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Of course, one of the roles of our commission is to also advocate for historic properties which are not yet listed on the Kansas City Register. Kemper Arena is one of these properties. Constructed in 1974, Kemper Arena has not yet reached the 50 year threshold which would make it eligible under the traditional sense; however, the criteria for evaluation does take into consideration properties of recent significance which demonstrate “exceptional importance”.
- Demolish one historic structure to restore another
In 2003, the EPA estimated that construction, renovation and demolition of non-residential U.S. buildings generated over 130 million tons of waste. An incredible, detrimental impact on our environment
Razing historic buildings results in a triple hit on scarce resources. First, we are throwing away thousands of dollars in embodied energy. Second we are replacing it with materials vastly more consumptive of energy. What are more historic houses structures built from? Brick, plaster, concrete and timber. What are major components of new construction? Plastic, steel, aluminum and vinyl… materials which require significantly more energy to produce. Third, recurring embodied energy savings increase dramatically as a building’s life stretches over 50 years
The Greenest Building study finds that it takes 10 to 80 years for a new building that is 30 percent more efficient than an average-performing existing to overcome, through efficient operations, the negative climate change impacts related to the construction process
Long Life Loose Fit is a mantra which is permeating through our office, and the profession, challenging architects, engineers and builders to think about the long term use of our built environment.The Bolender Center epitomizes a commitment to this way of thinking
This historic structure was designed by Jarvis-Hunt, a prolific Kansas City firm during the early part of the twentieth century. Originally constructed in 1914, the building served its first life as a coal-burning central plant which powered the great beaux-arts train station and post office built nearby. In the 1970’s the building was abandoned and sat vacant for over 30 years.The decaying building had daunting structural deterioration and drainage issues. However, amid the decay, there were many innovative design features that inspired a holistic adaptive reuse, such as the “Texas skylights,” which are raised portions of roof with operable glass windows that can be opened to release heat and allow natural sunlight to come in.
The last decade Kansas City has seen an incredible investment in the arts…The Bolender Center is the latest part of this effort
In the fall of 2010, the KCMSD was faced with declining enrollment, a projected budget deficit and crippling OM costs made a controversial decision to close over twenty schools, mothballing only a handful of properties and repurposing many
Bancroft school sat abandoned since 1999, creating a dead space in a struggling neighborhood.
Building on our work with the Make it Right Foundation and the Dalmark Development Group, the project is intended to be a model for the transformation of a struggling neighborhoodThis development group facilitated 4 community charrettes, wherein residents expressed a great desire for basic community services: medical clinic, NHA offices, safe park space, housing for families/elderly/disabled/vets/low-income, and more.
The Bancroft School Project has demonstrated a robust commitment to community dialogue and neighborhood process.
KCPL Headquarters in downtown KCMO679 employeesIn 2007 KCPL entered into an agreement with the Sierra Club to reduce the utility company’s overall carbon emissions by 20%As a step towards this commitment BNIM was commissioned to design a new headquarters which pushes the envelop on what is possible for retrofitting older buildings to today’s sustainable design standards
11 total floors232,000 sf rentable area; 208,000 sf usable areaLayout of typical floor utilized daylighting by putting open offices on perimeter; private offices on interiorAll users have access to natural light
Layout of typical floor utilized daylighting by putting open offices on perimeter; private offices on interiorAll users have access to natural lightUpdated core functionsLow-flow fixturesConference and shared space on perimeter
Utilized UFAD System1’-6” deepPerimeter radiant
Access floor installation:Ducts from mechanical room feeding plenumDealing with exit stair entry (needed steps/handrail)Modified existing grand stairTypical wall interface
Accounting for elevator landing adjustment
What’s Different?Natural light doing it’s thingLighting controls at work – saving $$
Projected to cut its total energy use by 27 percent in its new headquarterseliminating 1,612 metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions a year. use water-efficient fixtures that will enable it to cut water consumption by about 44 percent. Goal to recycle and reuse about 80 percent of the construction waste from upgrades to its new headquarters spacewhich equates to about 2,000 cubic yards of waste.
Moved in October 2009, and results are in:
Show the boundary of the Midtown/Plaza plan and some demographics about ownership and rentership.
Building Conservation and Sustainability
BNIM is a Registered Provider with The American Institute of
Architects Continuing Education Systems (AIA/CES). Credit(s)
earned on completion of this program will be reported to AIA/CES for
AIA members. Certificates of Completion for both AIA members and
non-AIA members are available upon request.
This program is registered with AIA/CES for continuing professional
education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed
or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any
material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using,
distributing, or dealing in any material or product.
Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be
addressed at the conclusion of this presentation.
Two distinct forces are on a trajectory to change the preservation movement.
As modern architecture comes of age, efforts to save important buildings of the
Post-WWII Era are challenging the public's perception of what it means for a
building to be "historic". As the preservation community wrestles with what is
historic architecture and how it should be saved, the health of our planet is
faced with extraordinary challenges and how our built environment responds to
these challenges has never been more important. This presentation covers the
ongoing evolution of the preservation movement and the increasingly critical
alignment with the green building movement.
