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What do you know about EGYPT ? (Dec.05,2012)
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What do you know about EGYPT ? (Dec.05,2012)

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  • 1. WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT Egypt? Speaker: Ahmad Usama Mohammad ID Student no.: 101012422 Date: 20121205Wednesday,December 05, 2012 1
  • 2. Egyptian AnthemWednesday,December 05, 2012 2
  • 3. The Origin of the Name, Egypt* Egypt has had many names in many different languages.Today, its official name is Junhuriyah Misr al-Arabiyah,which in English means the Arab Republic of Egypt.*The English name Egypt is derived from the ancient GreekAígyptos (Αἴγυπτος). Egypt by the Arabic Language*The ancient Egyptian name of the country is Kemet whichmeans "black land", referring to the fertile black soils of theNile flood plains.* Egyptians themselves refer to Egypt as Misr which means“the Protected Land”. The Hierglyphic symbol of Kemet (KMT) which means “Black Land.” Wednesday,December 05, 3 2012
  • 4. The Egyptian Flag along the history The Egyptian flag is tricolour consisting of the three equal horizontal bands: 1-Red color (upwardly): refers to the strength and the hope for the future also refers to the blood of the martyrs. 2- White colour (in the middle) : refers to the purity and serenity of Egyptians. 3-Black colour (downwardly): refers to ages of backwardness and colonialism and that is gone forever. * The Golden Eagle Salah El-Din is centred in Golden Eagle the white band. The Main Symbole in The Egyptian Flag 4Wednesday,December 05, 2012
  • 5. Flag of Ottoman Egypt (1793-1844) Flag of the Kingdom of Egypt (1922– 1953) Flag of the Egypt Eyalet (1844-1867) Egyptian Revolution Flag (1953-1958) Flag of Muhammad Ali (1867-1881) Flag of the United Arab Republic (1958-1971) Flag of the Khedivate of Egypt (1881- Flag of the Federation of Arab 1914) and the Sultanate of Egypt Republics (1972–1984) (1914–1922)Wednesday,December 05, 52012
  • 6. Flag of the Arab Republic of Egypt (1984-present)Wednesday,December 05, 62012
  • 7. What is the name of the continent where Egypt is located?Wednesday,December 05, 2012 7
  • 8. Egypt is in the continent of Africa Can you find Egypt?Wednesday,December 05, 2012 8
  • 9. Did you find it? EGYP TWednesday,December 05, 2012 9
  • 10. Egypt in Brief* Egypt is a country situated mainlywithin North Africa.* Capital : Cairo .* Official Language : Arabic.* Official Religion : Islam.* Area : 1,001,450 km2* Population : 90 million (82 millioninside + 8 million abroad).*Borders :Libya at the west.Sudan at the south.Palestine at the northern east.Mediterranean Sea at the north.Red Sea at the east. Wednesday,December 05, The Political map of Egypt 10 2012
  • 11. Geography of Egypt*Egypt lies between latitudes 22 and 32 N,and longitudes 24 and 36 E.* The Nile river is extending in the middleof Egypt from the south to the north to formthe Nile Valley in the south and the Delta inthe north.* There are there main deserts in Egypt :1- The Western Desert :The biggest one and forms 70% of the totalarea of Egypt (700,000 km2) between theNile and Libya with plain nature.2- The Eastern Desert:Situated between the Nile and the Red Sea Topography of Egyptand covers 220,000 km2 (22% of the totalarea of Egypt)with mountainous nature. Wednesday,December 05, 11 2012
  • 12. Geography of Egypt3- Sinai Peninsula Desert:Covers 61,000 km2 (6% of total Egypt area)and contains Mount of Catherine which isthe highest mountain in Egypt (2,642 m above sea-level). Sinai Peninsula DesertWednesday,December 05, image from the space 122012
  • 13. Geography of Egypt Mount of CatherineWednesday,December 05, 132012
