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Demonic      Hammurabi   Perspective     Code DemonicPerspective                             Hammurabi                    ...
Criminology is ……   The scientific approach to    studying criminal behavior    (individual vs social group)   Interdisc...
Demonic  Perspective Perspective               Demonic                (Middle Ages, 1200-1600)(Middle Ages, 1200-1600)The ...
Demonic  Perspective                                (Middle Ages, 1200-1600)Demonic  Perspective          The existence of...
Demonic  PerspectiveTemptation Model                             (Middle Ages, 1200-1600) No matter how tempting the devi...
Demonic  PerspectivePossession Model                             (Middle Ages, 1200-1600)   The second major demonologica...
Demonic  PerspectivePrior to the eighteenth century, explanations of a wide variety of phenomena tended to be of a religio...
Hammurabi   Hammurabi was the sixth king of Babylon     (that is, of the First Babylonian Dynasty)    from 1792 BC to 175...
The structure of the code isveryspecific, with each offensereceiving a specifiedpunishment.The code has been seen asan ear...
The code is also one of the earliestexamples of the idea of presumptionof innocence (both the accused andaccuser have the ...
Few of       HAMMURABI’s LAW If someone is careless when watering his fields, and he floods  someone elses by accident, h...
Few of     HAMMURABI’s LAW If a doctor operates a patient and the patient dies, the doctors  hand will be cut off. If a ...
ICCB (Module 1) - Demonic perspective & Hammurabi code
ICCB (Module 1) - Demonic perspective & Hammurabi code
ICCB (Module 1) - Demonic perspective & Hammurabi code
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ICCB (Module 1) - Demonic perspective & Hammurabi code

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Anjelina's presentation on Demonic perspective in Criminology and on the Hammurabi Code.

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Transcript of "ICCB (Module 1) - Demonic perspective & Hammurabi code"

