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Private Colleges, Public Benefits (2006) - full report


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The full version of the 2006 AIKCU economic and cultural impact study, "Private Colleges, Public Benefits" conducted by Human Capital Research Corporation.

The full version of the 2006 AIKCU economic and cultural impact study, "Private Colleges, Public Benefits" conducted by Human Capital Research Corporation.

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  • 1. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities Private Colleges, Public Benefits: The Economic and Community Impact of Kentucky’s Independent Colleges and Universities on the Commonwealth of Kentucky H um an C apital Res ear ch Cor por ation • Ev ans ton, Illinois
  • 2. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Contents Table of Contents Executive Summary 3 Understanding Higher Education from 30,000 Feet 7 The Kentucky Economy and Higher Education Attainment 8 Benefits to the Individual as Benefits to Community 10 Impacts of Higher Education on Kentucky’s Economy 20 Higher Education as Good Business 22 Kentucky’s Independent Sector and the Highest Return on Investment 26 Helping to Build and Sustain Kentucky’s Human Infrastructure 28 Contributions by Participating Colleges and Universities 33 References 61 Appendix A: Methodology 62 Appendix B. Economic Impact Tables 63 Appendix C: Economic Impact Flow 66 Appendix D: Capital Expenditures Economic Impact Flow Chart 66 Appendix E: Alumni Expenditure Economic Impact Flow Chart 67 Appendix F: SUPPORTING TABLES 67 Appendix G: Survey 71 The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities 502.695.5007 502.695.5057 fax www.aikcu.org2
  • 3. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesExecutive SummaryKentucky is home to twenty nonprofit, independent colleges and universities located through-out the Commonwealth, from Mayfield to Pikeville and in small towns and metropolitan areasin between. Nineteen of these twenty colleges and universities that make up the Association ofIndependent Kentucky Colleges and Universities are represented in this study (the twentieth,Mid-Continent University, became a member of the Association as the study was in its finalstages). All of these institutions have deep ties to their local communities. They share a commoncommitment to providing students with high quality education and personal attention thatmaximizes students’ chances for academic success.With more than 30,000 students and staff, these independent colleges and universities directlyimpact the lives of thousands of Kentuckians on a daily basis. They produce thousands of gradu-ates each year, and there exists a large body of research to substantiate the social and economicreturns a college education provides for these individuals. Yet these campuses do much morethan produce well-educated leaders for the workforce – they have far reaching effects onKentucky’s economy, communities, people, and future growth and prosperity.This study focuses on the economic and social benefits these institutions bring to their commu-nities and to the Commonwealth that make them great assets as Kentucky looks towards thefuture and a better, more prosperous Kentucky. We hope that this document is only the begin-ning of a continued discussion of the essential role that education, and independent highereducation in particular, plays in Kentucky’s future.Understanding the Imperative: Higher Education and theKentucky Labor Market• Kentucky residents continue to lag behind most of • Kentucky’s relatively low level of education the country in their level of educational attain- attainment has implications for its interaction with ment: For adults over the age of 25, approxi- the national economy and surrounding states in mately 17 percent have a bachelor’s degree or ways that may ultimately inhibit future growth. At higher compared with 24 percent nationally; a national level, lower levels of attainment make it less likely that the Commonwealth will be able to• Since 2001, Kentucky has not kept pace with the leverage or take advantage of growth associated rate of employment growth nationally. Nonethe- with more advanced sectors in other parts of the less, Kentucky’s patterns of employment demand country through trade and/or affiliate relation- continue to mirror that of the nation, with ships. At the same time, the more robust econo- significantly lower rates of unemployment and mies of Kentucky’s neighbors including Virginia, significantly higher earnings for those with higher Illinois, Missouri, Ohio, and Indiana, have the levels of attainment; continued 3
  • 4. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report potential to siphon Kentucky’s “homegrown” attainment, Kentucky’s independent colleges and talent given a wider range of economic opportuni- universities contribute to community quality of life ties and offerings; on two important levels: (1) through Economic Development, which includes business support Given Kentucky’s • Kentucky’s most recent labor market projections services, strategic partnerships, and product and comparatively modest imply that the greatest demand for future employ- service innovations; and (2) through Human financial commitment ment will be in occupations requiring compara- Development, which includes the delivery of social to independent higher tively lower levels of education attainment. While services rendered through a wide variety of such projections are largely determined by the institutional facilities, service programs, and education, the current economic base, they are by no means community level initiatives;educational, economic destiny. Fundamentally, Kentucky’s economic and social benefits future can and will be shaped by the talents and • Kentucky’s twenty independent colleges andprovided by the sector capabilities of its own citizenry. Absent a sustained universities make available to the public a large represent an extraor- investment and capacity to innovate at both the K- number of facilities at no cost to the Common- dinary value and 12 and Postsecondary level, Kentucky is likely to wealth. In fiscal 2003, the replacement value of the favorable return on witness the self-fulfilling prophecy of its most sector’s education facilities including buildings and investment. recent labor market projections and ultimately equipment exceeded $1.1 billion. Overall, the remain a low-wage low skill economy; gross assets of the sector including endowment resources exceeded $2.88 billion. Many resources • In order to reach economic parity with the nation are offered at no cost or at a cost subsidized by the at large, which is instrumental to raising the institutions themselves. Among the facilities standard of living for all Kentuckians, the Com- rendered to the public for a nominal fee or at no monwealth will effectively need to double the charge are theaters, athletic centers or athletic number of Baccalaureate recipients by 2020. In facilities, museums and galleries, healthcare clinics, turn, to meet this extraordinary investment conference centers, technology labs, and television challenge, Kentucky must approach its investments and radio stations. Campus libraries almost in education with great prudence and innovation. universally provide free access to books, journals, Because innovation is not without risk, the state government documents, and archives, as well as would greatly benefit from a series of performance public Internet access and a rich array of commu- criteria and specific measures to help assess its nity programs including lecture series, luncheon return on investment and guide the allocation of series, and speaker programs; scarce public capital to its most productive use. • Faculty, staff, and students of Kentucky’s indepen- dent colleges volunteer a considerable amount of Towards an Understanding of the Societal Benefits of their time and resources to addressing state and Independent Higher Education local needs. Under the Federal Work Study Community Service, Family Literacy and Math- • The social and economic benefits rendered by ematics Tutor programs, nearly 1,000 students Kentucky’s independent colleges and universities from the independent sector provided more than are multifaceted, substantial and serve virtually all 250,000 hours of service in Fiscal 2004. Other segments of the Commonwealth’s economy and its examples of community involvement include citizenry. Given Kentucky’s comparatively modest daycare services for young children, assisting local financial commitment to independent higher business and civic organizations in developing education, the educational, economic and social strategies for replacing lost jobs, and free tax benefits provided by the sector represent an consultation to citizens unable to afford profes- extraordinary value and favorable return on sional services; investment; • Programs developed in partnership with the K-12 • Apart from the educational benefits that accrue school system provide college students with directly to students through greater levels of opportunities to teach, tutor, and mentor students 4
  • 5. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities with varying learning abilities. Additionally, faculty • Impact of Capital Expenditures on the Ken- provide professional development to teachers tucky Economy through training and instruction in various disci- plines including the sciences, as well as by assisting As a result of its on-going investment in higher in the development of curricula used in schools. education facilities and infrastructure, Kentucky’s independent colleges generated $780 million in total economic activity, including $366 million in In aggregate, $4 billion direct capital expenditures by the institutions and in annual earning wasDefining Economic Impact and the Direct and Indirect $414 million in indirect/induced spending inEffects of the Independent Sector generated statewide by other sectors of the economy; the 95,805 actively• Kentucky’s independent colleges and universities In all, 3,733 total jobs were created in Kentucky as employed independent generate considerable economic growth through a result of economic activity generated by the sector alumni who the day-to-day business transactions necessary to institution’s capital expenditures—apart from the currently reside in bring their services to market; these transactions, in 8,629 jobs created as a result of delivering higher Kentucky. turn, create demand for other goods and services education services. that ultimately engage every sector of the state’s economy; • Impact of Independent Sector Alumni on State Tax Revenue• Collectively, Kentucky’s independent colleges and universities generate a level of economic In aggregate, $4 billion in annual earning was activity that places the sector among the largest generated statewide by the 95,805 actively employers and contributors to the state’s overall employed independent sector alumni who cur- economy. Taken together, the independent sector rently reside in Kentucky; would rank eleventh in employment, and eigh- In aggregate, independent sector alumni residents teenth in revenues among the Commonwealth’s 25 annually generate $416 million in state tax revenue largest publicly held corporations. and $543 million in federal tax revenue—that’s• Impact of Direct Institutional Expenditures on more than a tenfold return on the State’s current the Kentucky Economy financial aid outlay to the sector; In 2003, Kentucky’s independent higher education Overall, independent sector alumni annually spend sector generated $705 million in total in-state more than $3.1 billion dollars, generating $5.9 economic activity, including $375 million in direct billion in total economic output resulting in an spending by the institutions for operating expendi- additional 31,500 jobs in the Commonwealth. tures, students, and campus visitors and an • Cost-Benefit of the Independent Higher additional $330 million in indirect/induced Education Sector to the Commonwealth spending in other sectors of the economy; Less than 4 percent of state postsecondary appro- Collectively, the sector created 8,629 total jobs in the priations are allocated to independent college and state including 4,275 full-time equivalent employees university students in the form of financial aid, yet at the institutions, and 4,354 jobs created in other these institutions produced 22 percent of the industry sectors of the state economy; state’s bachelor’s degrees in 2004; In terms of indirect effect, each dollar invested in Independent institutions produce bachelor’s Kentucky’s independent sector in 2003 resulted in degree graduates in many of the fields critical to $1.88 in total economic output for the state. the future competitiveness of business and industry Similarly, each job in the sector generated directly in Kentucky, awarding in 2004 approximately 35 and indirectly 1.98 jobs statewide. Since Fiscal percent of economics degrees, 34 percent of 1993, the sector has added more than 1,000 biology and biological science degrees, 33 percent additional jobs to its employment base including of mathematics degrees, and 23 percent of 694 full-time and 313 part-time positions. computer science degrees conferred in the state. 5
  • 6. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Self-Fulfilling Prophecies and Realization of a 2020 for providing educational services at the least possible Vision for the Commonwealth cost to the taxpayer. Based on the Fiscal 2003 institu- tional operating budgets, each dollar in state support The economic and social well-being of the Common- was matched directly by more than ten dollars in wealth is fundamentally linked to the state’s ability to institutional, private, federal and family support. When relentlessly expand its citizens’ levels of educational capital and outside ancillary expenditures are consid- attainment. To the extent that Kentucky can raise the ered, the leverage on State capital is even larger. It is clearly in the levels of education attainment, the state will likely Coupled with a comparatively high level of degreepublic interest to help realize a stronger competitive position in both productivity, a capacity to absorb additional students ensure the highest domestic and global markets, along with higher rates across a wide range of program offerings, and a strong possible level of of employment growth, greater economic stability and commitment to render services to their host andcapacity utilization in higher levels of compensation, which in turn, contrib- surrounding communities, it is clearly in the public the independent ute to a stronger tax base, an enriched social environ- interest to help ensure the highest possible level of sector as a key ment and an enhanced capacity to invest for the capacity utilization in the independent sector as a key instrument of future. instrument of economic growth. economic growth. Higher education affects the ongoing building of Through a comprehensive and well coordinated wealth not only for the individual but also for his or human capital investment strategy, Kentucky can not her children—setting in motion a cycle of investment only accelerate its growth in employment and earn- with the potential to substantially alter Kentucky’s ings, but fundamentally alter its economic course—at current economic trajectory over the course of a single once affirming and preserving the Commonwealth’s generation. When considered in intergenerational unique character and high quality of life while terms, the social returns on investment in education enhancing its technical capacity to meet the economic become immeasurable. challenges of the century that is now before us. As the Commonwealth seeks to address the educa- To fulfill this vision, the Commonwealth faces two tional needs of its residents and meet the competitive fundamental challenges: one of learning engagement economic challenges of the next decade and beyond, (that is, helping to ensure that the state’s lesser it is imperative that Kentucky develop new strategies educated and lower wage workers have sufficient to more effectively utilize and leverage the resources understanding of the profound importance of skill of its higher education enterprise as a whole. development, and the opportunity to actively partici- Kentucky’s independent sector, which is an integral pate in the education enterprise); and second, one of part of that system, is particularly well poised to help investment—to ensure that Kentucky’s education meet this critical need. enterprise is sufficiently capitalized to meet the From a public investment standpoint, Kentucky’s educational needs of the state as effectively and independent sector offers the state an effective vehicle efficiently as possible.6
  • 7. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesUnderstanding Higher Education from 30,000 FeetWhile there is a large body of research to substantiate for Kentucky’s System of Postsecondary Education:the social and economic returns to a college educa- • Educated citizens who want advanced knowledgetion, most of this work has focused on individual and skills and know how to acquire them; and whoreturns rather than the effects of education on society are good parents, good citizens, and economicallyat large. While the findings of such research are self-sufficient workers.compelling in their conclusions, and almost universallyaccepted, far less is understood about the cumulative • Globally competitive businesses and industriesor collective impact of the higher education enterprise respected for their highly knowledgeable employ-on the economy at large. ees and the technological sophistication of their products and services.In large part, this study seeks to elaborate on thereturns of higher education with an eye towards its • Vibrant communities offering a standard of livingcollective and cumulative contributions. More unsurpassed by those in other states and nations.specifically, it focuses on the role of Kentucky’sindependent colleges and universities as an underlying • Scholars and practitioners who are among the bestdriver of economic growth and social well-being, in the world, dedicated to creating new ideas,ultimately with the intention to help clarify and technologies, and knowledge.strengthen the linkages between postsecondary • An integrated system of elementary and secondaryeducation and the processes of economic develop- schools and providers of postsecondary education,ment. committed to meeting the needs of students andBy taking a step back to examine higher education’s the Commonwealth, and acclaimed for excellence,collective contributions, we arrive at a very different innovation, collaboration, and responsiveness.calculus that ultimately suggests a significantly greater In light of the enormous competing demands forsocial return than can be seen by examining produc- public support, achieving Kentucky’s vision for ation costs and degree outputs alone. Absent this highly educated populace will require a more com-broader and richer perspective, it is our concern that plete understanding of the role of the independentthe Commonwealth may fail to invest adequately in sector in Kentucky, and armed with that understand-this enterprise, and consequently fail to realize the ing a more thorough exploration of policies aimed atambitious vision and agenda as outlined in the greater collaboration between the independentCommonwealth’s 2020 Vision: A Strategic Agenda colleges and universities and a very broad constitu- ency. 7
  • 8. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report The Kentucky Economy and Higher Education Attainment Projections of industry growth indicate that Kentucky will likely outpace national rates of growth in slow and fast growing industrial sectors alike. Manufacturing in the Commonwealth, for example, is expected to increase over the next decade by 6.5 percent compared with a 0.1 percent decline nationally, while services are expected to increase by as much as three to seven times national rates of growth (Kentucky Employment, 2005). Source: 1990 and 2000 U.S. Census Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics8
  • 9. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities Source: Kentucky Department of Labor people and economy demonstrates the need for Kentucky to increase its investment in human capitalAs Kentucky’s economic base seems poised to capture and to ensure that the rate of education attainmentshare from the U.S. economy as a whole, the Com- continues to rise.monwealth over the last seven years has apparentlyrealized significant gains in education attainment Indeed, there is nothing preordained in the(Kentucky’s Postsecondary System Launches 5-Year Commonwealth’s most recent labor market projec-Plan, 2005). While these gains are laudable and tions—and to the extent that Kentucky can acceleratecrucial to realizing the projections referenced above, the attainment rates of its populace, it will likely realizethe Commonwealth continues to lag behind most of gains in industry above and beyond current projec-the country in the rate of educational attainment of its tions. Left unattended, employment projections maycitizens. For adults over the age of 25, who demon- be little more than a self-fulfilling prophecy. Alterna-strate the largest contribution to the labor force, tively, to the extent that Kentucky can continue toapproximately 17 percent have a bachelor’s degree or expand its levels of attainment, the Commonwealth ishigher compared with 24 percent nationally (State likely to realize a stronger competitive position than isand County QuickFacts: Kentucky). otherwise implicit in these projections and along with it higher rates of growth, greater economic stabilityKentucky’s unique industrial makeup affects the and higher levels of compensation, which in turn,opportunities afforded to its working citizens. contribute to a stronger tax base, an enriched socialConversely, its citizens’ educational attainment environment and an enhanced capacity to invest forinfluences the growth of existing or new sectors of the the future.economy. This symbiotic relationship between the 9