  • 14. Geography of Egypt The Western Desert of Egypt which has a plain natureWednesday,December 05, 142012
  • 15. Geography of Egypt The Eastern Desert of Egypt which has a mountainous natureWednesday,December 05, 152012
  • 16. Geography of Egypt With the mountains of the Eastern Desert of Egypt (2011)Wednesday,December 05, 162012
  • 17. Geography of Egypt With the mountains of the EasternWednesday,December 05, Desert of Egypt (2011) 172012
  • 18. Geography of EgyptWednesday,December 05, With the mountains of the Eastern 182012 Desert of Egypt (2011)
  • 19. Geography of Egypt With the mountains of the EasternWednesday,December 05, Desert of Egypt (2011) 192012
  • 20. Egypt Is a transcontinental country* Egypt is a transcontinental country because a part of its land (Sinai Peninsula) islocated in a continent (Asia) that differ from the remain (Africa) . African part of Egypt Asian part of Egypt The Rest of Africa The Rest of Asia Wednesday,December 05, 20 2012
  • 21. The Nile*The Nile : is the longest river in the world(6,650 km in the length).* The length of the Nile at Egypt is about 1000km.*It extends along Egypt to split at the north ofCairo into two branches that feed theMediterranean Sea : the Rosetta Branch tothe west and the Damietta Branch to the east,forming the Nile Delta. Wednesday,December 05, 21 2012
  • 22. The Nile In EgyptWednesday,December 05, The Nile at Cairo 222012
  • 23. The Nile In EgyptWednesday,December 05, The Nile at Upper Egypt 232012
  • 24. The Nile In EgyptWednesday,December 05, The Nile at Cairo 242012
  • 25. The Nile In EgyptWednesday,December 05, The Nile near to Aswan 252012
  • 26. The Climate of EgyptEgypt has an arid desert climate. It is hot orwarm during the day, and cool at the night.The Temperature:Temperatures average between (26.7 and32.2 °C) in summer and (13 and 21 °C) inwinter.The Rain Fall :Most of Egypts rain falls in the wintermonths at the north regions mostly.The Snow Fall : Snow falls on Sinais The Khamaseen windmountains in the wither. directionThe Wind Direction: The Khamaseen is a seasonal wind that Satellite image of Egyptblows from the south in spring, bringingsand and dust. Wednesday,December 05, 26 2012
  • 27. The Climate of Egypt The Khamaseen Wind which Snow falls on Sinais carries dust at Cairo mountainsWednesday,December 05, 272012
  • 28. The Economy of Egypt* The Egyptian Pound (EGP) is theofficial currency in Egypt .* 1 EGP = 0.1622 USD (Nov.2012)* 1 EGP = 4.7797 NTD (Nov.2012)* The Egyptian Pound is divided into100 Piastre or Qirsh .* The Egyptian Exports :Cotton , crude oil , petroleum products ,textiles and chemicals.* The Egyptian Imports:Wheat and wood products. A photograph of an Egyptian Pound coin Wednesday,December 05, 28 2012
  • 29. The Economy of Egypt Egyptian currency categories1- Coins :5 Piastres 10 Piastres 20 Piastres 25 Piastres 50 Piastres 100 Piastres (Quarter Pound) (Half Pound) (One Pound)Wednesday,December 05, 292012
  • 30. The Economy of Egypt Egyptian currency categories 2- Banknotes : 50 Piastres (Half Pound) Front: Front: Al-Azhar 25 Piastres Mosque (Quarter Pound) Back: The upper part of the Front: Al-Sayida Aisha Mosque statue of Ramsis II 10 Piastres Back: The Egyptian Golden Front: Sphinx and Giza Pyramids Eagle 5 Piastres Back : Mohammad Ali MosqueFront : Nefertiti Queen Wednesday,December 05, 30 2012
  • 31. The Economy of Egypt Egyptian currency categories 2- Banknotes :One Egyptian PoundFront: Sultan Qait Bay Mosque Back: Abu Simbel Temple Wednesday,December 05, 31 2012
  • 32. The Economy of Egypt Egyptian currency categories 2- Banknotes : 5 Egyptian PoundsFront: Ahmed Ibn Touloun Mosque Back: Pharaonic wall describingdaily activities of Ancient Egyptians Wednesday,December 05, 32 2012
