Cultural event generated regeneration
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Cultural event generated regeneration

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  • Bodhgaya is an important tourist and pilgrimage destination of the Buddhist circuit (Bodhgaya-Rajgir – Nalanda – Patna –Vaishali - Lauriya Nandangarh Lauriya Areraj – Kesariya –Vikramsila). People of all religious million including Buddhists are drawn to the land of enlightenment. Tourism is a significant contributor to Bodhgaya’s economy. It is the mainstay of the town, as the population directly or indirectly thrives on the extensive tourist influx within the town. In the last decade, tourist arrivals in Bodhgaya have shown an upward trend. Estimates are that in 2001 about 2.1 lakhs tourists visited Bodhgaya outof which nearly 31,000 were foreign tourists.
  • Festivals are serve many goals: supporting local creativeindustries dynamics as well as empowering local communities; articulating and cultivating local identities and social cohesion.v

Cultural event generated regeneration Cultural event generated regeneration Presentation Transcript

  • PRESENTATION ON CULTURAL EVENT GENERATED URBAN REGENERATIONGUIDED BYADARSHA KAPOOR
  • •Overview CULTURE INTEGRATED HERITAGE REGENERATION REGENERATION PHYSICAL,SOCIAL INTANGIBLE AND HERITAGE ECONOMICAL CULTURAL CULTURAL EVENTS ACTIVITY
  • •Overview What is Culture?•Culture Culture is the full range of learned human behavior patterns. Culture is "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom ,heritage and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society." “Culture is the distinctive feature of humankind”, “Culture is the essence of life”. Culture covers a wide field of human activities Source: anthropology.com
  • •Overview Cultural Activity and events•Culture The notion of cultural activities and creative industries•Cultural Activity and events point to a broad spectrum of creation, production, distribution and consumption of symbolic „material‟, like music, theatre, dance, broadcasting programmes, the visual arts and heritage. It also means the artistic activities and productions of humankind; it covers visual and performing arts, literature, the heritage, and - to some extent- media activities (cinema for instance). Source: URBACT,EU
  • •Overview Heritage as a part of culture and•Culture a venue for cultural activities•Cultural Activity and events Recent decades have seen the concept of heritage•Heritage as a part of culture and avenue for cultural activity much like that of culture undergoing a profound change ,having at one time referred exclusively to the monumental remains of cultures, heritage as a concept has gradually come to include new categories such as the intangible heritage. This is due to the fact that closer attention is now being paid to humankind, the dramatic arts, languages and traditional music, as well as to the informational, spiritual and philosophical systems upon which creations are based.
  • •Overview•Culture Bodh Gaya•Cultural Activity and events Bodh Gaya is a small but internationally renowned•Heritage as a part of culture and a town of immense religious and culturalvenue for cultural activity significance, located in the Gaya District of•Bodh Gaya Bihar, India. Its claim to fame lies in the fact that Lord Buddha attained enlightenment here more than 2500 years ago under the Bodhi tree. It is thus considered as the geographical centre of the Buddhist world by followers of this faith worldwide. It has a tremendous cultural connotation, and is therefore an extremely important centre for national, as well as international tourism. Source: gov.bih.nic.in
  • •Overview•Culture Location•Cultural Activity and events•Heritage as a part of culture and avenue for cultural activity•Bodh Gaya (primary case study)•Location Source: gov.bih.nic.in
  • •Overview•Culture Cultural events in Bodh Gaya•Cultural Activity and events Some of the important festivals and events in•Heritage as a part of culture and a Bodhgaya are Buddha Jayanti which is celebrated onvenue for cultural activity a full moon day in April or May as Buddha‟s birth•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) anniversary as well as enlightenment,and Nyingma•Location Monlam Chenmo which is celebrated in January – February for about three weeks. Nyingma festival is•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya celebrated for world peace and is often attended by the Dalai Lama as well. Another special event in Bodhgaya is Buddha Mahotsava which is a three-day celebration packed with cultural and religious activities. Recently Kalchakra festival has also been convened which has added to the prestige of the city. Source: gov.bih.nic.in
  • Kalchakra festival•Overview•Culture Kalachakra 2012, a festival of teachings and•Cultural Activity and events meditations is took place from January 1, 2012 for ten•Heritage as a part of culture and a days in the northern Indian state of Bihar and will bevenue for cultural activity attended by Tibetan Spiritual Leader The Dalai Lama. Kakachakra is an ancient ritual that involves a series•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) of prayers, meditations, dances, chants, vows and a•Location construction of a large sand mandala -all with the•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya aim to bring world peace.•Kalchakra Festival The previous Kalachakra for World Peace was held in Washington, DC in 2011. Source: CDP, Bodh Gaya
