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  1. 1. Fasting in IslamMuslim’s fast in the month ofRamadan. Ramadan is a time ofspiritual reflection and worship.Muslims are expected to put moreeffort into following the teachings ofIslam and to avoid obscene andirreligious sights and sounds. Duringfasting, intercourse is prohibited aswell as eating and drinking, and
  2. 2.  During fasting, intercourse is prohibited as well as eating and drinking, and resistance of all temptations is encouraged. The act of fasting is said to redirect the heart away from worldly activities, and its purpose being to cleanse the inner soul and free it from harm.
  3. 3. WHO MUST FAST ?Fasting Ramadan is compulsory upon everyMuslim, male or female, who has thesequalifications: To be mentally and physically fit, ( sane and able ). To be of full age, (the age of puberty - normally about fourteen). To be present at ones permanent settlement, your home town, ones farm, and ones business premises, etc. This means not to be on a journey of about fifty miles or more.
  4. 4. EXCEMPTION FROM FASTING Children under the age of puberty. Insane people who are unaccountable for their deeds. Men and women who are too old to fast and bear its hardships. Such people are exempted from this duty, but they must offer, at least, one needy poor Muslim an average full meal or its value per person per day. Sick people whose health is likely to be severely affected fasting. They may postpone
  5. 5.  Travelers may break the fast temporarily during their travel only and make up for it in later days, a day for a day. Pregnant women and women breast-feeding their children may also break the fast, if its observance is likely to endanger their own health or that of their infants. But they must make up for the fast at a delayed time, a day for a day. Women in the -period of menstruation. They must postpone the fast till recovery and then
  6. 6. GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS This practices are strongly recommended by Prophet Muhammad SAW especially during Ramadan: To have a light meal before the break of the dawn, known as Sahur. To eat a few dates or start breaking the fast by plain water right after sunset. To make your meals as light as possible. To perform the prayer known as Tarawih after breaking fast. To increase the study and recitation of the Quran. Practice patience and humbleness.
  7. 7. Prayer and the reading ofQur’an to fasting, Muslims are encouraged to read the In addition entire Quran. Some Muslims perform the recitation of the entire Quran by means of special prayers, called Tarawih, which are held in the mosques every night of the month, during which a whole section of the Quran (Juz, which is 1/30 of the Quran) is recited. Therefore the entire Quran would be completed at the end of the month. Ramadan is also a time when Muslims are to slow down from worldly affairs and focus on spiritual cleansing and this is to establish a link between themselves and God through prayer, supplication, charity, good deeds, kindness and helping others. Since it is a festival of giving and sharing, Muslims prepare special foods and buy gifts for their family and friends and for
  8. 8. Iftar Muslims all around the world will abstain from food and drink, through fasting, from dawn to sunset. At sunset, the family will gather the fast- breaking meal known as Iftar. The meal starts with the eating of three dates — just as Muhammad used to do. Then its time for the Maghrib prayer, which is the fourth of the five daily prayers, after which the main meal is served. Over time, Iftar has grown into banquet festivals.
  9. 9. Reasons behind fasting Fasting is a means that makes us appreciate and give thanks for pleasures. Fasting is a means of giving up haraam things, so fasting is a means of avoiding the things that Allah has forbidden. Fasting enables us to control our desires, because when a person is full his desires grow, but if he is hungry then his desire becomes weak. Fasting makes us feel compassion and empathy towards the poor, because when the fasting person tastes the pain of hunger for a while. Fasting humiliates and weakens the Satan; it weakens the effects of his whispers (waswaas) on a person and reduces his sins.