  • 10. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Benefits to the Individual as Benefits to Community Since 2001, Kentucky has experienced less than typical employment gains and has not kept up with nationwide employment growth (Kentucky Employment, 2005). Nonetheless, its employment trends are consistent with national trends: lower unemployment and higher income correlate with increased higher education attainment. Not only are individuals with less than a high school education most likely to be unemployed, they are also earning less income than in previous years. Source: 2000 U.S. Census In contrast, over the past decade, the greatest increases in income in Kentucky were garnered by individuals holding a master’s degree. An individual in that group enjoyed a 6.7 percent increase in median income. In 2004 dollars, this increase translated to $18,827 more in median income for an individual with a master’s degree than for a high school graduate. Individuals with bachelor’s degrees, meanwhile, earn $16,488 more a year than high school graduates.10
  • 11. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities Source: 1990 and 2000 U.S. CensusThis correlation between higher education attainment and increased earnings is perhaps nowhere more evidentthan in a comparison of Kentucky with other states. Kentucky’s median income is lower than that of all but adozen states and aligns with the relatively low rate of education attainment at the bachelor’s degree level orhigher. 11
  • 12. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Because the effects of attainment are very much intergenerational, low attainment states such as Kentucky are at risk of lagging even further over the course of the next twenty years. Source: 2000 U.S. Census While the low median income in the state might be attributed to any number of factors, the overall correlation between median family incomes and baccalaureate attainment rates is striking. Because the effects of attainment are very much intergenerational, low attainment states such as Kentucky are at risk of lagging even further over the course of the next twenty years. The correlation between income and educational attainment is a high predictor of socioeconomic status. In 72 percent of households where member(s) have less than a high school education, total annual household income does not exceed $39,000. The percentage of households earning $39,000 or less decreases as educational attainment increases; in households with a bachelor’s degree, the rate decreases to 22 percent. At the same time, households earning an income of more than $75,000 increases from 7 percent for those with less than a high school education to 41 percent for those with a bachelor’s degree.12
  • 13. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities Household Income by Educational Attainment: Pooled 2002-2004 Current Population Survey Source: 2002-2004 Current Population SurveyIndividuals with higher education attainment not only gain mobility within Kentucky’s industry sectors but alsoshape a state economy that is hospitable to a well-educated national labor force. Conversely, the relatively lowstate rate of educational attainment and its effects on Kentucky’s median income have implications forKentucky’s interaction with the rest of the nation and with respect to Kentucky’s relationship with its surround-ing states. Given the higher median income of Kentucky’s neighbors including Virginia, Illinois, Missouri, Ohio,and Indiana, Kentucky places itself in a relatively vulnerable position with respect to appealing to a well-edu-cated, highly qualified workforce—which is ultimately a key source of attainment growth for any economy.Virginia, Illinois, and Missouri in particular are home to a relatively higher number of individuals with bachelor’sdegrees than is Kentucky. If migration patterns follow income levels and the potential growth of high-payingjobs that require higher education, then Kentucky must begin to respond to the opportunities being created inadjacent states by investing in its citizens’ development of skills and attainment of education. Conversely, to theextent that Kentucky positions itself as a low-cost - low wage economy, it will likely attract individuals with lowerlevels of attainment, even as it becomes something akin to an “off-shore” destination for industrial relocation. 13
  • 14. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Median Household Income in 2004 CPI Adjusted Dollars KY and Surrounding States— 3-Year Moving Average Pooled Estimates Source: 1995-2004 Current Population Survey Intergenerational Transfer of Wealth Critical to the logic behind long-term investment in the Commonwealth’s system of higher education is attainment’s contagious effect, or the fact that higher education affects the ongoing building of wealth not only for the individual but also for his or her children. Parents with a college education, who understand the chal- lenges of getting into and staying in college—from the application process to financial aid to opportunities for engagement on- and off-campus—encourage their children’s aspirations by setting expectations for future educational attainment. Although the current burgeoning population of first-generation students (whose parents did not attend college) are said to persist at the same rate as students whose parents did attend college, they are nonetheless lagging in total degrees earned (Chen & Carroll, 2005).14
  • 15. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesBy tapping into the non-traditional market of parents, the state can ensure that the traditional market—theirchildren—will be compelled to participate and progress through the higher education system and, in turn, enjoythe economic benefits to the individual. Almost all children (99 percent) in a two-parent household in whichboth parents hold advanced degrees will graduate from high school, and 39 percent of them will complete theirbachelor’s degrees. For a two-parent family in which neither parent has gone to college, the rate for completionof a bachelor’s degree is only 11 percent. Patterns of College Participation by Parent Education Attainment and Marital Status Source: National Center for Education Statistics - National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988At this time, Kentucky ranks 43rd in the nation in terms of the percent of children (6 or under) with parentalbaccalaureate or higher attainment. This disparity in attainment represents an outcome set in motion decadesearlier that manifests itself in differences in a parent’s likelihood of reading to their child, in access to culturalresources, or in meaningful youth employment opportunities. In other words, the transfer of cultural capital,including passing on aspirations to attend and to complete college from parent to child, will likely be a key to thesocial mobility of a next generation. By implication, Kentucky’s challenges with respect to raising attainment mayhave as much to do with engaging and supporting a current generation of young parents as it does with engag-ing and supporting a current generation of students. 15
  • 16. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Percent of Children 6 and Under with Parental Baccalaureate or Higher Attainment by State Source: 2000 U.S. Census, Public Use Microdata Sample Percent of Youth Ages 15-17 Suspended or Expelled from School by Parental Educational Attainment Source: 2003 Survey of Parent Family Involvement16
  • 17. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesAccording to the 2000 Census, 38 percent of Kentucky’s high school graduates ages 18-24 were enrolled insome form of postsecondary education compared with 42.4 percent nationally. Over the next decade, as thedemographic composition continues to diversify, Kentucky—as with the nation at large—will likely experiencecountervailing demands on its education enterprise. Source: 2000 U.S. Census, Public Use Microdata SampleAmong a next generation of prospective students, Kentucky as with the nation will experience an increase in therepresentation of students of color—many of whom will be the first-generation in their families to attendcollege. To the extent that such students conform to current national patterns of behavior, they are likely notonly to have fewer family resources to help pay for college, but are also significantly more likely not to persist tograduation. 17
  • 18. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report High School Drop-Out Rate by Race Source: 2000 U.S. Census Lifelong Learning In addition to providing avenues for skill attainment and subsequent employment for traditional-aged students, postsecondary education over the past two decades has greatly expanded opportunities to increase the earning potential, social mobility, and cultural capital of non-traditional students, including adults who may have years or decades of work experience but lack any college experience. While the 2020 Vision indicates that “self-sufficient workers” may be produced through lifelong learning, Kentucky, along with the nation at large, has found it difficult to meet the challenge of recruiting this population of adult workers to higher education. The challenge, specifically, is the reality that if a Kentuckian has not attended college by their late twenties, the likelihood of subsequent participation decreases from 6 percent in their thirties, to 1 percent in their fifties. The chances of actually completing a degree decrease as well. Yet, these individuals—numbering over 500,000 Kentuckians—still have 15, 20, or 30-year career horizons before them.18
  • 19. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesWhile some of these non-college educated workers will gain access to a middle class standard of living despitetheir lack of attainment, the odds are not in their favor. Rather, it is likely that the majority of these adult workerswill continue to hold jobs that resemble the jobs held by youth without a college education with stagnant ordeclining levels of compensation, after adjusting for inflation. Crucial to the future of the Commonwealth’seconomy is the question of how to expand meaningful opportunities to better facilitate the acquisition of criticalskills and credentialing to as many as half a million lesser educated working adults. Kentucky Postsecondary Enrollment Rates by Age Crucial to the future of the Commonwealth’s economy is the question of how to expand meaningful opportunities to better facilitate the acquisition of critical skills and credentialing to as many as half a million lesser educated working adults. Source: U.S. Census, 2000 Public Use Microdata Sample 19
  • 20. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Impacts of Higher Education on Kentucky’s Economy Kentucky’s aspirations for economic growth align directly with its need to invest in human capital. While occupational projections and industry growth estimates are powerful tools for assessing possible areas of future staffing and areas for which employees should be trained, they should not be construed as destiny; doing so disempowers Kentuckians from contributing to the shape of their state’s economy. Currently, the areas with greatest demand for labor are those requiring the least amount of education, while openings in the highest- income occupations, which require the highest level of education, represent a much lower number. Without an investment in higher education and a concomitant investment in the current labor force of the state, Kentucky risks creating a stratified economy that is oversupplied with lower-skilled, low-income workers. Perceiving these projections as a definitive guide to what the future labor market will demand will be a great disservice to the citizens and to the economy of Kentucky. Kentucky Projected Average Annual Job Openings 2002-2012 and Average Weekly Earnings by Educational Attainment Source: Kentucky Department of Labor20
  • 21. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesThe creation of annual openings in sectors requiring higher education will also establish Kentucky as a preferredplace of residence not only to current residents of the state but also to highly qualified workers in adjacent stateswho will, in turn, enhance in-state participation and capitalization. This investment in higher education in thestate will create openings in the high-income, nationally expanding sectors that will enable Kentucky to betterengage in a brokerage model that engages in out-of-state cultivation from those states. Investments in highereducation that result in the production of successful graduates will ensure that Kentucky’s higher educationsystem is appealing to citizens of even non-adjacent states in which the college-going populations tend to enrollin out-of-state higher education institutions. In-State vs. Out-of-State Total College Enrollment by State Source: 2003 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System 21
  • 22. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Higher Education as Good Business As with any industry group, Kentucky’s independent (such as an employee of the utility company who colleges and universities generate economic growth purchases clothes for his or her family). through the day-to-day business transactions necessary to bring their services to market. Without the state’s The results of this model indicate that higher educa- public utilities, the colleges would be without electric- tion truly has the opportunity to help the state “do ity, phone service or gas. Without construction well by doing good” in that it provides stable employ- companies, their physical plants would deteriorate and ment and instigates consumption patterns that benefit without accounting firms there would be no audited the state. financial records. In turn, each of these transactions Collectively, Kentucky’s independent colleges and generates demand for other goods and services that universities generate a level of economic activity that ultimately engage every sector of the state’s economy. places the sector among the largest employers and Relative to the benefits that accompany higher levels contributors to the state’s overall economy. Taken of individual education attainment, or through the together, the independent sector would rank eleventh broad array of community and business services in employment, and eighteenth in revenues among colleges provide, these inter-industry effects represent the State’s 25 largest publicly held corporations. an ancillary aspect of the independent sector’s contribu- In fiscal 2003, Kentucky independent colleges and tion to Kentucky. Their influence on industry output, universities spent more than $406 million in the direct however, encompasses a sphere of economic activities delivery of educational services, approximately $140 that collectively place the independent sector among million of which were in-state expenditures. These the largest contributors to the state’s overall economy. expenditures included approximately $164 million in To further understand the economic linkages between wages and salaries for the 4,275 full-time college and the state’s independent colleges and universities and university employees. The economic activity of the state’s economy, a Kentucky input-output model Kentucky’s independent colleges and universities was employed to estimate the total level of output and includes not only these direct educational and general employment directly and indirectly associated with expenses but also expenditures by staff and by institutional expenditures. These estimates take into students and their families that are all integral to account the direct expenditures of the colleges and college participation. For most students and their their students as well as a series of subsequent transac- families, student living expenditures represent the tions (known as indirect and induced effects) that are largest educational expense after tuition. integral to meeting this demand. These estimates Students attending Kentucky’s colleges and universi- reflect all educationally related expenditures including ties during fiscal 2003 spent about $54 million on direct operational expenditures, all construction purchases including transportation, books and activity, independent operations, student expenditures, supplies, personal services, computers, and food. and related tourism and other activities. College and university staff, meanwhile, spent ap- The economic effects of institutions’ business transac- proximately $118 million in their communities. tions for operational and capital needs and transac- Tourism activity, in the form of prospective and tions by staff, students, and visitors to the campuses enrolled students’ visits to institutions, the periodic are felt in three ways: return of alumni to their alma mater, and attendance Direct Effects: at commencement ceremonies and other regular Expenditures made directly for a good or service (such campus events, also generates direct travel and as purchasing electricity for campus buildings) tourism-related expenditures. In fiscal 2003, Kentucky independent colleges and universities collectively Indirect Effects: generated more than $64 million in this category of Economic activity associated with providing the good expenditures. or service (such as the production of machinery used to produce electricity) Kentucky’s independent colleges and universities also make substantial annual capital investments in the Induced Effects: maintenance and expansion of their physical plants The spending of compensation earned by employees including classrooms, libraries, residence halls, of the businesses that provided the good or service sporting venues, research facilities, and campus roads22
  • 23. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universitiesand grounds. Kentucky’s colleges and universities have purchases. The indirect and induced purchasescontributed $366 million toward construction associated with the provision of the direct servicesexpenditures. generated another $330 million in in-state economic output. Almost $705 million of total in-state activityTaken together, the educational and related expendi- can be traced back to Kentucky’s independent collegestures made by Kentucky’s institutions, students, and and universities.visitors represent nearly $375 million of in-state direct Kentucky Independent Colleges’ Total Economic Impact by Industry Source: Economic Impact Study Survey and Human Capital Research 23
  • 24. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report One of the significant impacts of these direct, indirect, and induced expenditures is the creation of 8,629 jobs in a variety of Kentucky’s industries. Capital expenditures, moreover, generated over 3,700 jobs in fiscal 2003 and resulted in $779 million in economic activity. Kentucky Independent Colleges’ Total Job Creation by Industry Source: Economic Impact Study Survey and Human Capital Research During that same year, the total economic activity created by independent higher education resulted in $33 million of annual tax revenues to the state government of Kentucky. Clearly, in addition to providing excellent educational opportunities for individuals, thereby increasing their employability and mobility, the higher educa- tion sector in Kentucky contributes to the health of the state’s economy by means of its budget planning, business decisions, and other activities.24
  • 25. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities Estimated Amount of State Taxes Paid by Staff, Indirect Employment, and Students Living in Kentucky Source: Economic Impact Study Survey and Human Capital ResearchAlumni of Kentucky’s Independent College and UniversitiesWhile an investment in higher education and the subsequent production of academic degrees represents aprimary output of Kentucky’s independent colleges and universities, it is ultimately through the lifelong work,civic participation and continued professional and personal development of its alumni that these institutionsmake their greatest contribution to the state. 95,805 alumni of these institutions are residents of the state. Estimated Number of Alumni Living in Kentucky by Institution – 2005 is ultimately through the lifelong work, civic participation and continued professional and personal develop- ment of its alumni that these institutions make their greatest contribu- tion to the state. Source: Economic Impact Study Survey and Human Capital Research *2003 Alumni Numbers 25
  • 26. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report The independent sector’s alumni constitute a vital part of the state’s economy, generating more than $416 million in tax revenue to state government. From a taxpayer’s perspective, the collective economic contribution of Kentucky’s independent college and university alumni represents an enormous economic return on the state’s investment in higher education—with annual direct support from the Commonwealth representing a small fraction of what is annually realized through contributions to the tax base. Source: Economic Impact Study Survey and Human Capital Research Kentucky’s Independent Sector and the Highest Return on Investment While the independent sector provides 67.5 percent of financial aid in the form of institutional grants, the Commonwealth itself subsidizes only 14.5 percent of financial aid through its contribution of state grants and local grants. Though this contribution amounted to approximately $23 million in 2003. In return, the state government immediately receives an estimated $5 million in taxes from current students (see figure “Estimated Amount of State Taxes Paid by Staff, Indirect Employment, and Students Living in Kentucky”) and following graduation and entry into the labor force essentially a lifelong annuity.26
  • 27. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities Source: Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, 2003The state’s investment in independent colleges is further augmented by the sector’s strong level of degreeproductivity. Notably, Kentucky independent colleges and universities account for only 11 percent of enrollmentof all students in higher education in the state and just under 19 percent of undergraduates in four-year degreeprograms. At the same time, however, the sector accounts for 22 percent of all the bachelor’s degrees conferredin the state. In addition, these institutions produce one-fourth of nursing degrees and over one-third of teachers,as well as other degrees (see figure “Percentage of Kentucky Baccalaureate Degrees Awarded by IndependentColleges”) vital to serving Kentucky’s business and industry needs and development. Source: Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education, 2004 27
