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  1. 1. High Tech, Low Tech Chapter 5 Applied Listening Skills WTUC Dec 2006
  2. 2. Which country do you think has traditionally taken the lead in space exploration?
  3. 3. How many countries do you think are involved in the largest international scientific and technological endeavor?
  4. 4. <ul><li>Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul><ul><li>17 members of the European Space Agency </li></ul><ul><li>(ESA) comprises the national space organizations and other entities of these seventeen countries: Austria , Belgium , Denmark , Finland , France , Germany , Greece , Ireland , Italy , Luxembourg , the Netherlands , Norway , Portugal , Spain , Sweden , Switzerland and the United Kingdom . </li></ul>
  5. 5. International Space Station <ul><li>Permanent Laboratory to be used for a variety of scientific and engineering pursuits, including medical research what would be impossible on earth. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Vocabulary <ul><li>Acceleration </li></ul><ul><li>Altitude </li></ul><ul><li>Astronauts </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Cargo bay </li></ul><ul><li>Friction </li></ul><ul><li>To manipulate </li></ul><ul><li>Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Orbit </li></ul><ul><li>Orbiter </li></ul><ul><li>Remote </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite </li></ul><ul><li>Shuttle </li></ul><ul><li>To simulate </li></ul><ul><li>solar </li></ul>
  7. 7. Answers to vocabulary exercise (p. 53) <ul><li>Astronauts </li></ul><ul><li>Mission, remote </li></ul><ul><li>Simulate </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulate </li></ul><ul><li>Cargo bay </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere, altitude, friction </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite, orbit, orbiter </li></ul><ul><li>Shuttle </li></ul><ul><li>Solar </li></ul><ul><li>acceleration </li></ul>
  8. 8. Taking Notes: Page 55 <ul><li>T (Tower) </li></ul><ul><li>EF (Engines Fire) </li></ul><ul><li>BR (Booster Rockets Drop Away) </li></ul><ul><li>ET (External Tank Drops Away) </li></ul><ul><li>EO (Enter Orbit) </li></ul><ul><li>OCB (Opening Cargo Bay) </li></ul><ul><li>RMA (Using Remote Manipulation Arm) </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>L (Landing) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Listening for Measurements and Amounts, p. 56 <ul><li>1,100 </li></ul><ul><li>Two </li></ul><ul><li>Four </li></ul><ul><li>15 </li></ul><ul><li>50 </li></ul><ul><li>Remote manipulation arm </li></ul><ul><li>Three </li></ul><ul><li>400,000 </li></ul><ul><li>5,000 </li></ul><ul><li>2,750 </li></ul><ul><li>10,000 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Shifting Between Active and Passive Voice <ul><li>Passive Voice [s v (be) p.p.] </li></ul><ul><li>The shuttle was flown. </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Verb ‘be’ + P.P. + Doer </li></ul><ul><li>The shuttle was flown by a pilot. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Active Voice <ul><li>[S= Doer + Verb + Object ] </li></ul><ul><li>My aunt flew the shuttle. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Answers to Conversations 1-4 <ul><li>Conversation has 2 passive voice. </li></ul><ul><li>The passive creates a feeling of objectivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Conversations 3 & 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Conversation 4 has the passive voice. </li></ul><ul><li>The official didn’t want tp sound like he was accusing the customer of not paying the bill. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Culture Note <ul><li>When a student in a U.S. school becomes sick or is injured in any way, it is the school nurse, not the teacher, who handles the situation. This system helps protect the school from legal action by parents. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>The nurse may offer to let the student rest in the office, or may suggest that a parent or other family member pick up the child and take him or her home. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Listening for the Passive Voice <ul><li>Are lifted </li></ul><ul><li>Has been used up </li></ul><ul><li>Be reached </li></ul><ul><li>Is called, is fitted </li></ul><ul><li>Is caught </li></ul><ul><li>To be picked up </li></ul><ul><li>Has been accomplished </li></ul><ul><li>Are protected </li></ul><ul><li>Are cut off </li></ul>
  16. 16. Using the Passive Voice to Report the News, p 60 <ul><li>The astronauts were given their breakfast at 5:00 a.m. </li></ul><ul><li>The countdown was begun at exactly 6:00 a.m. </li></ul><ul><li>The astronauts were asked if all systems were checked. </li></ul><ul><li>The controls were checked carefully by the astronauts. </li></ul><ul><li>All systems were tested by the astronauts. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>6. At 6:00 a.m. the signal was given for the countdown to liftoff. </li></ul><ul><li>7. The astronauts’ cabin was immediately filled with smoke and fumes. </li></ul><ul><li>8. The fire was put out quickly, but it took fifteen minutes for the cabin to cool down. </li></ul><ul><li>9. When the ground crew entered the cabin, they saw that the pilots mush have been killed instantly. </li></ul><ul><li>10. Two mechanics who were nearby were also injured by the explosion. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>11. Everyone at Mission Control was shocked. </li></ul><ul><li>12. Fire crews report that burned pieces of booster rocket have been found up to a quarter mile away. </li></ul><ul><li>13. Mission Control informs us that the public will be informed of any further developments. </li></ul><ul><li>14. Of course, the next scheduled mission has been canceled until further notice. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Part 4: Focus on Testing <ul><li>Speaker 1= b </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker 2= a </li></ul>
  20. 20. End