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Storm Surge and Flood Protection

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  • The SSPEED Center (taken from the brochure): In the aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita it was obvious that there needed to be a technical discussion about the all encompassing power and damage that hurricanes can cause along the Gulf Coast. The Severe Storm Prediction, Education and Evacuation from Disasters (SSPEED) Center was established in 2007 as a university based research and education organization. Led by Rice University, the SSPEED Center organizes leading universities, researchers, emergency managers, and private and public entities to advance research that supports the creation and dissemination of knowledge to better address severe storms and their impact on the Gulf Coast.
  • Example #1 of Hurricane Modeling Abilities at the University of Texas ADCIRC modeling allows researchers to identify vulnerable areas along the coast. Modelers can reproduce real storms as well as developing hypothetical storms to examine their impacts. SEE NEXT SLIDE ADCIRC Modeling Capabilities (taken from the brochure): Ike is the most destructive hurricane to make landfall on the Texas coast since the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 and serves as the basis for much of the research conducted by the SSPEED Center. ADCIRC modelers at the UT Space Science Research Center in Austin have completed a series of model runs that show the impacts of modified versions of Hurricane Ike (i.e. higher wind speeds). Their results allow us to inspect the relative benefits of implementing a series of structural and non-structural mitigation techniques to protect coastal areas. The research completed by the SSPEED Center to address hurricane vulnerability will set a national example for coastal protection strategies in terms of economy, social structure, and environmental policy.
  • Example #2 Hurricane Modeling Abilities at the University of Texas: Modified Hurricane Ike  Hurricane Ike had it made landfall near San Luis Pass As shown, flooding could have been much worse, had the storm made landfall 30-50 miles further south. Later in the presentation we will also examine the impacts of a Category 3 storm (Hurricane Ike + 15%) making landfall near San Luis Pass. The importance of such modeling to the SSPEED Center also allows us to examine the impacts of proposed protection strategies such as levee systems and flood gates… SEE NEXT SLIDE
  • Galveston Bay's funneling geometry places the communities of West Bay in harm's way; 244,500 people and 81,500 jobs exist within the 25' contour.
  • Planning team publications have evaluated the 'vital statistics' of successful coastal parks. The Galveston Bay area is a prime candidate for a significant coastal park. Investigations include: 28 park case studies, urban access to regional parks, precedent parks sizes and shape, and park proximity and economic impact.
  • There is a two-fold benefit to a National Recreation Area in Galveston Bay: it will provide the Houston-Galveston region from storm surge in addition bolstering the state’s limited park network.
  • Transcript

    • 1. GULF COAST GREEN- 2013 Coastal Planning and Design for Sustainable Economic Development, Recreation, and Security Thomas Colbert, University of Houston Kevin Shanley, SWA Group Matt Baumgarten, Jason Honeycutt, Frances Kellerman, Alex Lahti, Rose Lee, Fangyi Lu, Ian Spencer
    • 2. Thomas M. Colbert, AIA is a Registered Provider with The American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems (AIA/CES). Credit(s) earned on completion of this program will be reported to AIA/CES for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for both AIA members and non-AIA members are available upon request. This program is registered with AIA/CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation.
    • 3. LEARNING OBJECTIVES At the end of this program, participants will be able to: 1.Understand regional risks associated with severe weather events. 2.Recognize opportunities for economic, recreational and infrastructure development in at risk areas. 3.Be able to establish site selection and design criteria for sustainable, resilient coastal development.
    • 4. COURSE DESCRIPTION The Houston-Galveston region is uniquely susceptible to the risk of hurricane related tidal surge and rainwater flooding. Repeated hurricanes and tropical storms have devastated this part of the Gulf Coast and yet a substantial portion of the region's diverse and rapidly growing population is living inside potential tidal surge inundation areas. The vast industrial infrastructure of the Houston Ship Channel, the largest collection of refining and petrochemical storage facilities and infrastructure in the nation is also at risk of catastrophic flooding. Based on analyses undertaken by the SSPEED Center, this presentation will describe the specific risks faced by individual districts and local communities and proposals for a layered system of coastal protection. These proposals include structural and non-structural alternatives.
    • 5. The SSPEED Center Funding from Houston Endowment GALVESTON BAY COASTAL PROTECTION SYSTEM SSPEEDSSPEED Severe Storm Prediction, Education and Evacuation from Disasters (est. 2007)
    • 6. 11
    • 7. 12
    • 8. Original Landfall
    • 9. landfall near San Luis Pass
    • 10. 17 Houston-Galveston Study Area Mean Sea Level HOUSTON Texas City Galveston La Porte League City Alvin Baytown JSC
    • 11. 18 HOUSTON Texas City Galveston La Porte League City Alvin Hurricane Carly 4/22 at 0800 CDT MEOW NW at 8 MPH Surge: 4.8 Feet Baytown JSC
    • 12. 19 HOUSTON Texas City Galveston La Porte League City Alvin Hurricane Carly 4/22 at 1200 CDT MEOW NW at 8 MPH Surge: 10.6 Feet Baytown JSC
    • 13. 20 HOUSTON Texas City Galveston La Porte League City Alvin Hurricane Carly 4/22 at 1700 CDT MEOW NW at 8 MPH Surge: 17.9 Feet Baytown JSC
    • 14. 21 HOUSTON Texas City Galveston La Porte League City Alvin Hurricane Carly 4/22 at 2000 CDT MEOW NW at 8 MPH Surge: 22.4 Feet Baytown JSC
    • 15. TWO MAJOR PROBLEMS Existing Development Growing Population 31.8’ UT Center For Space Research + TX Natural Resources Info. System, 2007
    • 16. 23 PROJECTED GROWTH 2005 2020 2035 A 104,159 131,129 166,144 B 297,467 384,850 474,065 C 622,292 747,933 921,388
    • 17. Houston Ship Channel Galveston West Shore Galveston Bay Lone Star Coastal National Recreation Area
    • 18. Houston Ship Channel
    • 19. 31.8’ UT Center For Space Research + TX Natural Resources Info. System, 2007
    • 20. 31.8’ UT Center For Space Research + TX Natural Resources Info. System, 2007 I 10 SH 225 I 610
    • 21. 25’-0” 25’-0”
    • 22. 25 ft. Surge
    • 23. It’s a Homeland Defense Project!
