Transition devices
      part 2
Aimi Syazana Hasnudin
    CELPAD, IIUM
Some rules BEGINNING POSITION
• The connector is positioned at the beginning
  of the second clause.
     SEMI COLON

•   ...
FULL STOP
                                  INDEPENDENT
  INDEPENDENT                       CLAUSE 2
    CLAUSE 1         ...
MEDIAL (MIDDLE) POSITION
• The connector is positioned in the middle
  of the second clause, usually between
  subject and...
MEDIAL (MIDDLE) POSITION cont
• Ali and Basil are best friends. Ali spends his
  free time reading twentieth century Ameri...
FINAL (END) POSITION
• Basil spends his free time reading twentieth
  century American short stories; Ali is more
  intere...
Subordinating conjunctions are discourse markers that
    join a dependent (subordinate) clause to an
             indepen...
• We waited in the hall because we arrived late
  for the lecture.

 INDEPENDENT   SUB ORD CONJ.
                         ...
• Because we arrived late for the lecture, we
  waited in the hall.
SUB ORD CONJ.

                DEPENDENT CLAUSE

     ...
3. CONCESSION
1. REASON/CAUSE        2. CONTRAST                              4. TIME
                                    ...
6. CONDITION/                      8. DESCRIPTION/
5. PURPOSE                         7. SIMILARITY
                    RE...
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Transition Devicespart2

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Transition Devicespart2

  1. 1. Transition devices part 2 Aimi Syazana Hasnudin CELPAD, IIUM
  2. 2. Some rules BEGINNING POSITION • The connector is positioned at the beginning of the second clause. SEMI COLON • INDEPENDENT CLAUSE 1 ; INDEPENDENT CLAUSE 2 S +V S+ V We were late for the lecture; therefore, we waited in the hall.
  3. 3. FULL STOP INDEPENDENT INDEPENDENT CLAUSE 2 CLAUSE 1 S+ V S +V . CONNECTOR We were late for the lecture. Therefore, we waited in the hall.
  4. 4. MEDIAL (MIDDLE) POSITION • The connector is positioned in the middle of the second clause, usually between subject and verb. • In this case, the subject is emphasized and contrasted.
  5. 5. MEDIAL (MIDDLE) POSITION cont • Ali and Basil are best friends. Ali spends his free time reading twentieth century American short stories; Basil, on the other hand, is more interested in sports and physical exercise. INDEPENDENT SUBJECT CONNECTOR CLAUSE THE REST OF THE SENTENCE
  6. 6. FINAL (END) POSITION • Basil spends his free time reading twentieth century American short stories; Ali is more interested in sports and physical exercise, on the other hand. SUBJECT INDEPENDENT CLAUSE CONNECTOR
  7. 7. Subordinating conjunctions are discourse markers that join a dependent (subordinate) clause to an independent (main) clause. • We waited in the hall because we arrived late for the lecture. • Because we arrived late for the lecture, we waited in the hall. SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION
  8. 8. • We waited in the hall because we arrived late for the lecture. INDEPENDENT SUB ORD CONJ. DEPENDENT CLAUSE CLAUSE
  9. 9. • Because we arrived late for the lecture, we waited in the hall. SUB ORD CONJ. DEPENDENT CLAUSE INDEPENDENT CLAUSE
  10. 10. 3. CONCESSION 1. REASON/CAUSE 2. CONTRAST 4. TIME (unexpected result) because , while although after since , whereas even though before as even if when due to the fact that despite the fact that while now that (though) since in spite of the fact as that as soon as until by the time that whenever the next time
  11. 11. 6. CONDITION/ 8. DESCRIPTION/ 5. PURPOSE 7. SIMILARITY RESULT IDENTIFICATION so that If..., (then) just as who so...that whether (or not) whom such...that when that such a...that In case that whose Provided that when Unless where
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