Paragraphs in Essay: Putting It All Together Basic Writing WTUC June 2007
Goals <ul><li>To understand how paragraphs and essays are related </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the basic steps in compo...
Four Features of a Good Paragraph <ul><li>Topic Sentence- states the main idea </li></ul><ul><li>Only ONE Topic- All the s...
Steps in the Process of Writing a Paragraph <ul><li>Brainstorming- Developing ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Focusing the topic- ...
What is an Essay? <ul><li>An essay is a collection of paragraphs that presents facts, opinions, and ideas on a topic.  </l...
Similarities between Essays and Paragraphs, p180 <ul><li>Discuss one topic </li></ul><ul><li>Use similar organizational el...
Differences between a Paragraph and Essay, p 181 <ul><li>Length </li></ul><ul><li>Scope of information </li></ul><ul><li>P...
Activity 2, p. 181:  <ul><li>a. E, b. P.  </li></ul><ul><li>a. P, b. E.  </li></ul><ul><li>a. P, b. E.  </li></ul><ul><li>...
What does an essay look like? <ul><li>See page 183 </li></ul>
An Essay Outline, p. 184 <ul><li>Introduction (paragraph 1) </li></ul><ul><li>Body/Paragraph 2- Reason 1 </li></ul><ul><li...
The Thesis Statement <ul><li>Tells the reader what the essay is about </li></ul><ul><li>Indicates what the organization of...
Thesis statement: Examples <ul><li>Three things make traveling to Southeast Asia an unforgettable experience. </li></ul><u...
Supporting Ideas <ul><li>2-3 supporting ideas that support the thesis statement </li></ul><ul><li>Each idea will become a ...
Some questions to ask and ideas to develop about the thesis statements <ul><li>Three things make traveling to Southeast As...
Activity 3, p. 186: <ul><li>Possible answers include: (computer literacy)  </li></ul><ul><li>I. Introduction.  </li></ul><...
(aunt Josephine) <ul><li>I. Introduction.  </li></ul><ul><li>II. Body (paragraph 2): She taught me to be strong.  </li></u...
Activity 5, p. 188: <ul><li>1. a story.  </li></ul><ul><li>2. opinion.  </li></ul><ul><li>3. paragraph 3.  </li></ul><ul><...
Activity 6, p. 189: <ul><li>I. B. This disregard for the native language is a mistake as there are many benefits to being ...
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Essay Basic Writing

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Essay Basic Writing

  1. 1. Paragraphs in Essay: Putting It All Together Basic Writing WTUC June 2007
  2. 2. Goals <ul><li>To understand how paragraphs and essays are related </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the basic steps in composing an essay </li></ul>
  3. 3. Four Features of a Good Paragraph <ul><li>Topic Sentence- states the main idea </li></ul><ul><li>Only ONE Topic- All the sentences in the paragraph are about one topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Indented Line- The first line of a paragraph is indented. </li></ul><ul><li>Concluding sentence- bring the paragraph to a logical conclusion. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Steps in the Process of Writing a Paragraph <ul><li>Brainstorming- Developing ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Focusing the topic- creating the topic sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Writing supporting sentences- developing the ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Ending the paragraph- writing concluding sentences. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is an Essay? <ul><li>An essay is a collection of paragraphs that presents facts, opinions, and ideas on a topic. </li></ul><ul><li>An essay could be as short as three or four paragraphs or as long as ten or more typed pages that include many paragraphs. </li></ul><ul><li>A research paper is a special paper that answers a research question. A Research paper is actually a kind of essay. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Similarities between Essays and Paragraphs, p180 <ul><li>Discuss one topic </li></ul><ul><li>Use similar organizational elements to help the reader understand the information </li></ul><ul><li>Essays have supporting and concluding paragraphs, just as paragraphs have supporting and concluding sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>Have introduction (or topic sentence), a body (supporting information, and a conclusion. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Differences between a Paragraph and Essay, p 181 <ul><li>Length </li></ul><ul><li>Scope of information </li></ul><ul><li>Paragraph topic is very specific </li></ul><ul><li>Essay topic covers a wider scope </li></ul>
  8. 8. Activity 2, p. 181: <ul><li>a. E, b. P. </li></ul><ul><li>a. P, b. E. </li></ul><ul><li>a. P, b. E. </li></ul><ul><li>a. E, b. P. </li></ul><ul><li>a. E, b. P. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What does an essay look like? <ul><li>See page 183 </li></ul>
  10. 10. An Essay Outline, p. 184 <ul><li>Introduction (paragraph 1) </li></ul><ul><li>Body/Paragraph 2- Reason 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Body/Paragraph 3- Reason 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Body/ Paragraph 4- Reason 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion/Paragraph 5 </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Thesis Statement <ul><li>Tells the reader what the essay is about </li></ul><ul><li>Indicates what the organization of the essay will be </li></ul><ul><li>Usually the last sentence in the introduction paragraph </li></ul>
  12. 12. Thesis statement: Examples <ul><li>Three things make traveling to Southeast Asia an unforgettable experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Serving in the military offers not only professional advantages but also personal advantages. </li></ul><ul><li>Computer literacy is one of the fastest growing needs for young adults. </li></ul><ul><li>The person I most respect and admire is my aunt. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Supporting Ideas <ul><li>2-3 supporting ideas that support the thesis statement </li></ul><ul><li>Each idea will become a separate paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Provide specific examples and details within the paragraph </li></ul>
  14. 14. Some questions to ask and ideas to develop about the thesis statements <ul><li>Three things make traveling to Southeast Asia an unforgettable experience. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Question: Why is it an unforgettable experience? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideas to develop: The people are very friendly; there are beautiful places to see; the food is exotic. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See pages 185-186 for more examples. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Activity 3, p. 186: <ul><li>Possible answers include: (computer literacy) </li></ul><ul><li>I. Introduction. </li></ul><ul><li>II. Body (paragraph 2): It is needed in academic situations. </li></ul><ul><li>III. Body (paragraph 3): It is needed in the workforce. </li></ul><ul><li>IV. Body (paragraph 4): It is needed for personal reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>V. Conclusion (paragraph 6). </li></ul>
  16. 16. (aunt Josephine) <ul><li>I. Introduction. </li></ul><ul><li>II. Body (paragraph 2): She taught me to be strong. </li></ul><ul><li>III. Body (paragraph 3): She taught me to be kind. </li></ul><ul><li>IV. Body (paragraph 4): She gave me unconditional love. </li></ul><ul><li>V. Conclusion (paragraph 6). </li></ul>
  17. 17. Activity 5, p. 188: <ul><li>1. a story. </li></ul><ul><li>2. opinion. </li></ul><ul><li>3. paragraph 3. </li></ul><ul><li>4. paragraph 4. </li></ul><ul><li>5. paragraph 5. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Activity 6, p. 189: <ul><li>I. B. This disregard for the native language is a mistake as there are many benefits to being bilingual. </li></ul><ul><li>II. A. One of the most basic advantages of being bilingual is a purely linguistic one. </li></ul><ul><li>II. B. 3. Bilinguals can understand both the literal and historical significance of an expression. </li></ul><ul><li>II. C. Finally, widespread bilingualism can contribute to global awareness. </li></ul><ul><li>II. C. 2. Bilingualism can increase sympathy among nations. </li></ul><ul><li>III. B. The real tragedy is people who ‘lose’ a language that they knew in the past. </li></ul>

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