Population Iranian population is estimated to be some 75,000,000. about 60% of the population are residing cities and the rest 40% are either in villages (38%) or in tribal movement (2%). Male/female balance is almost perfect. Life expectancy is 67 years.
Prophet Daniel lived in Sosa in that era. The first civilization and city in Iran was founded 7,000 BC
Cyrus the Great The first empire in the world was formed by Cyrus. It was composed of 48 autonomous kingdoms. They all had their own internal laws and independent kings. However all these kingdoms were united under a federal law.
I am Cyrus, King of the World. When I entered Babylon I did not allow anyone to terrorize the land. I kept in view the needs of its people and all its sanctuaries to promote their well being. I put and end to their misfortune. The great God has delivered al lands into my hand, the lands that I have met to dwell in peaceful habitation. The first Charter of Human Rights In the Word
Pahlavi Kingdom (Last Kingdom) 1979 Last Kingdom flag
After revolution in 1979 the kingdom change to Islamic Republic Government
<ul><li>Language and script </li></ul><ul><li>Visual and dramatic arts </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional and classical music </li></ul><ul><li>Literature, poem and novels </li></ul><ul><li>Religion and beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional ceremonies </li></ul><ul><li>Food and dishes </li></ul><ul><li>Local mini cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Handicrafts and light industry </li></ul>Culture
Language There are at least 10 languages spoken in Iran. Each of these languages have their own spectrum of dialects. Persian is the official language. It is a branch of Indo-European languages called Indo-Iranian. The closest language to Persian is Sanskrit. Arabs call it Farsi. The official language in Iran is Farsi (Persian)
Farsi (Persian) Alphabet : آ ا - ب – پ – ت – ث – ج – چ - ح – خ – د – ذ – ر – ز – ژ س – ش – ص – ض – ط – ظ – ع – غ – ف – ق – ک – گ ل – م – ن – و – ه – ی Ahmad Dolatkhah It’s start from right to left احمد دولتخواه
Some words in Farsi (Persian) .. Hello : Salam سلام How are you ? : chetori? چطوری ؟ Pretty girl….. : dokhtare khoshkel …. دختر خوشگل ...! Handsome boy … : Pesare khoshtip … پسر خوش تیپ .....!
Norooz Norooz is the first day of Farvardin (the first month in Iranian calendar), The beginning of Spring, and The beginning of year, when Day and Night times are exactly equal.
Iranians Traditionally celebrate this revolution by setting Haft Seen Table, the contents of which are 7 symbolic objects all beginning with “s”.
1_ Sib: Apple is The symbol of fruitfulness, and fertilization 2_ Senjed: The berry of sorb tree is The symbol of shelter and security 3_ Sabzi: Green herbs, It comes from green fields,it is The symbol of prosperity 4_ Samanoo: The sweet paste is The symbol of sprouting spring 5_Sir: Garlic is The symbol of pacification and peace 6_ Serke: Vinegar is The symbol of tasty preservation 7_ Sekke: Coin is The symbol of good business
Charshanbe Soori It is one of ceremonies held few days before new year. It is held on last Wednesday of The year. People make fire in rows and jump over them in a sequence and they sing:
Sizdahbedar Iranians are celebrating 13 th of first month of each year (Farvardin) to keep away bad luck. They plan a Picnic to have fun and get relaxed. They wish and knot green herbs, located on the norooz table.
Food <ul><li>Religion and climate have had a great impact on Iranian cuisine. Most traditional Iranian foods are a combination of bread with milk products. However, traditional luxury foods, which are now everyday foods, are variants of stews, soups and rice. Pork meat and alcoholic beverages are forbidden in Islam. </li></ul>
SHIRAZ Wine <ul><li>SHIRAZ wine is one of the most famous wines in the world. </li></ul>
Local Mini Cultures Iran inherits the multicultural effects due to its federal traditional regime. Kurds, Turks, Lors, Gilakis, Mazanis, Armenis, Sistanis, and Bandaris have all their own music, language, traditions and ceremonies, some affected by national cultures, and some quite independent.
