Principles of Design
•Balance
•Emphasis
•Proportion
•Pattern
•Rhythm
•Unity
•Variety
Balance is an equal arrangements of specific
elements within a composition deliberately
organized by the artist. Elements ...
Hawk mask
Nuna peoples, Burkina Faso
Wood, pigment
Symmetrical
Balance
Joseph Stella, Bridge, 1936, WPA Federal
Arts Project
Informal Balance is created when an asymmetrical layout is used.
James Whistler (American)1834-1903, Arrangement in
Grey a...
George Seurat, (French) 1859-1891, Sunday Afternoon
on the Island of La Grand Jatte, 1884, oil on canvas, 81
x 120 inches
...
Rose window, Notre Dame Cathedral
Radial Balance starts
from the center of the
design and goes out.
Can you think of
somet...
Rosette from th
,
Emphasis is used by artists to create
dominance and focus in their work. The
focal point may be the largest, brightest,
da...
Ambassadeurs, Poster
Toulouse Lautrec
What is the
emphasis?
Andrew
Wyeth.
Cristina’s
World,1948
thisisniceyeah.blogspot.com
Leonardo da Vinci - Lady
with an Ermine in Cracow
What is
the
emphasis?
Concerned with the
size relationship of
one part to another.
Diego Rivera's "Richest of
California"
Spoonbridge and Cherry, 1988
Stainless steel and aluminum painted with
polyurethane enamel
29 ft. 6 in. x 51 ft. 6 in. x 1...
What is out of proportion?
What do you
notice about
the
proportions
of these
figures?
The General And His
FamilyArtist:Fernando
BoteroCountry of Orig...
A sense of
visual or
actual
motion in an
artwork
created by
repeating an
element of
art
MC Escher
refers to a regular
repetition of
elements of art to
produce the look
and feel of
movement.
Piet Mondrian (Dutch, 1872-194...
Giacomo Balla (Italian, 1871-
1958), Street Light (Lampada
— Studio di luce), 1909, oil on
canvas, 68 3/4 x 45 1/4 inches
...
Alternating Rhythm
Progressive
Rhythm
Marcel Duchamp. Nude Descending a
Staircase, No. 2 (1912). Oil on canvas.
57 7/8" x 35 1/8".
Philadelph...
Is the use of different lines,
shapes, textures, colors, and
other elements of design to create
interest in artwork.
Kazimir Severonic
Malevich (Russian, 1878–
1935)
The Knife Grinder (Principle
of Glittering), 1912–13
Oil on canvas, 31 5/...
a way of
combining
elements of art to
accent their
similarities and
bind the picture
parts into a
whole. It is often
achie...
Kazimir Severonic
Malevich (Russian, 1878–
1935)
The Knife Grinder (Principle
of Glittering), 1912–13
Oil on canvas, 31 5/...
Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri de." Online Photograph. Britannica Student Encyclopædia.
27 Jan. 2008 <http://student.britannica.c...
Thomas Eakins American, 1844 - 1916
Baby at Play, 1876
oil on canvas, 81.9 x 122.8 cm (32 1/4 x 48 3/8 in.)
John Hay Whitn...
By Sandra M.
Victorino
3
Georgia O'Keeffe
Jack-in-the-Pulpit No. IV,
1930
Alfred Stieglitz Collection,
Bequest of Georgia
O'Keeffe
1987.58.3
1
How is
this
painting
balanced?
4
How is this
painting
balanced?
5
Principle of designs
Principle of designs
Principle of designs
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Principle of designs

  1. 1. Principles of Design •Balance •Emphasis •Proportion •Pattern •Rhythm •Unity •Variety
  2. 2. Balance is an equal arrangements of specific elements within a composition deliberately organized by the artist. Elements could include color, line, shape, or texture. There are three types of balance; symmetrical, asymmetrical and radial.
  3. 3. Hawk mask Nuna peoples, Burkina Faso Wood, pigment
  4. 4. Symmetrical Balance Joseph Stella, Bridge, 1936, WPA Federal Arts Project
  5. 5. Informal Balance is created when an asymmetrical layout is used. James Whistler (American)1834-1903, Arrangement in Grey and Black: Portrait of the Painter's Mother , 1871; Oil on canvas, 144.3 x 162.5 cm; Musée d'Orsay, Paris
  6. 6. George Seurat, (French) 1859-1891, Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grand Jatte, 1884, oil on canvas, 81 x 120 inches The Art Institute of Chicago, USA
  7. 7. Rose window, Notre Dame Cathedral Radial Balance starts from the center of the design and goes out. Can you think of something in nature that has a radial balance?