  • 28. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Although independent colleges and universities have significant untapped capacity and potential to further their contribution to the State economy, they do not have the resources sufficient to unilaterally raise college-going rates or alter the economic base. Their capacities leveraged in tandem with other agents—including, secondary schools, financial institutions, industry, public universities, foundations and government—can engender long- term changes. In fact, without clear articulation of public purpose, and true collaboration among these agents it is likely that the Commonwealth will have sub-optimized its investment and continue to lag the nation in economic growth. Higher education’s clearest expressions of public purpose are ultimately revealed through the curriculum and services these institutions provide, the extent to which those resources dovetail with their immediate communi- ties and the Commonwealth at large and through the educators and students served. Helping to Build and Sustain Kentucky’s Human Infrastructure Kentucky’s independent colleges and universities, caring, service, and capacity building—engaging because of the philosophical framework that guides students, faculty, and staff as partners in helping to their operations, make significant contributions to the build and sustain the Commonwealth’s economic and people and communities of Kentucky. Beyond human infrastructures. teaching and learning, which foster the growth and development of students, Kentucky’s independent Faculty, through their own development and in colleges and universities also share their knowledge, pursuit of academic excellence, make significant skills, and expertise outside the campus boundaries. service and social contributions. On one level their These institutions have worked to build relationships efforts are independent; taken together, they consti- and connections across the Commonwealth and tute a canvas of community services and product around the world. Annually, they serve thousands of innovations. Students, both through curricular and Kentucky residents and businesses through multiple co-curricular activities, participate in internships, and varied economic and human development practical experiences, and as volunteers, often in outreach initiatives. concert with the hundreds of service organizations that operate on Kentucky’s independent colleges and How Services Are Provided universities’ campuses. Staff frequently assume a At the core of these outreach programs and initiatives central coordinating and leadership role linking are the individuals who live, work, and attend classes college resources with the community, sometimes at independent colleges and universities. In all, more through established programs as part of the than 30,000 students, faculty, and staff are part of institution’s mission and sometimes independently as Kentucky’s independent campus communities. local residents. The organization and delivery of community services Breadth and Depth of Community Reach provided by Kentucky’s independent colleges and Kentucky’s independent colleges and universities universities occur through a varied set of arrange- contribute to community quality of life on two ments. In many cases, the community services these important levels, which are discussed below: (1) institutions provide are designed to leverage the Economic Development, which includes business knowledge, expertise, and resources of other local support services and partnerships, and product and public, private, and non-profit providers—enhancing service innovations; and (2) Human Development, and partnering with these organizations, rather than which includes the delivery of public services for acting as the sole agent. In other cases, the institutions operation of and access to institutional facilities may represent the only provider of a critical local (including libraries, auditoriums, sports arenas, need. Regardless of the arrangement in which services museums, galleries, and theaters), public service are provided, at the heart of this delivery is a set of programs and initiatives, and K-12 and life-long civic, ethical, and principled traditions that promote learning programs and partnerships.28
  • 29. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesEconomic Development • The Daycare Center at Alice Lloyd College provides supervision, physical education andBusiness Support Services and Partnerships swimming classes, and craft classes for infants toBeyond the contributions to Kentucky’s economic pre-school age children in the community.base presented in this report, Kentucky’s independent • The Asbury College Department of Business andcolleges and universities have a long tradition of Economics hosts the Annual Business Banquet,working with business and industry and, as such, play which partners students with local area businessa critical role in revitalizing the State’s business and leaders to encourage discussion of commonindustry sector. interests and selected topics.As educational institutions, independent colleges and • Bellarmine University’s flagship technologyuniversities provide the skilled labor force needed by program, the Center for Interdisciplinarybusiness and industry around the state. Recent Technology and Entrepreneurship (CITÉ), isgraduates of the institutions provide a talented and located in Metro Louisville’s business district andknowledgeable pool of entry-level employees. For sponsors Bellarmine’s Master of Arts program incurrently employed workers, the institutions offer Information Technology (MAIT).opportunities for career growth through advancededucation at the graduate and professional levels. • The Entrepreneurship for the Public Good (EPG) program at Berea College seeks to equipKentucky’s independent colleges and universities students of all majors to be agents of change andaward 22 percent of bachelor’s degrees in the Com- to connect them with entrepreneurs working tomonwealth. Independent institutions offer degree realize Appalachia’s economic and social potential.programs in many of the fields critical to the future Through the program, students learn how smallcompetitiveness of business and industry, awarding businesses and non-profit agencies employ respon-approximately 35 percent of economics degrees, 34 sible practices to provide jobs and build healthypercent of biology and biological science degrees, 33 communities.of mathematics degrees, and 23 percent of computerscience degrees conferred in the state. • Through the Owensboro-Daviess County Asset Building Coalition, Brescia University is a site forKentucky’s independent colleges and universities also free “E-file” tax preparation. Dr. Duane Smith,benefit businesses by placing current students as professor of accounting, volunteers as the siteinterns in area businesses; these businesses work as coordinator. Dr. Smith and six volunteers preparepartners with colleges in training a skilled workforce. tax returns annually for households with a desig-As indicated above, many of the alumni of Kentucky’s nated income threshold below $37,000.independent colleges and universities choose to stay inthe state, thereby contributing their expertise to the • Campbellsville University is a participant in thegrowth of industries and businesses in the Common- Campbellsville-Taylor County Industrialwealth; many also return to serve in public sector roles Development Authority (also known as Teamin Appalachia. Taylor County), which serves as the point of contact for development projects that often involveIn addition, through numerous partnerships and the implementation of technology and telecommu-programs that provide vital expertise, information and nications solutions that benefit the area. In Junesupport, Kentucky’s independent colleges and 2004, Team Taylor County, includinguniversities serve as a resource clearinghouse, contrib- Campbellsville University, received a nationaluting in myriad ways to addressing business and economic development award from the U.S.industry needs. Services are offered to all types of Department of Commerce.businesses and industries—from existing corporationsto entrepreneurial efforts, and from businesses that • Centre College partnered with a local coffee shopconcentrate on the local population to those that to create the Hub Coffee House and Café instretch out globally. The initiatives represented here downtown Danville.are illustrative of an integrated approach toward • The Thomas and King Leadership and Confer-systemic economic development in Kentucky: ence Center at Georgetown College is used by 29
  • 30. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report businesses and organizations for meetings, confer- • St. Catharine College is involved with the Spring- ences, training seminars, wedding receptions, and field-Washington County Economic Develop- banquets. During the summer, it serves as the ment Authority (SWEDA) in development of a headquarters for the Cincinnati Bengals training 400-acre industrial park and recruitment and camp. retention efforts. • Kentucky Christian University serves as a leading • Thomas More College’s Biology Field Station Internet Service Provider (ISP) to the citizens of conducts research and testing that supports local Carter County. industries. The research is well known for its advances regarding Kentucky plant life, indigenous • The newly opened Yu Hak Hahn Center for the species, microbiology, immunology, and aquatic Sciences at Kentucky Wesleyan College offers area biology. businesses the use of dedicated laboratory facilities for research and development purposes. • The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program at Transylvania University helps taxpayers • Through a partnership with the Kentucky Com- with an income of less than $30,000 in the munity and Technical College System (KCTCS), preparation of Internal Revenue Service income Lindsey Wilson College educates about 450 tax forms 1040, 1040A, and 1040EZ, as well as students at KCTCS campuses in Ashland, the Kentucky 740 form. Approximately 30 Cumberland, Hazard, London, Maysville and accounting students volunteer their time and Prestonsburg. After graduating from a KCTCS expertise every Wednesday afternoon in February. campus, students may earn both bachelor’s and master’s degrees in counseling and human • Union College launched Knox Partners, Inc. to development from the Lindsey Wilson School of learn what impact a rural private college could have Professional Counseling. The program, which is in building collaborations between colleges, local nationally accredited and considered a model governments, and other non-profit agencies. Its small-college counseling program, helps address a primary project is the Appalachian Rural Wellness critical shortage of mental-health professionals in Initiative consisting of a $12 million center and a Kentucky. major wellness initiative addressing preventable disease. • Midway College is currently engaging with the Bluegrass Alliance for Women as part of the • University of the Cumberlands owns and operates Governor’s Task Force on the Economic Status of the Cumberland Inn, a motel and conference Women to conduct studies into whether and how center that provides space for local business events. laws are applied differently in Kentucky based on race, ethnicity, gender, disability, age, or sexual Product and Service Innovations orientation. Faculty are one of a college’s most valuable resources • The Pikeville Area Innovation Center (PAIC), a and often represent one of the largest parts of an partnership among Pikeville College, the Kentucky institution’s operating budget. Faculty are the key Cabinet for Economic Development and Eastern agents of student learning, in the classroom and Kentucky University, is a business accelerator increasingly through outside interactions as well. The charged with developing Eastern Kentucky’s faculty also maintain principal responsibility for economy through the creation of entrepreneurial defining an institution’s academic standards and for opportunities, application of technology, and designing and evaluating college curricula. At most provision of access to a synchronized statewide colleges, it is the faculty more than any other group support network. PAIC also offers mentoring to who define the campus culture. business professionals. Faculty from across Kentucky’s independent colleges • The Master’s of Fine Arts program at Spalding and universities provide significant community and University has partnerships with Carmichael’s economic contributions through their own indepen- Bookstores, the Pleiades Theater Group, and dent and coordinated efforts, sometimes under the The Spoken Word of Public Radio South. auspices of the institution and sometimes indepen- dently. Faculty knowledge and expertise is an integral30
  • 31. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universitiescomponent to the numerous business support services luncheon series, and speaker programs. Uniqueand the above described programs. In addition, facilities for use by the public include a site forhundreds of faculty from across the institutions environmental research and lodging and dining onannually provide numerous hours consulting with campus for visitors and community service groupsbusinesses, K-12 schools and teachers, and non-profit during the summer and for conferences.organizations. They also contribute to institutionaladvancement through their pursuit of institutionally Public Service Contributionssupported and recognized research, often resulting in Faculty, staff, and students of Kentucky’s independent Many of the collegesproduct and service innovations. colleges volunteer a considerable amount of their time incorporate serviceDuring fiscal 2003, faculty presented numerous and resources to addressing state and local needs. requirements into theirconference papers at local, regional, and national Many of these efforts are aimed specifically at assisting curriculum as a way toconferences, contributing to shared scholarship in underserved persons and communities that would foster a long-termfields as diverse as business, medicine, ethics, environ- otherwise receive little or no attention. ethic of service andmental studies, and politics. In addition, faculty from While it is generally noted that these engagements are volunteerism inKentucky’s independent colleges and universities have often short-term for individual student participants, students.contributed to training for K-12 teachers, lecture their impact is continually felt by the community asseries, gallery and museum exhibits, and the the colleges provide a consistent and reliable source ofproduction of hundreds of concerts and dramatic support. In fact, many of the colleges incorporateperformances. service requirements into their curriculum as a way to foster a long-term ethic of service and volunteerism inHuman Development students. A sampling of outreach programs at theFacilities Contributions colleges includes the following:In large part, the capacity of Kentucky’s independent • Daycare services for infants to pre-school childrencolleges and universities to provide community in the communityservices is made possible and augmented by an • Programs on leadership and personal skills devel-enormous and extraordinary array of facility resources, opment for local and state organizationsincluding a variety of buildings. Significant as this assetis, it only partially reflects the value of resources • Equestrian skills offered to local-area children andavailable to the public. To operate these facilities and community membersrender value to the community requires considerablehuman resources and operational expenditures and, • Research conducted by faculty and students thatmore importantly, the creation of programs purpose- addresses issues indigenous to surroundingfully designed and coordinated to meet local area communitiesneeds. • Service to prominent organizations such as theKentucky’s independent colleges and universities make American Red Cross and Habitat for Humanity, asavailable to the public a number of facilities. Many well as work with local organizations (e.g., schools,resources are offered at no cost or at a cost subsidized food banks, and hospitals)by the institutions. Among the facilities rendered to • Collaborative partnerships with local business andthe public for a nominal fee or in-kind are theaters, civic organizations to develop strategies forathletic centers or athletic facilities, museums and replacing lost jobsgalleries, healthcare clinics, conference centers,technology labs, and television and radio stations. • Technology and telecommunications trainingInstitutions have offered rehearsal space on campus provided to citizens, including customized trainingfor theater groups, studio space for arts and crafts for business and industrygroups, and rooms for civic groups in the community. • World-class speakers, exhibits, and performancesLibraries often provide free access to books, journals, open to the publicgovernment documents, and archives; they alsoprovide public Internet access. Also available to the • Programs for children with physical and develop-public are recreation areas and lecture series, mental disabilities 31
  • 32. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report • Health screenings available to members of the • Participation in mentoring programs, including community D.A.R.E. • Free tax consultation and preparation services • Helping out with K-12 school events as a part of provided to local citizens unable to afford profes- fraternity/sorority community service sional services • Teaching elementary students about business by • Summer workshops and professional development helping them start companies sessions for K-12 teachers • Administering programs, developed by occupa- • Programs designed to raise literacy rates in impov- tional therapists, for at-risk students erished areas • Offering summer workshops and camps for high K-12 Contributions school students In recognition of the fact that granting college access In addition, the institution and faculty also partner to K-12 students in the community will afford them with the K-12 system and teachers to provide services opportunities for mobility, Kentucky’s independent to students and professional development to teachers. colleges and universities understand the need to Projects include: support primary and secondary students in their communities. Recently, programs developed in • Training public school teachers in the sciences partnership between Kentucky’s independent colleges (including environmental science), literacy initia- and the K-12 school system enable college students to tives, and technology use contribute in the following ways: • Organizing conferences and leadership programs, • Tutoring, teaching, and reading to gifted and in which students can focus on issues like eco- talented students, students with special needs, or nomic development, diversity training, and at-risk students community needs • Providing after-school supervision and instruction • Hosting the Gaining Early Awareness and Readi- for students whose parents work ness Program (GEAR UP) and Upward Bound • Taking students with special needs for horse trail • Establishing adopt-a-school programs in local rides as well as teaching them how to care for the community schools horses • Hosting academic competitions like the Science • Coaching and assisting speech and theater groups Olympiad and Mathematics Contest and developing after-school programs in these • Offering art competitions areas • Coordinating college and career fairs • Teaching sessions on such topics as environment studies, history, and literature • Assisting in the development of curricula, includ- ing in the arts and sciences, for K-12 students • Training students with special needs for the Special Olympics32
  • 33. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities Contributions by Participating Colleges and Universities 33
  • 34. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Alice Lloyd College Public Service Contributions vising Knott Central Speech team (grades 7-12) for statewide and national competitions. Four Alice Alice Lloyd College is an active member of the Lloyd College students gifted in art are teaching Hindman/Knott Co. Community Development students at the Caney Elementary School (where Initiative. they have no art teacher). Students serve in various The college operates a clothing exchange where items capacities at the Jones Fork Elementary School, are distributed to homeless shelters, nursing homes, performing such tasks as assisting the principal, hospice centers, and churches to help needy families. helping teachers, assisting with office duties, and setting up and monitoring children in games and Each summer, Alice Lloyd College students provide concessions for festivals. Alice Lloyd College services to the David School, an alternative school for students are also helping the Cordia High School students who have not performed well in public by instructing and working with their choir. schools. Students have provided many services, including grounds-keeping and maintenance of • Providing after-school service for K-5 children facilities; set up of computer programs; mopping and until parents can pick them up. waxing of floors; painting; serving of meals; and • Providing daycare services to infants and pre- planting of trees, shrubs, and flowers. They also school children in the community. Students change helped to clean up after a recent flood. diapers, read stories, and work with the children in The college sends out Christmas gifts to approxi- physical education classes, swimming, and crafts. mately 4,000 children annually—a tradition that has • Working with Mountain Comprehensive Care endured for more than 80 years. undertaking general office duties such as schedul- The Voices of Appalachia choir performs annually at ing appointments and making patient encounters. nursing homes and retirement facilities to entertain Students work with low-income mothers who are and inform people about the college and its programs. pregnant. Alice Lloyd College provides a one-day event on • Performing secretarial and general office duties at campus each year (Appalachia Day), where individuals the Knott County Board of Education. can exhibit Appalachian crafts and demonstrations, • Helping to maintain highway 899 near the campus traditional mountain music, soaps, weaving, Appala- by picking up trash and keeping the area clean and chian books, and much more. This activity is held to neat. help preserve mountain heritage. • Making public service announcements in the Alice Lloyd College students also serve the local community, and providing weather reports, community in the following capacities: ballgame broadcasts, and interviews with commu- • Working with a local organization to assist handi- nity residents through college radio station capped students in the county. WWJD. • Assisting in various ways at six area schools. They • Spending time at a local nursing home, reading, perform such tasks as working with talented and writing letters, or assisting with whatever the gifted students; tutoring and helping children with activities director of the home may have prepared. homework and reading; and coaching and super- Students from three classes are required to spend a minimum of one hour in this service.34
