Sabbath 3 - Lord of the Sabbath

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  • Sabbath 3 - Lord of the Sabbath

    1. 1. Sabbath (3): Lord of the Sabbathby Timothy Chan (October 2012)
    2. 2. Sabbath: What? How? By now, you might like to ask: “What practical things should I do in order to keep the Sabbath”? The Bible does contain some scant instructions and general practical guidelines on the Sabbath day, but it’s mostly silent or vague on the specifics. From the last study, you should know by now that Sabbath is more of a heart attitude than a set of do’s and don’ts. But, by nature, we all tend toward legalism ......
    3. 3. Legalism Thom Rainer did an informal Twitter survey in 2009 simply asking: “What do you think when you hear ‘Southern Baptist’?” — the frequency of words in the replies are plotted here:
    4. 4. Legalism Thom Rainer did an informal Twitter survey in 2009 simply asking: “What do you think when you hear ‘Southern Baptist’?” — the frequency of words in the replies are plotted here:
    5. 5. Legalism Thom Rainer did an informal Twitter survey in 2009 simply asking: “What do you think when you hear ‘Southern Baptist’?” — the frequency of words in the replies are plotted here:
    6. 6. Legalism Thom Rainer did an informal Twitter survey in 2009 simply asking: “What do you think when you hear ‘Southern Baptist’?” — the frequency of words in the replies are plotted here:
    7. 7. Legalism Q: What is legalism? “Legalism is the enemy of Jesus Christ ... legalism is where people take the Scriptures and they add to it.” (Mark Driscoll) John Piper defines one aspect of legalism as “treating biblical standards of conduct as regulations to be kept by our own power in order to earn God’s favor.” (John Piper) “A legalist is anyone who behaves as if they can earn God’s approval and forgiveness through personal performance.” (C. J. Mahaney)
    8. 8. Sabbath and Legalism Examples among Sabbath laws in the Talmud: You can’t travel > 3000 feet from your house Women cannot wear jewelry because that’s considered “carrying a burden” If you throw an object in the air, you cannot catch it with the other hand, only same hand You can’t take a bath: water might spill onto the floor and wash the floor as it fell off you
    9. 9. Sabbath and Legalism (Isaiah 28:12-13a ESV) [The LORD] has said, “This is rest; give rest to the weary; and this is repose”; yet they would not hear. And the word of the LORD will be to them precept upon precept, precept upon precept, line upon line, line upon line, here a little, there a little. So: “What I can do and can’t do on Sabbath?” is often the wrong question, the wrong focus. The correct question/focus is “Who” (as we study Matthew 11:28-12:14) ...
    10. 10. Jesus Gives Rest (Matthew 11:28-30)(Matt 11:28-30 ESV) Come to me, all who labor andare heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take myyoke upon you, and learn from me, for I am gentleand lowly in heart, and you will find rest for yoursouls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light. Rest does not come about by following rules, but by following Christ. Rest is not earned, but “given” and “found”. “Sabbath is about more than external rest of the body; it is about inner rest of the soul.” (Tim Keller)
    11. 11. Jesus Gives Rest (Matthew 11:28-30) The word translated “labor” is kopiaō, which “signifies labor to the point of sweat and exhaustion. As Jesus uses it here, it is a reference to the futility of attempting to please God through human effort. It describes one weary of the search for truth, one who has despaired of trying to earn salvation.” (John MacArthur) In other words, the source of labor can be our legalism. Q: Do you think you struggle with legalism?
    12. 12. Jesus Gives Rest (Matthew 11:28-30) What’s a “yoke”? A yoke is made for two: “When an ox is yoked, he is no longer free to do what he wants to do. He is under the direction of the owner, the driver. To be yoked means the end of running his own life and seeking his own way ... When you enter into the yoke with Jesus Christ you give up the right to determine what your life may be. You expect him to direct you.” (Ray Stedman)
    13. 13. Jesus Gives Rest (Matthew 11:28-30) “The reason why you cannot enter into the joy and glory and excitement of the rest which God has provided in ceasing from your own activities and resting upon his, is because, in some way or another, you are protecting some area of the ego, the self-life, saying, ‘This is mine; keep your hands off.’ As long as you do that you cannot have rest.” (Ray Stedman) Q: How much do you let Christ direct your life? In what areas in your life do you tend to say, “Hands off, Jesus! Hands off, God!”?