  1. 1. Demonic Hammurabi Perspective Code DemonicPerspective Hammurabi Code
  2. 2. Criminology is …… The scientific approach to studying criminal behavior (individual vs social group) Interdisciplinary discipline: political science, psychology, economics, natural sciences, human development, and biology
  3. 3. Demonic  Perspective Perspective Demonic  (Middle Ages, 1200-1600)(Middle Ages, 1200-1600)The existence of evil behavior in the world would begin with religious explanations The existence of evil behavior in the  world would begin with religious  explanations Criminologys demonic theory is arguably one of the oldest perspectives on criminal behavior andCriminologys demonic theory is arguably one of the oldest  • deviance. perspectives on criminal behavior and deviance.  TheThe demonic theory provides religious explanations for criminal  • demonic theory provides religious behavior.  explanations for criminal behavior. •All major religions have developed explanations about human  Allnature, deviance, evil, and suffering. major religions have developed •Demonic criminology theory has had great historical significance in  explanations about human nature, deviance, terms of societal beliefs and criminal justice policies.. evil, and suffering. Demonic criminology theory has had great historical significance in terms of societal beliefs and criminal justice policies..
  4. 4. Demonic  Perspective (Middle Ages, 1200-1600)Demonic  Perspective The existence of evil behavior in the  world would begin with religious It is based on two models:   explanations1.Temptation  Model  •Criminologys demonic theory is arguably one of the oldest  perspectives on criminal behavior and deviance.  •The demonic theory provides religious explanations for criminal  behavior.  2. Possession Model    •All major religions have developed explanations about human  nature, deviance, evil, and suffering. •Demonic criminology theory has had great historical significance in  terms of societal beliefs and criminal justice policies..
  5. 5. Demonic  PerspectiveTemptation Model (Middle Ages, 1200-1600) No matter how tempting the devils offers might be, the individual always retains the ability to refuse to sin. Of course, the "good force" offers rewards as well for obedience to The existence of evil behavior in the  world would begin with religious  compete with the devils, and frequently promises spiritual aid to help explanations the beleaguered individual resist the devils temptations. Therefore, those who give in to the temptations are by nature "weak-willed." This•Criminologys demonic theory is arguably one of the oldest  etc.) idea that those who turn to crime (or overeat, over drink, perspectives on criminal behavior and deviance.  are constitutionally inferior remains quite popular. •The demonic theory provides religious explanations for criminal  If only the individual had enough willpower or truly wanted to stop behavior.  they•certainly could. All major religions have developed explanations about human  nature, deviance, evil, and suffering. Of course, this model frequently has a deterrent component ; e.g., the •Demonic criminology theory has had great historical significance in  threat of hellfire or other eternal punishment for those who chose to terms of societal beliefs and criminal justice policies.. do evil.. Public humiliation and banishment, for serious deviants - capital punishment and cutting off hands and feet is a punishment given to people who steal. 
  6. 6. Demonic  PerspectivePossession Model (Middle Ages, 1200-1600) The second major demonological model--possession--is much more deterministic, and as such may be viewed as the progenitor of later positivistic theories. The existence of evil behavior in the  world would begin with religious  Once possessed by an evil spirit the person is no longer explanations responsible for their actions. TheCriminologys demonic theory is arguably one of the oldest  • devil now has taken control of the individuals mind and body resulting in evil behavior. perspectives on criminal behavior and deviance.  •The demonic theory provides religious explanations for criminal  One question that is frequently raised concerning the behavior.  possession model is whether good or moral persons can be •All major religions have developed explanations about human  possessed. nature, deviance, evil, and suffering. •Demonic criminology theory has had great historical significance in  Usually the more a group believes in the existence of a literal terms of societal beliefs and criminal justice policies.. devil, the greater they found chances to be possessed. One way of "curing" the individual is through exorcism; a religious ritual aimed at jettisoning the unclean spirit from the body.
  7. 7. Demonic  PerspectivePrior to the eighteenth century, explanations of a wide variety of phenomena tended to be of a religious or spiritual nature. (Middle Ages, 1200-1600)Demonological explanations of crime began to wane in the 18th century with the beginning of a period of historians call.  The existence of evil behavior in the  world would begin with religious  explanationsThe Enlightenment, which was essentially a major shift in the way people began to view the world and their place.  •Criminologys demonic theory is arguably one of the oldest Enlightenment thinkers focused on the dignity and worth of the  perspectives on criminal behavior and deviance. individual.  •The demonic theory provides religious explanations for criminal  behavior.  •All major religions have developed explanations about human A view that would eventually find nature, deviance, evil, and suffering. expression in the law & the treatment of criminal offenders. •Demonic criminology theory has had great historical significance in  terms of societal beliefs and criminal justice policies..
  8. 8. Hammurabi Hammurabi was the sixth king of Babylon  (that is, of the First Babylonian Dynasty) from 1792 BC to 1750 BC. He became the first king of the Babylonian Empire. Hammurabi is known for the set of laws called Hammurabi’s Code, one of the first written codes of law in recorded history. Owing to his reputation in modern times as an ancient law-giver, Hammurabis portrait is in many government buildings throughout the world.
  9. 9. The structure of the code isveryspecific, with each offensereceiving a specifiedpunishment.The code has been seen asan early example of aFundamental law regulatinga government — i.e., aprimitive form of what is nowknown as a constitution.
  10. 10. The code is also one of the earliestexamples of the idea of presumptionof innocence (both the accused andaccuser have the opportunity toprovide evidence).The code of laws was arranged inorderly groups, so that everyone whoread the laws would know what wasrequired of them.These laws were inscribed on stonetablets (stele) standing over eightfeet tall (2.4 meters), of unknownprovenance, found in Persia in 1901.The punishments tended to be veryharsh by modern standards, withmany offenses resulting in death,disfigurement, or the use of the "Eyefor eye, tooth for tooth" philosophy("Law of Retaliation").
  11. 11. Few of HAMMURABI’s LAW If someone is careless when watering his fields, and he floods someone elses by accident, he will pay for the grain he has ruined. If a man wants to throw his son out of the house, he has to go before a judge and say, "I dont want my son to live in my house anymore." The judge will find out the reasons. If the reasons are not good, the man cant throw his son out. If the son has done some great evil to his father, his father must forgive him the first time. But if he has done something evil twice, his father can throw him out. If a thief steals a cow, a sheep, a donkey, a pig, or a goat, he will pay ten times what it is worth. If he doesnt have any money to pay with, he will be put to death. An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth. If a man puts out the eye of another man, put his own eye out. If he knocks out another mans tooth, knock out his own tooth. If he breaks another mans bone, break his own bone.
  12. 12. Few of HAMMURABI’s LAW If a doctor operates a patient and the patient dies, the doctors hand will be cut off. If a builder builds a house, and that house collapses and kills the owners son, the builders son will be put to death. If a robber is caught breaking a hole into the house so that he can get in and steal, he will be put to death in front of that hole. If a son strike his own father, his hands shall be cut off If someone cuts down a tree on someone elses land, he will pay for it.
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