Common Core Standards• Standards developed for K-12 in Math and English Language Arts (ELA)• Forty-five states have adopted these standards• Missouri has adopted; plan to implement 2014-2015 school year (National Governors Assoc. for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers, 2010)
Common Core Standards• ELA standards include – Literature & informational text – Foundational skills – Writing skills – Speaking & Listening Skills – Language Skills (National Governors Assoc. for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers, 2010)
Common Core Standards• ELA standards also include literacy in – Science – Social Studies – History – Technical Subjects (National Governors Assoc. for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers, 2010)
How can weprepare our students for the Common Core?
What is WAC?• Learning to Write• Writing to Learn In ALL disciplines (McLeod, 1987; McLeod & Maimon, 2000)
Benefits of WAC• Provides students with writing practice• Great learning tool for students• Works on students’ critical thinking skills• Shows students’ learning, thought- processes, and misunderstandings (McLeod, 1987; McLeod & Maimon, 2000)
Fears vs. Solutions Fears Solutions • Lack of expertise • Dont focus on grammar • Write along with students • Take time away from • Collaborate with own content to teach teachers writing • Stagger big writing assignments • More grading • Small writing assignments just as beneficial as big • Evaluation processes ones • Evaluate only one-two elements of writing(Borchers, 2001; Fincke, 1982;Graham, Gillespie, & McKeown, 2012; • Don’t grade everything!Graves, 1995; Gribbin, 1991;Kinloch, 2009)
What are some waysyou can incorporate more writing into your classroom?
Some Strategies• Journals/Diaries/Logs• Write for a Real Audience• Write Daily• Freewriting/Focused Freewriting• (See Handout for More) (Jacobs, 2002; Moss 1991)
Teachers Should…• Model Writing• Provide Expectations Clearly• Provide Feedback/Conference• Focus Less on Conventions (Borchers, 2001; Fincke, 1982; Graham, Gillespie, & McKeown, 2012; Graves, 1995; Gribbin, 1991; Kinloch, 2009; Moss, 1991)
BibliographyBorchers, D. L. (2001). Writing across the curriculum: A simple approach to correcting. New England Reading Association Journal, 37(2), 11-13.Fincke, G. (1982). Writing across the curriculum in high school. The Clearing House, 56(2), 71-73.Graham, S., Gillespie, A., & McKeown, D. (2012). Writing: importance, development, and instruction. Reading and Writing, 26(1), 1-15.Graves, D. H. (1995). Be a better writing teacher. Education Digest, 60(9), 57- 60.Gribbin, W. G. (1991). Writing across the curriculum: Assignments and evaluations. The Clearning House, 64(6), 365-368.Jacobs, V. A. (2002). Reading, writing, and understanding. Educational Leadership, 60(3), 58-61.
BibliographyKinloch, V. (2009). Innovative writing instruction. The English Journal, 98(5), 103-107.Maimon, S. M. (2000). Clearing the air: WAC myths and realities. College English, 62(5), 573-583.McLeod, S. (1987). Defining writing across the curriculum. WPA: Writing Program Administration, 11(1-2), 19-24.Moss, B. (1991). Promoting reading and writing in the middle-grade content- area classroom. The Clearing House, 65(1), 11-13.National Governors Association for Best Practices, C. o. (2010). Common core standards. Washington, D.C.: National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers. Retrieved from Common core state standards initiative.