Presented by: Ahmed KAMAL Driss ANOUNCharaf Eddine SOURIA
» Geography and history» Politics and cultural identity» Hospitality in Morocco» Social relationships» Public transport
» The first independent state: the Berber kingdom of Mauretania (110 BC)» The Islamic area: 670 AD» The European influence:• 15th century: Portugal and Spain• First half of 20th: France and Spain» The independence: 1956
» Arabic and Tamazight» Strong presence of French» 35% are Tamazight speakers» Moroccan dialect: Arabic influenced by Tamazight, French and Spanish• Lalla (Tamazight), tomobile (French), cuzina (Spanish)
» Parliamentary constitutional monarchy» The emblem: God, Homeland, King» Important change after Hassan II» 2011 : New constitution
ArchitectureAndalusian music Islam Arabic language Dances and music
» Religion: Islam (99%) and Judaism» Moroccans are superstitious» Diversified folklore
» Liberal economy governed by the law of supply and demand» 5th African economy by GDP 2009 2010 2011 2012 Real GDP 4.9 3.3 4.6 5 growth» Large opening towards the outside world» The principal pillars of the Moroccan economy : ˃ Agriculture ˃ Phosphate mining industry ˃ Tourism
» 40% of the population;» 20% of GDP» Main products: Barley, wheat, and other cereals» On the Atlantic coast: olives, citrus fruits, and grapes» Cannabis
» 75% of the worlds phosphate reserves» Worlds first exporter and third producer of global production
» Major touristic destination» About 10 million tourists in 2010» Tourism is increasingly focused on Moroccos culture, such as its ancient cities» Popular tourist destination: Marrakech, Fes, Agadir
» 1912: signing of the protectorate in Morocco. He lost his independence and sovereignty.» 1956: Resistance > partial independence The decolonization process followed by the two powers, France and Spain, was different.
» 1973: Creation of the Polisario Front» 1973-1991: armed conflict between Polisario Morocco» Refugees» Solutions: autonomy or independence
» One of the world’s great cuisines» Berber, Moorish, and Arab influences» Common meats include mutton and lamb, beef, chicken, camel, and seafood
Antoine de Maximy said: « Ithink that up to now it is themost welcoming country Ivisited”.
Offering the best to the guests:Special food Special protocols Special drawing room
Showing big respect for foreigners by:1. Speaking their language2. Tolerating their mistakes3. Helping them finding their way
» Women, in general, speak a lot and have ambiguous relationships (neighbors, work colleagues, etc.).» Men are more straight in their friendship and lot of them spends more than an hour a day in a café alone or with few friends.
» Greetings can be: » Situations when people handshakes, kissing or just use titles: saying “salam alikoum” or another expression. 1. Foreigners (young or old) 2. To show respect (public officer, boss at work, etc.) 3. Teachers from primary school to university