Guitar <ul><li>Zaryab (Zyryab) was an Iranian musican who worked in Baghdad. Later he moved to Cordoba where he established the first Flamenco school ,introducing Flamenco music to Spain and changing Iranian lute (ud) into a new musical instrument that he called Guitar . </li></ul>
Education and Academy <ul><li>Most of youth Iranians now are educated </li></ul><ul><li>Primary school(5 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance school(3 years) </li></ul><ul><li>High school(3 years) </li></ul><ul><li>College(1year) </li></ul><ul><li>Entrance Exam </li></ul><ul><li>Bachelor degree (4-5 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Master degree (2 years ) </li></ul><ul><li>Doctoral degree (3-4 years) </li></ul>
Some Important Figures <ul><li>Avicenna (Abu-Ali-Sina) </li></ul><ul><li>Zakaria razi </li></ul><ul><li>Kharazmi </li></ul><ul><li>Khayam </li></ul><ul><li>Farabi </li></ul><ul><li>Mowlana </li></ul><ul><li>Hafez </li></ul><ul><li>Sadi </li></ul>
Tolerance Poem Human beings are parts of the same body Made up of the same Jewell Once a part is in pain Other parts do not stay neutral Those who are not sad on others sorrow Do not deserve the name “Human” Saadi 13 th Century Peace in two worlds is the interpretation of these two words Humanity with friends and Tolerance with enemies Hafez 14 th Century
Football Iran ranks 19 th in current FIFA ranking. It has been qualified for World Cup 2006 in Germany. Iran is in group D together with Portugal, Mexico and Angola. Iranian national team has experienced World Cup 1998 in France, and 1978 in Mexico. It has also been Asian champion for 4 times. Many Iranian players are playing in Europe, mainly in Germany and Italy
Fereydoon Zandi Vahid Hashemian Mehdi Mahdavikia Bochum, Bayern Munich Dortmund Kayserslautern Bochum Hamburg Known as Helicopeter Known as Rocket
Ali Karimi Bayern Munich Best Asian player 2002 Mehdi Mahdavikia Best Asian player 2004 Fereydoon Zandi Chose Iranian national team in a dilemma
Weight Lifting Iranian weight lifters are of the first rank in the world. Hossein Rezazade world recorder, won his sixth consecutive world championship in +130kg category, conserving his nickname as “the most powerful man in the world”. Kourosh Bagheri and Shahin nasiri nia are also world champions in other categories.
Freddie Murcury <ul><li>Freddie Mercury was born Farrokh Bulsara in Stone Town, Zanzibar to Indian Parsi parents. </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury, who died in 1991, was proud of his Iranian ancestry, and illegal bootleg albums and singles made Queen one of the most popular bands in Iran. </li></ul><ul><li>One of their famous songs was: We will ROCK you .(BBC NEWS, 24 August, 2004) </li></ul>
Arash Arash is a 27 years olds singer, dancer and entertainer and producer. His full name is Arash Labaf; he was named after a Persian mythological hero .
DJ Aligator <ul><li>Ali Movasat, commonly known as Dj Aligator was born on March 10th 1975, in Tehran, Iran. </li></ul><ul><li>Ali’s single occupied the #1 position on Danish sales chart for 14 weeks, Danish dance chart for 16 weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>The last album is “DAVAJ DAVAJ”(Feat.DJ Pishkin & Arash & … ) </li></ul>
Youth Iran has the youngest population in the world. The average age of the nation is less than 30 years.
Young society in Iran is searching for new styles of life. Mostly taken from western life
They seek much more freedom. They respect national aspects of their lives. As well as international aspects.
Or music. 200-membered choir of Tehran youth.
Mega Capital City TEHRAN Tehran is the capital city of Iran, build on base of an ancient city from 8 th century B.C. It has 10,000,000 residents and a 5,000,000 more visitors everyday who live in suburbs and work in Tehran.