Constructionism“I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand” –Confucius Allison Ashley Stacey Rebecca Hannah Morgan
What is Constructionism?• Based on the type of learning which the learner forms much of what he/she learns• Learning is an active, contextualized process of constructing knowledge rather than acquiring• Knowledge is constructed based on personal experiences and hypotheses of the environment• The learner is not a blank slate but brings past experiences and cultural factors to a situation.
Lev Vygotsky• Born in 1896• Created the social development theory in 1962• Published after he died• Created the Zone of Proximal Development• ZPD is the age at which a task can be completely fulfilled without confusion• Believed that you could introduce a task to a child even when they were not old enough to grasp it
John Dewey• Born in 1859• Educational psychologist who fought for major educational reform in this country• Felt that the students should use their prior knowledge and experiences to expand on to learn new concepts.• Stresses deductive reasoning skills, make lessons plans based off of experiences• Strong believer in using social experience to learn, wanted children to play an active roll in learning• Wanted progressive education in our national system meaning that schools work to help children grow mentally, physically, and socially.
Jean Piaget• Born in 1896• Created the Cognitive Learning Theory• Said children are active learners who don’t need motivation from adults, they are constructing new knowledge as they moved through different cognitive stages• Four cognitive stages: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational• Came up with the theory of adaptation – Cognitive understanding or development at any given time
Jerome Bruner• Born in 1915• Said learning is an active process which the learner constructs new ideas and concepts on their current and past knowledge• Constructionist learners are participatory learners and actively engages• Framework for instruction based on cognition• Cognition is where the learner selects an changes information to understand make decisions relying on higher order skills to solve a problem• Said curriculum should be organized in spiral manner so students continually build on what they already learned
Implementation in classrooms• Provide a rich learning environment• Create student centered activities that engages students in the learning process -Web Quests, scavenger hunts, curriculum resource pages, other educational technology• Group research projects -research with websites, type projects on word processor, study with electronic flashcards, create graphs on excel, etc.• Children learn by actively investigating, technology reaches a diverse population of learners• Encourage student to discover concepts on their own and guide students and create opportunities for discussions• Teachers should have spiral curriculum and help them build ideas from which they already learned• Students should be allowed to construct, create and inquire
Constructionism for our own teaching• It is important for kids to learn by interacting with others in order to develop proper social skills• We will have group projects but also projects for kids to use their own knowledge• The curriculum will be spiral so the learning is continuous• Technology will be placed where ever possible because it reaches a diverse population
Works CitedDewey. Photograph. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosphy. By Richard Field. 14 July 2005.Web. 12 Apr. 2012. <http://www.iep.utm.edu/dewey/>.Dr. Jerome Bruner. Photograph. Education Update Online. 2005. Web. 12 Apr. 2012.<http://educationupdate.com/archives/2005/Nov/html/col-jeromebutler.html>.Jean Piaget. Photograph. Jean Piaget Society. 12 Apr. 2012. Web. 15 Apr. 2012.<http://www.piaget.org/>.Learning Theories Knowledgebase (2012, April). Constructivism at LearningTheories.com. Retrieved April 13th, 2012 fromhttp://www.learningtheories.com/constructivism.htmlShelly, Gary B., Glenda A. Gunter, and Randolph E. Gunter. Teachers DiscoveringComputers: Integrating Technology in a Connected World. Boston, MA: CourseTechnology Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.Vygotsky. Photograph. The Vygotsky Project. Dec. 2011. Web. 12 Apr. 2012.<http://webpages.charter.net/schmolze1/vygotsky/>.