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Planning And Compulsory Purchase
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Planning And Compulsory Purchase

Planning And Compulsory Purchase

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Planning And Compulsory Purchase Presentation Transcript

  • 1. TRICS/RTPI Conference New Directions in Transport Planning MASTERCLASS Implications of the New Guidance on Transport Assessment Awaiting Slide Info from Tim Jones as @ 7-11-07
  • 2. Circular 02/07 & GTA - Nine Months On
    • Richard Pettitt – Director JMP
    • &
    • Tim Jones – Barrister, No5 Chambers
  • 3. Background - The Need for Change
    • Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004
    • The need to move away from predict and provide
    • Focus on demand management
    • Road building and highway
    • capacity enhancements
    • as last resort
  • 4. Summary of Key Implications
    • Government ‘Sustainable Places’ agenda
    • No more unrestricted growth
    • Focus on demand management – travel plans etc.
    • 10 year review period – from date of registration
    • Presumption against highway
    • capacity enhancement
    • Mitigation for environmental
    • breaches
  • 5. New Policy & Guidance – March 2007
      • Circular 2/2007
      • Guidance on Transport Assessment (GTA)
      • Guidance on Agreements Under the Highways Act
        • Section 278 Agreements - funding of works on LHN/SRN by developers
        • Section 274 Agreements – funding of works on SRN by local councils
  • 6. Background
    • Only applies to England
    • Principles can be traced back to PPG13
    • Brings sustainability to the forefront
    • Drops outmoded 5/10% thresholds & predict/provide
    • Principles to be used throughout Development Plan process
  • 7. GTA Philosophy
    • Iterative Process
      • Reduce the need to travel – Sustainable Locations
      • Maximise accessibility by non-car mode
      • Deal with residual car mode trips
      • Mitigation measures
        • Improve non car mode services/facilities
        • Make best use of existing road capacity - ITS
        • Improvements to maximise capacity within existing highway corridors
        • New build as last resort
  • 8. Link with the Development Plan Process
    • The fundamental – efficient handling of allocated sites
    • Transport considerations should be fully included from outset
    • Whether at RSS, LDF or Application – the same principles should be applied
    • Broad-brush at RSS – more detailed at LDF
    • This enables:
      • Apples & apples comparison
      • Quicker compliance check
  • 9. When Assessment Is Needed
    • 5% & 10% thresholds have gone – new tables
    • Pre-Application Consultations
    • Scoping Study
    • Start with sustainability improvements
    • Assessment begins by identifying ‘residual traffic’
    • Only assess the impact of residual traffic
  • 10. Fundamentals
    • Developers Must Expect Restraint
    • Effective Travel Plans are Key
    • Focus on Limiting Unsustainable Trips at Source
    • Access/Capacity Management to Deal With Capacity Gap
      • What is Access/Capacity Management
    • Some Network Enhancements Might be Acceptable
    • Starting Point – Make Best Use of Existing Roadspace
    • New Roads – Last Resort
  • 11. Travel Plans
    • Have risen up the agenda dramatically
    • Policies have required TPs for years
    • Still developers (and some LAs) try to avoid
    • Measures based – no imperative to deliver
    • Outcomes based – penalties if not delivered
      • Emerging DfT TP guidance shows how to do an outcomes TP
    • Access/Capacity Management to be one of the ‘new penalties’
    • Monitoring & enforcement – crucial
      • The TRICS ‘SAM’ Standard Assessment Methodology
  • 12. Is It Working
  • 13. Developer Attitudes
    • Evidence – developers/consultants
    • are:
        • Not aware of or;
        • Not applying the GTA philosophy
    • Attempts to mix old & new policy elements
    • Some Developers trying to unpick extant permissions
    • A lack of understanding of the iterative approach
  • 14. Local Authorities
    • Local Authorities & London Boroughs not really using latest GTA or TfL principles
    • PINs supporting LA views on exaggerated modal split claims by Developers and some LAs!
    • Misconception – only applies to LDF allocated sites
    • Inconsistent application by LAs
  • 15. Approach to Travel Plans
    • No Travel Plans in line with the GTA yet
    • No evidence of the Travel Plan informing the TA
    • Too many applications still do not include a Travel Plan
    • Poor quality and ‘ticking box exercise’
    • Many refuse to include outcome targets and monitoring
    • Hopefully the emerging DfT guidance will improve matters
  • 16. Therefore; How Should It Be Done ?
  • 17. At RSS Stage
    • Global proposals
    • Use the basics
      • Trips – what can be achieved realistically with area and site specific Travel Plans – use of accessibility mapping important
      • Gravity modelling
      • Growth on network – TEMPRO?
      • Assess broad effects on networks – possibly use RNR for SRN
      • See where development pressures can best be handled – put development in the right place!
      • What interventions are needed – hierarchical approach
  • 18. At LDF Stage
    • Site specific proposals should be available at LDF
    • Undertake a basic Transport Assessment
    • Should be similar in detail to a TA at application stage
    • Needed to fully determine what is required such as:
      • Travel Plan outcomes
      • Access management measures
      • Environmental & highway mitigation measures
    • All of this should be done prior to consultation process
  • 19. At Application Stage
    • TS/TA to support planning application
    • Should follow full GTA process and principles
    • Will ‘confirm’ the:
      • Travel Plan outcomes required
      • Access management measures – possibly as fall-back
      • Environmental & highway mitigation measures
    • Where applications fully match LDF proposals – rubber stamp process
  • 20. Any Questions