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Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits
Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits
Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits
Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits
Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits
Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits
Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits
Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits
Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits
Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits
Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits
Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits
Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits
Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits
Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits
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Green Flagship Wilhelmsen Deserves Plaudits

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  • 1. GREENFLAGSHIPwww.2wglobal.com
  • 2. Green flagship 3 Alternative energy sources 4 Optimum cargo capacity 5 Environmentally friendly design 6 What’s in a name? 8 Design sketchbook 9 Vessel design 10 Clean sailing 11 Quick facts 13 Related links 14www.2wglobal.com
  • 3. GREEN FLAGSHIPBringing goods to the global marketWallenius Wilhelmsen’s commitment to protecting theenvironment often runs ahead of the schedules mandat-ed by international legislation. So it may come as nosurprise that Wallenius Wilhelmsen is at the forefront ofvessel design. The result? The E/S Orcelle, WalleniusWilhelmsen’s vision for the future of an environmentallyfriendly ocean transport industry. This concept vessel does not release any emissionsinto the atmosphere or into the ocean. It uses renew-able energy sources and fuel cells to generate theenergy required to power the vessel. Its highlyadvanced design provides optimum cargo capacity totransport cars and other goods around the world moreefficiently.www.2wglobal.com Green flagship 3
  • 4. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCESRenewable energySustainable shipping depends on the use of new tech-nologies and on the utilisation of energy from renew-able sources. Wallenius Wilhelmsen believes that thefuture of the shipping industry lies in the utilisation ofthe energy sources already available at sea: the energyfrom the sun, from the wind and from the waves. We believe that the industry as a whole must putmore effort into developing sustainable ocean transportsolutions that are both viable and cost-effective. To thatend, the design of the E/S Orcelle is based on the utili-sation of energy from renewable sources. WalleniusWilhelmsen is well aware that the technologiesrequired to enable this concept vessel to become areality in the next 20 years need to be developed. We have observed various emerging technologiesthat enable smaller ships to utilise energy from renew-able sources. And we are keeping a close watch onemerging trends and are hopeful that these solutionsmay become applicable to larger vessels sometime inthe future. Renewable energy sources have the poten-tial to provide an abundant supply of energy with mini-mal environmental impact and at relatively low cost.We look forward to the future.www.2wglobal.com Alternative energy sources 4
  • 5. OPTIMUM CARGO CAPACITYMore versatile vesselThe E/S Orcelle will have an optimum cargo capacity of85,000 m2 of cargo deck stowage area, roughly equiva-lent to 14 football fields. This is up to 50% more spacethan today’s modern car carriers, which are capable oftransporting 6,500 vehicles. The E/S Orcelle will be capable of transporting upto 10,000 cars on eight cargo decks. Three of thedecks will be adjustable to accommodate cargo of dif-ferent heights and weights. Compared to today’s vessels, the pentamaran hullshape of the E/S Orcelle and its utilisation of energyfrom renewable sources will help optimise the cargo-carrying capacity of the vessel. The E/S Orcelle willhave a maximum deadweight capacity of 13,000 tonsand weigh 21,000 tons much like today’s car carriers.Yet the E/S Orcelle will be capable of carrying approxi-mately 3,000 more tons of cargo, thanks to the use oflightweight materials and the elimination of ballastwater.www.2wglobal.com Optimum cargo capacity 5
  • 6. ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLYDESIGNDesign challenges Taking into consideration other environmental challenges, such as completely eliminating theWhat does the future hold for shipping in the year problems related to ballast water, thanks to2025? What if fossil fuel oils become too expensive to the new hull design.extract or if they are quite simply no longer available?What if renewable energy sources available at sea Conceptual work on the E/S Orcelle began in 2004could replace the fuel oils used to power today’s and is continuing. By using alternative energy sourcesships? What if car manufacturers could extend the and eliminating emissions, the E/S Orcelle will con-range of the environmental friendliness of their opera- tribute to the protection of marine ecosystems and oftions to include the entire supply chain - from factory the earth’s atmosphere. Wallenius Wilhelmsen envis-production through delivery to dealers and onwards to ages a service date of 2025 for this environmentallyconsumers? friendly car carrier. These questions constitute the basis for the designand development of the E/S Orcelle, the zero-emissionvessel of the future. The main design considerationsinclude: Using the sun, wind and waves to employ multiple energy generators that include fuel cells. Optimising cargo capacity and lowering energy consumption per transported unit.www.2wglobal.com Environmentally friendly design 6