  • •Overview Cultural Activities as a driver for•Culture administrative reforms and•Cultural Activity and events•Heritage as a part of culture and a revitalizationvenue for cultural activity In 1956, the Buddhist era completed 2500 years. To•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) celebrate this historic event, a Buddha Jayanti•Location celebrations committee was constituted and during•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya the course of the year thousands of religious and cultural functions were held. The Bodhgaya temple•Kalchakra Festival too got a face-lift in 1956. This also brought in•Cultural Activity as a driver for additional developments in the archaeological areaadministrative reforms and by the development of water tank, the governmentrevitalization rest house, PWD office and staff quarters. A tourist dormitory was constructed and utility services were introduced. In 1961-81, the first master plan was prepared for Bodhgaya where painstaking efforts were made to evolve policies, which would preserve the aesthetic beauty and serenity of the place. However unfortunately for the town the policies were not implemented and grossly violated.1974 saw the inauguration of the first Kalchakra initiation ceremony at Bodhgaya by Dalai Lama in the presence of about one lakh Buddhist pilgrims. Kalchakra ceremonies were subsequently performed in 1981 and 1985 and have become a regular feature since then. Source: CDP, Bodh Gaya
  • •Overview•Culture•Cultural Activity and events•Heritage as a part of culture and avenue for cultural activity•Bodh Gaya (primary case study)•Location•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya•Kalchakra Festival•Cultural Activity as a driver foradministrative reforms andrevitalization Source: CDP, Bodh Gaya
  • •Overview•Culture•Cultural Activity and events•Heritage as a part of culture and avenue for cultural activity•Bodh Gaya (primary case study)•Location•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya•Kalchakra Festival•Cultural Activity as a driver foradministrative reforms andrevitalization•Economic regeneration Source: CDP, Bodh Gaya
  • •Overview•Culture Tourism and multiplier effects•Cultural Activity and events An average Indian or south Asian pilgrim spends Rs•Heritage as a part of culture and a 500 in Bodhgaya and an average foreign tourist willvenue for cultural activity spend Rs 10,000 ( 200 $) in Bodhgaya. Taking an•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) average of 2 lakh tourists, with 30,000 being foreign tourists, it is estimated that pilgrims are directly•Location contributing nearly 40 crores annually to•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya Bodhgaya. This estimate does not include the•Kalchakra Festival donations made to the Temple and the•Cultural Activity as a driver for monasteries by the tourists. This will only increase inadministrative reforms and future as Bodhgaya receives more investment andrevitalization its environment improves.•Economic regeneration Source: CDP, Bodh Gaya
  • •Overview • Festivals are serving many goals: supporting local creative industries dynamics as well as•Culture empowering local communities; articulating•Cultural Activity and events and cultivating local identities and social•Heritage as a part of culture and a cohesion.venue for cultural activity • Information and communication technologies:•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) Broadcasting of cultural activities using•Location communication media.•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya • According to our CDP, hotels have generated•Kalchakra Festival 200 jobs, monasteries have generated 50 jobs and the informal sector has generated 200 jobs•Cultural Activity as a driver for for the local people.administrative reforms andrevitalization•Economic regeneration
  • •Overview•Culture • Culture events are a channel of expression of•Cultural Activity and events individuals and groups, as well as a guarantee•Heritage as a part of culture and a for their involvement and participation in thevenue for cultural activity projects.•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) • Civic bond & social cohesion in a process of•Location urban regeneration: artistic workshops, like•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya streets events ,parties, as a way to create or re- create civic bond and cohesion.•Kalchakra Festival • The role of culture in the co-existence between•Cultural Activity as a driver for individuals and groups of different origins;administrative reforms and promoting multiculturalism andrevitalization inter-culturalism.•Economic regeneration•Social Regeneration
  • •Overview•Culture Physical Regeneration • Public spaces providing creativity, social•Cultural Activity and events empowerment and conviviality.•Heritage as a part of culture and a • The planning of metropolitan and local culturalvenue for cultural activity facilitiesis playing crucial role in revitalization.•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) • Establishment of an international airport•Location•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya•Kalchakra Festival•Cultural Activity as a driver foradministrative reforms andrevitalization•Economic regeneration•Social Regeneration Chinese monastery•Physical Regeneration International Airport Japanese monastery
  • •Overview•Culture•Cultural Activity and events•Heritage as a part of culture and avenue for cultural activity•Bodh Gaya (primary case study)•Location Thai•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya Monastery•Kalchakra Festival•Cultural Activity as a driver foradministrative reforms andrevitalization•Economic regeneration•Social Regeneration•Physical Regeneration Tibetan Monastery Bhutanese Monastery
