Web Accessibility
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Web Accessibility

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Web Accessibility Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Web Accessibility By Amy Thornton
  • 2. What is Web Accessibility?
    • Web accessibility refers to the practice of making Web sites usable by people of all abilities and disabilities. (Wikipedia)
  • 3. The Law
    • Section 504
    • 1998 Amendment to Section 508
    • American with Disabilities Act (ADA)
    • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
    • Assistive Technology Act (ATA)
  • 4. Section 504
    • Purpose: to protect any person with a disability in any program receiving federal funding
    • Institutions receiving federal funding must ensure accessibility to all of their services for anyone who wishes to use them
    • Enforced by the Office of Civil Rights
  • 5. Section 508
    • Purpose: requires that all electronic and information technology from federal agencies be made accessible to everyone.
    • Checklist of guidelines to follow to make sure 508 compliant: http://www.webaim.org/standards/508/checklist
  • 6. American with Disabilities Act (ADA)
    • Prevents discrimination against persons with disabilities in job hiring
    • Enforcement by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
  • 7. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
    • Governs how services are provided to children with disabilities
    • It ensures the equal opportunity of educational opportunities to all students in general and special education
  • 8. Assistive Technologies Act (ATA)
    • Purpose: to provide financial assistance to states to allow them to provide technology-related assistance to persons with disabilities
  • 9. Types of Disabilities
    • Mobility
    • Hearing impairment
    • Vision impairment
    • Learning impairment
  • 10. Mobility impairment
    • Difficulty using fingers, hands, or arms
    • Challenges:
      • Unable to use mouse
      • Unable to select small buttons or icons
      • Unable to participate in real-time text chat
  • 11. Mobility impairment
    • Types of assistive technologies:
      • Speech recognition software (Dragon Naturally Speaking - http://www.nuance. com/naturallyspeaking/ )
      • Assistive keyboards and switches
    • What can you do to help?
      • Make buttons and links reasonably large
      • Provide keyboard alternatives for anything that requires a mouse
      • Provide audio alternatives for text requirements
  • 12. Hearing impairment
    • Deaf or hard of hearing
    • Challenges:
      • Listening to audio/video clips
      • Difficulty participating in real-time audio chats
    • What can you do to help?
      • Provide transcripts for audio
      • Provide captioning for video
      • Provide closed captioning or tty access for live chats
  • 13. Vision impairment
    • Blind low vision, color blindness
    • Challenges:
      • Inability to view images or videos
      • Inability to understand and navigate organization of Web page
    • Types of assistive technologies:
      • Screen reader
      • Speech recognition software (Dragon Naturally Speaking - http://www.nuance. com/naturallyspeaking/ )
  • 14. Vision impairment
    • What can you do to help?
      • Provide alt tags for all images
      • Provide headers and descriptions for tables
      • Provide audio explanations for complicated diagrams and images
  • 15. Learning impairment
    • Effects the learning process involving one or more abilities (e.g, speaking, listening, reading, writing, spelling, reasoning, and organizing)
    • Challenges:
      • Getting lost in navigation
      • Inability to understand cluttered content or worded clearly
  • 16. Learning impairment
    • Types of assistive technologies:
      • Concept mapping software
      • Speech output software
    • What can you do to help?
      • Include alternative methods of receiving information to accommodate different learning styles
      • Offer longer exam durations
  • 17. Assistive Technology Resources
    • Captioning
      • Caption Colorado ( http://www. captioncolorado .com/ )
    • Screen Readers
      • Job Access With Speech (JAWS) ( http://www.freedomscientific.com/fs_products/software_jaws.asp )
    • Speech Recognition Software
      • Dragon Naturally Speaking ( http://www.nuance. com/naturallyspeaking/ )
  • 18. Design Tips
    • Standards
      • Use an accessibility checking tool such as Bobby or A-Prompt to check your Web site against W3C WAI or Section 508 guidelines
    • Layout and Structure
      • Use headings in content consistently
      • Use the captions, summaries, and row and column headers for tables
      • Use appropriate metadata
  • 19. Design Tips
    • Navigation
      • Use clear, descriptive text for hyperlinks
      • Set hyperlinks to open in new window
      • Use meaningful text for page titles
    • Color
      • Avoid using color as only indicator
      • Avoid using red
    • Text
      • Use clear, simple language
  • 20. Design Tips
    • Images
      • Add meaningful alt text to all images
      • For complex images, add a description link
      • Avoid flickering images and unnecessary animated images
      • Avoid using images of text
    • Multimedia
      • For audio clips, use a description link
      • For video clips, use captioning or use a description link
      • For video clips, provide a link to an audio file
      • Provide a link to download appropriate audio/video player
  • 21. References
    • American with Disabilities Act (2008, April). Retrieved April 18, 2008, from http://www.ada.gov/
    • Attention Deficit Disorders Association Southern Region (2007, October). Section 504 . Retrieved: April 15, 2008, from http://www.adda-sr.org/504.htm
    • Nuance Communication (2008). Dragon Naturally Speaking . Retrieved April 17, 2008, from http://www.nuance.com/naturallyspeaking/
    • Section 508 (n.d.). Retrieved: April 15, 2008, from http://www.section508.gov/
    • Section 508 (n.d.). Assistive Technology Act of 1998 . Retrieved April 18, 2008, from https://www.buyaccessible.gov/docs/AT1998.html
  • 22. References
    • The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (1997, January). Facts About the Americans with Disabilities Act . Retrieved April 18, 2008, from http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/fs-ada.html
    • U.S. Department of Education (n.d.). Building the Legacy: IDEA 2004 . Retrieved April 18, 2008, from http://idea.ed.gov/
    • United States Access Board (n.d.). Retrieved: April 15, 2008, from http://www.access-board.gov/
    • United States Department of Health & Human Services (2008, February). Your Rights Under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act . Retrieved: April 15, 2008, from http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/504.html
    • WebAIM: Web Accessibility in Mind (2008). Section 508 Checklist . Retrieved: April 15, 2008, from http://www.webaim.org/standards/508/checklist