Environmental Friendly Community Power Plant 250 kW/hr (10 MT/day)


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Construction of Environmentally Friendly Community Power Plant using Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) as fuel. The use of new technology, fuel management and perfect combustion incineration techniques make this power plant environmentally friendly, stable, continuously operational with maximum efficiency. The waste water from the system will be used to produce biological fermentation Biogas that is also used in the Power Plant.

The system was designed, developed and patented by our Thai engineers. More than 80 % of the major components are manufactured in Thailand and the systems are installed in local communities to burn MSW and generate electrical power

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Environmental Friendly Community Power Plant 250 kW/hr (10 MT/day)

  1. 1. Concept Clearance Presentation26th April 2013
  2. 2. 1. Mr. Prajuab Wasitthitanond (President)2. Gen. Uthai Shinawatra (Consultant)3. Dr. Preecha Aoprasert (Main Board Advisor, Senate Energy Committee) 4. Mr. Somkiet (Marketing Director)5. Dr. Suravut Snidvongs (Dr.Jack) (Advisor, Senate Sub‐Committee, Energy Crisis)6. Mr. Narapong Wasitthitanond (General Manager)1. Ms. Kurumi Fukaya (Finance Specialist)2. Mr. Shuji Hashizume (Investment Specialist)1. Gen. Uthai Shinawatra (Chairman)2. Dr. Suravut Snidvongs (Advisor, Senate Sub‐Committee member, Energy Crisis)3. Mr. John Mills (President and Chief Executive Officer) 4. Mr. Khuram Gilani (Business Development Officer)5. Mr. Phillip Lingwood (Technical Support Manager)
  3. 3. VideoAn introduction to why Natural Protect have unique access to the market in Thailand 
  4. 4. Executive SummaryName Environmentally Friendly Community Power Plant 250 KW/hr (10 MT/day)Project Construction of Environmentally Friendly Community Power Plant usingMunicipal Solid Waste (MSW) as fuel. The use of new technology, fuelmanagement and perfect combustion incineration techniques make this powerplant environmentally friendly, stable, continuously operational with maximumefficiency. The waste water from the system will be used to produce biologicalfermentation Biogas that is also used in the Power Plant.Product CharacteristicsThe system was designed, developed and patented by our Thai engineers. Morethan 80 % of the major components are manufactured in Thailand and thesystems are installed in local communities to burn MSW and generate electricalpower.
  5. 5. Executive SummaryProject Owner: Natural Protect Co., LtdProject Highlights: 1. Low cost power plant can be constructed, maintained and operated by local Thai people2. Environmentally Friendly. Does not contribute to global warming3. Can reduce garbage and toxic waste water in a community by  burning waste to generate electric power and produce biological fermentation Biogas4. Low production cost per kilowatt of electricity generated5. Easy maintenance6. The system uses Low Steam Temperature and Pressure and is very safe7. Small, high stability power plant connected to the national Smart‐Grid network of the PEA8. Generates income for the community by selling electricity, biological fermentation Biogas and fertilizer, creating benefits for a strong and stable community
  6. 6. PEA Smart‐Grid
  7. 7. Objectives:  1. Application for a financial grant to develop a community based waste‐to‐energy Power Plant Incinerator SystemGrant size: 1. Grant to purchase raw materials and components for three pilot plants2. Each Pilot plant requires 20,000,000 THB3. Total application for financial grant of 60,000,000 THBExecutive Summary
  8. 8. The garbage quantity increasing rapidly as shown in the table belowGarbage Distribution Around ThailandArea Garbage quantity (TPD)2548 2549 2550 2551 2552 2553Bangkok 8,291 8,403 8,532 8,780 8,834 8,766Pattaya 12,635 12,912 13,600 14,915 16,368 16,620East and Mid 5,499 5,619 5,780 5,258 5,830 5,918Northern 2,148 2,195 2,346 2,931 3,255 3,315North East 2,906 2,970 3,167 4,267 4,700 4,768South 2,082 2,128 2,307 2,459 2,583 2,619Others 18,295 18,697 18,200 17,369 16,208 16,146Total 39,221 40,012 40,332 41,064 41,410 41,532
  9. 9. Garbage Quantity (TPD) 2553‐2554AreaGarbage Quantity TPD25532554 % Inc/ DecNormal Flood AveBangkok 8,766 9,126 9,790 9,237 +5.73Pattaya 324 350 360 352 +8.64Municipal 16,620 16,360 23,034 17,475 +5.14District 16,146 16,045 20,056 16,715 +3.52Total 41,856 41,881 53,240 43,779 +5.42Garbage Distribution Around Thailand
