Analyzing Topic Sentences

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  • 1. Analyzing topic sentences English for Academic Writing DLL ASH 2008
  • 2. A GOOD TOPIC SENTENCE ..
    • states the topic of the paragraph
    • A good topic sentence identifies the focus
    • REFER TO PAGE 2 IN YOUR WORKBOOK
    ASH 2008
  • 3. Nuclear power is our greatest hope for solving the energy crisis.
    • Look at the topic sentence above.
    • What do you think is the topic of this sentence?
    • 2. What is the focus?
    ASH 2008
  • 4. Nuclear power is a huge threat to life on the planet.
    • What is the topic of this sentence?
    • 2. What is the focus?
    • Notice that both sentences have the same topic, but the focus is different.
    ASH 2008
  • 5. Exercise- For each statement below, underline the topic and draw a circle around the focus.
    • Mahatma Gandhi was an influential leader.
    • Email is a great way to stay in touch with your family and friends.
    • The clothes we wear often reflect a lot about our personality.
    • The Japanese subway system is very efficient.
    • My older brother is a perfectionist .
    ASH 2008
  • 6. Analyzing topic sentences ; more tips
    • A topic sentence must be a complete sentence to perform all the necessary functions
    • A topic sentence cannot be a question.
    • Phrases such as “I think” or “in my opinion” may muddle or weaken topic sentences.
    ASH 2008
  • 7.
    • The topic sentence should provide clear relationships among all of its elements so that it can provide a framework for understanding the rest of the paragraph .
    • A topic sentence needs to be clear and specific, so that it can predict and summarize the rest of the paragraph for the reader.
    ASH 2008
  • 8.
    • A topic sentence must be coherent so that the reader can use it as a key to the rest of the paragraph.
    • Because the topic sentence is a reference for the rest of the paragraph, it needs to be exceptionally clear.
    ASH 2008
  • 9. Too general? Too specific? Just nice?
    • Swimming is fun.
    • I swim laps for 30 minutes every morning.
    • Exercising every morning has several
    • positive effects.
    ASH 2008