  • 35. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities• Collecting canned goods to distribute to needy A variety of cultural events are free to the commu- families at Thanksgiving and Christmas. nity, including convocation performances and speakers, gallery art exhibits, and theatre depart-Services and Facilities ment productions.Summer lodging is provided each year for hundreds of The college offers free use of the Campbell Artsindividuals who come to the area with church groups Center Auditorium, the Grady Nutt Athletic Center,to do repairs on homes of low-income families. From the Alice Lloyd College Baseball Field, tennis courts,June 1 through August 6, 2004, the college housed the Alice Lloyd College Olympic-sized pool, confer-731 individuals from 12 different service organizations. ence facilities, and the technology center.Facility usage (e.g., pool, game room, bowling alley, Business Support Services and Partnershipsmeeting rooms, and other facilities) is available tocommunity residents, local groups, and athletic Alice Lloyd College is the second largest employer ingroups. From June 1 through August 6, 2004, Knott County, behind the school system.approximately 525 individuals used ALC facilities;another 125 tourists came to the campus and ate in Post-graduate tracking information collected by thethe dining room. Alice Lloyd College Career Services Office and Alumni Office indicates that 80 percent of graduatesLibrary services are provided to the public and help is return to Appalachia to serve. Ninety-eight percent ofavailable to individuals conducting research. all graduates are either employed or in professional or grad school 6 months after graduation.Asbury CollegePublic Service Contributions the Kentucky School for the Deaf, Leadership Jessamine County, the resident staff from the Univer-IMPACT is a student organization committed to the sity of Kentucky, and many on-campus groups.planning of all campus REACH OUT Service Daysand promoting service to the larger community. The Equine Program provides classes for home-Through IMPACT’s sponsorship thousands of service schooled children, the Lexington Communityhours are given to the community each year. College, and a group of special needs students from the Jessamine County School System. Trail rideThe Asbury College Challenge Course is designed to opportunities are available year round with advancedsupport leadership, personal skills development and notice. During the summer months, a horse camp isself-confidence in an alternative setting. Sometimes open to youth ages 9 through 14.referred to as “Experience-Based Training andDevelopment,” a well-designed program can be an In coordination with the Education Department,appropriate vehicle for addressing process issues that Jessamine County high schools established thecan frequently get in the way of group effectiveness Jessamine Connection. This special education organi-and goal accomplishment. Some of the group and zation integrates those students with special needspersonal skills that may be addressed are team build- into the college atmosphere. Students participate ining, problem-solving, communication skills, conflict classes and chapel and eat lunch in the cafeteria. Theymanagement, decision-making and assessing and also have the opportunity to work side by side withmanaging risk. Organizations that have utilized the Asbury students at the equestrian farm, learning toAsbury College Challenge Course include the ride and groom horses.Lexington Police Academy, Transylvania University, continued 35
  • 36. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Asbury offers a number of cultural events and perfor- aerobics, gymnastics, soccer and tennis camps, and mances to the public including: weight watchers. • Faculty and student recitals and art shows Business Support Services and Partnerships • Asbury College/Lexington Community Orchestra The Asbury College Department of Business and concert Economics hosts the Annual Business Banquet, which partners students with local area business leaders to • Christians in the Visual Arts (CIVA) encourage discussion of common interests and • American Christian Schools International (ASCI) selected topics. Art Festival for high school students Additional support is provided to the local business Additional community service activities include the community through the following efforts: following: • Providing interns to local organizations • Serving meals to homeless persons • Hosting an annual day-long workshop on small • Visiting children in Shriners Hospitals business administration • Hosting area-wide prom for special needs persons • Offering professional development seminars for the community Services and Facilities • Coordinating campus recruitment activities Community classes are offered through the Luce Physical Activities Center. They include swim lessons, Bellarmine University Public Service Contributions Bellarmine University communicates its commitment McMullin; and theologians Karl Rahner and Hans to intellectual culture and lifelong learning through King. Bellarmine also sponsors annually two major the major addresses, seminars, workshops, and other forums, the Guarnaschelli Lecture Series and the forums it sponsors. Members of the campus commu- Wilson W. and Anne D. Wyatt Sr. Lecture Series. The nity and the general public have benefited from the Guarnaschelli Lecture is designed to bring to the wisdom of distinguished artists, scientists, philoso- Louisville community noteworthy and influential phers, historians, educators, theologians, humanitar- leaders from the arts and humanities. Former ians, and political and religious leaders. Over the years, Guarnaschelli presenters include Wendell Berry, the roster of luminaries has included Mother Theresa; Gwendolyn Brooks, Ken Burns, Seamus Heaney, President John F. Kennedy; sculptor Peter Wyatt; Norman Mailer, Joyce Carol Oates, Peter cardinals Joseph Ritter and Johannes Willebrands; Matthiessen, George McGovern, Richard Rodriguez, social activists Dorothy Day, John Dear, John J. Egan, William L. Shirer, Leslie Marmon Silko, William and Mary Lake Tobin; award-winning authors Styron, Harold Wilson, Jean Bethke Elshtain, and Czeslaw Misosz, James Dickey, James Laughlin, and ballet dancers Wendy Whalen and Nilas Martins. Barbara Kingsolver; composer Philip Glass; econo- Wyatt lecturers have included Sir Edward Heath, mists William Herbert, Walter Williams and Jeffrey David Gergen, David Broder, Arthur Schlesinger, and Brennan; philosophers Henry Veatch, Frederick James MacGregor Burns. Miller, Robert Henle, Huston Smith, and Ernan36
  • 37. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities• Major lectures included the 2004-2005 Wyatt Over the years, Bellarmine faculty members have Lecture with speaker Seymour Hersh, which conducted research on campus that has literally saved attracted more than 1,000 people. The 2004-2005 lives. Professors are involved in projects that range Guarnaschelli lecture with author Isabel Allende from making the artificial heart accepted by the attracted more than 600 people. human body to improving automobile safety to identifying specialty demographics for business.• Scores of other lectures are offered free through- out the year. Last year, for example, there was a Volunteer activities help not only our local community Criminal Justice Lecture Series, a theology lecture but the state and global communities as well. Last (Ursula King), and several Thomas Merton Studies year, more than 25,304 hours of service were com- Center-related lectures. pleted by Bellarmine students, faculty and staff. Using the independent sector’s time value calculations, thoseAt the Center for Ethics and Social Justice, events volunteer hours are the equivalent of $430,927.12have included the following: worth of donated money to service.• “Green Lights and Red Flags: Rules of the Road Bellarmine groups travel each year to work in Appala- for Truth in Advertising” conference at chia and Guatemala to help people with living Bellarmine, in conjunction with the Federal Trade conditions in those areas. In fact, a rural school in Commission and local Better Business Bureau. Guatemala is named in Bellarmine’s honor for the Over 100 Louisville-area businesspersons partici- work our students and faculty have done in that area, pated, and Bellarmine students attended at no and later this year, a clinic will also be dedicated in cost. Bellarmine University’s name.• Third Annual Bellarmine “Ethics Bowl” competi- Bellarmine is one of three campuses in Kentucky that tion. The “Ethics Bowl” is a team competition, hosts the Kentucky Governor’s Scholars Program, consisting of 3-5 students, in which teams argue which provides an intensive summer residential resolutions to case studies of moral dilemmas from experience for academically-gifted high school juniors. professional fields (e.g., business, public policy, healthcare). Services and Facilities• A visit by Catholic social justice activist Rev. Daniel The Thomas Merton Center of the W.L. Lyons Berrigan, S.J. Brown Library houses the world’s largest and most important archival collection of materials by and about• Participation in the Cathedral Heritage Founda- Thomas Merton, as well as Bellarmine University’s tion “Festival of Faiths.” archives. The center is named after Thomas Merton,The Ethics and Social Justice Center also brought a whose personal works and papers comprise the primarynumber of excellent guest speakers to campus, special collection in the center and attract internationaldelivering public addresses and visiting classes to speak scholars and visitors to the Bellarmine campus.on relevant topics: The Bellarmine University W. L. Lyons Brown• Al Gina (Loyola Chicago) on “My Job, My Self” Library houses over 156,000 holdings. In the course (about work, values and self-identity) in conjunc- of one year, over 18,823 books and reserve items, tion with the Brown’s Scholars program and a including renewals, are circulated. Our Interlibrary course entitled, “The Value of Work.” He also Loan librarian loaned 688 books and periodical delivered a public lecture on “The Importance of articles and borrowed 445 similar items for both Being Lazy,” concerning over-work and the need students and faculty. for “Sabbath” in one’s life. The McGrath Art Gallery, which organizes 6 to 8• William Reger (Cato Institute) was at Bellarmine shows per year, is open to the public. for two days, speaking to students and faculty on The Bellarmine Accounting program offers free tax “International Relations,” and conservative public help to the elderly and indigent. policy. In cooperation with the Alumni Office, the Office of• Michael Sucker (Notre Dame, Liberty Fund) was Minority Affairs created the Bellarmine University at Bellarmine for two days. He spoke to faculty and African American Alumni Association. It served as the students about the Patriot Act, and delivered a liaison to the Louisville Urban League, Lincoln provocative public lecture on “The Gettysburg continued Address and 9/11.” 37
  • 38. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Foundation, Clarksdale Community Advisory Coun- • The Veritas Society cil, Chestnut Street Black Achievers Program, Clarksdale Community Advisory Council, St. Jude • Louisville Youth Training and Fitness Center Foundation, West Louisville Boys Choir, Kentucky • Local health fairs (Belknap Festival) and commu- State Board of Education, Louisville Collegiate School nity events and the Office of Multicultural Ministries, Archdio- cese of Louisville. The Office of Minority Affairs • The Heuser Clinic. Mayor Abramson’s Healthy partnered in hosting students on campus for the Community Campaign “Tap into Fitness” ben- Whitney M. Young Scholars Program and college efited 250 children at 3 schools. bound efforts. Over 100 middle school and high • Special Olympics of Kentucky at EKU. Care was school students came to campus for financial aid and given to 150 children. academic information sessions. • Local elementary and middles schools. Scoliosis Bellarmine’s athletics facilities are available to the screenings were undertaken for approximately 500 public: children. • “Bellarmine” track, listed in Louisville Magazine’s • Local soccer tournaments and shopping malls. “best places to run” Backpack screenings were offered. • SuRF fitness center • Salvation Army of Louisville. Bellarmine students • Golf course (available for charitable outings) supervised exercise and wellness programming. The only sport that charges admission to games is Business Support Services and Partnerships basketball, so there are dozens of softball, soccer, Bellarmine’s flagship technology program, the Center baseball, lacrosse, tennis, cross country, and field for Interdisciplinary Technology and Entrepreneur- hockey games that are offered free of charge. In ship, uses the acronym CITÉ. This acronym, also the addition, Bellarmine offers hundreds of free basketball French word for “city,” connotes the international tickets to organizations such as Big Brothers/Big outreach and connection of the University and its Sisters over the course of the year. programs, as well as its strategic and competitive In 2003-2004, physical therapy students (under direct location in the midst of Metro Louisville’s business faculty supervision) performed over 280 patient district in the bCatalyst building. CITÉ sponsors treatments in the Service Learning Clinic to members Bellarmine’s Master of Arts program in Information of the Bellarmine and local community. Conservative Technology (MAIT). estimates of reimbursement for PT services is $100 The Small Business Development Center (formerly per visit resulting in $28,000 in donated services. the Bellarmine SBDC) helped launch many successful Physical therapy students and faculty provided free business ventures. fitness and wellness screening. In 2003-2004, Bellarmine University physical therapy students Post-graduation tracking information collected from provided nearly 35,000 hours of direct patient care 75 percent of our May 2004 graduates indicates that during clinical education training in Kentucky, the 80 percent of our graduates sought jobs and 20 region and nationally. This training benefited a variety percent entered graduate school. A Career Center of groups at Kentucky healthcare facilities, including feedback survey indicated that Bellarmine students the following: participated in 361 internships, 182 of which were paid experiences. • Bellarmine’s athletic facilities. Care was offered to members of the Bellarmine athletic teams.38
  • 39. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesBerea CollegePublic Service ContributionsThrough partnerships that Berea College has estab- The College’s Ecovillage is an intentional communitylished with more than 40 local and regional organiza- whose members try to live a high quality lifestyle in ations, about half of our 1,500 students work and serve manner that does not degrade the such community agencies as the American Red Included in the Ecovillage are 50 apartments forCross, Berea Food Bank, Habitat for Humanity, Berea married and single parents with children; a state-of-Hospital, and the New Opportunity School for the-art child care center for 120 children; a commonsWomen, providing student labor worth more than house for community meetings, meals and study; and$150,000 per year. Kentucky’s first living machine that will treat sewage and greywater with natural rather than chemicalEach year, Berea spends more than $4 million on processes. The village has increasingly become aprograms that serve the region, including the Berea destination for students of the environment.Community School ($123,000), student communityservice ($393,000), Appalachian Fund ($396,000), Students for Appalachia is a community serviceUpward Bound ($700,000), Educational Talent program at Berea College with over 30 labor posi-Search Program ($315,000), Brushy Fork Institute tions, 150 regular volunteers, and over 100 volunteers($240,000), continuing education/conferences for specific seasonal events. Under Berea College the($70,000) and a six-county Gear Up program ($2.8 focus has been Madison County and Berea, where themillion a year). program is located.Berea College has a long tradition of being a good Berea College’s Center for Excellence in Learningpartner with the community of Berea. In its early days, Through Service (CELTS) provides a network ofthe college was responsible for many civic improve- support and resources as well as a common meetingments, including bringing the railroad to Berea, place for students, faculty, staff and communityestablishing phone service for the town, operating the partners involved with Berea’s service-related activi-local newspaper, providing water and electricity to the ties. The opportunities for service, outreach, andentire town, and providing oversight for the Berea service-learning facilitated by CELTS take place in thecommunity for nearly 40 years until the city was immediate Berea/Madison County community and inincorporated in 1890. the larger Appalachian region. Examples of service sites include Berea Health Care Center (nursing home),Berea’s reputation as a tourist destination originates Shriner’s Children’s Hospital, Spousal Abuse Center (awith the college, which established and continues to safe house located south of Berea), Oakwood Trainingnurture the community’s activities in arts and crafts. Center, Pentecostal Children’s Home, the MethodistDesignated as the Folk Arts and Crafts Capitol of Children’s Home, Eastern State Hospital (mentalKentucky by the state legislature, the City of Berea facility) and the Rockcastle Respiratory Center. Theand Berea College have long been known for produc- Bonner Program offers 60 student scholarships foring a wide range of craft items that are known service to the Berea community.internationally for their high quality. Services and FacilitiesBerea College attracts visitors who come to thecollege to participate in Elderhostels, to stay at the Berea College provides free access to the HutchinsCollege’s historic Boone Tavern Hotel, or to visit Library (nearly 1,000 community members are activeEcovillage and learn about Berea College’s accom- library patrons), free concerts and convocationsplishments in environmental sustainability. continued 39
  • 40. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report (internationally known speakers, musicians, and other Product and Service Innovations performances), and free use of playing fields, tennis courts, and other recreational areas. Berea College has been issued a patent for a hazardous materials and waste reduction management software The College features art galleries, Appalachian exhibits, program system known as ChemMIST. It is described special seminars and colloquia free and open to the as a user-controlled chemical system for small, public. Meals are often provided at these events. medium and large-sized organizations for use with a computer. The chemical inventory management Berea College funds an annual series of Convocations system includes a chemical inventory control system Programs with expenditures in excess of $50,000. The allowing a user to manage chemicals from a central convocations, which are open to the public as well as station, as well as the plurality of combined receiving the campus community, include a wide array of and outpost stations, to allow for the tracking of nationally recognized educational and cultural individual chemical containers throughout its life. In performers, speakers, and entertainers. addition, an environmental, health and safety informa- Business Support Services and Partnerships tion system as contained in the chemical management system allows the user to create customized chemical The Entrepreneurship for the Public Good (EPG) storage groups that are color-coded for a particular program seeks to equip students of all majors to be area. Also included is a safety equipment management agents of change and to connect them with entrepre- system to allow accurate records to be kept of all safety neurs working to realize Appalachia’s economic and equipment. Finally, an international chemical compat- social potential. Through the program, students learn ibility system is included with a compliance/education how small businesses and non-profit agencies employ design to create compliance/education files for any responsible practices to provide jobs and build healthy country in the world. communities. Berea College owns the College Bookstore, Boone Tavern Hotel, and College Crafts. Brescia University Public Service Contributions Brescia University’s faculty and staff volunteer their Faculty frequently share their research efforts in social services and knowledge to the people of Owensboro, work and aging with special interest groups, in Kentucky, in roles ranging from leader to laborer. educational classrooms, and with professional col- Selected organizations in which services have been leagues in a way that enhances community life. Papers provided include: Leadership Owensboro; Owensboro and presentations before professional and community Riverport Authority; Community Health Partners & conferences include: Public Life Foundation; Owensboro Public Art • Memory and Aging: Keeping Mentally Fit Commission; the Boy Scouts; Targeted Assessment Project Advisory Board, for women transitioning from • Living with Alzheimer’s Disease welfare to work; Drug Awareness and Prevention, Daviess County; Habitat for Humanity; Owensboro • Actions and Reactions of Alzheimer’s Patients Medical Health Systems Ethics Board; Community • Risk Factors and Preventative Measures in Health Partners & Public Life Foundation; and Alzheimer’s Disease Daviess County Library Board.40
