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The Kidneys by Anthony Isom, Jr.

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Presentation for Biology 120 …

Presentation for Biology 120
Anthony Jr.

Published in: Health & Medicine

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  • 1. The Kidneys
    By
    Anthony IsomJr
    Biology 120
  • 2. Urinary System
    The urinary organ system contains organs located within the abdomen.
    These organs consist of:
    Two Kidneys
    The Bladder
    Two Ureters
    A Urethra
  • 3. What are the kidneys
    The human body contains two kidneys one in each upper quadrant
    The kidneys are “bean-shaped organs.”
    Retroperitoneal
    Renal Capsule- the kidneys outer skin covering
    The kidneys consist of two main parts:
    Central-group of tubes called calyx and pelvis
    Outer Peripheral-Houses the cortex medulla, and medullarypyrmids
  • 4. What are the kidneys
    Kidneys are made of nephrons.
    Nephrons are designed for filtering out the bloodstream
    Responsible for producing urine through several processes called:
    Filtration
    Reabsorption
    Secretion
    The Kidneys are participants in the regulation of red blood cells (RBC).
  • 5. Picture of kidney
    Medullary Pyramid
    Cortex
    Renal capsule
    Pelvis
    Major Calices
    http://www.nsbri.org/HumanPhysSpace/focus4/ep-kidney.html
  • 6. Functions
    Kidneys are responsible for cleansing blood and balancing fluid.
    Urine is manufactured to remove waste from the body.
    Nutrients and other useful substances filtered from urine are returned to the blood.
  • 7. Hormones released by kidneys
    The kidneys release three hormones
    Erythropoietin which activates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells.
    Renin is a hormone that regulates blood pressure.
    Calcitriol aids to maintain calcium for bones and prevent abnormal chemical imbalances in body
  • 8. An Image of the Kidneys
  • 9. Common Kidney Diseases
    Diabetic kidney disease- When nephrons are damaged because of an excessive amount of glucose.
    This disease is based on patients with diabetes. Glucose is produced and enter the blood. But with diabetes, the glucose does not break down acting as a poison in the blood.
  • 10. Common Kidney Diseases
    High blood pressure (hypertension) damages the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys nephrons.
    Damaged blood vessel may not be able to filter out waste products from the blood if a patient is diagnosed with high blood pressure.
    If blood pressure is consistently high kidney function will continue to decline.
  • 11. Treatments for Hypertension
    Physicians prescribe medications such as ACE and ARB.
    According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute advises that patients with diabetes or abnormal reduced kidney functionkeep blood pressure below 130/80.
    Also reducing stress and incorporating meditation in daily activities can help lower high blood pressure.
  • 12. Treatments for Diabetic kidney disease
    A patient should frequently monitor blood glucose levels to keep it normal.
    This treatment can either prevent or delay diabetic kidney disease.
    Medications such as angiotensin-converting enzymes inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blocker can also be used to prevent or delay diabetic kidney disease
  • 13. Healthy kidneys
    In order to keep healthy and productive kidneys try the following”
    Monitoring and controlling blood pressure
    Glucose levels
    Follow a low-protein diet
    Maintain healthy cholesterol blood levels
    Do not smoke
    Medications such as ACE and ARB can be prescribed by a physician.
  • 14. References
    http://www.bing.com/
    http://www.ehealthmd.com/library/kidneystones/KS_urinary.html#kidneys
    http://www.kidneyfund.org/kidney-health/are-you-at-risk/high-blood-pressure.html#h2
    http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/Kudiseases/pubs/yourkidneys/#points
    http://www.nsbri.org/HumanPhysSpace/focus4/ep-kidney.html