The Ideal Teacher:• Enjoys students.• Uses different teachingtechniques.• Has a great sense of humor.• Acts like an adult and not achild (or high schoolstudent).• Keeps promises.• Is organized.• Knows the subject matter.• Admits when he or she iswrong.• Uses a pleasant voice.• Is enthusiastic about thesubject.• Is willing to listen to bothsides of an issue.• Has a reputation for givingchallenging work.• Isn’t a pushover. Keepsmisbehaving students inline.• Keeps everyone busy.• Does not have favorites.• Is polite to everyone all ofthe time.• Is friendly and fair.
The Teacher-StudentRelationship1. You should show that you care about your students.Attend sporting events, ask about their hobbies, make aconnection.2. You should have a thorough knowledge of your subjectmatter. Being prepared builds trust.3. You should take command of the class. If you are not theclassroom leader, the students will gladly assume theposition.4. You should act in a mature manner all of the time. Don’tbe sarcastic. Don’t tell lies. Don’t lose your temper.5. You should maintain a certain emotional distancebetween yourself and your students. Students have peers.They need you to teach.
Dressing Appropriately• “We are walking,talkingadvertisementsfor who we are.”• Educators shoulddress for respect,credibility,acceptance, andauthority.
Effective Instruction• A structured and instructionallysound classroom will eliminate amajority of misbehaviors.• Two important key factors are:Room arrangementTime management
Movement is the key• Be able to have quick access to any studentat any time.• Be comfortable moving around your roomduring instructional periods.• Being in close proximity to a student is aneffective deterrent.
Effective Time ManagementCurbs Discipline Problems• The more engaged a student isthe better he behaves.• Students tend to be moredistracted during these 3 phasesof instruction:» The beginning of class» Transitions» The end of class
Ideas for the Beginning ofClass• It is ESSENTIAL thatthe students have anactivity to complete assoon as the bell rings.• Take roll while thestudents are workingon the assignment.• Have your students:– Create a test question.– Illustrate importantinformation.– Scan the day’s readingassignment.– Take a mini-quiz.– Draw a cartoon.– Summarize the previousday’s topic.
Managing TransitionsTime students between transitions.Provide students with a checklist of theday’s activities.Give students activities to “sponge” anydead time.• List ten words associated with thelesson today.• Defend your position on…• Make flashcards for this unit.• Circle the key words from yesterday’snotes.
Ending Class Without Chaos• The end of classshould be as structuredas the beginning.• Closing exercises willprovide a constructivereview of the day’slesson.• Be sure that youdismiss the studentsand not the bell.• Some more ideas to tryfrom Julia G. Thompson:– Chain Games– Rapid-fire drills– Predict the next lesson– Review homeworkdirections– Show a relevant cartoon– Play a game for bonuspoints
An Effective Discipline Plan• The 3 most importantstudent behaviors toteach on the first days ofschool are:– Discipline– Procedures– Routines“If you do not have a plan, you are planningto fail.”
Class RulesAbide by the RulePositive Consequences:REWARDSBreak the RuleNegative Consequences:PENALTIESYour Discipline Plan
The Rules About Rules• “The function of a rule is to prevent orencourage behavior by clearly stating studentexpectations.”General Rules:Respect others.Be polite and helpful.Specific Rules:Be in class on time.Keep your hands, feet,and objects to yourself.What are the advantages anddisadvantages to both?
Creating Your Class Rules• Only have 3 to 5 rules• State rules positively.• Make the rules easy for you and your students toremember.• Be able to enforce the rules consistently.• Remember:– Rules deal with behavior, not procedures.
Rewards• “The best reward is the satisfaction of a jobwell done.”• Some examples include:» Praise» A note home (Good NewsCards)» Student of the day, week, ormonth» Tangible rewards» Work posted» Certificates of Honor» Coupons
Penalties• Time out• Demerit or fine• Detention• Assignment to write waysto correct problem• Being last to leave• Loss of reward• Exclusion of classparticipation
Enlist Parent Support• Be sure to send a copy of your discipline planhome to parents the first day of school.• Make positive parent contact before you need theirassistance with a problem.• Contact parents as soon as you see a change in theirchild’s behavior patterns.• Parents can be one of your biggest allies inmanaging the student’s behavior.
Procedures and Routines• “The number one problem in the classroom is notdiscipline; it is the lack of procedures androutines.”• “A procedure is simply a method or process forhow things are to be done in a classroom.”• Procedures answer the question, “What do I dowhen…?”
Classroom Procedures ThatMust Become Routine:1. Beginning of a period. Do students knowwhat to do?2. Quieting a class. Do students know howyou will quiet them down?3. Students seeking help. Do students knowhow to get your attention?4. Movement of students and papers. Dostudents know how to move about theroom and pass papers in?5. End of period. Do students know who orwhat will dismiss them at the end of theperiod?
Procedures to Consider• Entering the classroom• Getting to workimmediately• End of class dismissal• Participating in classdiscussions• Changing groups• Turning in papers• When you finish early• Asking a question• Responding to fire,severe weather, andtornado drills• Leaving the classroom• When visitors arrive• Keeping a notebook• Interruptions• Getting classroommaterials
You Must Teach Procedures!EXPLAINREHEARSEREINFORCE
4 Actions That Helped Me andWill Help You Too!• Maintain a professional relationship withstudents and fellow colleagues.• Be fair and consistent with studentsregardless of who they are.• Use class time wisely to avoidmisbehaviors.• Take an interest in students’ extracurricularactivities.