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Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
Planning And Compulsory Purchase
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Planning And Compulsory Purchase

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Planning And Compulsory Purchase

Planning And Compulsory Purchase

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  • 1. TRICS/RTPI Conference New Directions in Transport Planning MASTERCLASS Implications of the New Guidance on Transport Assessment Awaiting Slide Info from Tim Jones as @ 7-11-07
  • 2. Circular 02/07 & GTA - Nine Months On <ul><li>Richard Pettitt – Director JMP </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>Tim Jones – Barrister, No5 Chambers </li></ul>
  • 3. Background - The Need for Change <ul><li>Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>The need to move away from predict and provide </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on demand management </li></ul><ul><li>Road building and highway </li></ul><ul><li>capacity enhancements </li></ul><ul><li>as last resort </li></ul>
  • 4. Summary of Key Implications <ul><li>Government ‘Sustainable Places’ agenda </li></ul><ul><li>No more unrestricted growth </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on demand management – travel plans etc. </li></ul><ul><li>10 year review period – from date of registration </li></ul><ul><li>Presumption against highway </li></ul><ul><li>capacity enhancement </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation for environmental </li></ul><ul><li>breaches </li></ul>
  • 5. New Policy & Guidance – March 2007 <ul><ul><li>Circular 2/2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guidance on Transport Assessment (GTA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guidance on Agreements Under the Highways Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Section 278 Agreements - funding of works on LHN/SRN by developers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Section 274 Agreements – funding of works on SRN by local councils </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 6. Background <ul><li>Only applies to England </li></ul><ul><li>Principles can be traced back to PPG13 </li></ul><ul><li>Brings sustainability to the forefront </li></ul><ul><li>Drops outmoded 5/10% thresholds & predict/provide </li></ul><ul><li>Principles to be used throughout Development Plan process </li></ul>
  • 7. GTA Philosophy <ul><li>Iterative Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce the need to travel – Sustainable Locations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximise accessibility by non-car mode </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deal with residual car mode trips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mitigation measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improve non car mode services/facilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make best use of existing road capacity - ITS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improvements to maximise capacity within existing highway corridors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New build as last resort </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 8. Link with the Development Plan Process <ul><li>The fundamental – efficient handling of allocated sites </li></ul><ul><li>Transport considerations should be fully included from outset </li></ul><ul><li>Whether at RSS, LDF or Application – the same principles should be applied </li></ul><ul><li>Broad-brush at RSS – more detailed at LDF </li></ul><ul><li>This enables: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apples & apples comparison </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quicker compliance check </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. When Assessment Is Needed <ul><li>5% & 10% thresholds have gone – new tables </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Application Consultations </li></ul><ul><li>Scoping Study </li></ul><ul><li>Start with sustainability improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment begins by identifying ‘residual traffic’ </li></ul><ul><li>Only assess the impact of residual traffic </li></ul>
  • 10. Fundamentals <ul><li>Developers Must Expect Restraint </li></ul><ul><li>Effective Travel Plans are Key </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Limiting Unsustainable Trips at Source </li></ul><ul><li>Access/Capacity Management to Deal With Capacity Gap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is Access/Capacity Management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some Network Enhancements Might be Acceptable </li></ul><ul><li>Starting Point – Make Best Use of Existing Roadspace </li></ul><ul><li>New Roads – Last Resort </li></ul>
  • 11. Travel Plans <ul><li>Have risen up the agenda dramatically </li></ul><ul><li>Policies have required TPs for years </li></ul><ul><li>Still developers (and some LAs) try to avoid </li></ul><ul><li>Measures based – no imperative to deliver </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes based – penalties if not delivered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emerging DfT TP guidance shows how to do an outcomes TP </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Access/Capacity Management to be one of the ‘new penalties’ </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring & enforcement – crucial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The TRICS ‘SAM’ Standard Assessment Methodology </li></ul></ul>
  • 12. Is It Working
  • 13. Developer Attitudes <ul><li>Evidence – developers/consultants </li></ul><ul><li>are: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not aware of or; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not applying the GTA philosophy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Attempts to mix old & new policy elements </li></ul><ul><li>Some Developers trying to unpick extant permissions </li></ul><ul><li>A lack of understanding of the iterative approach </li></ul>
  • 14. Local Authorities <ul><li>Local Authorities & London Boroughs not really using latest GTA or TfL principles </li></ul><ul><li>PINs supporting LA views on exaggerated modal split claims by Developers and some LAs! </li></ul><ul><li>Misconception – only applies to LDF allocated sites </li></ul><ul><li>Inconsistent application by LAs </li></ul>
  • 15. Approach to Travel Plans <ul><li>No Travel Plans in line with the GTA yet </li></ul><ul><li>No evidence of the Travel Plan informing the TA </li></ul><ul><li>Too many applications still do not include a Travel Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Poor quality and ‘ticking box exercise’ </li></ul><ul><li>Many refuse to include outcome targets and monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Hopefully the emerging DfT guidance will improve matters </li></ul>
  • 16. Therefore; How Should It Be Done ?
  • 17. At RSS Stage <ul><li>Global proposals </li></ul><ul><li>Use the basics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trips – what can be achieved realistically with area and site specific Travel Plans – use of accessibility mapping important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gravity modelling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth on network – TEMPRO? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess broad effects on networks – possibly use RNR for SRN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See where development pressures can best be handled – put development in the right place! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What interventions are needed – hierarchical approach </li></ul></ul>
  • 18. At LDF Stage <ul><li>Site specific proposals should be available at LDF </li></ul><ul><li>Undertake a basic Transport Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Should be similar in detail to a TA at application stage </li></ul><ul><li>Needed to fully determine what is required such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel Plan outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access management measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental & highway mitigation measures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All of this should be done prior to consultation process </li></ul>
  • 19. At Application Stage <ul><li>TS/TA to support planning application </li></ul><ul><li>Should follow full GTA process and principles </li></ul><ul><li>Will ‘confirm’ the: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel Plan outcomes required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access management measures – possibly as fall-back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental & highway mitigation measures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where applications fully match LDF proposals – rubber stamp process </li></ul>
  • 20. Any Questions

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