3. Patrolling and surveillanceEach police station has list of crinminals and antisocial individuals who are roaming freely aroundthe society and they need to be watched. This iswhere the police keeps an on them for anydeviences. The list of names is available in thecomputer and should always be updated withthe necessary information of those notoriouscriminals.
4. ArrestPolice arrests the law breakers andsuspected criminals and them intocustody and all of this is part of the“Actions taken to prevent crime”
5. Conditional release of accused on BondIf there are no clear evidences or reasonablegrounds of suspicion to send the accused to amagistrate then the police has the power torelease the accused on Bond.
6. InvestigationThe police visit the crime scenes tocollect evidences and gather as manyinformation as possible regarding thecrime from victims, witnesses, onlookers, and suspects.
7. Interrogation of offenders and suspectsFor safety purposes in the community, police can frisk(search pockets and bags) and interrogate criminals andsuspects. Frisking is different from searching as searchingis related to the legal search to find evidences against theoffender.
8. Search and seizureThe search and seizure must not be unreasonable. It may be conducted with or withoutwarrant. The warrant will specify the reason, place, and duration of the search.Search without warrant can occur if the place to be searched is a mobile vehicle that canquickly be removed out of the police jurisdiction.Usually accused has consented for the searchThe search is incidental to a lawful arrestThe search must be done at daytime and there should be two witnesses who are notconnected to the police.During the investigation the police can search, order production of documents, seize anysuspicious property, call witness to attend court and arrest suspects and people whocommitted crime without warrant. After investigation a report is prepared for themagistrate.
9. Maintain Inquest registerIf the police officer doubts that the death wasn’t a natural death (suspiciousdeath) he will request (on the spot) for an Inquest-Investigation. He willrecord the information he gets after the investigation has taken place in theInquest-Register. Nevertheless the police also has the decision not to sendthe body for post-mortem if he has no doubt have the nature of death. Buthis decision has to be honest and prudent.
10. To assist the prosecutorPolice must also assist the prosecutor to conduct prosecution of cases in lawcourts. Both police and prosecutor should have thorough knowledge inprocedural law of crime. Prosecutor must have all evidences against theaccused. A witness should be prepared for the questions. It is better to avoidunwilling witness. Its advised that the prosecutor to frame the chargescorrectly.
11. IdentificationPolice is also indulged in identification and laboratory technical research. Thereare special divisions in police for finger printing, photography for identifycriminals and filing records.
12. Control of juvenile delinquencyThe police play an important role in controlling juvenile delinquency. They are involved inthree different stages.Preventive stageTrial stageRehabilitation stageYes there are other private organizations that the police in rehabilitation but it is only thepolice organization which is duty-bound to prevent the increasing rise of juveniledelinquency.
13. General welfare functionsPolice is also given the responsibility of finding missing persons and returning them totheir family safety.
14. Complaintsagainst police
15. There are two types of complaints, direct complaint and Witness complaint. If an officer mistreated you directly then you file a direct complaint, for example if he/she has: Been rude to you Used excessive force Abused your rights Arrested you unlawfully
16. Otherwise if you happen to witness an incident happen of anofficer behaved badly to another citizen then you may –ifwished so – file a witness complaint, in this case youcomplaint should cover the following questions:What happened?When it happened?What was done?What was said?
17. Important details you should keep in mind when filing a complaint, as youought to make sure you have evidences to support your complaint1. Time and place of the incident, make it as accurate as possible2. Identity of the police officer involved, his badge number, car or van registration number3. If there were any witnesses, get their names and phone numbers.4. CCTV recording, or anyone who was filming the incident or taking photos.5. If you by any chance find another person who has been through the same incident and would also want to complain about it, then both of you will be able to corroborate each other’s events.6. As much as you can write down every single detail of the incident and ask your witness to do the same but do not copy each other otherwise it will seem as it was planned.7. Incase you were injured, go to the hospital, get treated and ask the doctor for the report, and if possible take pictures of your injury.
18. How to complain?This will differ from place toplace, nevertheless we can list down thevarious options available nowadays:Call the police departmentAttend the police departmentOnline via police websiteAccording to my uncle > Twitter works too inDubai!
20. Oscar Grant was shot dead by Bay Area Rapid Transit policeofficer Johannes Mehserle in 2009 in Oakland, California.Mehserle and other police officers had been responding toreports of a fight, and arrested and handcuffed Grant andseveral others in a subway station. Grant was cuffed, unarmedand lying on the ground when Mehserle pulled out his gun andshot him in the back. In court Mehserle claimed he thought hisgun was his Taser. He was sentenced to two years in jail and letout on parole in June 2011.
21. Christopher Harris was walking home in 2009 in Seattlewhen sheriffs deputy Matthew Paul slammed him into awall after mistaking him for an assault suspect. Paul wasleft in a coma, and still requires massive medical care aftersuffering permanent serious head and spinal cord injuries.Paul escaped all charges in the incident and remains apolice officer. A local police spokesman explained theincident by saying that sometimes " … bad things happento good people."
22. Iraq war veteran Walter Harvin suffered a vicious 2010beating at the hands of New York police officer DavidLondon. London had been closing the door to a building in ahousing project when Harvin – who lived there – tried to slipin. An altercation began, in which London beat Harvin withhis baton and then continued to hit and kick him after he wason the ground and not moving. London, who told the courtHarvin had pushed him, was acquitted.
23. Robert Davis, a retired school teacher, was beaten andarrested by four police in New Orleans. He was 64 at the timeof the assault in 2005. The beating was captured by passingAssociated Press journalists, one of whom was also beaten bypolice. He was accused of public drunkenness. One officerwas fired over the incident, one was suspended and anotherwas acquitted of all charges. Davis said he was teetotal andhad not had a drink for at least 25 years.
24. Angela Garbarino was severely beaten in 2008by police officer Wylie Willis inShreveport, Louisiana after becoming angry in apolice booking room. Garbarino, who wasdrunk, got into an argument with Willis, whomanhandled her to the floor. He then switchedoff a camera in the room. When it was turned onagain, Garbarino was lying in a spreading poolof blood on the floor and was removed from theroom on a hospital gurney. She suffered twoblack eyes, broken teeth and a broken nose.Willis claimed the woman fell on her face whiletrying to leave the room. Garbarino settled outof court and Willis was reinstated to his job
25. • UK police officer Stephen Mitchell received two jail sentences, for rape.• He had claimed the allegations of rape were part of a conspiracy but he was found guilty.• Mitchells victims were shoplifters, heroin addicts, vulnerable women and a disabled teenager.• He raped and sexually abused these women.• His two life sentences are for raping two women and carrying out three further indecent assaults. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article- 1332707/Rapist-PC-Stephen-Mitchell-jailed- attacking-30-women-5-years.html http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article- 1320770/Police-officer-Stephen-Mitchell- handcuffed-heroin-addict-raped-settee.html
26. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aMS- CEW0WXM“unfortunately those cases and manymore will leave the society speciallywomen in more fear; at first theycouldn’t trust the people surroundingthem and now they cant even trust thepolice who is supposed to be the peacekeeper!”