MECHANISMS OF
MOTIVATION
BRIAN HOUSAND, PhD
East Carolina University

!

ANGELA HOUSAND, PhD

University of North Carolina...
Housand, B. C. & Housand, A. M.
(2012). The role of technology in
gifted students’ motivation.
Psychology in the Schools,
...
Motivation
is Complex
• Competence
• Autonomy
• Control
• Goal Pursuit
• Persistence
• Challenge
• Interest
THEORY

TECH
CONTROL
Autonomy
The freedom to choose…
Autonomy
The more autonomous a
person believes their
behavior to be the greater
the personal satisfaction
and enjoyment fr...
CHOICE
CHOICE
THE ILLUSION OF CHOICE
MENUS
CHOICE
CHOICE
CHOICE
CHOICE
CHOICE
High achieving students
demonstrated greater
autonomy and
competence than low
achieving students in
computer-based learnin...
e
nc
pe
te
/C
om
yw
no
m
Au
to

(Otta & Tavella, 2010)
Int
rin
s
ic
M

va

pe
te
tio
n

/C
om

oti

yw

no
m

Au
to

(Otta & Tavella, 2010)

nc

e
(Otta & Tavella, 2010)

oti
va

rT
oo

yo

ic
M

Ea
s

Int
rin
s

To
o

tio
n

Ha
rd
Autonomously-Motivated Students

vs.

Control-Motivated Students
•
•
•
•
•
•

Preference for optimal challenge
Enjoy optim...
Educational Benefits of
Autonomy-Supportive Teachers
•
•
•
•
•

Greater conceptual understanding
Greater flexibility in th...
FUTURE SHOCK
The shattering stress and
disorientation that we induce in
individuals by subjecting them
to too much change ...
POWER
SEARCHING

http://www.powersearchingwithgoogle.com/
agoogleaday.com
CHALLENGE
 Ch
w
Flo

a

l
ne
n

Apathy
Mihaly	
  
Csikszentmihalyi
Ascending Intellectual Demand
cty.jhu.edu/ctyonline
ctd.northwestern.edu/gll
ohs.stanford.edu
connectionsacademy.com
egifted.org
ocw.mit.edu
ocwconsortium.org
coursera.org
iTunes U
code.org/learn
ACCREDITATION?
CREDIT?
CURIOSITY
Episodic Curiosity
Episodic Curiosity
Episodic Curiosity
Episodic Curiosity
∞
COOPERATION
RELATEDNESS...
Feeling connected to others and having a
sense of belonging to a community.
Int
rin
s

va

ic
M

oti

Feeling connected to others
and having a sense of
belonging to a community.

tio
n

RELATEDNESS....
76
MANIFESTO:

A Guide for Developing a Creative Career
1. Don't be afraid to fall in love with something and pursue it
with ...
mentoring.org
imentoring.org
telementor.org
PLN
COMPETITION
studentcompetitions.com
diy.org
“We may not be able to
prepare the future for
our children,
but at least we can
prepare our children
for the future.”
- Fr...
Mechanism of Motivation
Mechanism of Motivation
Mechanism of Motivation
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Mechanism of Motivation
Mechanism of Motivation
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Mechanism of Motivation

  1. 1. MECHANISMS OF MOTIVATION BRIAN HOUSAND, PhD East Carolina University ! ANGELA HOUSAND, PhD University of North Carolina Wilmington
  2. 2. Housand, B. C. & Housand, A. M. (2012). The role of technology in gifted students’ motivation. Psychology in the Schools, 49(7), 706-715. !
  3. 3. Motivation is Complex • Competence • Autonomy • Control • Goal Pursuit • Persistence • Challenge • Interest
  4. 4. THEORY TECH
  5. 5. CONTROL
  6. 6. Autonomy The freedom to choose…
  7. 7. Autonomy The more autonomous a person believes their behavior to be the greater the personal satisfaction and enjoyment from engaging in that behavior.
  8. 8. CHOICE
  9. 9. CHOICE
  10. 10. THE ILLUSION OF CHOICE
  11. 11. MENUS
  12. 12. CHOICE
  13. 13. CHOICE
  14. 14. CHOICE
  15. 15. CHOICE
  16. 16. CHOICE
  17. 17. High achieving students demonstrated greater autonomy and competence than low achieving students in computer-based learning tasks. ! (Otta & Tavella, 2010)
  18. 18. e nc pe te /C om yw no m Au to (Otta & Tavella, 2010)
  19. 19. Int rin s ic M va pe te tio n /C om oti yw no m Au to (Otta & Tavella, 2010) nc e
  20. 20. (Otta & Tavella, 2010) oti va rT oo yo ic M Ea s Int rin s To o tio n Ha rd
  21. 21. Autonomously-Motivated Students
 vs.
 Control-Motivated Students • • • • • • Preference for optimal challenge Enjoy optimal challenge Stronger perceptions of control Greater creativity More positive emotionality Higher self-worth (Reeve, 2002)
  22. 22. Educational Benefits of Autonomy-Supportive Teachers • • • • • Greater conceptual understanding Greater flexibility in thinking More information processing Greater creativity Higher perceived competence (Reeve, 2002)
  23. 23. FUTURE SHOCK The shattering stress and disorientation that we induce in individuals by subjecting them to too much change in too short a time. - Alvin Toffler
  24. 24. POWER SEARCHING http://www.powersearchingwithgoogle.com/
  25. 25. agoogleaday.com
  26. 26. CHALLENGE
  27. 27.  Ch w Flo a l ne n Apathy
  28. 28. Mihaly   Csikszentmihalyi
  29. 29. Ascending Intellectual Demand
  30. 30. cty.jhu.edu/ctyonline
  31. 31. ctd.northwestern.edu/gll
  32. 32. ohs.stanford.edu
  33. 33. connectionsacademy.com
  34. 34. egifted.org
  35. 35. ocw.mit.edu
  36. 36. ocwconsortium.org
  37. 37. coursera.org
  38. 38. iTunes U
  39. 39. code.org/learn
  40. 40. ACCREDITATION? CREDIT?
  41. 41. CURIOSITY
  42. 42. Episodic Curiosity
  43. 43. Episodic Curiosity
  44. 44. Episodic Curiosity
  45. 45. Episodic Curiosity
  46. 46.
  47. 47. COOPERATION
  48. 48. RELATEDNESS... Feeling connected to others and having a sense of belonging to a community.
  49. 49. Int rin s va ic M oti Feeling connected to others and having a sense of belonging to a community. tio n RELATEDNESS...
  50. 50. 76
  51. 51. MANIFESTO: A Guide for Developing a Creative Career 1. Don't be afraid to fall in love with something and pursue it with intensity.   2. Know, understand, take pride in, practice, develop, exploit and enjoy your greatest strengths.   3. Learn to free yourself from the expectations of others and to walk away from the games they impose on you.              Free yourself to play your own game.   4. FIND A GREAT TEACHER OR MENTOR WHO WILL HELP YOU.   5. Don't waste energy trying to be well rounded.   6. Do what you love and can do well.   7. Learn the skills of interdependence. (Torrance, 2002)
  52. 52. mentoring.org
  53. 53. imentoring.org
  54. 54. telementor.org
  55. 55. PLN
  56. 56. COMPETITION
  57. 57. studentcompetitions.com
  58. 58. diy.org
  59. 59. “We may not be able to prepare the future for our children, but at least we can prepare our children for the future.” - Franklin D. Roosevelt

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