    • 24. West Shore Galveston Bay
    • 25. 54 Houston-Galveston Study Area Mean Sea Level HOUSTON La Porte Pasadena Baytown Webster Bacliff Deer Park JSC Kemah
    • 26. 55 Hurricane Carly 4/22 at 0800 CDT MEOW NW at 8 MPH Surge: 4.8 Feet HOUSTON La Porte Pasadena Baytown Webster Bacliff Deer Park JSC Kemah
    • 27. 56 Hurricane Carly 4/22 at 1200 CDT MEOW NW at 8 MPH Surge: 10.6 Feet HOUSTON La Porte Pasadena Baytown Webster Bacliff Deer Park JSC Kemah
    • 28. 57 Hurricane Carly 4/22 at 1700 CDT MEOW NW at 8 MPH Surge: 17.9 Feet HOUSTON La Porte Pasadena Baytown Webster Bacliff Deer Park JSC Kemah
    • 29. 58 Hurricane Carly 4/22 at 2000 CDT MEOW NW at 8 MPH Surge: 22.4 Feet HOUSTON La Porte Pasadena Baytown Webster Bacliff Deer Park JSC Kemah
    • 30. Surge and Waves – Bacliff and San Leon
    • 31. SH - 146
    • 32. Kemah
    • 33. Clear Lake
    • 34. Galveston
    • 35. Texas Civil Air Patrol Photo September 15, 2008
    • 36. Harborside Drive
    • 37. Harborside Drive
    • 38. Harborside Drive
    • 39. Lone Star Coastal National Recreation Area
    • 40. Coastal Roulette: 3.A.7
    • 41. Coastal Roulette: 3.A.7
    • 42. WHAT IS A NATIONAL RECREATION AREA? Federally Recognized Recreation Venue Created by Congressional Action. Can Be Established and Operated Under Innovative Partnership Agreements (Charter) Between Local, State and Federal Governments and Non-Profit Organization and Private Property Owners. No Additional Regulatory Burden For Non-Participating Parties. No Unwilling Participation.
    • 43. GOVERNANCE BY PARTNERSHIP National Recreation Areas: Can be managed though partnerships among local, state, and federal government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and private landowners. Provide a flexible way to gain the stature of National Park Service involvement, while sustaining local management.
    • 44. Proposed Lone Star Coastal National Recreation Area Partnership Roles Set By Partnership Agreement Tx TxUS Loc Gov US NGO Loc Gov NGO PPO PPO Advisory Council
    • 45. Low-Lying Lands of Galveston Bay Non-Structural Flood Control Could We Develop a Different Economy Here - - A Resilient Economy Based on Use, Appreciation and Protection of our Natural Resources?
    • 46. FLOOD MITIGATION BASED ON ECOLOGICAL SERVICES
    • 47. HABITATS WITHIN PROPOSED LSCNRA Coastal Tidal Wetlands Coastal Brackish Wetlands Coastal Prairie Coastal Freshwater Wetlands Cypress and Tupelo Swamp Bottomland Hardwood Double Canopy Forest Estuary Submerged Grass Flats Oyster Reefs Barrier Island Gulf of Mexico Coral Reef
    • 48. Source: Outdoor Industry Foundation
    • 49. Source: Outdoor Industry Foundation
    • 50. BIRD WATCHING ECONOMICS 2006 48 Million Birdwatchers in United States $36 billion in direct expenditures $82 billion in total economic value Generated 671,000 jobs Generated $11 billion in federal, state and local tax revenues
    • 51. TOP BIRD COUNTS – 2009/2010 U.S. Rank Name Species Recorded 1 Matagorda 231 5 Freeport 203 9 San Bernard 199
    • 52. ECONOMICS OF PADDLING, 2008 17.8 million Americans ages 6 and older participated in kayaking, canoeing, and rafting in 2008. 9.9 million Americans participated in canoeing in 2008. 7.8 million Americans participated in kayaking Paddling participants made 174 million outings in 2008, averaging 10 days per participant.
    • 53. PUBLIC LEADERSHIP Sec. James Baker John Nau
    • 54. WORLD BIRDING CENTER, MISSION, TEXAS
    • 55. SAN MARCOS, TEXAS
    • 56. RIDGLEY, MD
    • 57. Houston Ship Channel Galveston West Shore Galveston Bay Lone Star Coastal National Recreation Area
    • 58. STUDENT PROJECTS