  8. 8. Rosette from th ,
  9. 9. Emphasis is used by artists to create dominance and focus in their work. The focal point may be the largest, brightest, darkest, or most complex part of the whole, or it may get special attention because it stands out for some other reason. At the Moulin Rouge: The Dance, oil on canvas by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1890; in the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
  10. 10. Ambassadeurs, Poster Toulouse Lautrec What is the emphasis?
  11. 11. Andrew Wyeth. Cristina’s World,1948 thisisniceyeah.blogspot.com
  12. 12. Leonardo da Vinci - Lady with an Ermine in Cracow What is the emphasis?
  13. 13. Concerned with the size relationship of one part to another. Diego Rivera's "Richest of California"
  14. 14. Spoonbridge and Cherry, 1988 Stainless steel and aluminum painted with polyurethane enamel 29 ft. 6 in. x 51 ft. 6 in. x 13 ft. 6 in. (9 x 15.7 x 4.1 m) Minneapolis Sculpture Garden, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis Photo courtesy of Walker Art Center What is out of proportion?
  15. 15. What is out of proportion?
  16. 16. What do you notice about the proportions of these figures? The General And His FamilyArtist:Fernando BoteroCountry of Origin: ColombiaDate of Creation:1977 ADTagged With:N/A
  17. 17. A sense of visual or actual motion in an artwork created by repeating an element of art MC Escher
  18. 18. refers to a regular repetition of elements of art to produce the look and feel of movement. Piet Mondrian (Dutch, 1872-1944), Broadway Boogie Woogie. 1942- 43, oil on canvas, 50 x 50 inches (127 x 127 cm), at the Museum of Modern Art, New York Rhythm
  19. 19. Giacomo Balla (Italian, 1871- 1958), Street Light (Lampada — Studio di luce), 1909, oil on canvas, 68 3/4 x 45 1/4 inches (174.7 x 114.7 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. An extra-large image of this painting. Regular Rhythm
  20. 20. Alternating Rhythm
  21. 21. Progressive Rhythm Marcel Duchamp. Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 (1912). Oil on canvas. 57 7/8" x 35 1/8". Philadelphia Museum of Art.
  22. 22. Is the use of different lines, shapes, textures, colors, and other elements of design to create interest in artwork.
  23. 23. Kazimir Severonic Malevich (Russian, 1878– 1935) The Knife Grinder (Principle of Glittering), 1912–13 Oil on canvas, 31 5/16 x 31 5/16 in. (79.5 x 79.5 cm) Gift of Collection Soci 鴩 Anonyme 1941.553 What gives this piece variety?
  24. 24. a way of combining elements of art to accent their similarities and bind the picture parts into a whole. It is often achieved through the use of repetition and simplicity.
  25. 25. Kazimir Severonic Malevich (Russian, 1878– 1935) The Knife Grinder (Principle of Glittering), 1912–13 Oil on canvas, 31 5/16 x 31 5/16 in. (79.5 x 79.5 cm) Gift of Collection Soci 鴩 Anonyme 1941.553 What gives this piece unity?
  26. 26. Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri de." Online Photograph. Britannica Student Encyclopædia. 27 Jan. 2008 <http://student.britannica.com/eb/art-16801> http://pictures.polandforall.com/images/leonardo-da-vinci-lady-with-an-ermine.jpg http://www.artsology.com/gfx/african_masks/benin_ivory_mask.jpg http://www.brigantine.atlnet.org/GigapaletteGALLERY/websites/ARTiculationFinal/myi mages/myimages/aaapoppies.gif http://www.brigantine.atlnet.org/GigapaletteGALLERY/websites/ARTiculationF inal/MainPages/PrinciplesMain.htm http://www.pueblopotteryme.com/acoma2.htm#
  27. 27. Thomas Eakins American, 1844 - 1916 Baby at Play, 1876 oil on canvas, 81.9 x 122.8 cm (32 1/4 x 48 3/8 in.) John Hay Whitney Collection 1982.76.5 2
  28. 28. By Sandra M. Victorino 3
  29. 29. Georgia O'Keeffe Jack-in-the-Pulpit No. IV, 1930 Alfred Stieglitz Collection, Bequest of Georgia O'Keeffe 1987.58.3 1
  30. 30. How is this painting balanced? 4
  31. 31. How is this painting balanced? 5
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