  • 41. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesBrescia supports local school systems and educators in award recognizes the significant improvements to thea variety of ways. Faculty serve as mentors to local campus under President Sr. Vivian Bowles. During hereducators preparing for the Special Education Praxis tenure, Brescia has obtained support to close aII exam; provide expertise and leadership in special portion of 7th Street, added an academic mall that iseducation mediation; mentor first-year teachers in the landscaped with indigenous Kentucky flora andKentucky Teacher Internship Program; volunteer as stained the university’s buildings to provide a cohesiveguest speakers and serve as consultants for local color scheme.schools; and even provide pro bono instruction toinmates at the Green River Correctional Institute. The Brescia University Institute for Leadership Development and Service (BUILDS) sponsoredBrescia faculty have taken leadership roles addressing Owensboro’s first community “Candidates Forum onissues of cultural diversity and Hispanic issues in Leadership” during the 2004 mayoral race. Candi-Owensboro. Activities include serving as interpreters dates for mayor spoke to students, faculty andfor the City Hall Forum for Hispanics and for the community members about the leadership experiencesLatino Health and Safety Festival; serving on a local that qualified them to be mayor.committee examining economic issues impactingOwensboro’s growing Hispanic population; and Brescia hosted the Western Kentucky Catholic Forumparticipating on the Advisory Council for Migrant/ on Human Cloning and Embryonic Stem CellImmigrant Shelter and Support (MISAS) and the Research, an information session designed for com-MISAS-Housing Building Project for Hispanics. munity members seeking information about the Catholic Church’s position on reproductive technolo-Services and Facilities gies like stem-cell research and cloning. A panel of scientific scholars and church leaders led a discussionThe Father Leonard Alvey Library, which includes about the scientific, religious, and political implica-over 225,000 volumes, a comprehensive selection of tions of this issue.journals, and 15 electronic databases, is open to thepublic. Computers are available for research, as well as Business Support Services and Partnershipsan extensive interlibrary loan service. Through the Owensboro-Daviess County AssetBrescia University is a proud sponsor of the Class of Building Coalition, Brescia University is a site for free2015, an Adopt-a-School effort at Foust Elementary “E-file” tax preparation. Dr. Duane Smith, professorSchool in Owensboro, Kentucky. of accounting, volunteers as the site coordinator. Dr. Smith and six volunteers prepare tax returns annuallyBrescia received the Owensboro PRIDE award for its for households with a designated income thresholdcontributions towards community beautification. This below $37,000.Campbellsville UniversityPublic Service ContributionsKentucky Heartland Outreach, an affiliate ministry of nity host churches and organizations. KentuckyCampbellsville University, has engaged volunteers in Heartland Outreach also is providing new construc-the repair of 225 homes of lower income citizens in tion services for lower income families inthe state’s heartland region. Campbellsville University Campbellsville-Taylor County, including coordinationstudents are involved in these projects along with of work for the local Habitat for Humanity chapter.volunteer work groups from states and local commu- continued 41
  • 42. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Campbellsville University provided innovative ment, economic development, law enforcement, scheduling and programming for displaced workers in diversity training, and community needs. Approxi- a multi-county region over the past five years. This mately 30 students per year are served by this pro- group included approximately 350 Fruit of the Loom gram. and Batesville Casket workers as well approximately 75 workers in Clinton County who were displaced with Campbellsville University and Greater Campbellsville the closure of textile plants in that community and in United sponsored a 2003 golf camp for minority and Pickett County, Tennessee. lower income middle school age students. Some 20 young people were served. Campbellsville University has facilitated the founding of Greater Campbellsville United (GCU). GCU is a Campbellsville University annually hosts “Campus and non-profit group working to enhance race relations, Community Dialogue on Race,” which involves ethnic reconciliation, and economic empowerment several groups on campus and the community who among the growing diverse population of the campus come together during this period to discuss issues of and local region. Activities of the group include a race, diversity, and culture, to help participants learn minority business enterprise program, community more about each other and to overcome barriers that cultural diversity festival, advocacy for equal opportu- tend to separate people. nity, outreach to the growing Hispanic population, Campbellsville University hosts GEAR UP, Gaining interaction with business and industry in equal Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate employment opportunity issues, and proactive Programs. The program is designed to encourage approaches to economic empowerment. upcoming high school seniors to study, stay in school Campbellsville University’s Kentucky Heartland and take direct courses for college. Institute on Public Policy has become a venue for Service and Facilities visits to the campus and larger community by key elected officials (including state and federal) and Campbellsville University cosponsors the local highly respected speakers commenting on a host of Cornerstone Counseling Agency, which provides public policy issues; coordination of a statewide professional faith-based counseling services to com- consultation on marriage and family public policy munity residents. Scholarship assistance is given to issues; hosting of regional economic development clients in financial need. summits and the gubernatorial candidate forum; and Campbellsville University’s Carver School of Social annual roundtable on faith-based perspectives on Work and Office of Counseling and Career Services select public policy issues. co-sponsor an annual free screening for depression Campbellsville University is engaged in a number of during the National Screening for Depression Day. community service and in-school efforts. Campbellsville University’s School of Business and Campbellsville football players have participated in Economics and Office of Counseling and Career reading programs in local school districts. Various Services sponsor an annual Job Fair for area businesses college athletic teams participate in community service and industries to meet with prospective employees projects including the Kentucky Heartland Outreach who are students. Other area college students, program. Campbellsville education majors serve as in- including those at Lindsey Wilson College and Saint school and after-school tutors and work at the city’s Catharine College, are invited to attend the job fair. after-school program designed to reach at-risk Several hundred people attend individually. children and youth. Campbellsville’s Christian Women’s Job Corp program provides mentors to Campbellsville University’s fine arts division sponsors single mothers who are seeking to pursue an educa- a number of art exhibits annually during the academic tion and economic opportunity. Student groups join year. Several hundred people attend. with Kentucky Heartland Outreach several times per The School of Music provides a very heavy schedule semester to do community service projects in a multi- of concerts during the year. Several thousand people county region. attend these concerts, which feature special guest Campbellsville University hosts a leadership program artists along with Campbellsville faculty and students. for outstanding middle school students from three The University’s theater department offers four major local school districts. These students meet throughout performances during the year that include University the school year on the campus and are introduced to a students, faculty and staff along with local theatrical number of programs and issues, including govern-42
  • 43. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universitiesgroups. Each play is presented to several hundred replaced and exceeded. The role of Campbellsvilleelementary school students during the day, with University has been highlighted in local, state,approximately 1,000 adult guests per play attending national, and denominational publications and media.during the evenings. Most recently, the publication of the International Economic Development Council included the story ofCampbellsville University’s Clay Hill Memorial Forest the University’s role and the remarkable recoveryserves as a 150-acre site for environmental research, story.hosts visits by approximately 2,000 public schoolstudents a year, environmental studies institute during In June 2004, Team Taylor County, includingthe summer for public school teachers, and study of Campbellsville University, received a national eco-best practices for the timber industry. nomic development award from the U.S. Department of Commerce. Campbellsville University participatedCampbellsville University is participating in a consor- with Team Taylor County, City of Campbellsville, andtium coordinated by Morehead State University, The Taylor County in the appointment of a Telecommuni-Center for Rural Development, and Southeast cations Task Force three years ago. The Task ForceCommunity College in which weather stations and produced a report on the technology and telecommu-GPS/GIS technology are installed on each campus nications needs of the community and region. As asite. This partnership will produce “real-time” weather direct result of the report, Campbellsville-Taylorand related data that will be available via computer County has gone from having no high-speed internetworldwide. This partnership is being used as a model access two years ago to having four providers ofto test the feasibility of a statewide system of compa- various types of high-speed service in 2004. Therable nature. service is available in most areas of the county as wellThe University’s Technology Training Center and as in the city.Greater Campbellsville United provided computers The University’s Office of Church and Externaland technology training to approximately 250 Relations has been directly engaged in the formationqualifying community residents during the summers and leadership of Team Taylor County. The office alsoof 2003 and 2004. serves as the primary contact for the University andCampbellsville University provides a low-power TV community with officials in Frankfort, Washington,station on Channel 4 for on air programs, including D.C., and other points of contact related to economiclive as well as tape delay broadcasts of Sunday Worship and community development. The office is a point ofServices from local churches and other university and coordination on local and area project developmentcommunity programs. Programs that are telecast over on a host of issues and projects, including efforts toChannel 4 are seen by subscribers of the Comcast build a new technology and commerce park, theCable Company’s Channel 10 in Campbellsville and highway 210 renovation project, ongoing efforts toTaylor County. The Comcast Cable Company construct the Heartland Parkway (a four-lane highwayprovides the University with Channel 22, as a Univer- that would serve three of Kentucky’s independentsity and Community Channel to be used for continu- colleges), consultation with local governments in theous announcements. area, heritage tourism development, the Heartland Regional Entrepreneurial Consortium, cooperativeCampbellsville University’s TV station serves as an ministries with several community faith-based groups,outlet for local church, business and community racial reconciliation and economic empowerment,information. Kentucky Heartland Outreach, and the KentuckyBusiness Support Services and Partnerships Heartland Institute on Public Policy.Campbellsville University has been a key participant in Campbellsville University’s Technology Training“The Campbellsville Comeback.” Campbellsville Center has provided cutting-edge technology andUniversity has been involved in the founding and telecommunication training to more than 4,000establishment of the Campbellsville-Taylor County citizens of the heartland region over the past threeIndustrial Development Authority (also known as years. Grant-writing assistance is also available. TheTeam Taylor County), chaired by a Campbellsville Center also provides customized training for businessvice president. Team Taylor County and and industry, coordinates the work of a three-countyCampbellsville have received national recognition for industrial consortium, and offers excellent meetingthe economic recovery over a five-year period in space for a number of community organizations aswhich the nearly 4,000 jobs that were lost have been well as the community-at-large. continued 43
  • 44. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report The Campbellsville School of Business and Economics leaders. Various constituent boards and committees of provides a weekend trimester master’s of business the University are designed to include representatives administration degree program that is designed to of the political, civic, and economic sectors of the meet the needs of area business and industry. A community and region. Campbellsville University is “Friends of the School of Business and Economics” certainly recognized as one of the community and committee provides advice and input to the Dean of region’s premier institutions and a source of innova- the school in designing programs of interest. The tion and leadership. school also is providing outreach and consultation to the work of Team Taylor County and the Technology In 2003, Campbellsville University secured the Training Center. services of Younger and Associates of Jackson, Tennessee to perform an economic impact study on The President’s Office, Office of Church and External the institution’s direct impact on the local and area Relations, and Office of Development work closely economy. The study revealed that Campbellsville has a with community organizations and leaders in building total economic impact of around $80 million annually very close “town-gown” relations. Regular meetings and is responsible for the creation of more than 1,000 are held with local community political and civic jobs in the local economy. Centre College Public Service Contributions effort to convert the old Federal Building into a Two Centre College alumni, one of whom works at community arts center. the College, founded Danville’s nationally recognized Centre faculty and staff serve on the boards of Main Street Program, The Heart of Danville. organizations including The Heart of Danville, the A Centre faculty member served for many years as Community Development Council, the Chamber of president of the Perryville Battlefield Preservation Commerce, the United Way, the Pioneer Playhouse, Association, which is recognized as one of the nation’s the Boyle County Industrial Foundation, the local leading Civil War battlefield preservation organiza- chapter of the American Red Cross, the Danville- tions. Alumni continue to be prominent in running Boyle County Humane Society, and on the boards of Perryville Battlefield. Students use it as a resource for deacons or elders of many local religious congregations. archeological study and other study, as well as service The College partnered with members of the commu- locale for volunteer work. nity to create “The Hub Coffee House and Cafe,” a As chairman of the Community Development joint venture in which the College relocated its Council, a Centre staff member led the drive to bookstore to the downtown district of Danville in convince the U.S. Postal Service to build its new post order to partner with a local coffee shop. office in downtown Danville, rather than on the C.A.R.E. (Centre Action Reaches Everyone) is Centre bypass, maintaining this facility’s important role in College’s umbrella volunteer service organization. preserving a vibrant downtown. The student group serves as a liaison between Centre faculty and staff founded and continue to be Centre’s campus and the Danville/Boyle County area active in the local community theatre, which is named by providing an extensive variety of opportunities for for a Centre College professor. giving for Centre students, faculty, and staff. The following events were sponsored by the Office of A retired Centre faculty member spearheaded the Community Service in coordination with the student44
  • 45. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universitiesgroup Centre Action Reaches Everyone (CARE) were raised through projects that were undertaken forduring the 2003-2004 school year: Freshman Service the Housing Authority, the Salvation Army, St. JudePlunge, Fall LIFT (semester-long enrichment pro- Children’s Research Hospital, the Humane Society,gram for area children), Blood Drive, CARE Trick-or- Bowl for Kids’ Sake, and many other organizations.Treat, Centre Favors Silent Auction, Angel TreeProject, Nursing Home Gift Collection, Salvation Centre College is one of three campuses in KentuckyArmy Bell-ringing, Spring Lift, Read Across America that hosts the Kentucky Governor’s Scholars Program,Day, Bowl for Kids’ Sake, CARE Spring Service which provides an intensive summer residentialPlunge, Home Repair Affair, and Clark’s Run Refor- experience for academically-gifted high school juniors.estation Project. Services and FacilitiesThe Bonner Leaders Group, a cohort of 15 students Centre College’s Norton Center for the Arts serves asspecially selected for their commitment to service and a cultural center for the region and offers world classleadership, performed service at the following agencies performances and art exhibits that are free to theduring the 2003-2004 school year: Woodlawn Danville community. About 40,000 to 50,000Children’s Campus, Comp Care After School Pro- community members attended a featured exhibit ongram, Danville Adult Education and Literacy Center, the Holocaust.Big Brothers Big Sisters, Humane Society, Rape CrisisCenter, Recycling Center, Salvation Army, and the Many prominent speakers have come to campus,Alternative School (Bruce Hall Day Treatment). In including Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Elie Wiesel,addition, in conjunction with the Office of Religious Pulitzer Prize Winner Diane McWhorter, SupremeLife and the Office of Community Service, the Court Justice Sandra Day O’Connor, Journalist BobBonner Leaders Program sponsored Poverty and Edwards, Naomi Tutu, novelist Barbara Kingsolver,Homelessness Week. and others.Through a series of events and a letter-writing Most athletic events are free.campaign led by the student group Up ‘Til Dawn, the Library is open to the public for free use on site of allcampus raised nearly $15,000 for St. Jude Children’s materials. A library card is available for a one-time feeResearch Hospital. of $10.00.Centre College’s Greek community provided 5,841service hours to local and regional organizations in2003 and 2004. Approximately $34,000 of total fundsGeorgetown CollegePublic Service Contributions Scott County High School, assistance with set-Georgetown College supports Kentucky’s horse building.economy through volunteer work with the Kentucky Workshops are provided for the Kentucky TheatreEquine Education Project’s (KEEP) booth at various Association. The college also provides help with theevents such as tennis tournaments and fairs. Faculty audition/selection process for the Scott County Boardmembers provide consultation to KEEP and incorporate of Education Drama, Gifted and Talented Program.KEEP’s themes and philosophies into college events. The college serves on the Kentucky Department ofFaculty members serve as mentors to gifted children Education Arts Advisory the local area. Quest Farm, a working farm home for people withThe college assists local schools with drama produc- developmental disabilities, was established and directedtions by providing props, costumes, scenery, and, at continued 45
