberly. Genetically Engineered Food. Rochester: Park Street Press, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2001. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Various Authors. “GM Crops: The Arguments Pro and Con.” American Public Media. NA. </li></ul><ul><li>February 2010. http://americanradioworks.publicradio.org/features/gmos_india/pro_con.html </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  16. 17. Works Cited Continued… <ul><li>Various Authors. “Say No to Genetic Engineering”. Greenpeace. NA. 24 April 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.greenpeace.org/international/campaigns/genetic-engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Various Authors. “New Health Hazards of Genetically Modified Foods”. Templestream. 12 April 2010. April 2010. http://templestream.xanga.com/725208199/new-info-on-hidden-hazards-of-genetically-modified-foods/ </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Whitman, Deborah. “Genetically Engineered Food: Harmful or Helpful?” ProQuest. April 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>February 2010. http://www.csa.com/discoveryguide/gmofoods/overview.php </li></ul>