  • •Overview•Culture • Acquisition and development of green belt of 330 acres including meditation park, deer•Cultural Activity and events park ,temple Landscape Park, major•Heritage as a part of culture and a recreational sub sector. Development ofvenue for cultural activity river front and archaeological excavation•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) schemes was also proposed as part of this•Location development.•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya•Kalchakra Festival • Pedestrianisation of street in front of temple•Cultural Activity as a driver for and non-permission to new buildings at vistasadministrative reforms and to temple.revitalization•Economic regeneration • Development of 250 acres of residential•Social Regeneration development for the population increase.•Physical Regeneration • Development of rural industrial estate. Source: CDP, Bodh Gaya
  • •Overview•Culture European capital of culture: a•Cultural Activity and events•Heritage as a part of culture and a cultural activityvenue for cultural activity The institution of the Cultural Capital constitutes one of•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) the greatest cultural institutions in Europe,•Location The institution of European Capital of Culture is basically•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya a culture festival, which plays an important role in the•Kalchakra Festival members lives of a local community. The organizers are invited to implement a strategic plan of survival and•Cultural Activity as a driver for success that will support multiple actions and provideadministrative reforms and benefits to their area, following the principle thatrevitalization "tourism is one of the structured environment in which•Economic regeneration culture is embedded. Festivals are situated as•Social Regeneration attractions in the tourism literature.•Physical Regeneration•European capital of culture: acultural activity The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union for a period of one calendar year during which it is given a chance to showcase its cultural life and cultural development Source: International journal of humanities and social sciences
  • •Overview Competition resulting in urban•Culture Regeneration•Cultural Activity and events•Heritage as a part of culture and a The competition among the European host citiesvenue for cultural activity wishing to integrate the institution of European•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) Capital of Culture demonstrates that the organizing countries use their participation in such events on•Location the basis of a strategy aiming at the economic•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya development of the host-city .•Kalchakra Festival•Cultural Activity as a driver foradministrative reforms andrevitalization•Economic regeneration•Social Regeneration•Physical Regeneration•European capital of culture: acultural activity :Glasgow Source: International journal of humanities and social sciences
  • •Overview•Culture•Cultural Activity and events The competition among the European host cities wishing to integrate the institution of European•Heritage as a part of culture and a Capital of Culture demonstrates that the organizingvenue for cultural activity countries use their participation in such events on•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) the basis of a strategy aiming at the economic•Location development of the host-city .•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya•Kalchakra Festival•Cultural Activity as a driver foradministrative reforms andrevitalization•Economic regeneration•Social Regeneration•Physical Regeneration•European capital of culture: acultural activity :Glasgow Source: International journal of humanities and social sciences
  • •Overview Glasgow in the 1980‟s –strategic backdrop•Culture•Cultural Activity and events Deep structural shift from manufacturing to services•Heritage as a part of culture and a • the death of manufacturingvenue for cultural activity • growth of the service sector•Bodh Gaya (primary case study)•Location Glasgow‟s strategy: pragmatic and opportunistic•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya 1985 McKinsey Study –priorities•Kalchakra Festival •service sector (tourism, financial services, software)•Cultural Activity as a driver for •city centreadministrative reforms and •building city assets / infrastructurerevitalization •importance of events to city image building•Economic regeneration•Social Regeneration•Physical Regeneration•European capital of culture: a Glasgow 1990 -European City of Culturecultural activity :Glasgow Aim to transform Glasgow‟s image•Strategic backdrop Clear objectives–short (cultural) and longer term(economic regeneration) Significant city and regional investment -no UK funding£33mrevenue programme for city-wide / year-long celebration ,£43mcapital programme : new Concert Hall, galleries, museums and cultural spaces