  • 46. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report for more than 20 years by two Georgetown College antebellum Greek Revival mansion and grounds. This alumni. Service has been provided through member- historic landmark serves as an educational center for ship to the board, fund raising, and students volunteer- Kentucky’s agricultural and manufacturing past. ing and donating/delivering meals from campus. The Underground Railroad Research Institute Through the Phi Beta Lambda Partnership with the explores and documents the historical, social, political, Business program, students have worked with elemen- and economic contributions of African Americans, tary school students teaching them about business by women, and antislavery Europeans in America. starting cookie companies. Services and Facilities Georgetown College athletes have participated in the “Love to Read” program traveling to elementary Georgetown College offers faculty service and schools in Fayette and Scott counties to read to leadership in the Kentucky Educational Speech and children. They have also served as role models and Drama Association (KESDA) and provides space and speakers through D.A.R.E. equipment for KESDA’s use. In addition, Georgetown College provides the Community Georgetown sororities and fraternities have an Theatre with the use of our facilities, equipment, and invaluable relationship with Garth Elementary. Over costumes. the past two years they have volunteered their time assisting Garth with their carnival. Additionally, they Georgetown College brings world-class talent to have helped with the school’s open house. campus through the Foust Artist Series. This series provides cultural enrichment of the college, commu- Georgetown College’s “Leadership for Change” class nity, and friends of the arts in the surrounding area. that is offered each spring combines service learning projects with theory. Over the past four years there Every semester free concerts are offered by campus have been eight groups each spring semester involved performance groups. The Handbell and Chapel Brass in doing a needs assessment for an agency (such as the concerts, as well as our Faculty Music recitals and Salvation Army, Cardinal Hill Hospital, and a Recital Hours, are free to the public. It is not unusual children’s abuse center in Lexington) and then to have hundreds of parents and members of the working with that agency to help meet goals. public in attendance at some of our primary ensemble performances. Georgetown College’s Greek community contributes to the greater community and world as a whole Georgetown College Theatre strives to present quality providing numerous hours of community service and entertainment to the central Kentucky area. The raising money for their philanthropies. The fraternity Georgetown College Maskrafter theatre group is the and sorority philanthropies include: The Hole in the oldest collegiate theatre company in Kentucky and Wall Gang Camps in Florida, Children’s Miracle offers traditional theatre, an emphasis on creating Network, University of Kentucky Children’s Hospital, original work and new initiatives in digital motion Maine Sea Coast Mission, Alzheimer’s Association, picture art. North American Food Drive/Salvation Army, Faculty are heavily involved in the Kentucky Hu- CheckPoint Readiness Center, Prevent Child Abuse manities Council through the performances of America, Muscular Dystrophy Association, Animal historical characters Adolph Rupp and Henry Clay. Shelter, Girl Scouts, and Relay for Life. A fraternity’s These shows take place in Kentucky and surrounding annual food drive each year helps stock the shelves of states. Faculty members also assist the Kentucky the AMEN House that provides emergency food, Humanities Council with writing teacher guides for shelter and transportation to transients and Scott historical characters. County residents in need. The Anne Wright Wilson Fine Arts Building features The President and Chief Financial Officer of one of the largest galleries in Central Kentucky, Georgetown College serve on the board of the Center enabling the college to host world-class exhibits. Solo for Quality People and Organizations, Inc., a non- and group exhibitions are on view to the public, free profit organization formed through the joint efforts of of charge, featuring the work of regional, national, the Scott County School System and Toyota Motor and international artists, in addition to offering space Manufacturing. for art faculty and student exhibits. The College secured funding through a grant to For the past two years Georgetown College has hosted restore Ward Hall, which is Kentucky’s premier the Kentucky Heritage Quilt Society’s annual quilt show.46
  • 47. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesMembers of the Art Department have worked as meetings, conferences, training seminars, weddingcollaborators for the KET Visual Arts Toolkits which receptions, and banquets. During the summer, itprovides multimedia resources designed to help K-12 serves as the headquarters for the Cincinnati Bengalsstudents learn about and enjoy the arts. training camp.Business Support Services and PartnershipsThe Thomas and King Leadership and ConferenceCenter is used by businesses and organizations forKentucky Christian UniversityPublic service contributions is pleased to offer this desperately needed service toKentucky Christian University is the third largest our surrounding region.employer in Carter County, a traditionally economi- The physical facilities and property of the Universitycally depressed county in eastern Kentucky. are used extensively by members of the community. AsStudents are required to participate in six .5-hour an example, the Grayson Youth Soccer League usescredit service programs that directly impact the lives of campus grounds and facilities rent free to operate theirpeople in our community and region. 250 player leagues throughout the year.The School of Education coordinates a grant-funded Business Support Services and Partnershipsprogram to conduct technology training for local Kentucky Christian University serves as a leadingteachers. Internet Service Provider (ISP) to the citizens ofThe School of Nursing conducts a series of health Carter County.screenings that are available to members of the The University provides technology and leadershipcommunity. training to businesses and non-profit organizationsServices and Facilities located throughout the Northeastern Kentucky region.A variety of art exhibits, musical performances, plays,and other cultural events are offered to the commu-nity every year.Carter County is one of only two counties in the stateof Kentucky having no public library, so the UniversityKentucky Wesleyan CollegePublic service contributionsStudents provided approximately 10,000 community Alzheimer’s Foundation, Boulware Mission Center,service hours to local organizations, events, and Owensboro Area Museum, YMCA, Sutton Elemen-charities during the 2003-04 school year. The organi- tary School, Girls Incorporated, and Colours Overzations benefiting from the students’ services included Owensboro. continuedCravens Elementary School, American Red Cross, 47
  • 48. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Faculty and Staff provided over 1,300 community nity and region to speak on a variety of economic and service hours to local organizations, events, and cultural topics. In addition, the College offers several charities during the 2003-04 school year. Some of the annual lecture series, all of which are free and open to organizations benefiting from their services were the public. OASIS Board, Owensboro Symphony Orchestra, Chinese Film Festival, Third Baptist Church, UMC, The Library Learning Center is a selective Federal Pitino Shelter, Daviess County Schools, Boulware depository library, which means that it is one of only Mission, Noon Optimist Club, United Way Alloca- two locations in western Kentucky to receive and tions Committee, Special Olympics, OCC Food house government documents. In addition, the library Group Ministry, Public Library Foundation, City of also offers inter-library loans to other libraries in the Lewisport, and the Farm Museum. area, and offers access to students from other colleges in the community. Faculty engage in a variety of research projects that provide a direct benefit to local organizations and Listeners within a 30-mile radius of Owensboro, KY members of the community. One example is a study enjoy news, sports, and bluegrass music on WKWC, a examining democratic accountability and transparency 5,000 watt FM station staffed by Kentucky Wesleyan at a local hospital sponsored by the Public Life students. WKWC is the only station featuring blue- Foundation. grass music in the area, which helps promote tourist attractions such as the Bluegrass Museum and the Campus athletic events, which include games in annual Bluegrass Festival. football, soccer, basketball, volleyball, baseball, softball, and tennis, bring approximately 116,000 Business Support Services and Partnerships visitors per year. The newly opened Yu Hak Hahn Center for the Services and Facilities Sciences at Kentucky Wesleyan College offers area businesses the use of dedicated laboratory facilities for The Master Speaker Series at Kentucky Wesleyan research and development purposes. College brings top national speakers to the commu- Lindsey Wilson College Public service contributions chemistry professor travels to nearby Clinton County three days a week to teach the subject at the school More than 5,000 hours of community service offered because the district has been unable to attract a full- to community and region through student teaching, time chemistry teacher. free mental health counseling, youth sports camps, children’s theater productions, and other projects More than $5 million annually is offered to Lindsey throughout the community. Wilson students through institutional financial aid, a majority of whom are from Southcentral Kentucky. Area high school seniors are allowed to take select college-level classes for $185 per hour. Financial support is provided to area school extracur- ricular programs—both athletic and academic— Area senior citizens may enroll in select classes for free. through sponsorships. The college contributes more The College hosts CenterNet for Adair County. than $5,000 annually to these school programs. The College loans faculty to area high schools when The campus sponsors an Upward Bound program, needed for specialized courses. For example, a which serves 50 high school students from the region.48
  • 49. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesThe Mathematics and Science Division participates in Business Support Services and Partnershipsthe Kentucky watershed project. Through a partnership with the Kentucky CommunityFree financial aid counseling is offered to area families, and Technical College System (KCTCS), Lindseyregardless of which college or university they plan to Wilson College educates about 450 students atattend. KCTCS campuses in Ashland, Cumberland, Hazard, London, Maysville and Prestonsburg. After graduat-Services and Facilities ing from a KCTCS campus, students may earn bothBetween 12 and 20 cultural affairs events and 5 and 8 bachelor’s and master’s degrees in counseling andgallery exhibits are offered to the community each year. human development from the Lindsey Wilson School of Professional Counseling. The program, which isThe Roberta D. Cranmer Dining & Conference nationally accredited and considered a model small-Center, Cralle Student Union Building, and Katie college counseling program, helps address a criticalMurrell Library are offered to the community for civic shortage of mental-health professionals in meetings.Midway CollegePublic service contributionsContributions to the community in the area of math The Business Division regularly contributes to theand science focused primarily on environmental local community through outreach projects thatconcerns and making sure that our public school provide free tax preparation services to citizens whostudents—the future leaders of our country— are unable to afford commercial tax preparation costs.appreciate and understand the role of science in our Additionally, Business faculty assist area Boy Scoutssociety. The Math and Science department partici- and Girl Scouts in achieving badge activities that relatepated in the following efforts: to business and economics. Lastly, one new program in the Business Division is working with prisoners to• Water shed project on Midway College campus prepare them for transitioning to the workforce upon• Ecology stream project in Midway, KY release from prison.• Judging Science Fairs in the Midway/Lexington Activities from the Nursing Division center on free area health services for public school students and informa- tional sessions for potential nursing students at the• Blood Drive in the greater Lexington/Midway high school level. The Nursing Division has routinely area conducted free blood pressure checks during fallThe Division of Teacher Education engages the local festival activities, which have drawn a large and diversecommunity in efforts to improve the learning of K-12 array of citizens from the surrounding area. Like thestudents. One effort engages college faculty in a Business Division, the Nursing Division also assistscomprehensive tutoring program for students in Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts who are obtaining badgesgrades K-3 in the areas of reading and writing. in the area of health.Additionally, a program is underway to recruit future The Equine Science Division is readily engaged inteachers at the high school level through the FTA serving the equine community in the region throughorganization. continued 49
  • 50. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report online and in-person expertise. Equine science faculty development of a community lecture series through provide the following assistance to local events and the Kentucky Foundation for the Humanities. During organizations: the spring 2005 term, the division was responsible for developing a Women’s History Month series of • Expertise at the Rolex Event at the Kentucky lectures and conferences that were held at Midway Horse Park College. Additionally, the Arts and Humanities • On-line expert guide for broad access division assisted in the Empty Bowl Project which provides funds and support for needy citizens in the • Farm assistance project for area farms greater Midway/Lexington area. • Contest judging in local equine competitions Business Support Services and Partnerships Services and Facilities Midway College is currently involved with the Midway College provides free access to community Bluegrass Alliance for Women as part of the groups and others free of charge on a routine basis. Governor’s Task Force on the Economic Status of Facilities provided include the following: Women. The purpose of this partnership is to conduct studies into how laws are applied differently in KY • The Little Memorial Library based on race, ethnicity, gender, disability, age and • Amphitheatre and Anne Hart Raymond Audito- sexual orientation. rium Midway College is hosting a conference in March • The Marshall Gymnasium 2006 that addresses economic development issues related to women in Kentucky. • Starks Classroom Building The Arts and Humanities division explored the Pikeville College Public service contributions The Pikeville College School of Osteopathic Medicine K-12 Teachers in Pike County, KY, Wayne County, has graduated 228 physicians since opening in 1997. WV, and Buchanon County, VA who have partici- Forty-two percent (42%) of the first group of 53 pated in the Booth Teacher Training Initiative have physicians who started practice in 2004 are practicing become more proficient in incorporating technology in the state of Kentucky, half located in the Eastern into their curriculum. Kentucky region. With an estimated annual impact of The Math and Science Resource Center performs $2 million each on their local community, and an educational workshops with regularly featured topics, additional $1.5 million impact on the referring as well as new topics requested by community hospital, these physicians are already having a tremen- members. dous impact on the regional and state economy. The Office of Student Services and Testing accommo- The College offers an array of art and dance classes dated the testing needs of the community by offering not only to its students, but also to the community at convenient access to state and national test administra- large through its extensive Community Education tions and proctoring for individual exams. programming.50
  • 51. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesServices and Facilities Some of the organizations with representation from the College are the Pike County Chamber of Commerce,Physical Resources available for use by the community the Pikeville/Pike County Industrial Development andinclude Pikeville College Gymnasium, Baseball and Economic Authority, the East Kentucky Corporation,Softball Fields, Tennis Courts, Booth Auditorium, Leadership Pike County, East Kentucky ExpositionAllara Library, Computer Labs, Osteopathic Center, Mountain Water District, Appalachian RegionalTelemedical Center, Bailey Educational Resource Healthcare, Pikeville Medical Center, and otherCenter, and Student Center. organizations working to improve the economy andCultural Events and Human Resources available to quality of life in the county, region and state.the community include Guest Concert and Lecture A unique partnership between Pikeville College, theSeries, Art Exhibits, Theatrical Productions, Athletic Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development andEvents, Religious Ministry and Programming, Eastern Kentucky University is working daily toCommunity Education Program, and Faculty-Student encourage and stimulate technology-based entrepre-Community Involvement. neurial activity in an eight-county region. PikevilleThe College hosts a concert series with performers Area Innovation Center (PAIC) is a business accelera-who showcase different types of music, supplemented tor charged with developing Eastern Kentucky’sby a number of local concerts featuring the College’s economy through the creation of “New Economy”concert band and choir. jobs. The PAIC enables clients to develop innovative knowledge-based business opportunities in an everBusiness Support Services and Partnerships changing market. The PAIC supports the creation ofPikeville College and the School of Osteopathic new business by fostering entrepreneurial opportuni-Medicine are involved in several initiatives and ties; assisting clients with the application of appropri-volunteer activities within the region and state which ate technology; and providing access to a synchro-help improve economic opportunities. The President nized statewide support network including capital,of the College, former Governor Paul Patton, several web-based resources, technical guidance and refer-executive staff members, faculty and students are ence materials.involved in various civic and volunteer organizations.Spalding UniversityPublic service contributionsSpalding serves the Louisville area by offering flexible The School of Social Work provides continuingday, night, and weekend undergraduate and graduate education, consultation, and assistance to humanprograms that offer access to quality education for service programs in the state.both traditional and non-traditional age students. Occupational Therapy faculty and students provideStaff members are encouraged to take off 4 hours per over 30 hours of community service to local organiza-month to volunteer for a service organization of their tions on an annual basis by coordinating the followingchoice. activities:The undergraduate psychology program has about 20 • Development of a Social Skills Training Program forsenior students volunteer their services to a variety of at-risk adolescents in an after-school program at bothcommunity agencies through the undergraduate Lighthouse Ministries and Neighborhood House.practicum requirement. The estimated annual eco-nomic value to the community is $28,500. continued 51
  • 52. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report • Establishing the effectiveness of an incentive The MFA has a partnership with the Brown Hotel. program on attendance, academic performance We bring in revenue to the hotel and local restaurants and behavior of at-risk children and adolescents in for 20 days each year. Some MFA faculty and guest an after-school program. readings are aired on The Spoken Word, a radio show which is heard on more than 30 NPR stations in the • Providing consultative services to New Directions southeast. Housing Corporation in Louisville. The goal of this work is to enhance the community at Russell Three times a week the Spalding University Nursing apartments, a residence for over 85 senior and program offers Mobile Wellness to people in the individuals with disabilities who have low socioeco- Louisville area who do not have access to medical nomic status. services. • Offering a lifelong learning technology project to Eighteen (18) Spalding University faculty and staff assist elders. The purpose of this project is to members serve as volunteers in Every1Reads — a support and enhance individuals’ ability to effec- community-wide effort to have every child in tively interact with their environment through Jefferson County Public Schools reading at grade level computer use. Objectives of this program are to within four years. provide the least restrictive environments for new learning, establish curriculum, establish computer A member of the natural science faculty volunteers 10 set-up, and provide adaptive equipment for a local hours per month to work with the Immune Deficiency adult day program. Foundation and to tutor at Hite elementary school. • Participating in Aging in Place initiatives by In conjunction with several local not-for-profit human providing caregiver seminars and home consulta- service agencies, the School of Social Work hosts staff tions services. Caregiver seminars are also carried training and development services as well as an annual out in local corporations. legislative issues and advocacy symposium. • Maintaining a sensory garden at the Cardinal Hill Services and Facilities Rehabilitation Center for Easter Seals. Three natural science faculty members volunteer each Fifteen (15) education teacher candidates complete 80 March to serve as judges at the Louisville Regional to 100 hours of service learning in area schools each Science Fair. year. Business Support Services and Partnerships The Master of Fine Arts (MFA) in Writing students The MFA has partnerships with Carmichael’s book- and faculty hold a monthly community reading series stores, the Pleiades theater group, and The Spoken for local writers to read at the Rudyard Kipling Word of Public Radio South. This past May, a restaurant. “Writing for Children” conference was held, which Each year the MFA offers about a dozen hours of brought in 55 participants who stayed at the Brown readings open to the public. These free readings are Hotel and supported other local-area businesses. publicized widely in the local media and result in about 200 people a year from the community coming to hear the readings.52
