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Thesis writing
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Thesis writing Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The 5 Paragraph EssayThe 5 Paragraph EssayEasy to createEasy to createOrganizes your findings, thoughts, orOrganizes your findings, thoughts, oropinionsopinionsFormat can by used for any subjectFormat can by used for any subjectBasic tool for any essayBasic tool for any essay
  • 2. The Basic FormatThe Basic Format→→ PARAGRAPH 1:PARAGRAPH 1:Introduces the thesis and directs the reader to theIntroduces the thesis and directs the reader to thethree main supporting subtopics (arguments).three main supporting subtopics (arguments).→→ PARAGRAPHS 2 – 4:PARAGRAPHS 2 – 4:Each paragraph restates the subtopic and providesEach paragraph restates the subtopic and providesa supporting argument with examples.a supporting argument with examples.→→ PARAGRAPH 5:PARAGRAPH 5:Restates the main thesis idea and reminds theRestates the main thesis idea and reminds thereader of the three main supporting ideas thatreader of the three main supporting ideas thatwere developed.were developed.
  • 3. The Thesis StatementThe Thesis StatementEvery 5-paragraph essay has aEvery 5-paragraph essay has a THESISTHESISSTATEMENT.STATEMENT.A thesis statement is one sentence thatA thesis statement is one sentence thatclearly and concisely tells the reader whatclearly and concisely tells the reader whatyour paper will be about. (It is the main pointyour paper will be about. (It is the main pointor position you will defend in your paper).or position you will defend in your paper).The thesis sentence shouldThe thesis sentence should argue aargue apoint/positionpoint/position, not summarize information or, not summarize information orfacts.facts.The thesis statement is usually found in theThe thesis statement is usually found in thefirst paragraphfirst paragraph
  • 4. AA thesisthesis statement is anstatement is anassertionassertion (a claim or declaration)(a claim or declaration),,not a statement ofnot a statement of fact or anfact or anobservationobservation..Fact or observation:Fact or observation: People use manyPeople use manylawn chemicals.lawn chemicals.Thesis:Thesis: People are poisoning thePeople are poisoning theenvironment with chemicals merely toenvironment with chemicals merely tokeep their lawns clean.keep their lawns clean.
  • 5. AA thesisthesis takes a stand rather thantakes a stand rather thanannouncingannouncing a subject.a subject.AnnouncementAnnouncement:: The thesis of this paper isThe thesis of this paper isthe difficulty of solving our environmentalthe difficulty of solving our environmentalproblems.problems.Thesis:Thesis: Solving our environmental problemsSolving our environmental problemsis more difficult than many environmentalistsis more difficult than many environmentalistsbelieve.believe.
  • 6. AA thesisthesis is the main idea, not theis the main idea, not thetitletitle. It must be a complete. It must be a completesentence that explains in somesentence that explains in somedetail what you expect to writedetail what you expect to writeabout.about.Title:Title: Social Security and Old Age.Social Security and Old Age.Thesis:Thesis: Continuing changes in the SocialContinuing changes in the SocialSecurity System makes it almostSecurity System makes it almostimpossible to plan intelligently for onesimpossible to plan intelligently for onesretirement.retirement.
  • 7. A thesis statement isA thesis statement is narrownarrow, rather, ratherthanthan broadbroad. If the thesis statement. If the thesis statementis sufficiently narrow, it can be fullyis sufficiently narrow, it can be fullysupported.supported.Broad:Broad: The Canadian steel industry hasThe Canadian steel industry hasmany problems.many problems.Narrow:Narrow: The primary problem if the CanadianThe primary problem if the Canadiansteel industry is the lack of funds to renovatesteel industry is the lack of funds to renovateoutdated plants and equipment.outdated plants and equipment.
  • 8. A thesis statement isA thesis statement is specificspecific ratherratherthanthan vaguevague or general.or general.Vague:Vague: Hemingways war stories are veryHemingways war stories are verygood.good.Specific:Specific: Hemingways stories helped create aHemingways stories helped create anew prose style by employing extensivenew prose style by employing extensivedialogue, shorter sentences, and strong Anglo-dialogue, shorter sentences, and strong Anglo-Saxon words.Saxon words.
  • 9. A thesis statement hasA thesis statement has one main pointone main pointrather thanrather than several main pointsseveral main points. More. Morethan one point may be too difficult forthan one point may be too difficult forthe reader to understand and the writerthe reader to understand and the writerto support.to support.More than one main point:More than one main point: Stephen HawkingsStephen Hawkingsphysical disability has not prevented him from becomingphysical disability has not prevented him from becominga world-renowned physicist, and his book is the subjecta world-renowned physicist, and his book is the subjectof a movie.of a movie.One Main point:One Main point: Stephen Hawkings physical disabilityStephen Hawkings physical disabilityhas not prevented him from becoming a worldhas not prevented him from becoming a worldrenowned physicist.renowned physicist.
  • 10. Revising Your Thesis StatementRevising Your Thesis StatementYou can revise your thesis statement wheneveryou want to while you are writing your essay.Writers often discover what their real purposeand point is in the process of putting theirthoughts into words and then reading whattheyve written.
  • 11. The Thesis StatementThe Thesis StatementA good argumentative thesis provides not only aposition on an issue, but also suggests thestructure of the paper.The thesis should allow the reader to imagineand anticipate the flow of the paper, in whicha sequence of points logically prove theessays main assertion.
  • 12. Thesis StatementIt should have 3 (for a 5 paragraph essay) points specifically laidIt should have 3 (for a 5 paragraph essay) points specifically laidout in the order you want to discuss them:out in the order you want to discuss them:Dogs are great pets because they help owners get exerciseDogs are great pets because they help owners get exerciseand are loyal and friendly.and are loyal and friendly.If using this as a thesis, the paper should follow the format it laysIf using this as a thesis, the paper should follow the format it laysout.out.Paragraph 1Paragraph 1 will be about dogs helping owners get exercise,will be about dogs helping owners get exercise,Paragraph 2Paragraph 2 about dogs being loyal,about dogs being loyal,Paragraph 3Paragraph 3 about dogs being friendly.about dogs being friendly.You should be able to transition smoothly between paragraphs,You should be able to transition smoothly between paragraphs,so order your points in a manner that flows well logically.so order your points in a manner that flows well logically.Each paragraph should begin with a topic sentence that relatesEach paragraph should begin with a topic sentence that relatesdirectly back to your thesis.directly back to your thesis.