Sentence Fragment

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Sentence Fragment

  1. 1. Sentence fragment Aimi Syazana Hasnudin CELPAD, IIUM
  2. 2. WHAT IS A SENTENCE FRAGMENT? <ul><li>A sentence fragment consists of  an incomplete thought, a sentence subject, or a sentence predicate and so is an incomplete sentence. </li></ul>
  3. 3. FOR EXAMPLE.. <ul><li>Sentence Fragment Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>After he went to work . </li></ul><ul><li>Incomplete Thought </li></ul><ul><li>Going to school . </li></ul><ul><li>No Sentence Subject </li></ul><ul><li>The young, attractive woman . </li></ul><ul><li>No Sentence Predicate </li></ul>
  4. 4. THEREFORE, A COMPLETE SENTENCE IS.. <ul><li>tells a complete thought. </li></ul><ul><li>has both a subject and a predicate. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Three Types of Sentence Fragments and HOW TO FIX IT <ul><li>Incomplete Thought Starting with a Subordinating Conjunction </li></ul><ul><li>No Sentence Subject </li></ul><ul><li>No Sentence Predicate </li></ul>
  6. 6. HOW TO FIX.. Incomplete Thought Starting with a Subordinating Conjunction <ul><li>Subordinating Conjunctions:  </li></ul><ul><li>after, as, although, because, before, how, however, since, so, that, when, whenever, which, while, who, unless, until, when, whenever, whether, while </li></ul>
  7. 7. Eliminate the subordinating conjunction. FRAGMENT COMPLETE After they ate dinner. They ate dinner.
  8. 8. Add on an independent clause. FRAGMENT COMPLETE Because they were friends. Because they were friends, they settled their differences.
  9. 9. Connect the fragment to the sentence before or after the fragment. FRAGMENT COMPLETE Because of the ice. The roads were a slippery hazard. The roads were a slippery hazard because of the ice.
  10. 10. HOW TO FIX.. No Sentence Subject Add on a subject (person, place, thing, or idea), i.e. the “do-er” to act on the verb in the sentence. Change the verb form to fit with the subject. FRAGMENT COMPLETE Running fast down the hall. He was running fast down the hall. Climb higher and higher. They climb higher and higher.
  11. 11. No Sentence Predicate Add on a verb (physical or mental action or a state of being) to “do” the action of the “do-er,” i.e. the subject. FRAGMENT COMPLETE Mainly, the passage of time. Mainly, the passage of time quickened

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