  10. 10. Executive SummaryTarget Customers: 1. Government Sector responsible for waste management services2. Local Administrative Organizations (LAO)3. Private Sector hired for waste management services
  11. 11. Benefits• Environmentally friendly process• Small‐scale and modular design, negating the need of permits and licenses • Can be discretely installed close to the local community• Reduces costs associated with road transport of MSW to landfill• Reduces the overall amount of waste dumped in landfill• Reduces methane and CO2 emissions, 20 times more friendly than landfill • Reduces environmental pollution• Produces revenues  for the local community from sale of electricity and Biogas• Creates local employment, training and therefore reduces local poverty• Low maintenance costs• Technically, economically, socially proven and a is therefore a viable solution• Fully supported by government policy, Smart‐Grid network of the PEA• Critical that ADB play a supporting role
  12. 12. Project JustificationThe Problems:• The Kingdom of Thailand is facing a crisis in the fields of electrical power generation, High Voltage transmission lines and environmental pollution• The dependence of power generation capacity on imported electricity, coal and Natural Gas• Increasing volumes of MSW sent to landfill sites is causing air, water and soil pollution as well as producing greenhouse gases contributing to global warmingSolution:• Construction of Environmentally Friendly Community Power Plants using MSW as a fuel source• Each system can generate up to 250 KW/hr of electricity while burning 10 MT/day of MSW• Power can be connected to the Smart‐Grid of the PEA to improve supply stability• Will reduce reliance on imported fuels and imports of power from neighbouring countries• Can be located close to the source, thus reducing the cost of road transport to landfill site• Reduced quantities of MSW in landfill sites means less pollution, particularly methane gas
  13. 13. Feasibility
  14. 14. Feasibility
  15. 15. Project HistoryP.J Group and affiliates companies, P.J. Design Co., Ltd, Kumpee Co., Ltd, Natural Protect Co.,Ltd by Mr. Prajuab Wisititanon, President. P.J. Group realize the importance of energy securityand environmental protection for the Kingdom of Thailand. Previously no one has come up with aworking concept for a small‐scale MSW incineration plant, that is suitable for the localcommunities throughout the country and that can provide high efficiencies while beingenvironmentally friendly and with low construction costs. There are larger scale MSWincineration plants currently in operation using technology imported from overseas companies,however these plants are expensive to install, operate and maintain and require the localcommunities to transport the MSW by road and thus they operate at lower efficiencies.The Group has developed and built two environmentally friendly incinerator pilot plants withcapacity of 1 ton per batch to solve the problems of waste disposal in the community. Theseincinerators were successfully installed in Baan Phet District, Khon Khen, and in Prachee,Ayuthaya, the test results were better than standard results obtained by other incineratorsystems. The next stage of development is to add an automated garbage feeder, exhaust gasgarbage dryer, exhaust gas recovery boiler, steam engine and generator, continuous feed notmore than 10 tons per day producing up to 250 KW‐hr.
  16. 16. Project HistoryThe concept of this system follows government policy to reduce fuel imports for powergeneration and to reduce the reliance on import of electricity from Laos and Burma, Nowadaysthe Kingdom of Thailand has peak power load at 26,000 MW and this is increasing rapidly.Once this project is successful then there will be demand for such solutions from GovernmentSector that require waste management services, Local Administrative Organizations and PrivateSector companies that provide waste management services. The local communities can becomemore self sufficient, and the country can benefit from reduced imports of fuel to produce electricpower and reduce imports of electricity from foreign countries, while also reducing greenhousegas emissions and reduce pollution from landfill sites.This project needs a lot of investment, the company alone are not able to finance the project.The policy of Thai Banks so far has not been supportive of this project. This is the reason why webring this project to Asian Development Bank (ADB) for consideration, ADB could support theproject within their remit of; Save Money, Save Energy, Save EnvironmentOur company hopes for support from ADB, Best Regards.