    14. 14. Jesus Gives Rest (Matthew 11:28-30)(Matt 12:1-2 ESV) At that time Jesus went throughthe grainfields on the Sabbath. His disciples werehungry, and they began to pluck heads of grainand to eat. But when the Pharisees saw it, theysaid to him, “Look, your disciples are doing whatis not lawful to do on the Sabbath.” (Luke 6:1b) His disciples plucked and ate some heads of grain, rubbing them in their hands. To pluck grain and rub them was considered by the Pharisees—the “religious police” in those days—as “work” outlawed on Sabbath.
    15. 15. Lord of the Sabbath (Matthew 12:1-8)(Matt 12:3-5 ESV) He said to them, “Have you not readwhat David did when he was hungry, and those whowere with him: how he entered the house of God andate the bread of the Presence, which it was not lawfulfor him to eat nor for those who were with him, butonly for the priests? Or have you not read in the Lawhow on the Sabbath the priests in the temple profanethe Sabbath and are guiltless? “Have you not read?”—of course the Pharisees know the Scriptures—but they merely read the words yet do not discern the meaning of the law. What’s wrong with the Pharisees is not mainly in what they do, but in their reasons for doing so.
    16. 16. Lord of the Sabbath (Matthew 12:1-8) Often we’re like the Pharisees: we make up and obey a bunch of rules, but we don’t know why, and we accuse others for not doing what we do. “Church members are not allowed to dance, watch movies, drink alcohol, and smoke.” “Mature Christians should attend the weekly prayer meeting.” “Everyone should commit to serve God more.” Q: What do you think? Any other examples? It is a trap: if we succeed in performing our rules, it’ll lead to pride; if we fail, it’ll lead to guilt.
    17. 17. Lord of the Sabbath (Matthew 12:1-8) “The Christian community is largely a performance-based culture today. And the more deeply committed we are to following Jesus, the more deeply ingrained the performance mindset is.” (Jerry Bridges)
    18. 18. Lord of the Sabbath (Matthew 12:1-8)(Matt 12:6-8 ESV) I tell you, something greater thanthe temple is here. And if you had known what thismeans, ‘I desire mercy, and not sacrifice,’ youwould not have condemned the guiltless. For theSon of Man is lord of the Sabbath.” (Hosea 6:6 KJV) I desired mercy, and not sacrifice “In other words the whole law exists for the sake of mercy. All the law is summed up in this one word: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. The Pharisees couldn’t see the true meaning of the sabbath because they didnt have hearts of love.” (John Piper)
    19. 19. Lord of the Sabbath (Matthew 12:1-8) (Mark 2:27-28 ESV) And he said to them, “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. So the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath.” “If your heart isn’t a heart for man—if it is not a heart of love—you cannot see the meaning of the sabbath. For the sabbath is a gift of love to meet man’s need, not an oppressive burden to make him miserable or proud.” (John Piper)
    20. 20. Healing on the Sabbath (Matthew 12:9-13)(Matt 12:9-13 ESV) He went on from there and enteredtheir synagogue. And a man was there with awithered hand. And they asked him, “Is it lawful toheal on the Sabbath?”—so that they might accuse him.He said to them, “Which one of you who has a sheep,if it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will not take hold ofit and lift it out? Of how much more value is a manthan a sheep! So it is lawful to do good on theSabbath.” Then he said to the man, “Stretch out yourhand.” And the man stretched it out, and it wasrestored, healthy like the other. Jesus turned the question of permission into a question of compassion.
