Powerpoint TemplatesPage 2Section 1Public office is a public trust. Publicofficers and employees must at all timesbe accountable to the people, serve themwith utmost responsibility, integrity, loyalty,and efficiency, act with patriotism andjustice, and lead modest lives.
Powerpoint TemplatesPage 3Public Office• The right, authority, and duty created andconferred by law by which, for a givenperiod either fixed by law or enduring atthe pleasure of the appointing power, anindividual is invested with some portion ofthe sovereign functions of the governmentto be exercised by him for the benefit ofthe public.
Powerpoint TemplatesPage 4Nature of public office• Public office is a public trust• It is not a property• It is not a contract
Powerpoint TemplatesPage 6Section 2The President, the Vice-President, the Membersof the Supreme Court, the Members of theConstitutional Commissions, and theOmbudsman may be removed from office onimpeachment for, and conviction of, culpableviolation of the Constitution, treason, bribery,graft and corruption, other high crimes, orbetrayal of public trust. All other public officersand employees may be removed from office asprovided by law, but not by impeachment.
Powerpoint TemplatesPage 11Section 3• (1) The House of Representatives shall have theexclusive power to initiate all cases of impeachment.• (2) A verified complaint for impeachment may befiled by any Member of the House of Representativesor by any citizen upon a resolution or endorsementby any Member thereof, which shall be included inthe Order of Business within ten session days, andreferred to the proper Committee within threesession days thereafter. The Committee, afterhearing, and by a majority vote of all its Members,shall submit its report to the House within sixtysession days from such referral, together with thecorresponding resolution. The resolution shall becalendared for consideration by the House within tensession days from receipt thereof.
Powerpoint TemplatesPage 12(3) A vote of at least one-third of all theMembers of the House shall be necessaryeither to affirm a favorable resolution withthe Articles of Impeachment of theCommittee, or override its contraryresolution. The vote of each Member shall berecorded.(4) In case the verified complaint or resolutionof impeachment is filed by at least one-thirdof all the Members of the House, the sameshall constitute the Articles of Impeachment,and trial by the Senate shall forthwithproceed.
Powerpoint TemplatesPage 13(5) No impeachment proceedings shall beinitiated against the same official more thanonce within a period of one year.(6) The Senate shall have the sole power to tryand decide all cases of impeachment. Whensitting for that purpose, the Senators shall beon oath or affirmation. When the President ofthe Philippines is on trial, the Chief Justice ofthe Supreme Court shall preside, but shallnot vote. No person shall be convictedwithout the concurrence of two-thirds of allthe Members of the Senate.
Powerpoint TemplatesPage 14(7) Judgment in cases of impeachment shallnot extend further than removal from officeand disqualification to hold any office underthe Republic of the Philippines, but the partyconvicted shall nevertheless be liable andsubject to prosecution, trial, and punishment,according to law.(8) The Congress shall promulgate its rules onimpeachment to effectively carry out thepurpose of this section.