  • 33. The Economy of Egypt Egyptian currency categories 2- Banknotes :10 Egyptian PoundsFront: Refa’ie Mosque in CairoBack: The statue and mask of Pharaoh King Tutankhamun Wednesday,December 05, 33 2012
  • 34. The Economy of Egypt Egyptian currency categories 2- Banknotes : 20 Egyptian Pounds Front: Mohammed Ali MosqueBack: Pharaoh Ahmose 1 with his war chariot against Hicsos Wednesday,December 05, 34 2012
  • 35. The Economy of Egypt Egyptian currency categories 2- Banknotes :50 Egyptian Pounds Front: Abu Hariba MosqueBack: Interior view Edfu temple Wednesday,December 05, 35 2012
  • 36. The Economy of Egypt Egyptian currency categories 2- Banknotes :100 Egyptian Pounds Front: Sultan Hassan MosqueBack: Head of the Sphinx statue Wednesday,December 05, 36 2012
  • 37. The Economy of Egypt Egyptian currency categories 2- Banknotes : 200 Egyptian PoundsFront: The Mosque of Qani-Bay Al- Rammah in Cairo. Back: The Seated Scribe, Fifth Dynasty. Wednesday,December 05, 37 2012
  • 38. Languages of Egypt *Standard Arabic (Fusha) is the officiallanguage of Egypt.*The spoken languages are:Egyptian Arabic (68%), Saidi Arabic (29%),Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic (1.6%),Sudanese Arabic (0.6%), Domari (0.3%),Nubian (0.3%), Beja (0.1%), Siwi and others.*The historical languages include: Coptic language and Ancient EgyptianLanguage (Egyptian Hieroglyphs) which usedby Pharaohs in the writing on the walls ofPharaonic temples.*The main taught foreign languages in schoolsare English, French, German and sometimesItalian. Wednesday,December 05, 38 2012
  • 39. Languages of Egypt A stone with Coptic Language A wall at Karnak Temple with inscription from Upper Egypt Egyptian Hieroglyphs Language inscriptionWednesday,December 05, 392012
  • 40. Languages of EgyptArabic Language:*Arabic Language is one of the popularlanguages around the world.*About 442 million speak Arabic as amother tongue language.*Countries where Arabic is the officiallanguage are called Arabian Countries.*Arabic Language contains 28 lettersand is written from right to left unlikemany Languages. The Political map of Arabian Countries Wednesday,December 05, 40 2012
  • 41. Languages of EgyptArabic Language:List of the Flags ofArabian Countries Wednesday,December 05, 41 2012
  • 42. Languages of Egypt Arabic Language:List of the 28 Arabic Letters Wednesday,December 05, 42 2012
  • 43. Languages of EgyptArabic Language: Sugar* A lot of words are extracted fromArabic to use at another languages like GazelleEnglish. Alcohol Algebra Know, Who want Lemon from me to write Cotton (his or her) name Coffee by Arabic on the board !!! Wednesday,December 05, 43 2012
  • 44. The Religion of Egypt* Islam is the official religion of Egypt.* Religion distribution at Egypt :- 93% Muslims.- 5% Christians.- 2% another religions.* Egypt has Al-Azhar Institue which isthe largest Islamic institute in the world.* Mosque is the worship place in Islam.* Each Muslim has 5 prayer at the day :Fajr , Duhr , Asr , Maghreb and Isha . Al-Azhar Institue in Cairo Wednesday,December 05, 44 2012
  • 45. The Religion of Egypt Islam Around the WorldWednesday,December 05, 452012
  • 46. The Religion of Egypt * Islam is the second religion after Christianity according to the number of believers. * More than 1.5 billion Muslims around the world. * Holy Quran is the Holy book in Islam. * Prophet Mohammad is the messenger of Islam. * All Muslims during their praying direct themselves towards Kaaba where is situated at Al Masjid Al Haram in KSA (the largest mosque in the world) which can accommodate 4 million worshipers at one time.Wednesday,December 05, 462012