  • 7. ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLYDESIGNNo ballast water No emissionsAccording to IMO, ballast water is one of the four major With the E/S Orcelle, it will be clean sailing with zerothreats to the world’s oceans. The E/S Orcelle will emissions. The E/S Orcelle is powered by the sensibleeffectively eliminate this threat by eliminating the need utilisation of energy from renewable sources. Thesefor ballast water. Thanks to the vessel’s pentamaran hull energy sources will include solar energy, wind energydesign and the elimination of a traditional stern propeller and wave energy, and will be used in combination withand rudder, no ballast water will be required on board. a fuel cell system powered by hydrogen. Some of the hydrogen for the fuel cells will be produced on board by solar, wind and wave energy. The only by-products of the production of electricity from fuel cells are water and heat.www.2wglobal.com Environmentally friendly design 7
  • 8. WHAT’S IN A NAME?The E/S Orcelle is named after the Irrawaddy dolphin,or Orcelle in French. WWF, the global conservationorganisation includes the dolphin, which resembles thebeluga whale, among the worlds critically endangeredspecies. Although the species now inhabits limited coastaland freshwater areas in South-East Asia, WalleniusWilhelmsen chose to name its ship of the future afterthe dolphin in recognition of the immediate danger ofthis species’ extinction. The abbreviation, E/S, stands for Environmentallysound Ship. The E/S Orcelle releases zero emissionsinto the atmosphere and no operational discharges intothe sea.www.2wglobal.com What’s in a name? 8
  • 9. DESIGN SKETCHBOOKSketch 1 Sketch 2 Sketch 3The multi-disciplinary team that is working on the con- Sketch 2ceptual design of the E/S Orcelle includes naval archi-tects, environmental experts and industrial designers. The design team then explored various alternatives toThe challenge presented to the design team was to provide the best combination of the utilisation of alter-investigate the use of alternative energy sources, rather native energy sources, optimum cargo capacity andthan fossil fuel oil, for the vessel’s power and propulsion. other environmental considerations. Other important design requirements included zeroemissions and optimum cargo capacity. Weight and dis- Sketch 3placement, hull design and speed were also design In order to optimise cargo capacity on board, the light-considerations that the team explored. Below is a brief weight of the vessel was decreased by splitting the tri-presentation of the design process. maran’s sponsons into two, which resulted in a more dynamic pentamaran hull design.Sketch 1The conceptual design of the vessel began as astreamlined trimaran which, compared to conventionalmonohull designs, provides greater stability, significant-ly less drag and improved utilisation of energy.www.2wglobal.com Design sketchbook 9
  • 10. VESSEL DESIGNLightweight materials Powerful pentamaranThe use of aluminium and thermoplastic composite The E/S Orcelle will have five hulls; a long, slendermaterials offer these distinct advantages over common main hull and four support hulls, or sponsons, to pro-carbon steels: vide stability at sea. The stability offered by the penta- maran hull and its fins, combined with the use of new High tensile strength propulsion systems, will eliminate the need for the ves- Less maintenance sel to take on and release ballast water. In addition, the Easy to shape pentamaran hull design will contribute to the improved Lightweight utilisation of energy and to the clean flow of water Fatigue resistant around vessel. Recyclablewww.2wglobal.com Vessel design 10
  • 11. CLEAN SAILINGSolar energy Wind energy Wave energyThe primary energy sources for the E/S Orcelle will be Wind energyfuel cells as well as the sun, wind and waves. These Wind energy will mainly be utilised for propulsionenergy sources will be transformed on board to create directly through three sails constructed of lightweightenergy carriers. An energy carrier is a way of transmit- composite material; a uniquely new twist to the age-oldting energy for use. Energy consumers include all art of sailing. Capable of folding upward and outward,equipment on board that utilise energy to operate the the rigid sails can rotate about the masthead to fix thevessel. best position to extract wind energy through the cre- ation of drag force or lift force, or a combination of thePrimary energy sources two.Solar energy Wave energySolar energy will be utilised through photovoltaic pan- Wave energy may be transformed into various types ofels located in the vessel’s sails. When not in use for energy by combining the relative movements of thewind propulsion, the sails may be tilted, laid down or in waves, the fins and the vessel. The E/S Orcelle willother ways directed for maximum solar energy collec- have a total of 12 fins in all, enabling the vessel to har-tion. The solar energy will then be transformed into ness and transform wave energy into hydrogen, elec-electricity for immediate use, or for storage. tricity or mechanical energy. The fins are also propul- sion units that are driven by wave energy or by the electricity or mechanical energy available on board.www.2wglobal.com Clean sailing 11