  • 53. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesSt. Catharine CollegePublic service contributions or at a minimal charge. The college’s intercollegiate athletic events are open to the public free of charge.St. Catharine students participate in service opportu- Church and community sports teams and cheerleadersnities ranging from Habitat for Humanity to nursing are invited to games and, often, to play visits. During the annual Stewardship WeekFestival, St. Catharine students and faculty participate A public education and career opportunity fair for thein clean-up and beautification projects with local health care professions, which is attended by anhospitals and nursing homes. average of 15 regional hospitals and health care organizations, is held annually.The College has begun to establish a series of profes-sional development opportunities in the health care The College hosts an annual regional College Fairfield. Most notable at this point is a series of regular which is attended by representatives from 35 to 40forums for radiography and medical imaging manag- regional colleges and universities and draws overers from regional hospitals. The college, through its 1,000 high school and community college studentsclinical affiliations, maintains active relationships with from the region. The college also hosts middle schoolan average of 28 hospitals and clinics throughout tours for schools participating in Project Gear Up.central Kentucky and Southern Indiana. The college Musician-in-Residence is developing aThe College hosts an annual Elizabeth Maddox high school Honors Chorus concert for 2006, whichRoberts conference which draws scholars from as far is planned to be an annual event.away as Connecticut. Roberts (1881-1941) was aSouthern author and literary figure from Springfield. The College makes its library available for public use on a 60-hour per week schedule. The library offersThe College offers discounted dual credit instructional both its physical collection and computer terminalsprograms including both general education and pre- with access to the most complete menu of on-linecollege developmental work to 75 to 110 students per collections and resources for business, science,semester. ACT preparatory classes are also offered. healthcare, and other subjects in the area.During election years, the College hosts candidate The College now makes available a selection of 17forums offering both the college and the community conventional classrooms and seminar rooms, anto hear from various candidates for local, state, and auditorium, dining facility and concert hall. This is thenational office. most comprehensive single set of facilities available in the area for community education activities. SupportServices and Facilities has been provided to the Kentucky On-Site Wastewa-Mid-Kentucky Arts, an arts organization operating in ter Association, EMT training, the University ofpartnership with the college, produces 4 annual Kentucky Principalship Certificate Program, variousconcerts with a total of 8 to 10 performances each Chambers of Commerce, local Development Districtyear in Springfield, Lebanon, Bardstown, and Louis- meetings, church groups and others. Many servicesville. They also perform free at the Stewart Home in (other than catering or technology support) areFrankfort, as well as co-sponsor events with the provided free of charge.Springfield Fund for the Arts. The College Ecology and Citizenship Studies pro-The College has outdoor soccer, baseball, and softball gram, in cooperation with the Dominican Earthfacilities and an indoor basketball gymnasium which Center, provides environmental education andcan be made available for use to organized groups free awareness programs in the area. Workshops on continued 53
  • 54. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report lobbying, organic and community gardening, a new 400 acre industrial park, including recruitment children’s activities, green architecture, and other and retention efforts. The college is also directly areas are offered. Most are free or involve minimal engaged with local development agencies in Nelson resource costs. and Marion Counties and is partnering with the U.S. Small Business Administration for information Business Support Services and Partnerships programs and resources. The College’s estimated annual recurring economic St. Catharine College provides daycare and early impact in the community is approximately childhood training support to the Lincoln Trail $6,467,000 (direct plus multiplier). The non- Development District and Head Start Programs. In recurring economic impact of capital expenditures addition, there is a fully functional Head Start and over the last five years has been approximately Daycare Center on Campus operated by the Lincoln $26,000,000 (direct plus multiplier). This figure Trail Development District, which serves the commu- includes the construction of a $10,000,000 Health nity and functions as a training center for childcare and Sciences academic facility which represents a providers. major investment in the capacity to launch joint education and training programs in support of The College hosts a one-stop career service center on regional health care. The college provides approxi- campus which is open to the community. mately $600,000 annually in direct scholarships and aid to students. The College is directly involved with and represented on the Springfield-Washington County Economic Development Authority (SWEDA) in development of Thomas More College Public service contributions International Student Initiatives include the following: The Biology Field Station conducts research and • Jamaica Service Project involves students spending testing that supports local industries, strengthens the a week caring for handicapped children in a area ecologically, and provides critical hands-on medical facility in rural Jamaica. A second week is experience for our students. The research is well spent designing and implementing a construction known for its advances regarding Kentucky plant life, plan for a rural school in Jamaica. Before the trip, indigenous species, microbiology, immunology, and students raise the money needed for travel and aquatic biology. The Field Station also hosts day-long supplies. programs for local elementary, high school, and college groups. • In a migrant house in Juarez, Mexico, 5 to 8 students work in construction, cleaning, meal The Science department offers a summer workshop preparation, teaching, and grounds maintenance. for 15-20 teachers and a week-long science camp for The migrant house services 600-1500 migrants a 10-15 high school students. year. The college has been awarded numerous grants The student service activities include the following: from the National Institutes of Health and other programs which bring additional recognition and • Mentoring and tutoring elementary inner-city dollars to the state. students 8 hours a week. The mentoring/tutoring is undertaken by 13 Honor Students and 6 The Chemistry Department has received numerous Education majors. National Science Foundation grants for instrumentation. • Gathering inner-city parents and children to feed Research in Social Sciences includes psychological them a hot dinner. research related to retention and border studies.54
  • 55. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities• Organizing Easter Egg Hunts to benefit inner-city The College provides facilities for Summer Athletic students in the Biggs Early Childhood Develop- Camps, Band Camp, and the Balmoral Piping and ment Center. Drumming Seminar.• Coordinating safe trick or treating on campus for The campus hosts an annual luncheon that invites local and inner-city elementary students. lawyers and politicians in the tri-state to honor St. Thomas More.• Providing volunteer income tax assistance to low income individuals. Democratic and Republican nominees for the Fourth Congressional District participated in an open forum• Participating in home construction for underprivi- at the college to discuss their platform, beliefs, and leged families through Habitat for Humanity. background before the November 2004 election.• Fundraising for cancer research. The Thomas More College Library is open to the• Partaking in Alternative Spring Break trips that public, extending reciprocal borrowing privileges to enable students and the campus ministry to work patrons of the 45 member libraries of the Greater with several inner-city agencies in Chicago. Cincinnati Library Consortium. It is a Partial Deposi- tory Library and receives government documents that• Service-based academic credit. are available for residents of the 4th US CongressionalStudents go to Oaxaca, Mexico for 3 weeks. This is a District.service-based and Spanish language experience. Thomas More College hosts and contributes at theStudents go out in local community to work at non- following civic and educational meetings: Council ofprofit facilities. Partners, Consortium for the Advancement of Adult Higher Education, Greater Cincinnati World AffairsThe Urban Learning Center is a joint project of three Council, Education Alliance, Teacher Leadershipinstitutions of higher education (including Thomas Northern Kentucky, Covington Partners for Preven-More College) that offers college courses to adults in tion, Northern KY Associations for School Superin-the inner city free of charge. tendents, and the Greater Cincinnati Consortium ofFaculty and Staff compete in a spelling bee with Colleges and Universities.Northern Kentucky and Southern Ohio businesses The Bank of Kentucky Observatory offers specialand schools to raise funds for literacy. events for the community, including an opportunityThe Dual Credit and Early Admissions Program offers to view Mars and lunar eclipses with an accompany-college courses to approximately 60 students in the ing lecture.tri-state area. Eight hundred (800) students from the state ofFaculty research in history has provided contributions Kentucky compete in the “Odyssey of the Mind”to the Northern KY Encyclopedia Project. academic challenges on campus.Local high school students take the ACT at Thomas North Key, a mental health organization, holdsMore 4 times a year, impacting 1,200 students. monthly meetings on campus for 20 members.The college engages in fundraising activities to College Goal Sunday is hosted by Thomas Moresupport the Fine Arts Fund and United Way. College for the Northern KY region. It is sponsored by various agencies to educate parents and students onServices and Facilities filling out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) form.The Villa Players perform 3 major productions a yearwith 600-700 attendees per play. The People Speak promotes citizen dialog on issues of global importance such as poverty, hunger, andThe College boasts a lecture series that touches on health. It is hosted by Thomas More College and thetopics ranging from the Catholic Church in modern World Affairs council.times to Irish history and culture.Cultural exhibits such as “Facing Prejudice” and theDr. Seuss Holocaust exhibit are open to the public. 55
  • 56. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Transylvania University Public service contributions “The People Speak: America’s Role in the World,” and a panel presentation by students who studied Transylvania’s Office of Community Service and abroad during the 2004 U.S. elections speaking about Leadership serves as a resource for community service what life was like as a U.S. citizen in another country and service-learning for the university community. during the election. Faculty, staff, student groups, and individual fundraising efforts yield over $20,000 for service Each year Transylvania hosts a volunteer fair to inform agencies, and the campus community collects over the student body of the wide range of volunteer 20,000 pounds of food. opportunities available in Lexington. Transylvania organizes two pre-orientation service Each year a group of Transylvania students foregoes programs for first-year students—Jump Start and their traditional Spring Break vacation to do volunteer First-year Urban Program. The programs are arranged work at sites throughout the country. as an urban plunge with first-year and upper-class Student volunteers teach classes for developmentally students providing community service to a variety of delayed adults in the Lexington community. Classes agencies. Through Jump Start, students have contrib- cover a variety of topics, including home economics, uted 936 hours of service to Land Between the Lakes arts and leisure, cultures around the world, music Association, the National Forest Service, the Interna- appreciation, and “the way things work.” tional Book Project, and the University of Kentucky Arboretum. First-year Urban Program participants Transylvania’s William R. Kenan, Jr. Lecture Series volunteer with agencies such as the Community brings respected experts and well-known speakers to Action Center, the Nest Daycare, the Lexington campus. The lectures are funded by a grant from the Humane Society, Metro Group Homes, Rails to Trails William R. Kenan, Jr. Charitable Trust and are free and the Carnegie Center for Literacy and Learning. and open to the public. Speakers in the series have included Nobel Peace Prize winner Elie Wiesel, The Peanut Butter and Jelly Club was created to authors Kurt Vonnegut and Joyce Carol Oates, support the Hope Center’s Mobile Outreach pro- historians Doris Kearns Goodwin and Shelby Foote, gram. Each Wednesday, students make peanut butter arts advocate Beverly Sills, and former U.S. trade and jelly sandwiches for distribution via the ambassador Charlene Barshefsky. HopeMobile at their Broadway Christian Church location. The program began in January 2005, and Transylvania hosts Kentucky Governor’s School for has logged 142 hours of service for the homeless in the Arts. This annual three-week, highly competitive Lexington. program immerses 230 Kentucky high school students in eight artistic disciplines. Through “Ready Set Study,” the Carnegie Center for Literacy and Learning and Transylvania sculpture Transylvania offers various athletic and academic camps students worked together to support local students for children ages 7 to 18 throughout the summer. who didn’t have a place to study in their homes. The art students designed and made a desk for each of the Many students make significant community service elementary students with help from campus Greek contributions to Lexington through the work study organizations. program. Recent civic programs planned by the college have Student-faculty research is supported by the endowed included creating a Web page with absentee ballot Kenan Fund for Faculty and Student Enrichment and information, hosting “Debate Watch!,” presenting the Jones Fund for Faculty Development.56
  • 57. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesEach year, Transylvania students, faculty, and staff $30,000 in the preparation of Internal Revenueparticipate in the Lexington community’s Martin Service income tax forms 1040, 1040A, and 1040EZ,Luther King, Jr. Day program. as well as the Kentucky 740 form. Approximately 30 accounting students volunteer their time and expertiseIn order to involve the campus community with the every Wednesday afternoon in February.many diversity programs in Lexington, the director ofmulticultural affairs actively stays involved with several Each year, Transylvania hosts numerous free eventsorganizations including the YMCA Black Achievers, (e.g., concerts, lectures, art exhibits), which are openthe Lexington Network, the Lexington Commission to the public.on Race Relations, the Humanitarian, and theKentucky Conference for Community and Justice The Monroe Moosnick Medical and Science Museum,(KCCJ). which is free and open to the public by appointment, features science instruments, anatomical models, andTransylvania’s Multicultural Affairs Office sponsors botanical paintings that were used to teach thethe Diversity Dialogue program, where students, in a principles of physics, chemistry, and biology toroundtable format, engage in a series of discussions on Transylvania students in the nineteenth century. Theydiversity issues that pertain to the world as well as were used extensively by students in Transylvania’scampus. flourishing medical school, which was a pioneer in medical teaching from its founding in 1799 to justTransylvania has graduated two U.S. vice presidents, a before the Civil War. The museum’s holdings areSupreme Court Justice, 50 U.S. senators, 101 U.S. considered to be among the finest of their kind in therepresentatives, 36 governors, and 34 ambassadors in nation.its 225 years of existence. Transylvania hosts events during the May Fest art fair,Services and Facilities which is held each year in neighboring Gratz Park.The Morland Art Gallery hosts a variety of exhibitions The three-day event features juried arts and crafts,each year by regional, national, and international ethnic foods, music, and children’s activities.artists as well as student and faculty artists and works The annual Patriotic Concert on July 3 is performeddrawn from private and public collections. The gallery, by the Lexington Philharmonic and the Lexingtonwhich is free and open to the public, participates in Singers on the steps of Old Morrison.the popular Lexington Gallery Hop.The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA)program helps taxpayers with an income of less thanUnion CollegePublic service contributions Services and FacilitiesThe Common Partners office offers a variety of During the 2003 spring semester alone, Unionprograms to serve the community including tutoring College students provided 5,675.5 hours of service tosessions for children, drug education programs, and the community, while faculty and staff added 144.25home repairs for local community members. hours of service.The student participation rate for community service The Weeks-Townsend Memorial Library is open to allwas 36.2% during the 2003-2004 school year, residents of the surrounding communities and hasmeaning that nearly 200 students were involved in served as a member of the Federal Depository Libraryservice. continued 57
  • 58. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Program since 1957. This program provides free neighborhood. The college secured a $284,000 grant access to government information for all citizens. The from the Teagle Foundation of New York to fund this library also serves as the location for public Internet exploration. In 2000, the non-profit corporation access through the Southeastern Kentucky CenterNet Knox Partners, Inc. (KPInc.) was formed. KPInc. has program. The library typically serves approximately a 13-member Board including the college President, 200 community members each year. the city Mayor, the county Judge-Executive, and the Executive Director of the area Community Action Union College provided space at no charge to the Agency as standing members. To date, this corpora- following organizations: ACT Testing, Air Force tion has developed $15-20 million in projects. The JROTC, ALPS, Baptist Regional Medical Center, primary project is the Appalachian Rural Wellness Barbourville City School, Barbourville Garden Club, Initiative consisting both of a $12 million center and a Barbourville Junior Women Club, Barbourville major preventable disease wellness initiative. Woman’s Club, Barbourville High School Concert, Cabinet for Families and Children, Chamber of Union College has served as host to the Appalachian Commerce, Community Concert, Daniel Boone Local Pastors Conference (ALPS) for the past seven Festival, DAR, DECA, Dewitt Elementary School years. ALPS is a program directed by the Redbird Teacher Training, Eastern KY Childcare Coalition, Mission which brings top drawer academic people to Family Resource Meeting, First United Methodist campus for two weeks in May to provide instruction Church, Foster Children Christmas Party, Girdler for scores of rural part-time local Methodist pastors. Elementary School, Governor Scholars Reception, Graduate School Testing, Health Fair, Kay Dawn The Appalachia Service Program (ASP), a service McFarland Piano Recital, KCEOC, KCEOC Head ministry targeted at improving housing and living start, KEA, Kentucky Physical Therapy, Kiwanis conditions for the poor, was founded on the Union Monthly Meeting, Knox Arts, Crafts and Humanities campus in 1969. It has grown to be one of the largest Council, Knox Central High School Concert, Knox service organizations in the county and mobilizes over County Fiscal Court, Knox County Health Depart- 12,000 people each summer. The college has served ment, Knox County Waste Meeting, Knox Partners, as host for the group and provides facilities and KY ASAP, KY Cancer, KY Department of Education services for the group when they are in the area. Regional Showcase, KY United Methodist Founda- Sue Bennett College, a sister Methodist institution in tion, Leadership Tri County Graduation, Methodist London, KY, failed in 1997. Union College helped Ministers District Christmas Party, Methodist Minis- create a new non-profit from these ashes, which could ters District Meeting, Miss Knox County Pageant, serve as an umbrella for several non-profit community PDK, Praxis testing, Principal Testing, Shriner’s organizations. Several of the buildings are now leased Circus, Southern & Eastern KY Tourism, Wayman to organizations such as the YMCA and Union Chapel AME Church, Wellness Center Meeting. College. Union currently provides graduate classes, a Degree Completion Program in business, workforce Business Support Services and Partnerships retraining for people who have lost their jobs due to In 1999, Union College launched an initiative seeking plant closings, and the “If I Had A Hammer” pro- to learn what impact a rural private college could have gram for youth. Union provides three people to sit on in building collaboratives between college, local the Board of the Bennett Center. governments, and other non-profit agencies in its58
