Salvador Dali was a surrealist painter born 1904 at Figueras (Catalonia). He was the son of a prosperous notary and spent his youth in the coastal fishing village of Cadaques where his parents built a studio for him.
He showed talent for painting as a young man and attended the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid.
It was through magazines and publications that Dali, while still in Spain around 1927, discovered surrealism. In 1929 he arrived in Paris and shortly became part of the Paris Surrealist Group led by Andre Breton.
He did not maintain a relationship with the Paris Surrealists for long due to personality clashes and differences in politics. In 1934 he was officially expelled from the Paris Surrealist group, but he continued to exhibit works in international surrealist exhibitions throughout the decade.
1939 he moved to Del Monte, California. From 1949 to 1950 .Dali’s art went through a Mystical In Period which was followed by a Nuclear Period. He called this period his “classical” style in which he was preoccupied with science, history, and religion.
The Museum of Modern Art in New York gave Dali a major exhibition in 1941. He made The Last Supper , which is now in the collection of the National Gallery in Washington D.C. including The Discovery of America , and The Toreador
In 1974 Dali opened the Teatro Museo Dali in Figures, Spain. This was followed by retrospectives in Paris and London at the end of the decade. After the death of his wife, Dali’s health began to fail. He lived as an invalid near his Teatro Museo and died in 1989.
Why D ali is one of the world’s best known artists?
Dali was a skilled draftsman, best known for the striking, bizarre, and beautiful images in his surrealist work.
The young Dali attended the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid.
Early recognition of Dali’s talent came with his first one-man show in Barcelona in 1925.
As an artist, Salvador Dali was not limited to a particular style or media. The body of his work, from early impressionist paintings through his transitional surrealist works, and into his classical period, reveals a constantly growing and evolving artist.