    21. 21. Healing on the Sabbath (Matthew 12:9-13) “When Jesus broke man-made Sabbath regulations, he always went in this direction: he healed, he fed, he claimed the right to rescue creatures fallen into wells or to lead to wells creatures falling down with thirst. Jesus pursued those things that give life. ...... So I submit this as Sabbath’s golden rule: Cease from what is necessary. Embrace that which gives life.” (Mark Buchanan)
    22. 22. Killing on the Sabbath (Matthew 12:14)(Matt 12:14 ESV) But the Pharisees went out andconspired against him, how to destroy him. (Mark 3:6 ESV) The Pharisees went out and immediately held counsel with the Herodians against him, how to destroy him. Note: the Pharisees and Herodians were supposed to despise each other. “As they see it, healing on the Sabbath is forbidden, but plotting murder is perfectly acceptable. This is legalism at its most flagrant.” (Mark Buchanan) Q: Why do you think they need to kill Jesus?
    23. 23. Killing on the Sabbath (Matthew 12:14) Two reasons they want to kill Jesus are found in: John 5:16-18 (John 5:16-18 ESV) And this was why the Jews were persecuting Jesus, because he was doing these things on the Sabbath. But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am working.” This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God. 1. Jesus equated himself with God. 2. Jesus broke their Sabbath laws.
    24. 24. Killing on the Sabbath (Matthew 12:14) The Pharisees plan to kill Jesus to maintain the safety of their legalistic beliefs and practices. “Our rules become our substitute savior, and keeping those rules becomes our self-salvation project, with Jesus safely outside the picture. With enough rules and regulations set up, we don’t need Jesus. After all, Jesus scares us—he’s so unpredictable, so uncontrollable. ... So we spend our lives trying to manufacture an existence that we can control.” (Tullian Tchividjian)
    25. 25. Killing on the Sabbath (Matthew 12:14) “Most of us convince ourselves that we’re actually honoring Jesus with our rules and regulations, that we’re paying attention to him and pleasing him more than ever. But all the while, we’re only demonstrating that we believe in ourselves much more than we do in Jesus.” (Tullian Tchividjian) Q: Which of your “religious practices” and “moral codes” could stay the same regardless of whether Jesus is your crucified and resurrected Savior or not?
    26. 26. Sabbath: What Christ Has Done To summarize the lesson about Sabbath in Matthew 11:28-12:14, Sabbath rest is all about what Christ has done, not what you do. Psalm 92 is a “Song for the Sabbath”; it goes: (Ps 92:1-5 ESV) (A Psalm. A Song for the Sabbath.) It is good to give thanks to the LORD, to sing praises to your name, O Most High; to declare your steadfast love in the morning, and your faithfulness by night, to the music of the lute and the harp, to the melody of the lyre. For you, O LORD, have made me glad by your work; at the works of your hands I sing for joy. How great are your works, O LORD! Your thoughts are very deep!
    27. 27. Story of Samuel and Eli Story of prophet Samuel when he was young: Samuel was put in the care of Eli the priest after he was weaned (1 Sam 1:24-25). He “grew in the presence of the Lord” and grew “in stature and in favor with the Lord” and “ministered before the Lord” (1 Sam 2:21, 26; 3:1). When Samuel was 12 years old, he heard the Lord’s voice but thought it was Eli calling (1 Sam 3:2-14).
    28. 28. Story of Samuel and Eli The most curious verse in this story is 3:7: (1 Sam 3:7 ESV) Now Samuel did not yet know the Lord, and the word of the Lord had not yet been revealed to him. “We encounter an ancient problem that plagues us still, that is as old as the garden and as contemporary as this morning’s news: we can be very busy for God and still not know him. ...... Absurd.” (Mark Buchanan) Q: Have you neglected to know God?
    29. 29. References The Rest of God (Mark Buchanan) Jesus + Nothing = Everything (Tullian Tchividjian) “Remember the Sabbath Day to Keep It Holy” (John Piper) “Flesh Tank and Peashooter Regulations” (John Piper) “The Lord of the Sabbath” (John MacArthur) “The Seventh Day” (Ray Stedman) “Gospel-Driven Sanctification” (Jerry Bridges)

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