  • •Overview•Culture Glasgow 1990: economic impacts•Cultural Activity and events•Heritage as a part of culture and a Short termvenue for cultural activity •New cultural infrastructure and city centre renaissance•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) •System boost to arts and cultural sectors•Location •Widened / strengthened international cultural contacts•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya •Improved Glasgow‟s image in UK and Europe•Kalchakra Festival •Expanded city‟s tourism offer and sector•Cultural Activity as a driver foradministrative reforms and Longer Termrevitalization •Platform for developing the creative industries Reinforced•Economic regeneration Glasgow‟s can-do attitude & ability to deliver•Social Regeneration •Boost to city‟s confidence: residents & businesses•Physical Regeneration •Platform for future growth: 53,000 or 16% net new jobs created•European capital of culture: a (1995 –2003)cultural activity :Glasgow•Strategic backdrop•Short and long term impacts
  • •Overview•Culture Creative and Cultural Industries•Cultural Activity and events Initiatives•Heritage as a part of culture and avenue for cultural activity Business development, R&D, talent and training support•Bodh Gaya (primary case study)•Location •Glasgow Film Fund•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya •TV Research Centre •Internationalization Programmes•Kalchakra Festival •Cultural Enterprise Office•Cultural Activity as a driver for •Glasgow Designadministrative reforms and •Trade Developmentrevitalization•Economic regeneration Major Developments•Social Regeneration•Physical Regeneration Digital Media Campus @ Pacific Quay•European capital of culture: acultural activity :Glasgow Arts Property Strategy•Strategic backdrop In Merchant City•Creative industries initiatives
  • 1BBC Scotland22 Pacific Quay3Scottish Criminal Records Office4Xfm Scotland5SMG (Scottish Media Group)63 PQ (Under construction)7Pacific Quay Business Park (Underconstruction)8Clyde Arc Bridge9IMAX Cinema10Glasgow Science Centre11Millennium Tower12Clyde Auditorium13SECC14Exhibition Centre Railway Station15Clydeside Expressway16Kingston Bridge M8 (M77)17Glasgow Central Railway Station
  • •Overview•Culture•Cultural Activity and events•Heritage as a part of culture and avenue for cultural activity•Bodh Gaya (primary case study)•Location•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya•Kalchakra Festival•Cultural Activity as a driver foradministrative reforms andrevitalization•Economic regeneration•Social Regeneration•Physical Regeneration•European capital of culture: acultural activity :Glasgow•Strategic backdrop•Creative industries initiatives•European capital of culture: acultural activity :Istanbul
  • •Overview Istanbul is not only the largest city in Turkey with a population•Culture over 12 million people but also one of the largest metropolises•Cultural Activity and events in Europe. It is unique in being situated on two continents, either•Heritage as a part of culture and a side of the Bosphorus strait that forms part of the boundaryvenue for cultural activity between Europe and Asia. During the second half of the 20th century, the city underwent dramatic transformation. Due to•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) internal migration after World War II the population of the city•Location increased from 2m to 12m leading to a more diverse social mix•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya within the city.•Kalchakra Festival•Cultural Activity as a driver for Istanbul also became the industrial and commercial centre ofadministrative reforms and the country during this period. Since the1990s, Istanbul hasrevitalization reformed itself again with new communications infrastructure, greater environmental awareness and an•Economic regeneration increased role for cultural and artistic events in the every day•Social Regeneration life of the city. Today Istanbul is the•Physical Regeneration financial, media, communications, cultural and tourist centre of•European capital of culture: a the country.cultural activity :Glasgow•Strategic backdrop•Creative industries initiatives•European capital of culture: aIstanbul•Istanbul
  • •Overview•Culture•Cultural Activity and events•Heritage as a part of culture and avenue for cultural activity•Bodh Gaya (primary case study)•Location•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya•Kalchakra Festival•Cultural Activity as a driver foradministrative reforms andrevitalization•Economic regeneration•Social Regeneration•Physical Regeneration•European capital of culture: acultural activity :Glasgow•Strategic backdrop•Creative industries initiatives•European capital of culture: aIstanbul•Istanbul
  • Hagia Sophia
  • Blue mosque
  • •Overview•Culture The cultural sector•Cultural Activity and events•Heritage as a part of culture and a Istanbul has a very long and rich cultural heritage, the cityvenue for cultural activity dating from Neolithic times and having been the capital of the•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) Roman Empire (330–c.395), Byzantine Empire (c.395–1204 &•Location 1261–1453), Latin Empire (1204–1261) and the Ottoman Empire (1453–1922). It features architecture from all these periods and•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya also, as a result of its imperial past, a cosmopolitan culture•Kalchakra Festival reflecting the prominence of Islam but•Cultural Activity as a driver for also many religious minorities.administrative reforms andrevitalization•Economic regeneration•Social Regeneration IMPLICIT OBJECTIVES OF ECoC•Physical Regeneration•European capital of culture: a • Generate transformative energy andcultural activity :Glasgow build capacity;•Strategic backdrop • Restore cultural and industrial heritage;•Creative industries initiatives • Address the urban and cultural•European capital of culture: aIstanbul dimensions of citizenship;•Istanbul • Function as a bridge connecting Europe• The Cultural sector to its East.
