Planning And Compulsory Purchase

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Planning And Compulsory Purchase

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Planning And Compulsory Purchase

  1. 1. TRICS/RTPI Conference New Directions in Transport Planning MASTERCLASS Implications of the New Guidance on Transport Assessment Awaiting Slide Info from Tim Jones as @ 7-11-07
  2. 2. Circular 02/07 & GTA - Nine Months On <ul><li>Richard Pettitt – Director JMP </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>Tim Jones – Barrister, No5 Chambers </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background - The Need for Change <ul><li>Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>The need to move away from predict and provide </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on demand management </li></ul><ul><li>Road building and highway </li></ul><ul><li>capacity enhancements </li></ul><ul><li>as last resort </li></ul>
  4. 4. Summary of Key Implications <ul><li>Government ‘Sustainable Places’ agenda </li></ul><ul><li>No more unrestricted growth </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on demand management – travel plans etc. </li></ul><ul><li>10 year review period – from date of registration </li></ul><ul><li>Presumption against highway </li></ul><ul><li>capacity enhancement </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation for environmental </li></ul><ul><li>breaches </li></ul>
  5. 5. New Policy & Guidance – March 2007 <ul><ul><li>Circular 2/2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guidance on Transport Assessment (GTA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guidance on Agreements Under the Highways Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Section 278 Agreements - funding of works on LHN/SRN by developers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Section 274 Agreements – funding of works on SRN by local councils </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Background <ul><li>Only applies to England </li></ul><ul><li>Principles can be traced back to PPG13 </li></ul><ul><li>Brings sustainability to the forefront </li></ul><ul><li>Drops outmoded 5/10% thresholds & predict/provide </li></ul><ul><li>Principles to be used throughout Development Plan process </li></ul>
  7. 7. GTA Philosophy <ul><li>Iterative Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce the need to travel – Sustainable Locations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximise accessibility by non-car mode </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deal with residual car mode trips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mitigation measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improve non car mode services/facilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make best use of existing road capacity - ITS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improvements to maximise capacity within existing highway corridors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New build as last resort </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Link with the Development Plan Process <ul><li>The fundamental – efficient handling of allocated sites </li></ul><ul><li>Transport considerations should be fully included from outset </li></ul><ul><li>Whether at RSS, LDF or Application – the same principles should be applied </li></ul><ul><li>Broad-brush at RSS – more detailed at LDF </li></ul><ul><li>This enables: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apples & apples comparison </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quicker compliance check </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. When Assessment Is Needed <ul><li>5% & 10% thresholds have gone – new tables </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Application Consultations </li></ul><ul><li>Scoping Study </li></ul><ul><li>Start with sustainability improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment begins by identifying ‘residual traffic’ </li></ul><ul><li>Only assess the impact of residual traffic </li></ul>
  10. 10. Fundamentals <ul><li>Developers Must Expect Restraint </li></ul><ul><li>Effective Travel Plans are Key </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Limiting Unsustainable Trips at Source </li></ul><ul><li>Access/Capacity Management to Deal With Capacity Gap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is Access/Capacity Management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some Network Enhancements Might be Acceptable </li></ul><ul><li>Starting Point – Make Best Use of Existing Roadspace </li></ul><ul><li>New Roads – Last Resort </li></ul>
  11. 11. Travel Plans <ul><li>Have risen up the agenda dramatically </li></ul><ul><li>Policies have required TPs for years </li></ul><ul><li>Still developers (and some LAs) try to avoid </li></ul><ul><li>Measures based – no imperative to deliver </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes based – penalties if not delivered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emerging DfT TP guidance shows how to do an outcomes TP </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Access/Capacity Management to be one of the ‘new penalties’ </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring & enforcement – crucial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The TRICS ‘SAM’ Standard Assessment Methodology </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Is It Working
  13. 13. Developer Attitudes <ul><li>Evidence – developers/consultants </li></ul><ul><li>are: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not aware of or; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not applying the GTA philosophy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Attempts to mix old & new policy elements </li></ul><ul><li>Some Developers trying to unpick extant permissions </li></ul><ul><li>A lack of understanding of the iterative approach </li></ul>
  14. 14. Local Authorities <ul><li>Local Authorities & London Boroughs not really using latest GTA or TfL principles </li></ul><ul><li>PINs supporting LA views on exaggerated modal split claims by Developers and some LAs! </li></ul><ul><li>Misconception – only applies to LDF allocated sites </li></ul><ul><li>Inconsistent application by LAs </li></ul>
  15. 15. Approach to Travel Plans <ul><li>No Travel Plans in line with the GTA yet </li></ul><ul><li>No evidence of the Travel Plan informing the TA </li></ul><ul><li>Too many applications still do not include a Travel Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Poor quality and ‘ticking box exercise’ </li></ul><ul><li>Many refuse to include outcome targets and monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Hopefully the emerging DfT guidance will improve matters </li></ul>
  16. 16. Therefore; How Should It Be Done ?
  17. 17. At RSS Stage <ul><li>Global proposals </li></ul><ul><li>Use the basics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trips – what can be achieved realistically with area and site specific Travel Plans – use of accessibility mapping important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gravity modelling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth on network – TEMPRO? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess broad effects on networks – possibly use RNR for SRN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See where development pressures can best be handled – put development in the right place! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What interventions are needed – hierarchical approach </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. At LDF Stage <ul><li>Site specific proposals should be available at LDF </li></ul><ul><li>Undertake a basic Transport Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Should be similar in detail to a TA at application stage </li></ul><ul><li>Needed to fully determine what is required such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel Plan outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access management measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental & highway mitigation measures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All of this should be done prior to consultation process </li></ul>
  19. 19. At Application Stage <ul><li>TS/TA to support planning application </li></ul><ul><li>Should follow full GTA process and principles </li></ul><ul><li>Will ‘confirm’ the: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel Plan outcomes required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access management measures – possibly as fall-back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental & highway mitigation measures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where applications fully match LDF proposals – rubber stamp process </li></ul>
  20. 20. Any Questions

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