  • 47. Tourism in Egypt*Tourism is one of the most importantsectors in Egypts economy.* More than 12.8 million touristsvisited Egypt in 2008, providingrevenues of nearly 11 $ billion.*The sector employs about 12 percentof Egypts workforce.Wednesday,December 05, 472012
  • 48. Egyptian tourismSome important cities for the tourist:* Cairo* LuxorWednesday,December 05, 482012
  • 49. Egyptian tourism 1- Cairo*Pyramids are Symbols of thepharaoh’s authority , divine statureand used as royal tombs.*Pyramid of Khufu involved theprecise cutting and fitting of2,300,000 limestone blocks with anaverage weight of 2.5 tons.*Estimated construction of theKhufu pyramid required 84,000laborers working 80 days per yearfor 20 years The Great Pyramids of Giza Wednesday,December 05, 49 2012
  • 50. Egyptian tourism1- Cairo The Great Pyramids of GizaWednesday,December 05, 502012
  • 51. Egyptian tourism1- Cairo The Great Pyramids of Giza are the only remained fromWednesday,December 05, the Seven Wonders of The Ancient World 512012
  • 52. Egyptian tourism1- Cairo The Great Pyramids of GizaWednesday,December 05, 522012
  • 53. Egyptian tourism1- Cairo The Great Pyramids of Giza Wednesday,December 05, 53 2012
  • 54. Egyptian tourism1- Cairo*The Great Sphinx has the bodyof lion, the face of man and wingsof eagle.* It’s the largest monolith statue inthe world. The Great SphinxWednesday,December 05, 542012
  • 55. Egyptian tourism1- Cairo The Great SphinxWednesday,December 05, 552012
  • 56. Egyptian tourism1- Cairo The Sound and Light Show of The Great SphinxWednesday,December 05, 562012
  • 57. Egyptian tourism1- Cairo The Sound and Light Show ofWednesday,December 05, The Great Sphinx 572012
  • 58. Egyptian tourism1- Cairo The Sound and Light Show of The Great SphinxWednesday,December 05, 582012
  • 59. Egyptian tourism1- Cairo The Sound and Light Show of The Great SphinxWednesday,December 05, 592012
  • 60. Egyptian tourism 1- Cairo*The Egyptian Museum in Cairo contains a greatest collection of Ancient Egyptianantiquities(about120,000 items) The Egyptian Museum Wednesday,December 05, 60 2012
  • 61. Egyptian tourism1- Cairo The Egyptian MuseumWednesday,December 05, 612012
  • 62. Egyptian tourism 1- Cairo* Muhammad Ali Mosque withinthe Citadel, eastern edge of Cairo.*Construction of the Citadel wasbegun by Salah ad-Din in the late12th century as a fortress to protectthe city from the Crusaders. Muhammad Ali Mosque Wednesday,December 05, 62 2012
  • 63. Egyptian tourism1- Cairo Al Tahrir Square Downtown CairoWednesday,December 05, 632012
  • 64. Egyptian tourism1- Cairo Cairo TowerWednesday,December 05, Downtown Cairo 642012
  • 65. Egyptian tourism1- Cairo Cairo UniversityWednesday,December 05, Downtown Cairo 652012
  • 66. Egyptian tourism1- Cairo Downtown CairoWednesday,December 05, 662012
  • 67. Egyptian tourism 2- Luxor*Luxor is a city in Upper (southern) Egypt.*As the site of the ancient Egyptian city,Luxor has frequently been characterized as "the worlds greatest open air museum ". * It contains one-third (33%) of the world santiquites like ruins of the temple complexesat Karnak and Luxor temples, the Valley ofthe Kings and Valley of the Queens. Wednesday,December 05, 67 2012
  • 68. Egyptian tourism 2- Luxor*Luxor Temple is a large AncientEgyptian temple complex located on theeast bank of the Nile River Luxor(ancient Thebes).* It was founded in 1400 BCE.*Built by Pharaoh Tuthmosis III . Luxor Temple Wednesday,December 05, 68 2012
  • 69. Egyptian tourism2- Luxor Luxor TempleWednesday,December 05, 692012
  • 70. Egyptian tourism2- Luxor Luxor TempleWednesday,December 05, 702012
  • 71. Egyptian tourism2- Luxor Luxor TempleWednesday,December 05, 712012