  • 12. CLEAN SAILINGEnergy carriers Mechanical and hydraulic energy The wave energy generated by the vertical movementFuel cells of the fins may be transformed into mechanical energyFuel cell technology is developing at a rapid pace, as for immediate use in the mechanical propulsion of theevident in its use in the automotive industry. fins. In addition, energy from the movement of the finsApproximately 50% of the energy used for propulsion may be harnessed to generate hydraulic energy thatof the E/S Orcelle will be generated by fuel cells. Fuel may either be used immediately or stored. Other prom-cells will combine two common chemical elements, ising systems for mechanical energy storage, such ashydrogen and oxygen, to generate electricity to be used flywheels, are under development.by the electric motors in the pod and fin propulsion sys-tems. The fuel cells will also generate electricity forother energy consumers on board. Generating energy Energy consumersin this way creates by-products: pure water vapour and Electric propulsion systemheat. The E/S Orcelle will have two variable speed electricHydrogen propulsion systems, known as pods, to complement theThe E/S Orcelle will have a hydrogen-driven fuel cell vessel’s sail and fin propulsion systems. Each pod willsystem on board to generate electricity. The production house a motor, gearbox and propeller in a single com-and storage (at high pressure or low temperature) of pact unit. One pod will be fitted at each end of thethe hydrogen itself are currently obstacles that need to main hull, providing full power and a 360-degree fieldbe overcome in order to develop viable fuel cell tech- of manoeuvrability.nology for ships. Sailing Wallenius Wilhelmsen envisions that future technolo- Electric and hydraulic power supply will be required togies will be able to transform solar, wind and wave erect, unfurl and rotate the sails.energy into hydrogen for immediate use and/or storageon board. By developing technologies that will enable Manoeuvringthe production of hydrogen at sea, we will be able to Electric and hydraulic power supply will be required torealize a significant reduction in the handling and stor- operate the two aft rudders. The rudders will provideage of this energy source on board. In addition, we steering capabilities during operations when the elec-expect new technologies to solve the hydrogen storage tric propulsion systems are not in use, for example,problems, enabling solid materials to replace the fluid. while the vessel is sailing.Electricity Onboard systemsVarious energy sources, including the vessel’s solar Ventilation and onboard systems will utilise energy,panels, fuel cell system and fins, will generate electricity which is primarily electrical energy. Hydraulic power willfor propulsion, lighting, equipment, ventilation and navi- also be required for raising and lowering the stern rampgation. Battery storage facilities will provide operational and for adjusting the height of the cargo decks.flexibility.www.2wglobal.com Clean sailing 12
  • 13. QUICK FACTSConcept vessel Zero-emission car carrierHull design PentamaranDesign materials Aluminium and thermoplastic compositesLength overall 250 mHeight 40 mTotal height with sails erected: 95 mBeam moulded 50 mDesign draught 9mDesign speed (maximum) 20 knotsDesign speed (service) 15 knotsDimensionsSolar panels 3 x 800 m2Sails 3 x 1,400 m2Fins 12 x 210 m2Maximum energy outputSolar panel 2,500 kWFuel cells 10,000 kWPod propulsion 2 x 4,000 kWLightweight of vessel 21,000 tonsMaximum deadweightcapacity 13,000 tonsVehicle capacity 10,000 cars (Based on todays standard units)Design cargo deck area 85,000 m2Number of decks Eight cargo decks, of which three are adjustable in order to accommodate high and heavy vehicles and equipmentNote: At this stage of development, it is not the intent ofWallenius Wilhelmsen to show every detail ofarrangement on board.www.2wglobal.com Quick facts 13
  • 14. RELATED LINKSElectrical pod systems (Rolls Royce)http://www.rolls-royce.com/marine/product/propulsion/electrical/default.jspEuropean Hydrogen Associationhttp://www.h2euro.org/intro/intro_00.htmlEuropean Integrated Hydrogen Projecthttp://www.eihp.org/Fuel Cell Todayhttp://www.fuelcelltoday.com/index/How stuff works: Fuel cellshttp://science.howstuffworks.com/search.php?search=fuel%20cells&fr=chHow the Hydrogen Economy Workshttp://people.howstuffworks.com/hydrogen-economy.htmInternational Energy Agencyhttp://www.iea.orgOrcelle dolphin (Irrawaddy dolphin)http://www.panda.org/about_wwf/what_we_do/species/showspecies.cfm?SID=52&LID=2&FH=ENational Renewable Energy Laboratoryhttp://www.nrel.gov/www.2wglobal.com Related links 14
  • 15. www.2wglobal.com

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