is bullying via electronic media primarily involves name-calling, threats, spreading rumors, sharing another person’s private information, social isolation, and exclusion.
Bullying can be manifest as direct acts of physical violence, or as indirect acts involving relational or social aggression suchas social exclusion, isolation, spreading rumors, or manipulation
Consequences of cyberbullying can include poor academic performance, school dropout, physical violence, and suicide, and it is a method of bullying that is frequently hidden from adults
1. victims are more afraid of losing their computer orphone privileges than they are worried about emotional harm or harassmentfrom cyberbullies2. Many adults are unawareof cyberbullying occurring among adolescent students3. feel more alone and helpless
Cyberbullying is particularly difficult for parents and teachers to monitor because it can occur via various types of technology. These can include(a) cellular phones (e.g., phone calls, text messages, photo-mail, etc.), (b)Internet chat rooms, (c) e-mail, (d) Instant Messenger (IM), (e) online blogs (Web journals), (f) massive multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPG), (g) social networking Web sites (e.g., MySpace and Facebook),and (h) video broadcasting Web sites (e.g., YouTube)
Participant: A. school . Urban public, N=700Ø71% Asian/Pacific Island decent. ØMiddle -> high SESB. School, Public Charter, N=160Ø6th & 8th gradersØA range of ethnicities, SES, academic C school. All-girls private, N= 230Ø82% Asian/Pacific Island descent.Ø Middle-> high SESMethod: 35-item survey (questionnaire) based on Beran and Li (2005) multiple choice, fill in the blank, and elicited descriptive Data Analysis:Cyber Victims of Bullying by Gender (Table 1) --Boys are more likely to be cyber bullies, and girls are more likely to be victimsFrequency of Victims, Bullies, and Cyberbullying Incidents by School (Table 2)Frequency of Cyberbullying by Grade Level (T3)Types of Technology Used the Most to Cyberbully (4)
We elaborate on each bullet. We can give an overview, we don’t need all the details. Perhaps choosing the most dramatic stats would sufice.
Correlation between frequencies of internet use and victimization 54% cyber victims and 56% of bullies use the internet daily28% non victims and 32% of non bullies use the internet daily
Victims: 48% of the cyber victims (59 students) never identified their cyber bully 49% of the cyber victims said they were angry as a result of the cyberbullying44% of the cyber victims said they were sadness34% of the cyber victims said were embarrassment20% of the cyber victims said they were feeling afraid5% Confusion3% Annoyance 2% Grades dropped due to their involvement in cyberbullying
Bullying: 50% of bullies said they bullied students from other schools44% of bullies said they cyberbullying one or more studentsthey knew from their school 2 respondents speciﬁcally indicated that they had cyberbullied a friend
In discussion of access we can make a connection to last week’s reading about filtering the internet etc. having parents monitor and be more vigilant of what’s happening.
Cyber Worlds: New Playgrounds for Bullying By Mark and Ratliffe (2011) CYBER- Lily Almaraz Carolina Bojorquez Erica Ussery Aileen Wang
Introduction Cyberbullying is defined as the intentional act of online/digital intimidation, embarrassment, or harassment.
Introduction (Cont’d) It’s deliberate and repeated acts of Physical Mental harm Intimidation
Introduction (Cont’d 2) The power lies in anonymity Stronger vs. Weaker
Problem Statement Cyberbullying is a growing problem in the United States. Hawaii is seeing a higher percentage of verbal harm committed through the Internet every year. Consequences of cyberbullying : Poor academic performance School dropout Physical violence Suicide
Purpose: "To access the extent of cyberbullying in Hawaii middle schools, the media used, the awareness students had of cyberbullying in ther peer group, and the relationships between technology use, grade level, and gender“. (Mark & Ratliffe, 2011)
The Facts about Cyberbullying 90% of Cyber- Victims don’t tell their parents Victims are more afraid of losing their tech privileges Victims feel alone and helpless It is difficult to monitor It is more common than we think Victims’ grades tend to drop Girls are victims more often It is often a friend
The Study Participants: 247 Hawaiian middle school children Method: Survey with 4 sections 1. General technology use 2. Experiences of cyber victims 3. Experiences of cyber bullies 4. Cyberbullying awareness Data Analysis: The Kruskal–Wallis ANOVA
The Study (cont’d.) Results: Survey with 4 sections 1. General technology use 2. Experiences of cyber victims 3. Experiences of cyber bullies 4. Cyberbullying awareness
Results: Technology Access 96% with access to a computer with Internet 33% use it daily 88% own a cell phone 43% use it daily
ResultsTypes of Technology Used Extent of Cyberbullying Most prevalent: Tends to increase in MySpace and Cell middle school Phones YouTube Significant difference MMORPG between grade level and the frequency of incidents
Results: Characteristics of Cyberbullying50% bullied students from other schools44% cyberbullying one or more students they knew from their school
Dicussion Cyberbullying in Middle Schools Grade level changes in incidence Gender differences Differences among school types Access to Technology and New Technologies Social Networks MMORPGs