  • 72. Egyptian tourism2- Luxor Luxor TempleWednesday,December 05, 722012
  • 73. Egyptian tourism2- Luxor *Karnak temple is the largest house of worship in the world (3 square km)Wednesday,December 05, 732012
  • 74. 2- Luxor Egyptian tourism Karnak Temple Wednesday,December 05, 74 2012
  • 75. Egyptian tourism2- Luxor Karnak Temple in sound and light showWednesday,December 05, 752012
  • 76. Egyptian tourism2- Luxor Karnak Temple in sound and light showWednesday,December 05, 762012
  • 77. Egyptian tourism1- Luxor Karnak TempleWednesday,December 05, 772012
  • 78. Egyptian tourism2- Luxor * The Valley of Kings and Queens constructed as a tombs for Pharaonic kings and Queen at the west bank of the Nile.Wednesday,December 05, 782012
  • 79. Egyptian tourism2- Luxor Temple of HatshepsutWednesday,December 05, 792012
  • 80. Egyptian tourism2- Luxor Temple of HatshepsutWednesday,December 05, 802012
  • 81. Egyptian tourism2- Luxor Temple of HatshepsutWednesday,December 05, 812012
  • 82. Egyptian cuisineFūl Medames Fūl medames served with sliced hard-boiled eggs Fūl medames breakfast as served by an Egyptian street vendor with bread & pickled vegetables and fresh rocket leaves on the sideWednesday,December 05, 822012
  • 83. Egyptian cuisineFūl Medames Fūl medames served with hot oil Fūl medames and Tahina SandwitchWednesday,December 05, 832012
  • 84. Egyptian cuisineFalafel (Tameya) Falafel (Tameya) sandwitchWednesday,December 05, 842012
  • 85. Egyptian cuisineBaba Ghanoush Baba Ghanoush consists of eggplant, tahini, lemon, garlic. Wednesday,December 05, 85 2012
  • 86. Egyptian cuisine Kushari*Kushari is a uniquely Egyptian dish.*It’s a mixture of rice, macaroni,spaghetti, lentils, and chickpeas, allcovered with a spicy tomato sauce andfried onions.*You can also add some vinegar sauceto it if you like. Wednesday,December 05, 86 2012
  • 87. Egyptian cuisine KushariWednesday,December 05, 872012
  • 88. Egyptian cuisine Kibda*Fried liver, with seasonings.*It is seen as something of anAlexandrine specialty, where it isknown as Kibda Iskindiraniyya. Kibda Iskindiraniyya sandwitch Wednesday,December 05, 88 2012
  • 89. Egyptian cuisine Mahshi*A stuffing of rice, seasoned with herbsand spices, into vegetables like greenpeppers, aubergines, courgettes, tomatoes,or cabbage leaves.*The stuffed vegetable is then placed in apot and topped with tomato sauce andlemon. Wednesday,December 05, 89 2012
  • 90. Egyptian cuisine Mahshi Mixed types of MahshiWednesday,December 05, 902012
  • 91. Egyptian cuisineHamam Mahshi *Pigeon stuffed with rice or wheat and herbs, then roasted or grilled. Wednesday,December 05, 91 2012
  • 92. Egyptian cuisine Mulukhiyah*Green soup prepared in various styles,wherein the mallow leaves are very finelychopped, with ingredients such as garlicand coriander added to give it acharacteristic aromatic taste.Wednesday,December 05, 922012
  • 93. Egyptian cuisineMacaroni béchamel*Macaroni bechamel is very popular inEgypt and is exactly what the name says itis: macaroni in a bechamel sauce.* It grounded my macaroni slice and thenby minced meat layer and then thebechamel sauce which contain egg , milk ,delicious Egyptian cheese and somespices.Wednesday,December 05, 932012
  • 94. Egyptian cuisine - Desserts BasbousaWednesday,December 05, 942012
  • 95. Egyptian cuisine - Desserts Konafa Loqmat El-Qadi (Zalabya)Wednesday,December 05, 952012
  • 96. Egyptian cuisine - Desserts QataefWednesday,December 05, 962012
  • 97. Egyptian cuisine - Desserts Um AliWednesday,December 05, 972012
  • 98. Egyptian cuisine - Desserts Fateer MeshaltetWednesday,December 05, 982012
  • 99. You are Welcome to visit EGYPTWednesday,December 05, Thank You 992012