  17. 17. Organisation Chart
  18. 18. Photos of Pilot Waste Incinerator Plant
  19. 19. Photos of Pilot Waste Incinerator Plant
  20. 20. Model for Environment Friendly Power Plant for Local CommunityConcept of Waste Incinerator with Power Generation
  21. 21. Operation
  22. 22. Video of the Process• A video showing how the process operates
  23. 23.  The MSW is dumped into the Garbage Storage container directly from the garbage truck   The MSW is transported through the auto‐feed rotary dryer which uses feedback exhaust gases to dry the waste The MSW then enters the first, low temperature Incinerator to burn at 600 C The  polluted flue gases from the first chamber then go to the high temperature After Burner, which uses LPG or Biogas from garbage fermentation, to burn at 900 C The clean flue gases from the After Burner then go to the waste heat Boiler to boil the water. Steam at 150 PSI 180 C will go to the Steam Engine and create electricity with the Generator to feed to the electricity grid. The Steam Generator section is a closed loop system Low temperature flue gases will pass through the Cyclone Dust Collector and go to the Economizer to pre‐heat the water before entering the Boiler. The rest of the usable heat is fed back to the Garbage Dryer. The remaining waste heat, very low temperature (40 C), is released to the environment through the chimney. The Process
  24. 24. Pollution analysis reportClean Emissions
  25. 25. Our target customers include Government Sector that require waste management services, Local Administrative Organizations and Private Sector companies that provide waste management service. We have SWOT analysis as follows:STRENGTH‐ Using our own technology, knowhow and experience to manufacture small‐scale incinerator and related electrical generation equipment‐ More than 80 % of parts locally made in Thailand‐ Experienced gained from 2 pilot incineration plants‐ Conforms to government policies of reducing reliance upon imported fuel and imported power from neighboring countries‐ Greenhouse gas emissions 20 times friendlier than landfill‐ No need for complicated permits and licenses because scale of the system is below 1 MT per batch and 1 MW/hr‐ The company has worked within the Government Sector for a long time so we have experience dealing with the appropriate authorities.SWOT Analysis
  26. 26. WEAKNESS‐ Response of local residents in the community who may not want to accept the idea of a waste incinerator in their neighborhood due to trust in safety issues, fear of  obnoxious aromas and air quality issues due to emissions from the incinerator‐ Up front expenditure of time and money prior to getting revenue from the end‐user customerSWOT Analysis
  27. 27. OPPORTUNITY• There are large‐scale waste management projects currently operating or under construction in Thailand and there is recognition that waste management is an important issue both for local government and District Administration departments. The size of this proposed method of waste management project is likely to be on much smaller scale, and there is growing awareness and acceptance that the latest incinerator technologies are clean burning.  Moreover, the price of oil is likely to increase. By developing small‐scale incineration plants to burn high moisture waste at relatively low temperatures without using fuel, while at the same time using the heat to produce electricity, will not only help solve the environmental issues faced today but will also help the local communities where they are located• People are against the conventional process of waste elimination or burying in large landfill sites because it is perceived as the incorrect way of handling the issue of MSW management. By piling up and burying in the open creates stench, flies, smoke, black smut, waste water, and bacteria. Furthermore, the local governments and District Administrations have a clear responsibility by law to care for the environment and there are budgets in place for waste management projects. Also people are opposed the idea of putting many local government and District Administration organizations together. In addition, the law states that the local communities must accept the project for it to be executed. The only waste elimination project that is feasible seems to be small‐scale projects that are done at a local level by individual local government and District Administration organizations• Additionally the amount of waste in Thailand is increasing everyday. In 2013 the total amount of waste was 14.3 million tons or 38,221 tons per daySWOT Analysis
  28. 28. THREAT- The construction of the incinerator requires up‐front funding of approximately 20 million THB to execute the project and is needed 5 months before the completion of the plant to enable the company to design the system, purchase the materials and components and build the plant- The company has Insufficient funding to support the expansion of production- Problem associated with lack of self funding by the company to support the development work for the construction process- The concept of a small‐scale incinerator with electrical power generation is not well‐known in the target customer baseSWOT Analysis
  29. 29. Environmental and Social ResponsibilityBecause Thailand is currently faced with energy shortages, inefficient waste management procedures and the various pollution issues associated with waste, the company have developed this project as a way of addressing the various problems as follows:- Reduce the problem of waste overflow by using the waste incinerator that can operate 24 hours a day and burn up to 10 tons of waste per day- Reduce the environmental issues from waste, such as air and water pollution. Because there are reduced waste volumes, the issues created by wastes also decrease- The incinerator is pollution‐free, so can be placed in local communities  -‐ The system help reduce costs and energy required in transporting waste as the incinerator can be placed near the source- The system can immediately reuse the energy from burning the waste so there is no inefficient energy loss.- The initial costs to burn the waste does not exceed 300‐400 THB/MT, which can reduce the cost to eliminate wastes.- The community can sell the electricity produced from burning the waste to the PEA and Energy Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT)Environmental and Social Responsibility
  30. 30. Risk in Project Operation- Insufficient MSW to operate system continuously‐ High moisture content of MSW makes it difficult to burn- The people in the local community may refuse to accept the project due to lack of knowledge and perceived negative impact to the local environment Solution- Before installation at any specific site a full analysis of the garbage will be conducted‐ The system uses waste heat recovery to dry the garbage‐ Community leaders need to be educated about the benefits and government policy supports thisProject Risk
  31. 31. Permits and CertificationCopyright and Patent Transfer
  32. 32. Permits and CertificationPatent Application Form
  33. 33. Permits and CertificationPollution Analysis Report
  34. 34. Permits and CertificationBurner quality certificate
  35. 35. Permits and CertificationBurner quality certificate agent
  36. 36. Conclusion• We believe we, working together with ADB, have a unique opportunity to access a market in Thailand and provide a service that will reduce greenhouse gas emissions and pollution and at the same time assist to alleviate Thailand’s energy crisis while also providing jobs, training and revenues to local communities.