  • •Overview Activity during the title year•Culture•Cultural Activity and events The eventual cultural programme – as foreseen in the•Heritage as a part of culture and a application - was focused on four elements, namelyvenue for cultural activity earth, air, water and fire, which were said to have special•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) meaning to Istanbul. The four key elements are•Location also linked to the four seasons of the year and were linked in•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya the programme as follows:•Kalchakra Festival • “Earth – Tradition and Transformation” during winter, focusing•Cultural Activity as a driver for on history, traditions, cultural heritage;administrative reforms andrevitalization • “Air – Heaven Sent” during the spring period, with a focus on•Economic regeneration the citys spiritual wealth;•Social Regeneration•Physical Regeneration • Water – the City and the Sea” during the summer period, with the aim being to bring together as many•European capital of culture: a different cultures of Europe as possible and give everybody acultural activity :Glasgow chance to see the art and culture of different European•Strategic backdrop countries;•Creative industries initiatives•European capital of culture: a • “Fire – Forging for the Future” during the autumn period, withIstanbul forward-looking projects which seek to•Istanbul create sustainable cultural assets and urban renewal.• The Cultural sector• The Cultural Activity
  • •Overview•Culture•Cultural Activity and events•Heritage as a part of culture and avenue for cultural activity•Bodh Gaya (primary case study)•Location•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya•Kalchakra Festival•Cultural Activity as a driver foradministrative reforms andrevitalization•Economic regeneration•Social Regeneration•Physical Regeneration•European capital of culture: acultural activity :Glasgow•Strategic backdrop•Creative industries initiatives•European capital of culture: aIstanbul•Istanbul• The Cultural sector• The Cultural Activity•Regenerative Projects
  • •Overview•Culture•Cultural Activity and events•Heritage as a part of culture and avenue for cultural activity•Bodh Gaya (primary case study)•Location•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya•Kalchakra Festival•Cultural Activity as a driver foradministrative reforms andrevitalization•Economic regeneration•Social Regeneration•Physical Regeneration•European capital of culture: acultural activity :Glasgow•Strategic backdrop•Creative industries initiatives•European capital of culture: aIstanbul•Istanbul• The Cultural sector• The Cultural Activity•Regenerative Projects
  • •Overview•Culture•Cultural Activity and events•Heritage as a part of culture and avenue for cultural activity•Bodh Gaya (primary case study)•Location•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya•Kalchakra Festival•Cultural Activity as a driver foradministrative reforms andrevitalization•Economic regeneration•Social Regeneration•Physical Regeneration•European capital of culture: acultural activity :Glasgow•Strategic backdrop•Creative industries initiatives•European capital of culture: aIstanbul•Istanbul• The Cultural sector• The Cultural Activity•Regenerative Projects
  • •Overview CONCLUSIONS•Culture •Cities should regard culture as a strategic resource, and•Cultural Activity and events establish clear policies for its development that integrates•Heritage as a part of culture and a it with a wider strategy for regeneration ,linkingvenue for cultural activity economic, social and physical objectives. Culture should•Bodh Gaya (primary case study) also be recognized as a resource for addressing•Location •the challenge of diversity.•Cultural events in Bodh Gaya •Cities should elaborate a long-term vision for culture that•Kalchakra Festival engages policy makers, city officials, artists, the voluntary•Cultural Activity as a driver for sector and other citizens.administrative reforms andrevitalization •The cultural policies of cities should value cultural•Economic regeneration •heritage and creativity in equal measure. Cultural•Social Regeneration •heritage is not only physical buildings, but also includes•Physical Regeneration the diversity of local cultures. Enhancing creativity is strongly linked with arts education.•European capital of culture: acultural activity :Glasgow •A key role for city government is to enable individuals to•Strategic backdrop develop their projects. Partnership with civil society is•Creative industries initiatives therefore essential. Cities need long-term funding for•European capital of culture: a cultural projects organized by both professional and non-Istanbul professional artists.•Istanbul •Cities need good quality infrastructure for culture and• The Cultural sector creativity. This includes a well-balanced distribution of• The Cultural Activity cultural facilities in different parts of the city. Public•Regenerative Projects spaces are needed for citizens to meet and interact.•Conclusions