  • 59. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesUniversity of the CumberlandsPublic Service Contributions University of the Cumberlands offers many athleticMountain Outreach, a ministry of University of the summer camps.Cumberlands, is dedicated to building and repairing The youth evangelism conference called Quest is heldhomes for area families who live in poverty. Since annually on campus. The event is geared toward church1982, Mountain Outreach volunteers, with the help youth groups, middle school and high school students.of outside volunteers and donations, have built 121homes and hundreds of wheelchair ramps and have High school academic competitions such as Sciencedug several water wells. In addition to building and Olympiad and Mathematics Contest are sponsored byrepairing area homes, Mountain Outreach student and held annually at UC.volunteers minister to the physical, clothing and Every UC student is required to complete 40 hours ofhousehold needs of the residents of Whitley County community service prior to graduation.through the Mountain Outreach Warehouse. There,families and individuals are invited to pick up clothing, Through the University’s Hutton Center for Leader-shoes, coats and household items that are donated ship Studies and Community Service, a series ofthrough the University. There is no charge for these seminars and teleseminars are being offered to thoseitems. Two Gift Days are held during the holiday outside the university community. These programs areseason. Kids Gift Day, held November 13, 2004, made available to individuals seeking to develop andserved 180 children in need of holiday gifts for their refine the skills required to lead.parents. On December 4, 2004, over 1,500 individu-als benefited from Holiday Gift Day. Services and FacilitiesEstablished in 1975, Appalachian Ministries gives During the year the University calendar includes astudents the opportunity to minister to area children. musical event nearly every week. Each of the nineUnder the direction of a student coordinator, student standing ensembles performs frequently, and musicworkers pick up and take participating children to majors fill the schedule with senior recitals. Last year,local churches to lead them in recreation, crafts, 3,500 people attended 14, and Bible lessons. Through the Special In addition to the following endowed lecture series,Children’s Ministry, students also have the opportu- many academic departments and campus organiza-nity to work with handicapped children and to train tions host discussion forums, lectures, and guestathletes for the Special Olympics. speakers each semester. Last year, 1,715 peopleCouncil for Exceptional Children assists those who attended 7 events. The Robert L. Palmer Memorialhave a desire to work with exceptional children by Lecture Series, sponsored by the Department ofoffering support, skill training, and opportunities for English, brings a writer of national reputation to thehelping children through tutoring and other services. campus each October. Since the series was established in 1992, the college has hosted novelists, essayists, andThe Cumberland Mentor Program organizes student poets including Lee Smith, Jim Wayne Miller, Willievolunteers who want to make a profound difference in Morris, and, most recently, Scott Russell Sanders. Thethe life of young people in the community. Following Thomas S. Staley Distinguished Christian Scholara week of special training, volunteers are matched with Lecture Series, hosted by the Department of Religionlocal middle school students whom they mentor in and Philosophy, features noted religious scholarsacademic, athletic, social, or service activities, depend- speaking about issues relevant to contemporarying on their interest and expertise. religious life, the ministry, and the practice of faith. 59
  • 60. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report The Department of Art regularly hosts exhibitions Compare is a fun, non-threatening approach to help featuring student and faculty work, as well as pieces make a difference in the lives and health of others. from the University’s permanent collection. Last year, 250 people attended 4 events. University of the Cumberlands presents an annual series of Convocation Programs that are free and open Dare to Compare is a program that provides the to the campus community as well as the public. The community with an educative approach to tackling the series includes a wide variety of speakers and perform- growing problem of obesity and physical inactivity. ers. Last year, 11,500 people attended 10 events. University of the Cumberlands is the first college in the nation to hold a Dare to Compare event on its With the exception of men’s and women’s basketball campus. During the semi-annual event citizens of all and football, there is no admission for most sporting ages have an opportunity to assess their fitness levels in events. Last year, 4,690 people attended 81 events. five critically important, health-related areas: muscular Four annual campus activities, including carnivals strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, body mass, attracted 7,140 attendees. and cardiovascular condition. In October and April of every year participants can consistently, continuously The UC library and intramural gymnasium are open and accurately measure their fitness levels under the for public use at no charge. guidance of caring professionals and paraprofessionals. Business Support Services and Partnerships The University of the Cumberlands in partnership with Cumberland River Comprehensive Care Center work University of the Cumberlands owns and operates the together to provide citizens with a venue to assess their Cumberland Inn, a motel and conference center that fitness, gather health information, and join hundreds of provides space for local business events. other citizens in learning how to improve their overall The University is currently engaged in efforts with health. The event is staffed exclusively by trained community leaders to develop an industrial park near volunteers who devote countless hours in the prepara- Williamsburg. tion and implementation of this program. Dare to60
  • 61. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities References 61
  • 62. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report References 2020 Vision: An Agenda for Kentucky’s System of Postsecondary Education. (2001) Publication of the Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education. Retrieved from < /NR/ rdonlyres/47F35BF2-961A-4D63-88F4 759B98ADC937/0/2020 VisionFull_ 20050324.pdf> Kentucky Employment (2005). Economic Trends (Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland), p. 15-16. Retrieved from Academic Search Elite database. Kentucky’s Postsecondary System Launches 5-Year Plan (2005). Retrieved from <> State and County QuickFacts: Kentucky. Retrieved from < /qfd/states/21000.html> Chen, X. & Carroll, C.D. (2005). First-Generation Students in Postsecondary Education: A Look at Their College Transcripts. Washington, D.C.: National Center for Education Statistics. Appendix A: Methodology Estimates of Economic Impact for AIKCU Member Colleges and Universities Since its development in the late 1930’s, Input-Output Analysis has served as a primary tool for tracing the economic linkages between various economic sectors and whole communities. This study utilized an input- output analysis to show direct, indirect and induced industry output and employment as a result of institutional E&G expenditures, construction, independent operations, related student expenditures and tourism activity. To show linkages between higher education and other economic sectors, estimates were broken down by major industry group and shown in relationship to total industry output and employment. Student expenditures were based on college living budgets reported by the institutions to the College Board. Specifically, expenditures designated for room and board, transportation, and books were coded within those industry clusters, while miscellaneous expenses were based on the Consumer Expenditure Survey’s purchase patterns of persons between the ages of 18-24. Corresponding expenditures from the college’s auxiliary operations, such as room and board and food services, were subtracted from the student’s total expenditures to avoid double counting. Visitor expenditures were based on college reported visitor person-days. The estimated person-days were categorized into four basic types: Day and Night leisure visits such as attendance at sporting or cultural events and day and overnight business such as attendance at conferences. Average daily expenditures for each category were derived from visitor and tourist budgets computed by the Georgia Department of Tourism, The Travel Industry of America, the Illinois Department of Tourism, and the Wisconsin Department of Tourism, and previous Economic Impact studies conducted by Human Capital Research Corporation. To estimate the impact of Independent Colleges and Universities expenditures on the state economy and to understand the linkages, or dollar flows between higher education activity and its supplying sectors, an Input-62
  • 63. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesOutput (IO) table was developed by updating a 96 sector 1997 benchmark USIO table. The table was updatedfor 2003 prices and employment based on various national and local sources. To “regionalize” the table andestimate state activity, a standard location quotient (LQ) update method was applied to the US table— whereindividual values from the IO technical coefficient, or “A matrix” are proportionately adjusted based on stateemployment LQs derived from the 2003 US County Business Patterns. LQ’s are based on the ratio of the percentof persons employed in each industry in Connecticut to the percent employed in each industry nationally.In considering the impact or multiplier effect under this technique, it is important to recognize that this method,like all non-survey or partial survey-based IO tables, represent an estimate of actual economic activity. Becauseof individual supplier arrangements between individual business establishments and unique consumer prefer-ences, it is impossible to state precisely the extent to which all transactions actually occurred within state bound-aries. The LQ method assumes that a state is relatively “self-sufficient” in meeting statewide demand for inputswhich have at least the national percent employed in a particular industry. For this analysis, the resultant incomemultiplier for independent higher education is estimated at 2.167.Appendix B. Economic Impact Tables continued 63
  • 64. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Table 3. Operating Expenditures Table 4. Number of FTE Students and Staff64
  • 65. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities 65
  • 66. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Appendix C: Economic Impact Flow Appendix D: Capital Expenditures Economic Impact Flow Chart66
  • 67. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesAppendix E: Alumni Expenditure Economic Impact Flow ChartAppendix F: SUPPORTING TABLES continued 67
  • 68. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report68
  • 69. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities continued 69
  • 70. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report70
  • 71. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and UniversitiesAppendix G: SurveyAssociation of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities Economic Impact Study SurveyGeneral InstructionsThe base year for the study is FY 2003 (Academic Year 2002-03). Unless otherwisespecified, all data submitted should be for that year.In responding to any request for information, please feel free to provide any additionaldata, descriptive information or qualifying statements about the data you feel would behelpful, including any important assumptions regarding the data’s derivation orimplications.For purposes of completing the survey, it should be emphasized that a “best estimate”is preferable to no response at all. It is understood that institutional financial and datasystems vary, and that the following information requests may not be completelycompatible with the manner in which your institution produces its data reports.All information provided to AIKCU and its consultants for this project will be confidentialand will not be released to any other parties.QuestionsThe research and analysis for this project is being undertaken by Human CapitalResearch Corporation (HCRC), based in Evasnton, IL.Questions regarding this survey should be directed to HCRC at 847-475-7580, to eitherMark Engberg (lead project researcher, or Brian Zucker(principal, regarding the project itself should be directed to AIKCU President Gary Coxat 502-695-5007.Submission of InformationAll of the requested information should be submitted to AIKCU by Octoberr 15, 2004.Hard copy information should be sent to: 71
  • 72. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges & Universities 484 Chenault Rd. Frankfort, KY 40601 Phone: 502-695-5007 Fax: 502-695-5057 Information that may be sent electronically should be directed to: XXXXX@XXXXXXXXX. Please provide the following contact information for the person responding to this survey: Institution____________________________________________ Respondents Name_____________________________________ Title/Position__________________________________________ Phone #_____________________________ Email____________________________________ 1.0 Finance Information 1.1 Please identify all capital projects that were initiated, underway, or completed between FY 1999 and FY 2003 (including but not limited to design, new construction, renovation, site work, and furniture and fixtures considered capital in nature). Include all projects intended primarily to benefit your institution, regardless of funding source, ownership, or location on or off the main campus (including facilities funded, purchased, constructed or owned by an affiliated foundation or other institutional partner). For each project, please provide the following information: a. Type of facility (research, classroom/office, dormitory, etc) b. Total project costs (from design through completion, including capital equipment) c. Year project was initiated d. Year project was, or is scheduled to be, completed e. Sources of funding for project72
  • 73. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities1.21 For FY 2003, please provide the total dollar amount of privately-funded (asopposed to government-funded) awards received as gifts, grants and contractsbenefiting your institution – both restricted and unrestricted. Of the total amount,approximately how much came from funding sources based outside of Kentucky. a. Total amount of gifts from all private sources $______________________ Amount of these gifts from private sources based outside KY $______________________ b. Total amount of grants and contracts from all private sources $______________________ Amount of these grants and contracts from private sources based outside KY $______________________1.3 Please provide an electronic file – preferably in Excel or Ascii format – of your institution’s expenditures by vendor for FY 2003. Include in the file: a. Zip code b. Account category c. Total expenditure amount for that account during FY 2003 If you have expenditure or vendor categories that can be used to help broadly classify the type of purchases (e.g., utilities, professional services, food, etc.), please include that information.2.0 Employee Information2.1 Please provide an electronic address file – preferably in Excel or ASCII format – showing the number of your institution’s employees by their zip code of residence during FY 2003. Please include faculty, staff and those on the payroll, but exclude those who are outsourced workers, independent contractors, or your institution’s students (such as teaching assistants or those in a work study program). 73
  • 74. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report 3.0 Alumni Information 3.1 Please provide an estimate of the total living alumni who received a bachelor’s (or associate’s) degree from your institution, broken down as follows: Living KY Residents Living Non-KY Residents Male ____________ ____________ Female ____________ ____________ Total ____________ ____________ 3.2 Please provide an estimate of the total living alumni who received a graduate degree from your institution, broken down as follows: Living KY Residents Living Non-KY Residents Male ____________ ____________ Female ____________ ____________ Total ____________ ____________ 3.3 Please provide the estimated percentage of bachelor’s (or associate’s) degree recipients of your institution who go on to earn a graduate degree at your institution: _______ % 4.0 Visitor Information NOTE: To help estimate the total impact of institutional-related visitors, this study will utilize a standardized visitor budget per “person-day” based on the type of visit. EXAMPLES: Family of four visits the campus to attend a football game and stays overnight – overnight-visit person-days = (number of persons) x (number of days in town) 4 X 2=8. Student and both parents attend a weekend orientation and do not stay overnight – day-visit person-days = (number of persons) x (number of days in town) 3 X 1=3 For the following categories, please provide the estimated number of institution visitor person-days for day-visits and the estimated number of institution visitor person-days for74
  • 75. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universitiesovernight-visits in FY 2003:4.1 Student, family, and friend visitation (prospective students, parent weekend, freshmen orientation, etc.; graduation/commencement related visits should be reported in 4.2) Estimated total person-days for day-visits _________ Estimated total person-days for overnight-visits _________4.2 Graduation and related commencement activities: Estimated total person-days for day-visits _________ Estimated total person-days for overnight-visits _________4.3 Alumni and related event visitation (homecoming, reunions, etc): Estimated total person-days for day-visits _________ Estimated total person-days for overnight-visits _________4.4 Sporting and athletic event visitation: Estimated total person-days for day-visits _________ Estimated total person-days for overnight-visits _________4.5 Arts and cultural event visitation: Estimated total person-days for day-visits _________ Estimated total person-days for overnight-visits _________4.6 Seminars, conferences, and academic-related visitation (professional, scientific, continuing education, etc): Estimated total person-days for day-visits _________ Estimated total person-days for overnight-visits _________4.7 Other visitation (for purposes such as health care, to see hospital patients, obtain veterinary care for animals, participate in summer camps, or any other reason); please specify the purpose of the visitation: Estimated total person-days for day-visits _________ 75
  • 76. Private Colleges, Public Benefits: 2006 Report Estimated total person-days for overnight-visits _________ Purpose of other visits________________________________________________ 5.0 Other Information 5.1 Please provide an organizational chart or listing that identifies any and all of your institution’s related entities and affiliates (including but not limited to alumni associations, foundations, research corporations, etc). 5.2 Please provide copies of your institution’s Annual Reports for FY 2001, FY 2002, and FY 2003 (if available). 5.3 Please list the most significant contributions your institution feels it makes to the broader community and Commonwealth of Kentucky, other than the delivery of educational services to students. These may be arts and cultural opportunities, the volunteer services of students or of faculty and staff, or research that benefits the public. In other words, in the final report that AIKCU produces from this study, what superlatives would you like cited that capture the broader role your institution serves in society. a. ___________________________________________________________ b. ___________________________________________________________ c. ___________________________________________________________ d. ___________________________________________________________ e. ___________________________________________________________ f. ___________________________________________________________ g. ___________________________________________________________ h. ___________________________________________________________ i. ___________________________________________________________ j. ___________________________________________________________ 5.4 Please provide examples of services and/or facilities offered to the community free of charge by your institution. Examples include free business or family counseling services, research on community issues, concerts or art exhibits, access to libraries and other facilities, adopt a school programs, student or faculty volunteer efforts, etc. Please provide any quantitative measures possible, such as number of concerts or art exhibits offered, number of volunteer hours contributed, number of citizens using the free services, etc.76
  • 77. The Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities5.5 Please provide summary information about your institution’s operating units, related entities and affiliates, or special initiatives that focus on promoting economic development (e.g., business centers, incubators, research corporations). Please provide a brief summary of any “shining examples” of companies or businesses that spun-off out of your institution that are of particular notoriety or importance.5.6 Please report the number of patents issued in each of the following years to your institution (or related entities/affiliates) or to your institution’s faculty/staff. Please provide a brief summary of any of these patents that are of particular notoriety or importance. Institution or Faculty/Staff Related Entities FY 1999 ____________ ____________ FY 2000 ____________ ____________ FY 2001 ____________ ____________ FY 2002 ____________ ____________ FY 2003 ____________ ____________ 77
  • 78. Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities 484 Chenault Rd. Frankfort, Kentucky 40601 502.695.5007 •