At the end of this program, participants will be able to:
1. This course will inform participants of the preservation movement's history in
the United States from the earliest efforts to reconstruct colonial settlements,
forts and sites associated with our founding fathers to today's preservation
battle lines in the fight to protect modern landmarks.
2. Participants will be able to identify key challenges facing the preservation
community by examining case studies which illustrate the critical importance
of resolving conflicts between conservation and preservation.
3. This course will illustrate innovative ways historic buildings can be
repurposed and sustainable design can help ensure our architectural
heritage is preserved for future generations.
4. Participants will be able to measure the environmental impact of building
demolition versus reuse, using an existing project.
In the beginning…
Penn Station; McKim, Mead and White; Constructed 1910
In 1962, five architects banded
together to form the Action
Group for Better Architecture
in New York (AGBANY)
Although the battle to save Penn Station was lost,
AGBANY‟s efforts to save the building led to several
milestones in modern preservation.
• 1964: Columbia University offers the first advanced-degree historic
• 1965: New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission is established
• 1965: New York-based World Monuments Fund is founded in to preserve
historic sites all over the world.
In 1966 President Johnson
signs the National Historic
Orion Pictures Building
(once contributing structure to future Historic Film Row District)
“New buildings make sense for major
chain stores and restaurants that can
afford to build them.
But many other sorts of businesses,
especially small start-ups, thrive best
in old buildings.”
-- Jane Jacobs, The Death and Life
of Great American Cities
C.F. Murphy Associates (first major project designed by Helmut Jahn), 1974
Kemper Arena studies
courtesy of Kansas City
Orange County Government Center
Goshen, New York
Paul Rudolph, 1963-67
like scouring pads
on the retina.”
Prentice Women‟s Hospital
Proposal for reuse of Prentice Women‟s
Hospital by Jeanne Gang
pub. New York Times, Oct. 18, 2012
Gettysburg National Military Park Richard
approximately 1 billion
square feet of buildings
are demolished and
replaced with new
“Demolition should be a last
option and not a first response.”
-- Michael Allen, Modern STL
“Reuse of buildings with an
average level of energy
performance consistently offers
immediate climate change impact
reductions compared to more
energy-efficient new construction.”
The Greenest Building: Quantifying the Environmental Value of Building Reuse
Long Life Loose Fit
Bancroft School Apartments
29 apartments in school rehab
21 new construction apartments
Police break area
Site Green Features:
All site perimeter trees preserved
33 new trees on site
front porches, scale, proximity
benches, lighting, art
Green space and planted edges
Secure resident access
Project Green Features:
LEED-H Platinum Certification
75 kW solar PV
Offsets common space energy load
High performance historic profile windows
Permeable paving, rain gardens, native plants
Preservation of historic school
Durable finishes throughout
Energy efficient heating & cooling
KCPL HeadquartersOne Kansas City Place Kansas City, MOreVIVE
KCPL Headquarters – One Kansas City Place
Isometric Scope Isometric Plan Layout
Work DiagramEfficient Replication
Typical Floor Plan
Floor PlanMaximum Exposure
Underfloor Air System Section
Rethinking Supply ChainUnderfloor Air Delivery
KCPL HeadquartersUnderfloor Air Delivery System
KCPL HeadquartersDon’t forget the elevators...
What‟s Different?The Power of Light(-ing controls)
Projected annual energy savings due
to KCP&L‟s energy reduction strategies
New water-efficient fixtures are part of
strategy to reduce water consumption
80% of the
will be recycled and
KCPL Goes „Green‟Projected Results
38% over ASHRAE baseline
KCPL will pay for its own
94% of construction
waste diverted from landfill.
Equals size of 8 school buses
Over 1,800 tons of CO2
emissions saved per year
640,0000 gallons of
water saved per year
The Results Are In!
Positive Impact : Surrounding Neighborhoods and Beyond
• Cultivate KC
• Bridging The Gap (Includes Keep
KC Beautiful, KC Wildlands,
Environmental Excellence Business
Network, Water Works, By Product
Synergy And Heartland Tree
• Metropolitan Energy Center
• KC Healthy Kids
• Mind Drive
• A Well-known Health Care Provider
• Healthy Living Culinary Institute
• 3 Well-known Educational
• UMKC Bloch School With Blue
Valley CAPS (Center For Advanced
• Rockhurst: Helzberg School
• Harvard Center For Health And The
• Children‟s Mercy Hospital-Center
for Environmental Health
“This will redefine learning, healthy living, creativity,
community, and vitality.”
“Cities need old buildings so
badly it is probably impossible
for vigorous streets and districts
to grow without them.”
-- Jane Jacobs, The Death and Life of Great American Cities
Erik Heitman, LEED AP