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# Plagiarism

## on Oct 17, 2009

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## PlagiarismPresentation Transcript

• Plagiarism
• Why it’s important to begin your research early
• what is plagiarism?
• Difference between paraphrasing and quoting, and how to do both properly
• when to cite, what to cite and how to cite
• where to get help
• What is Plagiarism?
• Copying a direct quotation into your paper
• taking someone else’s ideas or words and putting them into your own words
?
• Is this plagiarism?
• My Essay
• by John
• Blah blah blah blah blah
• Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blahBlah blah blah blah blah blah Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah
• blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah
“ By 1999, Bill Gates saw the Internet as far more than a priority” (Heller 15). Works Cited: Heller, Robert. Bill Gates . New York: Dorling Kindersley. 2000
• How about this? My Essay by John Blah blah blah blah blah Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blahBlah blah blah blah blah blah Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah The Internet was seen as far more than a priority by Gates in 1999. (Heller 15). Works Cited: Heller, Robert. Bill Gates . New York: Dorling Kindersley. 2000
• Other types of plagiarism
• Having a friend write a paper for you or using someone else’s paper as your own
• Submitting one of your own papers or assignments for more than one class
• Important Note!
• Even if plagiarism is unintentional, it is still a serious academic offence.
• Students who plagiarize can….
• Redo the assignment
• Fail the assignment
• Fail the Class
• Be dismissed from the University or College
University
• Research takes TIME!
• TIME:
• needed to search for information
• time for help
• request interlibrary loans loans
• recall books
September 30th
• Late getting started?
• DO NOT….
• Submit a paper that you have already written!!
• This is not plagiarism per se , but it is academic dishonesty and is subject to the same consequences as plagiarism. You would need your teacher’s permission to recycle a paper that you’ve already written for another assignment.
• What should you do?
• Hit the library- the print and online resources at the library give you access to the BEST information. Help from the library staff is also available.
• Search the Web - use the school library web site and its databases for scholarly information resources to avoid wasting time and getting misinformation from Google.
• Documenting a source means recording information that allows another person to locate the source you have used for you paper - things like author, title, date page number, publisher, etc.
• this information is inserted into your essay as an in-text reference, note or bibliography entry. This is called “citing”.
Why didn’t I write down the SOURCE!
• Methods of Citing
• MLA - used for the Arts, English, History and Languages
• APA - used for Social Science, Science, Business and Mathematics
• Common Knowledge
• Common Knowledge
• Things that are considered “common knowledge” do not need to be cited.
Canadian Confederation began in the year 1867.
• Common or Not?
• One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not.
• Serena Williams is the younger sister of tennis star Venus Williams.
• Serena Williams survived an error-filled match to beat elder sister Venus 7-6 (4), 3-6, 6-4 to win the Australian Open for her fourth straight major championship.
• Common or Not?
• One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not.
• Asthma rates in Canada have increased from 6.5 to 8.4 percent in 2001.
• Asthma affects many children in Canada.
• Asthma rates in Canada have increased from 6.5 to 8.4 percent in 2001. This needs to be cited. It’s from the website: Statistics Canada. “Persons with asthma by age and sex.” Canadian Statistics . 12 Aug. 2003 <http://www/statcan.ca/english/Pgdb/health49a.htm>.
• Misconceptions
• It’s not plagiarism if you paraphrase
• Put anything in quotation marks - it’s not plagiarism if you acknowledge that it’s a quotation
• Don’t worry about plagiarism if you use the web; things on the web are in the public domain.
• Definition: A public domain work is a creative work that is not protected by copyright and which may be freely used by everyone. The reasons that the work is not protected include: (1) the term of copyright for the work has expired; (2) the author failed to satisfy statutory formalities to perfect the copyright or (3) the work is a work of the U.S. Government. Gasaway, L. (2003, April 11). When U.S. Works Pass into the Public Domain . Retrieved April 1, 2005, from http://www.unc.edu/~unclng/public-d.htm
• Quoting and Paraphrasing
• Quoting
• Putting something in quotation marks isn’t enough. You still have to tell your reader where you found it. Also, use direct quotations sparingly, and quote only when you have to. The majority of your paper should be in your own words.
• Paraphrasing
• It’s not plagiarism if: you paraphrase properly (e.g. ALL your own words and sentence structure, and not just a few words changed) AND cite the source.
• Using the web
• Using things from the web is no different than using print resources as far as plagiarism goes: you still have to quote or paraphrase AND cite the source
• just because something is on the web doesn’t mean it’s in the public domain - and even if something IS in the public domain, you still have to give proper credit if you use it.
• Test your knowledge: Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences Passage from book: All classes, religions and regions were drained by emigration, but the intensity of overseas movement was greatest from the poorer countries of the western seaboard.
• Original passage from book: All classes, religions and regions were drained by emigration, but the intensity of overseas movement was greatest from the poorer countries of the western seaboard. QUOTING A quotation uses exactly the same words and puts them in quotation marks. “ All classes, religions, and regions were drained by emigration, but the intensity of overseas movement was greatest from the poorer countries of the western seaboard”. (Fitzpatrick, 214) Works Cited: Fitzpatrick, David. “Ireland Since 1870.” The Oxford Illustrated History of Ireland. Ed. By R. F. Foster. New York: Oxford, 1989.
• Original passage from book: All classes, religions and regions were drained by emigration, but the intensity of overseas movement was greatest from the poorer countries of the western seaboard. PARAPHRASING Although people from all walks of Irish life emigrated, most were from the poor regions of the west. (Fitzpatrick, 214) Works Cited: Fitzpatrick, David. “Ireland Since 1870.” The Oxford Illustrated History of Ireland. Ed. By R. F. Foster. New York: Oxford, 1989.
• Summary
• start research early
• Incorporate information using quotations or paraphrases
• Give credit where credit is due
• Discover how to use various citation styles like MLA to site information.
Start early Quotations or paraphrase MLA? APA?