Outline History Shuyi Cen Underlying Philosophy Yanjiao Deng Availability Nayanaben Joshi Accessibility Aiseosa Enehizena Types of Child Care Bhavanpreet Roles of ECE’s Allison
History Spain Ontario VS Spain• 1936 to 1975, fell behind other 1883, first kindergarten was set countries up in Toronto• 1972, Early Childhood Education started to formalize and first 1981, Better Child Care is set up regulation that call for a universal, accessible, non-• 80’s and 90’s, shortage of child care profit, high quality child care facilities system.• 1990, the pre-6 school age period was divided in two cycle’s 1990, Canada government reduce contribution to the child• The past 5years more child care care centers increase• 2006, make a law to regulate free 2006, new government compulsory for age3-6 announces new plan “Universal Child Care Benefit” to support Canada families
Underlying philosophy•Comparison of Early Child Care philosophy Past Spain Ontario 1936 Thematic lack of Child Care (under Francos rule) MontessoriDevelopment High Scope 1975 (milestone) children are important Behaviorist individuals (a democratic nation) Bank Street Current Spain Ontario Play SIMILAR Example: Family involvement SIMILAR Kids House Nursery school, Barcelona •develop skills - games Curriculum Coordination skills Childrens cues activities Approaches Self-awareness (The Emergent •habits - engaging families Group activities Curriculum)
Availability Spain Ontario Nursery for example maybe divided into the class P.0 (Preschool for 0- 1 year olds) • both public and private P.1 ( 1 - 2 year olds) P.2 ( 2 - 3 year olds) • be flexible and provide choice Childcare services in pre-primary schools are • be accessible, affordable and provided by both public and private sectors. inclusive State run guarderias are free of charge/not flexible • care for children in a safe, nurturing environment Subsidies for parents in state run child care • provide appropriate standards of Advantages for large families, lone mothers, or children with disabilities child care Private guarderias are expensive / flexible • provide supports for parents in financial need, who are employed, in quality of publicly provided childcare services training, or involved in other employment activities• normally schedule for child care
Accessibility Spain OntarioAccessible to everyone. (Including children with Accessible to everyonespecial needs). Child care subsidy is available for childrenPrograms that provide help in paying for child under the age of 3yearscare: Who is Eligible? Child care subsidy Residence of Spain Ontario child care supplement for working families Single mothers Canada child tax benefit In 2008 child care was funded by both public and private. Universal child care benefit. The cost of child care is around 5400 euros perWho is Eligible? year on averageResidence of Ontario The public funding was promoted by the regional governmentIf you a parent and your child is under 0-12yearsold or up to 18years. One third of the child care cost was paid by the regional government.If your child has special needs and is in a licensedchild care center Plus meal and care during lunch
ConclusionIn Conclusion, we have discussed aboutAccessibility, types of child care, history and rolesof ECE’s and philosophy both in Ontario andSpain. so, we found out that Ontario providesmore quality child care than Spain.