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Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion
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Blood transfusion

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  • 1. Blood TransfusionAhmad Thanin
  • 2. Objectives
  • 3. DefinitionBlood Transfusion: is the process oftransferring blood or blood products into thecirculatory system.Blood Transfusion is a treatment arranged bydoctor which involves giving blood or anyblood products to the vein.
  • 4. Where does Blood come from• In Saudi Arabia, Blood is obtained only fromunpaid and voluntary donors, mainly fromGovernmental Hospitals• Blood is collected with sterile equipment thatis used only once.
  • 5. Blood ProductsRed CellPlateletGranulocyteFresh Frozen plasmaCryoprecipitateCryopoor plasmaStored plasmaAlbuminImmunoglobulinCoagulation FactorsPlasma DerivativesPlasma ComponentsCellular ComponentsBlood
  • 6. Blood GroupsRhNegativeABABO RhPositiveABABO
  • 7. What tests are done on blood beforeTransfusion?HepatitisBHepatitisCHIV/AIDS Syphlis
  • 8. Cross MatchForm Prepared within 1-2 daysbefore surgery. Complete all the blanks. Time of extracting theblood is very important. Who extract the bloodmust written. Status of the cross matchas hold, urgent or standby. Name of the physician andsignature or stamp. Date of the surgery iffound. Telephone ExtensionNumber.
  • 9. Blood DonationForm In elective cases, theSurgeon has to fill theform and give it to thefamily for Blood donationin any MOH Blood Bank,Surgery will not happenbefore that. In urgent cases, BloodBank Will give the bloodto OR and anydepartment, but thefamily of the patient theyhave to donate as almostas the patient will takecontinuously blood
  • 10. Computability Tag
  • 11. Blood Transfusion Equipment• Blood Unit.• Blood Unit Administer Set.• Normal Saline 0.9 %.• Multi Lead Tubing• Three Way Stopcock.• Clean disposable gloves or sterile.• Pressure Bag.• Blood Warmer if needed.• Vital Signs Materials.• Gauze, Syringes
  • 12. Preparation verify the physician order for type and cross match inorder sheet or the system. Each transfusion event, each order shall includecomplete name of the product, Volume (Number ofunit), administration time, pre medication orders ifindicated, or any special process. Assess the patient to set in a suitable position and fixthe extended arm for transfusion. Assess the patient to stay in bed rest while bloodadministered. Patient Education about the steps of the procedures. Vital Signs before initiating the transfusion.
  • 13. Preparation Observe the patient level of consciousness, LastUrination, skin turgor and appearance.Review the last recent Lab Result of CBC (HgB &HCT).If the patient already has an IV running check thetype of the solution that infusing, because onlyNaCL 0.9% is compatible with blood products.Assess patient history of allergy or any previousreaction for blood.Consent Form must signed before transfusion.
  • 14. Procedure Steps• E:Blood TransfusionBlood Transfusion.mp4
  • 15. HMG/QAS/GEN 037 Policy• A physician Order is required to administer blood or bloodproducts.• Clinician must obtain and document consent forblood/blood products prior administration.• Inspect the blood prior administer for any changing incolor, cloudiness, clots, and excess air.• Check the expiration date of blood unit.• 2 staff nurses or 1 nurse with 1 doctor will apply theprocedure.• Patient should monitored for any adverse affect whichshould managed properly.• Utilizing the universal precautions.

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